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January, 1966Back to Top
For the Record
by Our Readers
To the Editor: May I call your attention to a note published in the July 1965 issue of the Jewish Quarterly Review which refers to a recent communication of mine in your columns [“Letters from Readers,” March '65].

The Spanish Tragedy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Though Stalin is dead, his spirit seems to be alive—of all places in the columns of COMMENTARY. In his review of Professor Gabriel Jackson's excellent book on the Spanish Civil War [Aug.

Standards of Living
by Our Readers
To the Editor: One wishes that Oscar Gass [“The Political Economy of the Great Society,” Oct. '65] were as fastidious as he is sanguine.

Sex & the Soviet Girl
by Our Readers
To the Editor: More than forty years have passed since the last repetition of the canard concerning the nationalization of women in Russia with the coming of the Bolshevik Revolution.

Thought & Action
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I have seldom read an article whose tone was so profoundly offensive as Henry Fairlie's on “Johnson and the Intellectuals” [Oct.

The Arab Refugees: A Zionist View
by Marie Syrkin
If There is anything which can be said to trouble Americans sympathetic to Israel, Jewish and non-Jewish alike, it is the problem of the Arab refugees.

“The Flamboyant Mr. Powell”
by James Wilson
“Beware,” Adam Clayton Powell once wrote, “of Greeks bearing gifts, colored men looking for loans, and whites who understand the Negro.”1 He might well have excepted from this caution whites who “understand” Adam Powell, because most whites who think they understand him usually deplore him, and the more they deplore him the bigger the vote he amasses.

Forbidden Foods
by Erich Isaac
In the Bible, the word kasher (kosher) appears in reference to acts properly performed or deemed fitting, but it is never used in relation to food.

Luther
by Jay Neugeboren
Luther arrived at Booker T. Washington Junior High School (Columbus Avenue and 107th Street, Manhattan) in September of 1955, six months before I did.

Vacuum Diplomacy
by George Lichtheim
This Spring it will be twenty years since Winston Churchill, in his Fulton address of March 12, 1946, officially inaugurated the Cold War between the Western Powers and the Soviet Union.

Lincoln Center: Act II
by Jack Richardson
By Now, even to those whose passion for the drama encompasses no more than an annual theater party, critical gossip has intimated that the second stage in the launching of the Lincoln Center Repertory Company was as unpropitious as the first.

Camping in the Wasteland
by Neil Compton
Since The Birth of network television, autumn has been open season for the exercise of critical wit. Each batch of new programs is held, with some justice, to be worse than the last.

The Golem of Prague & The Golem of Rehovoth
by Gershom Scholem
When, a year ago, Gershom Scholem, the foremost authority of our day on Jewish mysticism, heard that the Weizmann Institute at Rehovoth in Israel had completed the building of a new computer, he told Dr.

In Praise of Guimaraes Rosa
by Emir Rodriguez-Monegal
Serious Criticism of Latin American writers is still in its infancy in the United States. To be sure, there are very good teachers of Latin American literature in American universities; some very important publishers devote part of their time to seeking out new Latin American writers; an occasional novel like Coronation, by the Chilean José Donoso, or The Winners (Los premios), by the Argentine Julio Cortázar, may be widely reviewed when the American edition comes out; and once in a while a good piece on some Latin American novelist or essayist gets printed, like the one Paul de Man recently wrote on the great Argentine, Jorge Luis Borges, for The New York Review of Books.

Invitation to an Inquest, by Walter & Miriam Schneir
by Alexander Bickel
The Rosenberg Affair Invitation to an Inquest. by Walter and Miriam Schneir. Doubleday. 467 pp. $5.95. United States v. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg wasn't the Dreyfus, the Mooney, the Sacco-Vanzetti case of the early 1950's.

Testimony, by Charles Reznikoff
by Milton Hindus
Harmonies Testimony: The United States (1885-1890), by Charles Reznikoff. New Directions-San Francisco Review. 115 pp. $3.75. Ideally, the identity of the artist and his personal loyalties and attachments should be as unobtrusive in a work of art as the Bond watermark in paper, which becomes visible only when held up to the light of analysis.

Our Depleted Society, by Seymour Melman
by Robert Lekachman
The Defense Economy Our Depleted Society. by Seymour Melman. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 366 pp. $5.95. For fifteen years military Keynesianism has sustained the American economy.

Manchild in the Promised Land, by Claude Brown
by George Dennison
Cooling It Manchild in the Promised Land. by Claude Brown. Macmillan. 415 pp. $5.95. Claude brown's story of growing up in Harlem deals at great length with juvenile crime, the life in the streets, poverty, the curtailment of schooling, changes in the attitudes of Negroes toward themselves and toward whites, the role of the Black Muslims among the poor, and so forth.

The Accidental Century, by Michael Harrington
by George Kateb
Beyond Decadence The Accidental Century. by Michael Harrington. Macmillan. 322 pp. $5.95. This is a book of great ambitiousness. That it is only a qualified success can hardly be surprising.

Reader Letters January 1966
by Our Readers
Thought & Action To THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I have seldom read an article whose tone was so profoundly of- fensive as Henry Fairlie's on "Johnson and the Intellectuals" [Oct.

February, 1966Back to Top
Science-Fiction Films
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Susan Sontag deserves a large shazam medal . . . for sitting through so many extra-terrestrial potboilers, but my impression of science-fiction and monster pictures differs somewhat from hers [“The Imagination of Disaster,” October 1965]. They are made primarily for a youthful audience, as is shown by their total lack of sophistication, the irrelevance in them of emotional relationships, the fact that older characters are generally portrayed as evil or misguided.

Thought & Action (cont'd.)
by Our Readers
To the Editor: What I disliked most about Henry Fairlie's article [“Johnson & the Intellectuals,” Oct. '65] was its hypocrisy. After several pages of gratuitous advice to intellectuals to stay out of liberal and radical politics, he concludes by saying that the intellectual “should be using his mind now to inquire .

The Police
by Thomas Brooks
The following discussion was occasioned by Thomas R. Brooks's article, “New York's Finest,” which appeared in our July (1965) issue.

The Criminal State and German Responsibility: A Dialogue
by Karl Jaspers
On March 10, 1965, while the question of extending the statute of limitations on Nazi murders was before the West German parliament, the German weekly Der Spiegel published a conversation between Karl Jaspers and Rudolf Augstein on the issues involved in this question.

The Will to Learn
by Jerome Bruner
The Single Most characteristic thing about human beings is that they learn. Learning is so deeply ingrained in man that it is almost involuntary, and thoughtful students of human behavior have even speculated that our specialization as a species is a specialization for learning.

Incident in Jerusalem
by Dan Wakefield
The Interior of the Hotel Petra, in the Old City section of Jerusalem, had the look of a deserted penny arcade.

The French Literary Scene
by J.G. Weightman
The Fifth Republic, i.e. the personal rule of General de Gaulle, has now lasted seven years, and while it has entailed little in the way of overt, totalitarian repression, one cannot help feeling that a certain blankness has descended over French literature, as over the political and intellectual life of the country.

Britain Under Socialism
by Oscar Gass
I will not cease from Mental Fight, Nor shall my Sword sleep in my hand, Till we have built Jerusalem, In England's green and pleasant Land. —William Blake, “Milton,” 1804. Since October 1964, Britain has been ruled by a Labour government—in high doctrine socialist.

