The unemployment rate fell to 7.7 percent from 7.9 in October, and 146,000 jobs were added to the economy. But the first number is from the Household Survey data and the second from the Establishment Survey data. As usual in this economy, the two surveys tell different stories.
According to the Household Survey, the number of unemployed remained about the same, at 12 million, and long-term unemployed made up 40.1 percent of total unemployed, both dismal numbers. Equally dismal was the number of underemployed, working part-time jobs but wanting full-time work, at 8.2 million.
Again the participation rate (the percentage of working-age adults in the labor force) declined, to 63.6 percent, accounting for most of the decline in the unemployment number. The baby boomers retiring at the rate of 10,000 a day is the only thing that is keeping the numbers from being even more dismal than they are.