The Trefa Banquet
by John Appel
On Wednesday evening, July 11, 1883, some two hundred persons gathered for dinner at the Cincinnati Highland House, a hilltop resort and restaurant overlooking the Ohio river and the Kentucky hills.

On Randall Jarrell
by R. Flint
Freedom, farewell! Or so the     soldiers say; And all the freedoms they spent     yesterday Lure from beyond the graves, a     war away. The cropped skulls resonate the     wistful lies Of dead civilians: truth, reason,     justice; The foolish ages haunt their     unaccepting eyes. From the green gloom of the     untroubled seas Their little bones (the coral of     the histories) Foam into marches, exultation,     victories: Who will believe the blood     curled like a moan From the soaked lips, a century     from home— The slow lives sank from being     like a dream? Randall Jarrell, who died last autumn in what seems clearly to have been a tragic accident, was in many ways the wonder and terror of American poetry during the late 40's and early 50's.

The Trial of Jack Ruby, by John Kaplan and Jon R. Waltz
by Martin Mayer
Diminished Responsibility The Trial of Jack Ruby. by John Kaplan and Jon R. Waltz. Macmillan. 392 pp. $7.95. Though The Publishers claim on the jacket that this intelligent report “will entertain and inform lawyers and laymen alike,” it is hard to believe that The Trial of Jack Ruby can find many readers.

Rediscovering Judaism: Reflections on a New Theology. Edited by Arnold Jacob Wolf
by Marvin Fox
Subjective Faith Rediscovering Judaism: Reflections on a New Theology. by Arnold Jacob Wolf. Quadrangle Books. 288 pp. $6.50. Nine contemporary Jewish thinkers are represented in this collection of essays—each seeking in his own way the meaning and relevance of some particular aspect of Judaism.

Morning and Noon, by Dean Acheson
by Joseph Kraft
The Patrician Morning and Noon. by Dean Acheson. Houghton, Mifflin. 288 pp. $6.00. When Dr. New Deal gave way to Dr. Win the War in 1940, there took place beneath the surface of events a corresponding change in the governing coalition of the nation.

Freedom Summer, by Sally Belfrage; Letters from Mississippi, by Elizabeth Sutherland
by Bell Chevigny
The Cofo Experience Freedom Summer. by Sally Belfrage. Viking. 288 pp. $5.00. Letters from Mississippi. By Elizabeth Sutherland. McGraw-Hill. 234 pp. $4.95. In Freedom Summer, Sally Belfrage tells of being put in jail with a number of other white Northern girls after a demonstration in Greenwood, Mississippi.

The Vanguard Artist: Portrait and Self-Portrait, by Bernard Rosenberg and Norris Fliegel
by George Dennison
Abstracted Painters The Vanguard Artist: Portrait and Self-Portrait. by Bernard Rosenberg and Norris Fliegel. Quadrangle Books. 366 pp. $7.50. The announced purpose of the authors is to draw a “composite portrait” of “the artist.” Their material is taken chiefly from taped interviews with twenty-nine New York artists, many of whom figured in the revolutionary developments of the late 40's.

Reader Letters February 1966
by Our Readers
Thought & Action (cont'd.) TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: What I disliked most about Henry Fairlie's article ["Johnson 8c the Intellectuals," Oct. '65] was its hypocrisy.

March, 1966Back to Top
A Dissent
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It has taken me all this time to get myself to comment on Meyer Liben's reply—in his “C.C.N.Y.—A Memoir” [September 1965]—to those who accused Morris Cohen of cruelty in the classroom, of humiliating a student and enjoying his discomfiture.

Therapy & Ethics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Dr. Farber's essay [“Psychoanalysis & Morality,” Nov. '65] points up an important issue. . . . Although Freud attempted to disassociate himself from a consideration of the relationship of ethics to psychoanalysis, the passage of time has proven the necessity for recognizing the implications of the psychoanalytic system for moral conduct.

In the Courts
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Paul Winter's letter to COMMENTARY in which he asserts that a “Court of Gentiles” is mentioned in Against Apion II, 103—104, is indeed amazing [“Letters from Readers,” January].

The Hebrew Language
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Mr. Alter makes some amazing statements about modern Hebrew [“Poetry in Israel,” December 1965]. How is one to treat, for instance, the sweeping generalization that the “Hebrew language everyone reads, writes, and speaks is to a great extent a translated language”? Suppose the word “English” replaced “Hebrew” in the same sentence, how could such a statement be refuted—by counting the number of words or phrases of foreign origin, by citing the number of borrowed clichés? Surely this is the case in colloquial and literary usage in every modern tongue.

Thought & Action (cont'd.)
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Just how much I shall miss Hans J. Morgenthau's lucid political analysis became painfully clear to me while reading Mr.

Texts & Translations
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I would like to make a minor correction in Milton Himmelfarb's outstandingly fine article, “On Reading Matthew” [Oct.

The New Biology
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As an amateur of biology and the other sciences I am grateful to Marjorie Grene for her essay on Adolf Portmann [“Beyond Darwinism,” November '65].

The Watts
by Bayard Rustin
The riots in the Watts section of Los Angeles last August continued for six days, during which 34 persons were killed, 1,032 were injured, and some 3,952 were arrested.

Modes and Mutations: Quick Comments on the Modern American Novel
by Norman Mailer
Trust me for a time. Indulge me. Assume I am a lecturer in the fields of Fellowship and am trying to draw a grand design in twenty minutes.

Martin Buber and the Jews
by Chaim Potok
It was a source of considerable anguish and frustration to Martin Buber that he was more appreciated by Christians than by Jews.

Lindsay, Quill, & the Transit Strike
by Thomas Brooks
On November 3, 1965, the day after New York's mayoralty election, Mayor-elect John V. Lindsay received a telegram, one among many, of “sincere congratulations” from the late Michael J.

A Note on Felix Frankfurter
by James Grossman
Felix Frankfurter, in 1894 at the age of twelve, was brought from Vienna to an America in the midst of a great depression.

Confronting the Holocaust: Three Israeli Novels
by Robert Alter
Most people in our time have the face of Lot's wife, turned toward the Holocaust and yet always escaping. —Yehuda Amihai With all the restless probing into the implications of the Holocaust that continues to go on in Jewish intellectual forums in this country, and at a time when there has been such an abundance of novels—even some good novels—by American Jews, it gives one pause to note how rarely American-Jewish fiction has attempted to come to terms in any serious way with the European catastrophe.

The Best of Broadway
by Jack Richardson
Inadmissible Evidence is a brilliant collection of notes for a play. One sits through the first act wondering and relishing what might be done to the gobbets of character, turns of phrase, points of view, bickering, and ranting of protagonist Bill Maitland.

The Other Singer
by Irving Howe
There are two Singers in Yiddish literature and while both are very good, they sing in different keys. The elder brother, Israel Joshua Singer, who died in 1944 and whose books are now gradually being reissued in English translation, was one of the few genuine novelists to write in Yiddish: a genuine novelist as distinct from a writer of short or medium-sized prose fiction.

Belsen Remembered
by Lucy Dawidowicz
“It is better to go to the house of mourning than to the house of feasting,” Koheleth advised, but for all his worldliness he did not anticipate that one could go to both simultaneously.

Beyond Culture, by Lionel Trilling
by Dan Jacobson
Beyond whose Culture? Beyond Culture. by Lionel Trilling. Viking Press. 233 pp. $5.00. With The Liberal Imagination Lionel Trilling established himself as one of the two or three most important literary critics in the United States.

The City is the Frontier, by Charles Abrams
by Edward Banfield
Urban Renewal: Two Views The City is the Frontier. by Charles Abrams. Harper & Row. 394pp. $6.50. In 1960 the Ford Foundation made grants of $25,000 each to ten authorities on housing and planning, in order to induce them to set down their thoughts on urban renewal.

On the Kabbalah and its Symbolism, by Gershom G. Scholem
by Mircea Eliade
Cosmic Religion On the Kabbalah and Its Symbolism. by Gershom G. Scholem. translated by Ralph Manheim. Schocken. 216 pp. $7.50. After Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism (1941), the selections from the Zohar, and Jewish Gnosticism, Merkabah Mysticism, and Talmudic Tradition (1960), this translation of Professor Scholem's essays on the rituals and symbolism of the Kabbalah is most timely.

The Opinionmakers, by William L. Rivers
by Bernard Nossiter
Inside Stories The Opinionmakers. by William L. Rivers. Beacon Press. 207 pp. $4.95. The Washington correspondents of major American newspapers are, by and large, better educated and more competent than their foreign colleagues in capitals abroad.

The Bolsheviks, by Adam Ulam; Russia and History's Turning Point, by Alexander Kerensky; The Mind and Face of Bolshevism, by Ren
by Walter Laqueur
Lenin's Russia The Bolsheviks. by Adam Ulam. Macmillan. 598 pp. $9.95. Russia and History's Turning Point. by Alexander Kerensky. Duell, Sloan & Pierce. 558 pp. $8.95. The Mind and Face of Bolshevism. by René Füloep-Miller. Harper Torchbook.

Reader Letters March 1966
by Our Readers
The New Biology TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: As an amateur of biology and the other sciences I am grateful to Marjorie Grene for her essay on Adolf Portmann ["Beyond Dar- winism," November '65].

April, 1966Back to Top
The Dominican Crisis
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Theodore Draper's article . . . was the clearest, most lucidly written explanation of the . . .

Power and Morality
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . A glaring exception to Oscar Gass's clarity elsewhere is his rationale in six steps for continuing our Vietnamese involvement [“The World Politics of Responsibility,” December 1965].

Covering the Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . As a practicing public-relations man in the Jewish field for over thirty years . .

Ethics and Therapy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Leslie H. Farber's article does justice neither to the arguments of the protagonists he has selected for his barbs, nor to the complexities of the moral issues posed by psychoanalysis or any other psychotherapeutic procedure [“Psychoanalysis & Morality,” November 1965].

The Future of Capitalism
by Robert Heilbroner
For Roughly the last century and a half the dominant system of economic organization in most of the West has been that of capitalism.

The Jew as American Writer
by Alfred Kazin
Emma Lazarus, who wrote those lines inscribed on the base of the Statue of Liberty (“Give me your tired, your poor.

Mutual Aid and the Negro
by John Slawson
The Idea of self-help or mutual aid as a means to further progress in securing full equality is not, to put it mildly, popular among Negroes.

Chinese Visions & American Policies
by Benjamin Schwartz
Washington is, of course, aware of Peking's hopes for the future; one is tempted to add, only too well aware.

Pax Russo-Americana?
by George Lichtheim
The London weekly Spectator, the intellectual organ of British Conservatism (a respectable creed, not to be confused with the demagogic nonsense that elsewhere goes under the same label), some months ago headlined an editorial “Towards a Pax Russo-Americana.” Admittedly, this was last January, during the bombing pause in Vietnam and in the midst of the Indo-Pakistani peace conference at the Tashkent “summit.” But the heart of the argument is not affected by the subsequent escalation of the war in Southeast Asia.

Going to Shul
by Milton Himmelfarb
In The past months, since my father died, I have been in the synagogue twice a day to say the Kaddish.

The U.S. Economy-1966
by Oscar Gass
“The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their means; and my people love to have it so .

Double Feature
by Warren Coffey
If You get through the first ninety seconds of the British Othello, you can probably hold out the whole way.

TV Chronicle
by Neil Compton
When the lavish tedium of this season's regular television schedules began to be apparent, optimists among the critics advised us to count on network specials for most of our “viewing pleasure” during 1965—66.

The Life of Dylan Thomas, by Constantine FitzGibbon
by John Wain
The Celtic Strain The Life of Dylan Thomas. by Constantine Fitzgibbon. An Atlantic Monthly Press Book. Little, Brown and Company. 370 PP. $7.95. The choice of an Anglo-American writer to write what must surely be the “official” biography of this Welsh poet is a fortunate one.

Belief and Unbelief, by Michael Novak
by Sidney Hook
Liberal Catholic Thought Belief and Unbelief. by Michael Novak. Macmillan. 192 pp. $4.95. As world social movements, both Communism and Catholicism have undergone profound changes in recent years.

The Better Half: The Emancipation of the American Woman, by Andrew Sinclair
by Christopher Lasch
Feminist Ideology The Better Half: The Emancipation of the American Woman. by Andrew Sinclair. Harper & Row. 394 pp. $6.95. Andrew Sinclair's book is another attempt to write the history of the American woman—a subject that has the same fascination for social historians that “the great American novel” used to have for writers.

Politics and the Warren Court, by Alexander M. Bickel
by Melvin Wulf
Prudent Jurist Politics and the Warren Court. by Alexander M. Bickel. Harper & Row. 210pp. $6.95. For all of the current attacks on the Supreme Court, no sensible critic would argue with the view that our Constitution and courts are basically sound.

Reader Letters April 1966
by Our Readers
Ethics and Therapy TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Leslie H. Farber's article does jus- tice neither to the arguments of the protagonists he has selected for his barbs, nor to the complexities of the moral issues posed by psychoanal- ysis or any other psychotherapeutic procedure ["Psychoanalysis &8 Mo- rality," November 1965].

May, 1966Back to Top
Kashruth & Reform
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . The Central Conference of American Rabbis (C.C.A.R.) was not, as John J. Appel says, an organization of conservative Reform rabbis set up by Isaac Meyer Wise's “critics” in some sort of opposition to Wise [“The Trefa Banquet,” February].

Urban Renewal: 2 Views
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Edward C. Banfield's review of Charles Abrams's The City Is the Frontier [March] is less a review than a statement of his own opposition to urban renewal and, for that matter, to government programs of any kind.

The Dominican Crisis (Cont'd.)
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Heartiest congratulations on “The Dominican Crisis: A Case Study in American Policy” by Theodore Draper [December 1965]. .

Containing China: A Round-Table Discussion
by Bernard Fall
Last February, COMMENTARY asked Bernard B. Fall, Richard N. Goodwin, George Mcgovern, and JOHN P. ROCHE to participate in a three-hour round-table discussion centering on the question of whether the purpose of American policy in the Far East is to contain Chinese expansion or to halt the spread of Communism.

Young in the Thirties
by Lionel Trilling
In the 1950's it was established beyond question that the 1930's had not simply passed into history but had become history.

Art, Politics, & the Soviet Writer
by Theodore Frankel
The recent convictions of the Russian writers, Andrei Sinyavsky (alias Abram Tertz) and Yuli Daniel (alias Nikolai Arzhak) to seven and five years imprisonment respectively for the crime of sending abroad “anti-Soviet” works constitute only the latest of a number of such scandals which have rocked the Soviet Union since Stalin's death.

Crouch
by Deirdre Levinson
Among the letters Joel Bialystock found on his desk at the university1 that Monday morning was a circular announcing a pay-raise, as follows: From the University Council, University Offices Lecturers (all races): salary increase X£150 p.a.

The Automation Report
by Robert Lekachman
As a public document, the Report of the National Commission on Technology, Automation, and Economic Progress possesses rare virtue. The search for consensus by distinguished academics like Daniel Bell and Robert Solow, labor leaders like Walter Reuther and Joseph Bierne, and businessmen like Philip Sporn and Thomas J.

Film Chronicle
by Warren Coffey
To Die in Madrid runs for about eighty minutes. When it is not being arty or wilfully blind, which is about half the time, it is a very decent movie, the only one I've seen in a long time that I wished were longer than it was.

In Cold Blood, by Truman Capote
by William Phillips
But is it Good for Literature? In Cold Blood. by Truman Capote. Random House. 343 pp. $5.95. Truman Capote's In Cold Blood is a cross between a detective story and a crime documentary.

The Book of God and Man: A Study of the Book of Job, by Robert Gordis
by David Daiches
Divine Justice The Book of God and Man: A Study of the Book of Job. by Robert Gordis. The University of Chicago Press.

The Great Comic-Book Heroes Compiled, Introduced and Annotated by Jules Feiffer
by Reuel Denney
The Good Old Days The Great Comic-Book Heroes. Compiled, Introduced and Annotated by Jules Feiffer. The Dial Press. 189 pp. $9.95. Between 1945 and 1950, I read quite a few comic books to our then-unlettered son.

The Proud Tower, A Portrait of the World Before the War: 1890-1914, by Barbara W. Tuchman
by John Weightman
Tidbit History The Proud Tower. A Portrait of the World Before the War: 1890-1914. by Barbara W. Tuchman. Macmillan. 462 pp. $7.95. Some reviewers, including several professors of history, have spoken.

The Bit Between My Teeth, by Edmund Wilson; and Edmund Wilson, by Sherman Paul
by Dan Jacobson
The Literary Vocation The Bit Between My Teeth. by Edmund Wilson. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 668 pp. $7.75. Edmund Wilson. by Sherman Paul. University of Illinois Press.

Reader Letters May 1966
by Our Readers
The Dominican Crisis (Cont'd) TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Heartiest congratulations on "The Dominican Crisis: A Case Study in American Policy" by Theodore Draper [December 1965]. It is an outstanding piece of re- porting and analyzing and deserves the widest circulation.

June, 1966Back to Top
Police & Public
by
To the Editor: After reading Thomas R. Brooks's article [“New York's Finest” August 1965] and the discussion among David B. Durk, Ronald Reis and Mr.

Limits of Objectivity
by Our Readers
To the Editor: While I greatly appreciate Marvin Fox's kind words about the “sober” objectivity of my essay in Rediscovering Judaism, I regret that he did not make reference in his review [February] to the limits of such objectivity as I state them in the beginning of the essay.

Overlooked Promise
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . How did it happen that in the home of creative editing an article on the transit strike went through without the editors' noticing its failure to mention something as important as Lindsay's promise to make the final agreement retroactive to January 1 if the men would continue to work during the negotiations—which, as labor leaders conceded, left the union with no justification for a strike [“Lindsay, Quill, and the Transit Strike,” by Thomas R.

The Use of Hebrew
by
To the Editor: In his answer to my letter, Robert Alter makes the following parenthetical statement: “Both Mai-monides and Ibn Gabirol, by the way, wrote their philosophical work in Arabic, but I would hardly expect a reader of Mr.

For the Record
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I should like to call your attention to a serious misstatement in James Q. Wilson's article, “The Flamboyant Mr.

The Rosenberg Case
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Reading Alexander M. Bickel's review of Walter and Miriam Schneir's book, Invitation to an Inquest, [January] made my eyes stretch so wide that I must write this in order to get them back to normal. The book demonstrates that three people gave false testimony against the Rosenbergs.

Israel & the Arabs
by Our Readers
To the Editor: While I consider myself as avid a Zionist as lives off the fat of the galut, I cannot, in good conscience, let some of Marie Syrkin's specious arguments continue to plug up Israel's deaf ear to the Arab refugees.

An Agenda for American Liberals
by John Galbraith
These, without doubt, are the years of the liberal. Almost everyone now so describes himself. Even the stoutest conservative confesses to flashes of liberal perception.

The Myth of the Jewish World-Conspiracy: A Case Study in Collective Psychopathology
by Norman Cohn
It is Often said that wherever Jews have settled since the dispersion, anti-Semitism has appeared in the local population. This is untrue.

Science and the Common Reader
by Eric Larrabee
Science and the Common Reader by Eric Larrabee Looking Back, one can see now that the third week, of October 1945 was a major turning point.

The Murder of Rabbi Adler
by T. LoCicero
According to his teachers at the University of Michigan, where he majored in political science, Richard Wishnetsky was a brilliant young man.

Kennedy as Statesman
by George Kateb
p>The Dream of the political outsider is to know why men of state are doing what they do. There are, of course, some resources available to the diligent student: he can rely on the New York Times for an accumulation of indispensable detail, he can infer motive on the basis of a general theory of political behavior, he can immerse himself in the reading of history for the sake of plucking rough analogies from the inexhaustible record of the crimes and follies of mankind.

The Apocalyptic Temper
by Robert Alter
We must get it out of our head that this is a doomed time, that we are waiting for the end, and the rest of it.

The Literature of American Government
by Oscar Gass
Henry Michel addressed his great book, The Idea of the State, to “. . . sincere minds . . .

Musgrave's Dance and Azdak's Circle
by Jack Richardson
John Arden is considered by many close to the theater to be England's best contemporary playwright. Neither a social protestant like John Osborne and Arnold Wesker, nor an absurdist like Harold Pinter, he has missed all the publicity attendant on these styles.

“The Communist Rabbi”: Moses Hess
by Jonathan Frankel
Moses Hess is an anomaly. A founding father of revolutionary socialism in Germany, he is best remembered today as the first “secular Zionist.” An enthusiast handicapped by an open mind, he took up many causes but found satisfaction in none.

Against Interpretation, by Susan Sontag
by Alicia Ostriker
Anti-Critic Against Interpretation. by Susan Sontag. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 304 pp. $4.95 Once upon a time, the temptation of intellect was to overreach.

At the Dawn of Civilization: A Background of Biblical History, edited by E. A. Speiser
by Erich Isaac
Before the Beginning At the Dawn of Civilization: A Background of Biblical History. by E. A. Speiser. Rutgers University Press. 388 pp. $17.50 (The World History of the Jewish People, First Series: Ancient Times.

Unsafe at Any Speed, by Ralph Nader; and Safety Last, by Jeffrey O'Connell and Arthur Myers
by Harvey Swados
Death Traps Unsafe At Any Speed. by Ralph Nader. Grossman Publishers. 365 pp. $5.95. Safety Last. by Jeffrey O'connell and Arthur Myers. Random House. 226 pp.

The Painted Bird, by Jerzy Kosinski
by Neil Compton
Dream of Violence The Painted Bird. by Jerzy Kosinski. Houghton Mifflin. 272 pp. $4.95. During the Second World War, it sometimes seemed as though the scale of the conflict and the brute impersonality of mechanized warfare had numbed the creative faculties.

Modern Capitalism: The Changing Balance of Public and Private Power, by Andrew Shonfield
by Bernard Nossiter
Success Story Modern Capitalism: The Changing Balance Of Public And Private Power. by Andrew Shonfield. Oxford University Press. 456 pp. $10.50. Andrew Shonfield has taken a long, close look at postwar capitalism in the developed West and concluded that it has achieved a dazzling success.

Reader Letters June 1966
by Our Readers
Israel & the Arabs TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: While I consider myself as avid a Zionist as lives off the fat of the galut, I cannot, in good con- science, let some of Marie Syrkin's specious arguments continue to plug up Israel's deaf ear to the Arab refugees.

July, 1966Back to Top
Policing the Police (Concl'd)
by Our Readers
To the Editor: We are pleased to draw the attention of all to Thomas R. Brooks's latest article on the New York City Police which appeared in the New York Times Magazine of April 3, in which he greatly modifies his prior views.

The Nature of Law
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Melvin L. Wulf's review of Politics and the Warren Court, by Alexander Bickel [April], contains an inner contradiction which goes to the very heart of the problem of the Supreme Court. Mr.

A Judge's Personality
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “A Note on Felix Frankfurter” by James Grossman [March] contributes to a better understanding of a complex, not to say complicated, figure. Though it may be too early for a definitive evaluation of the Justice as a jurist or as a man, it is already clear that he had an important impact on American jurisprudence as teacher and as judge.

Memories
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Lionel Trilling's elegiac essay on Tess Slesinger's novel, The Unpossessed, recalled to me an earlier time [“Young in the Thirties,” May]. Tess had just returned to New York from Reno after her divorce from Herbert Solow.

Kashruth
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his excellent article, “Forbidden Foods” [January], Erich Isaac writes: “The Jew today . . . has much difficulty in accepting the dietary laws.” Not only today does this hold true.

Fiscal Differences
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The article by Oscar Gass in your April issue [“The U.S. Economy—1966,”] contains a number of statements, that in the interest of accuracy and fairness, should not go unchallenged.

Critic Defended
by Our Readers
To the Editor: With one exception, Dan Jacob-son seems to me entirely just, in his review of Lionel Trilling's Beyond Culture [March] and so far the only reviewer who has managed to be.

Economic Prognosis
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Readers have written that one article in COMMENTARY was worth the cost of a year's subscription. I have felt this about several articles, but never so much as about Robert Heilbroner's, “The Future of Capitalism” [April].

Church and State: How High a Wall?
by Milton Himmelfarb
The Jews are probably more devoted than anyone else in America to the separation of church and state. At times, hearing some of us talk about separation, or reading the statements of our organizations, one has the impression that we think ourselves more loyal to the Constitution and more skilled in its interpretation as well-although of course nobody ever says that in so many words.

The Problem of the New Left
by Tom Kahn
What more is there to say, at this date, about the New Left?1 It has already received extensive coverage in the mass media; it has emerged as an identifiable entity in the mind of Washington; before the year is out, at least half-a-dozen books will have appeared on, or even by, the subject;2 and it has even been recognized as a proper object of formal study—there is a course on it at the New School. Yet most liberals come away from encounters with the New Left, whether direct or literary, feeling profoundly ambivalent: the problem is not in determining how much weight to assign the good as against the bad elements embraced by this movement, but in deciding whether to take it seriously at all.

Three Stories For Children
by Isaac Singer
_____________ The Snow in Chelm1 Chelm was a village of fools, fools young and old. One night someone spied the moon reflected in a barrel of water.

The View From Europe
by George Lichtheim
Crossing the Atlantic in either direction has become a familiar experience for millions of people—tourists, businessmen, immigrants. We are habituated to regarding North America and Western Europe as two halves of the same “world,” or at any rate of the same civilization, and of course we are right.

Is There a Jewish Art?
by Harold Rosenberg
Is there a Jewish art? First they build a Jewish Museum,1 then they ask, Is there a Jewish art? Jewsl As to the question itself, there is a Gentile answer and a Jewish answer.

Pop Music on Camera
by Neil Compton
Along with other dyspeptic observers, I have been predicting the decline of American popular music for over twenty-five years. Not without reason.

When Reform Was Young
by Lucy Dawidowicz
As the founder of American Reform Judaism and all its institutions—the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, Hebrew Union College, and the Central Conference of American Rabbis—Isaac Mayer Wise has been apotheosized in a prodigious number of works.

The Achievement of Noah Greenberg
by George Elliott
Noah Greenberg died suddenly this January of a heart attack at the age of forty-six. In my experience, everyone who knew him liked him: he was short on malice, and he stood in no one's way.

Standards: A Chronicle of Books for Our Time, by Stanley Edgar Hyman
by John Aldridge
Well-Tempered Critic Standards: A Chronicle of Books for Our Time. by Stanley Edgar Hyman. Horizon Press. 288 pp. $6.75. One of the genuine excitements of these years has been the quite sudden rise in the amount and quality of the periodical criticism produced in this country.

The Political Economy of Slavery: Studies in the Economy and Society of the Slave South, by Eugene D. Genovese
by Stanley Elkins
The Fatal Flaw The Political Economy of Slavery: Studies in the Economy and Society of the Slave South. by Eugene D. Genovese. Random House.

Notebooks, 1942-1951, by Albert Camus
by Robert Nisbet
The Artist as Prophet Notebooks, 1942-1951. by Albert Camus. Translated from the French and annotated by Justin O'Brien. Alfred A. Knopf. 270 pp.

Jews in America: A Short History, by Ruth Gay
by John Appel
Surveying the Jews Jews in America: A Short History. by Ruth Gay. Basic Books. 198 pp. $4.95. This book is one of a series of octavo-sized volumes of less than two-hundred pages on various topics in the humanities and social sciences; it is addressed to young adults and other readers with only a minimum of specialized knowledge.

Toward a Theory of Instruction, by Jerome S. Bruner
by Edgar Friedenberg
Modest Proposals Toward A Theory of Instruction. by Jerome S. Bruner. Belknap-Harvard University Press. 176 pp. $3.95. “What must be plain in the preceding chapters,” Professor Bruner observes toward the end of Toward a Theory of Instruction, “is that the issues to be faced are far broader than those conventionally comprised in what is called ‘education’ or ‘child-rearing.’” This observation astonished me.

Reader Letters July 1966
by Our Readers
Economic Prognosis TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Readers have written that one article in COMMENTARY was worth the cost of a year's subscription. I have felt this about several articles, but never so much as about Robert Heilbroner's, "The Future of Cap- italism" April].

August, 1966Back to Top
Chinese Puzzle
by Our Readers
To the Editor: May an ordinary diplomatic correspondent, not at all a high-powered expert, raise one point of comment on your round-table discussion, “Containing China” [May]? None of the members of the panel and none of the additional speakers later on mentioned the Republic of China at Taiwan, Formosa. Anyone can write a powerful and only too obvious piece about it.

Big Business
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Robert L. Heilbroner cites me in support of his contention that big business has grown tamer as an expansionist force, to be supplanted by belligerent-minded government leaders and anti-Communist lower and middle classes [“The Future of Capitalism,” April]. He accurately reports the results of certain calculations in my book, Militarism and Industry, concerning the military and foreign investment profits of the 25 largest industrial corporations, and the portion of their taxes going to military and foreign-aid expenditures.

The McCone Report
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am greatly concerned with the gross errors of tact in Bayard Rustin's article in the March issue of COMMENTARY [“The ‘Watts Manifesto’ & the McCone Report”].

A Texas Education
by Willie Morris
What strikes me most in reading books like Alfred Kazin's haunting poetic reminiscences of boyhood in an immigrant Jewish neighborhood in the East, is the vast gulf which separates that kind of growing up and the childhood and adolescence of those of us who came out of the towns of the American South and Southwest a generation later.

“I'm Proud to be Poor&rdquo
by Oscar Lewis
The following tape-recorded interview with a young Puerto Rican living in New York will form part of Oscar Lewis's new book, La Vida: A Puerto Rican Family in the Culture of Poverty, San Juan and New York, which Random House will be publishing in October.

The New Class
by David Bazelon
Perhaps the profoundest event of this century in the United States has been the growth-to-dominance of corporations, which have become our chosen form for the social and political control of technology.

Types and Anti-Types
by Warren Coffey
F. Scott Fitzgerald once wrote to a tippling friend, “ldquo;You can drink all of the cocktails some of the time and some of the cocktails all of the time, but .

Time to Murder and Create: The Contemporary Novel in Crisis, by John W. Aldridge
by Philip Rahv
A Critical View Time to Murder and Create: the Contemporary Novel in Crisis. by John W. Aldridge. David McKay. 264 pp. $5.50. This collection of critical articles and reviews sports a wildly inappropriate title taken from Eliot's “ldquo;Prufrock.”rdquo; However resonant Eliot's line may be in its context, it stands in no literal or symbolic relation whatever to what Mr.

The Responsible Electorate, by V. O. Key, Jr.
by Walter Berns
Defending Politics The Responsible Electorate. by V. O. Key, Jr., with the assistance of Milton C. Cummings, Jr. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

The Beginners, by Dan Jacobson
by Robert Alter
A Long Story The Beginners. by Dan Jacobson. Macmillan. 469 pp. $6.95. A strange incongruity runs through Dan Jacobson's ambitious new novel. The Beginners is clearly informed by the kind of pained historical consciousness, the peculiar mixture of moral hesitancy and stubborn resolution, that are characteristic components of a serious response to the unsettling perplexities of life in the 60's.

Reader Letters August 1966
by Our Readers
The McCone Report TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I am greatly concerned with the gross errors of fact in Bayard Rust- in's article in the March issue of COMMENTARY ["The 'Watts Mani- festo' & the McCone Report"].

The State of Jewish Belief
by
The State of Jewish Belief The State of Jewish Belief A Symposium Introduction: One of the ironies surrounding all the discussion which has recently been taking place over the “death of God” is that, in many intellectual circles at least, God has not been so alive since Nietzsche wrote His obituary almost a century ago.

September, 1966Back to Top
Chinese Puzzle (Concld.)
by Our Readers
To the Editor: COMMENTARY is to be commended on the round-table discussion, “Containing China,” in the May issue. . . . Yet there was one thing missing.

Dialogues
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Chaim Potok's article, “Martin Buber and the Jews” [March] was interesting, but . . . offered no new exposition of the philosophical anthropologist's work.

Russian Letters
by Our Readers
To the Editor: That Theodore Frankel's “Art, Politics, and the Soviet Writer” [May] is, as a whole, distressingly shallow and misleading and its prognoses more than dubious, is hardly surprising in view of the considerable number of factual errors it contains.

Planning Ahead
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In, dealing with foreign policy, Mr. Galbraith's lively article in the June number suffers, I think, from a certain inconsistency [“An Agenda for American Liberals”].

“Black Power” and Coalition Politics
by Bayard Rustin
There are two Americas—black and white—and nothing has more clearly revealed the divisions between them than the debate currently raging around the slogan of “black power.” Despite—or perhaps because of—the fact that this slogan lacks any clear definition, it has succeeded in galvanizing emotions on all sides, with many whites seeing it as the expression of a new racism and many Negroes taking it as a warning to white people that Negroes will no longer tolerate brutality and violence.

In Defense of “Black Power”
by David Danzig
When the Mississippi marchers trekked across the state chanting “Black Power,” they were addressing themselves to other Negroes, mostly sharecroppers, tenant farmers, and small-town residents who crowded the line of march as it passed their way.

Music and the Statistical Age
by Igor Stravinsky
Interviewer: And how do you view the statistical life generally, Mr. Stravinsky? Igor Stravinsky: With misgivings, of course, but I have failed to arrive at anything so solid as a “view,” being at best dimly, though not for that reason unprejudicially, aware of certain effects of the quantifications of society that have already taken place.

The Unremembered Genocide
by Marjorie Housepian
The Armenian people—some 250,000 in the United States and about four million throughout the world—consider themselves to have been the victims of a genocide perpetrated almost thirty years before that term was coined.

The Fulbright Revolt
by Maurice Goldbloom
The struggle between the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the White House over Vietnam and foreign aid is only the latest battle in a war as old as the Republic.

Malamud as Jewish Writer
by Robert Alter
From His earliest stories in the 50's, the relationship between Bernard Malamud's literary imagination and his Jewish background has been a peculiar one.

On Reviewing Plays
by Jack Richardson
When a playwright turns critic, a little bit of him dies. He may feign artistic health for a time and beguile himself with notions of a sensibility split into creative and critical halves without damage, but finally he will have to admit to some degree of spiritual erosion.

The Un-American Jew
by Earl Berger
To the casual observer the Jews of Canada resemble nothing so much as a slightly underdeveloped extension of the sprawling Jewish community of the northeastern United States, with one difference: they have a dated air about them—as if they had not yet entirely moved out of the 1930's.

To Criticize the Critic, by T. S. Eliot
by Joseph Frank
Eliot's Legacy To Criticize the Critic. by T. S. Eliot. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 189 pp. $4.95. To Criticize The Critic is a mixed bag of lectures on literary and spcio-cultural topics given by T.

Keeper of the Law, by Louis Ginzberg
by Moses Hadas
Portrait of a Scholar Keeper of the Law: Louis Ginzberg. by Eli Ginzberg. The Jewish Publication Society of America. 348 pp. $6.00. Professor Ginzberg's affectionate account of his distinguished father is not formal biography but, as he himself properly calls it, a personal memoir.

The Phenomenon of Life: Toward a Philosophical Biology, by Hans Jonas
by Marjorie Grene
Organic Thinking The Phenomenon of Life. Toward a Philosophical Biology. by Hans Jonas. Harper & Row. 303 pp. $6.00. Professor Jonas has collected here eleven essays, and nine shorter discussions which are interpolated as appendices to some of the essays.

The State of War, by Stanley Hoffmann
by Robert Hazo
The Foreign Policy Dilemma The State of War, by Stanley Hoffmann. Praeger. $5.95.276 pp. It was James Mill who claimed that practice without theory is bad practice.

The Last Gentleman, by Walker Percy
by Frederick Crews
The Hero as “Case” The Last Gentleman. by Walker Percy. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 409 pp. $5.95. The American novelist who would appear up-to-date must go through certain familiar motions.

Marxism in Modern France, by George Lichtheim
by Philip Williams
On the Left Marxism In Modern France. by George Lichtheim. Columbia University Press. 212 pp. $6.75. In less than two hundred pages of text, George Lichtheim develops and splendidly illuminates three distinct themes, each of which could well have made a full-length book.

Reader Letters September 1966
by Our Readers
Planning Ahead TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: In dealing with foreign policy, Mr. Galbraith's lively article in the June number suffers, I think, from a certain inconsistency ["An Agenda for American Liberals"]. He says "the test of policy hence- forth must be not the negative one of what fights Communism but the affirmative one of what serves the interests of the United States." So far, we have no quarrel.

October, 1966Back to Top
Rejoinder
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . In his review of my book, Toward a Theory of Instruction [July], Edgar Z. Friedenberg is concerned with the cultivation of moral indignation about our schools.

The Assassin
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As I read T. V. LoCicero's article, “The Murder of Rabbi Adler” [June], my anger increased with every paragraph.

Science Defended
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Belatedly, by way of Eric Larrabee's article [“Science and the Common Reader,” June], COMMENTARY has taken note of science as an area fit for the Common Reader—provided he is properly forewarned that it is an arena full of shifty-eyed scholars-turned-politicos or, at best, fallen saints who have discovered the almighty buck. Much of what Mr.

Graven Images
by Our Readers
To the Editor: You are to be congratulated for publishing Harold Rosenberg's provocative article, “Is There a Jewish Art?” [July]. Mr. Rosenberg may not find Jewish ceremonial objects interesting, and rightly calls attention to the fact that they are apparently of little popular appeal.

Outside Help
by Our Readers
To the Editor: William Phillips's excellent review of Truman Capote's book [May] suggests another critical oversight: only half of In Cold Blood was written, the other half was interviewed.

Separationism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: My colleague Milton Himmelfarb's article, “Church and State: How High a Wall?” [July], requires a brief comment from me.

The Failure of the Warren Report
by Alexander Bickel
The Warren Commission (known formally as the President's Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy) was born of rampaging suspicions and worldwide controversy.

Masada and Its Scrolls
by Yigael Yadin
The Scrolls Before starting the excavations at the rock of Masada, on the western shore of the Dead Sea, we dreamed of the possibility of finding scrolls there.

Letter from Tokyo
by Peter Schmid
In the hallway of the American Cultural Center in Tokyo, a Japanese employee was arranging a display of photographs that had been taken in Vietnam.

The Prince
by Gerald Jonas
He was a senior and already something of a legend at Harvard when I arrived as a freshman in the fall of 1960.

Post-Imperial Britain
by George Lichtheim
London: “A stirred nation, a London sight. . . . Undistracted by empire now, we felt intimately that we were at home, that we were seeing our own lives.

Negroes, Jews, and Muzhiks
by Milton Himmelfarb
Can anything still be said about Negro and Jew in the United States that has not already been said—by Fiedler, Glazer, and Podhoretz; by Baldwin, Clark, and Rustin; in conferences, speeches, books, and articles? The relation between American Jew and American Negro has even been examined in the perspective of Israel and Africa.

What Happened to John Barth?
by Robert Garis
With a novel as peculiar as Giles Goat-Boy1 on their hands, John Barth's publishers wisely took the only course open to them: they played it all or nothing.

TV While the Sun Shines
by Neil Compton
This summer, I meant to use the opportunity provided by prime-time reruns and replacements to explore some of the farther reaches of Darkest Television—to visit corners of the weekly schedule which are hardly dreamed of by COMMENTARY readers.

Cannibals and Christians, by Norman Mailer
by John Aldridge
Victim & Analyst Cannibals and Christians. by Norman Mailer. Dial. 420 pp. $5.95. More eloquently than Burroughs or Genet, with perhaps something even of the jubilant nausea of Kierkegaard, Norman Mailer has advertised himself over the years as a man of lacerated ego and exhausted sensibilities.

The Star and the Cross: Essays on Jewish-Christian Relations, Edited by Mother Katherine Hargrove
by David Daiches
Dialogue? The star and the cross: essays on jewish-christian relations. by Mother Katherine Hargrove, R.S.C.J. The Bruce Publishing Co. 318 pp. $6.75. Jesus was the last of the Jewish prophets, and the only one to claim to be more than a humble, even a reluctant, spokesman for God.

Khrushchev: A Career, by Edward Crankshaw
by Myron Rush
The Fallen Ruler Khrushchev: a career. by Edward Crankshaw. Viking. 320 pp. $7.50. The life of Nikita Khrushchev is full of paradoxes and mysteries.

Three Worlds of Development: The Theory and Practice of International Stratification, by Irving Louis Horowitz
by E. Schumacher
Growing Pains Three worlds of development: The theory and practice of international stratification. by Irving Louis Horowitz. Oxford. 475 pp. $8.50. The world, like ancient Gaul, can be divided into partes tres, and such a division may be a useful expository device, provided only that no one really believes in it.

Hopscotch, by Julio Cortazar
by Carlos Fuentes
A Demanding Novel Hopscotch. by Julio Cortazar. Translated from the Spanish by Gregory Rabassa. Pantheon. 564 pp. $6.95. Julio Cortazar is a lanky, blue-eyed, boyish-looking man of fifty: a sort of engaging Jimmy Stewart of Latin-American letters.

The Ways of the Will, by Leslie H. Farber
by Edgar Friedenberg
Willing it The ways of the will. by Leslie H. Farber. Basic Books. 226 pp. $5.95. I cannot recall when I last had the pleasure of reviewing a book which seemed to me to succeed perfectly in achieving its author's purpose; and, moreover, did so with such modesty and ease as to run a certain risk of concealing from the reader the importance and complexity of that purpose.

Reader Letters October 1966
by Our Readers
Separationism TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: My colleague Milton Himmel- farb's article, "Church and State: How High a Wall?" [July], re- quires a brief comment from me. As director of the American Jew- ish Committee's Department of Civil Rights and Social Action, and its General Counsel, I have professional responsibility for the agency's program in the church- state area, As such, I found myself in violent disagreement with my colleague's views concerning the necessity and desirability of a wall of separation between church and state. I now find that many people are under the impression that Mr. Himmelfarb expressed the posi- tion of the American Jewish Com- mittee in this field.

November, 1966Back to Top
Honest Differences
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I know both Bayard Rustin and Kenneth Martyn, and I have the deepest respect and admiration for both.

Copyrights
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In Neil Compton's thoroughgoing examination of . . . pop music [“Pop Music on Camera,” July], I find a parenthetical paragraph which suggests a common, important misunderstanding about the restricted use of copyrighted material. Mr.

Voting Studies
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Walter Berns's review of The Responsible Electorate [August], the final work of V. O. Key, deserved more space and publicity.

JFK
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I congratulate you on the first-rate article by George Kateb [“Kennedy as Statesman,” June]. It was a subtle, penetrating, closely reasoned, and intelligently written analysis of a fascinating period of what is now our history. The article blends .

Hogs & History
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I note that slavery is charged, in Stanley Elkins's review of The Political Economy of Slavery by E.

Radical Politics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Despite its closely reasoned and at times unarguable conclusions, Tom Kahn's article is more of a projection of his own politics than a description or discussion of the New Left [“The Problem of the New Left,” July].

Jews and Germans
by Gershom Scholem
To speak of Jews and Germans and their relations during the last two centuries is, in the year 1966, a melancholy enterprise.

The Vacancies of August
by John Thompson
If you can't make it to Indianapolis this summer, then come on to Athens. —Picture postcard, 1966 _____________ By November, of course, it will all be as old as a snapshot.

The Empty Society
by Paul Goodman
During Eisenhower's second administration, I wrote a book describing how hard it was for young people to grow up in the corporate institutions of American society.

Tensions and Conservatism in American Politics
by Oscar Gass
All great peoples are conservative; slow to believe in novelties; patient of much error in actualities. . . . —Thomas Carlyle, 1843 There is always a certain meanness in the argument of conservatism, joined with a certain superiority in its fact. —Ralph W.

An End to Pornography?
by Dan Jacobson
The image of humankind which pornography presents to its readers is that of a sad, ape-like creature trapped forever behind the bars of its own being, fenced in immutably by its own body.

From a Composer's Journal
by Ned Rorem
The hardest of all the arts to speak of is music, because music has no meaning to speak of. _____________ . .

Koufax the Incomparable
by Mordecai Richler
Within many a once-promising, now suddenly command-generation Jewish writer, there is a major league ball player waiting to leap out; and come Sunday mornings in summer, from the playing fields of East Hampton to the Bois de Boulogne to Hyde Park, you can see them, heedless of tender discs and protruding bellies, out in the fresh air together, playing ball.

The Age of Keynes, by Robert Lekachman
by Andrew Shonfield
The Limits of Innovation The Age of Keynes. by Robert Lekachman. Random House, 304 pp. $6.00. It is quite a long time now since Keynes became firmly established as economic orthodoxy in Britain and the United States.

Hebrew Poems from Spain: Introduction, Translation, and Notes by David Goldstein
by David Daiches
The Golden Age Hebrew Poems From Spain. Introduction, Translation, and Notes by David Goldstein. Schocken Books. 176 pp. $5.95 The flowering of Hebrew poetry in Spain in the two centuries between 1000 and 1200 C.E.

Between the Lines, by Dan Wakefield
by Joseph Epstein
Free-Lance Between The Lines. by Dan Wakefield. New American Library. 274 pp. $5.95. Macaulay once estimated the lifespan of his essays, articles, and reviews—what today would be called his “pieces”—to be at most six weeks after their initial appearance in print.

The Knower and the Known, by Marjorie Grene
by Maurice Natanson
The Epistemological Self The Knower and the Known. by Marjorie Grene. Basic Books. 283 pp. $6.00. Although the conceptual split between the knower and the known is an ancient philosophical problem, in its most pressing modern form it derives from the metaphysics of Descartes, where one finds the beginnings of a powerfully influential divorce of the knower—the subject and his interior awareness—from the known—the exterior reality which is the object of knowledge.

Alpha and Omega, by Isaac Rosenfeld
by George Dennison
Artist in his Skin Alpha and Omega. by Isaac Rosenfeld. Viking. 288 pp. $5.95. Isaac Rosenfeld's death in 1956, at the age of thirty-eight, produced the same shock and sorrow as did the death of Franz Kline in 1962.

Reader Letters November 1966
by Our Readers
Radical Politics TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Despite its closely reasoned and at times unarguable conclusions, Tom Kahn's article is more of a projection of his own politics than a description or discussion of the New Left ["The Problem of the New Left," July].

Does the Jew Exist?
by Albert Memmi
Toward the end of my adolescence I had had enough of being a Jew; or so I dared tell myself.

December, 1966Back to Top
Anti-Semitism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Norman Cohn leaves unanswered the question why collective psychopathological anti-Semitism is an essentially Christian phenomenon [“The Myth of the Jewish World-Conspiracy,” June].

The Armenian Case
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Marjorie Housepian's “The Unremembered Genocide” [September] is a soul-searing indictment, both of those who “would rather not get involved” and of those who do not hesitate to do so—for self-gain. May I suggest, however, that Werfel's The Forty Days of Musa Dagh is not the “sole literary testament” to this event.

The Invisible World of S. Y. Agnon
by Edmund Wilson
I cannot write about the work of Agnon with any real authority because I have not read him in Hebrew and know only those of his writings which have been translated into English.

Three Stories: First Kiss
by S. Agnon
Friday Afternoon; Sabbath eve. Father was out of town on business and had left me alone, like a kind of watchman, to take care of the store.

Three Stories: The Lady and the Peddler
by S. Agnon
A Certain Jewish peddler was traveling with his stock from town to town and village to village. One day he found himself in a wooded region far from any settlement.

Three Stories: Fable of the Goat
by S. Agnon
The tale is told of an old man who groaned from his heart. The doctors were sent for, and they advised him to drink goat's milk.

Agnon's Quest
by Baruch Hochman
S. Y. Agnon's most informed readers think of him as an epic writer, as the novelist par excellence in his tradition.

Saving the Humanities
by Eric Larrabee
In the autumn of 1965 the Congress enacted, and President Johnson subsequently signed, Public Law 89-209, the National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities Act, which brought into being a new governmental agency with a mandate “to develop and promote a broadly conceived national policy in support for the humanities and the arts in the United States.

The Theater of Commitment
by Eric Bentley
A recent literary conference announced its topic as Commitment or Alienation. I take this to mean that the public-relations men believe, first, that these words are the great eye-catchers of the moment and, second, that they represent alternative ways of life for artists today.

Auschwitz on Stage
by Jack Richardson
The Auschwitz Trials began in Frankfurt in 1963 and lasted one year and eight months.1 The twenty-two defendants were the detritus of the war-criminal concept created seventeen years earlier at Nuremberg.

Church & State
by Ivan Shapiro
The following discussion was occasioned by Milton Himmelfarb's article, “Church and State—How High a Wall?” which appeared in our July issue.

Expanding Liberties: Freedom's Gains in Postwar America, by Milton R. Konvitz
by Michael Harrington
Evading the Issues Expanding Liberties: Freedom's Gains in Postwar America. by Milton R. Konvitz. Viking. 429 pp. $8.95. As a lifetime, appointive body, the Supreme Court is the least democratic of our federal institutions.

The Most of Malcolm Muggeridge, by Malcolm Muggeridge
by Joseph Epstein
Enfant Terrible The Most of Malcolm Muggeridge. by Malcolm Muggeridge. Simon and Schuster. 367 pp. $5.95. Malcolm Muggeridge revels in undocumented revelation. A piquant example is to be found in the essay on Max Beerbohm in this volume.

Christian Beliefs and Anti-Semitism, by Charles Y. Glock and Rodney Stark
by Sidney Monas
“Reasonable” Bigotry Christian Beliefs and Anti-Semitism. by Charles Y. Glock and Rodney Stark. Harper & Row. 266 pp. $8.50. There is something terribly American about the solemnity, and the optimism, of this study.

Dirty Politics, by Bruce L. Felknor
by Andrew Hacker
Below the Belt Dirty Politics. by Bruce L. Felknor. Norton. 295 pp. $5.95. We professors are sometimes accused of throwing our students' term papers down the stairs, basing the grades on where they land.

The Illusionless Man: Fantasies and Meditations, by Allen Wheelis
by Burton Feldman
Doctor's Dilemma The Illusionless Man: Fantasies and Meditations. by Allen Wheelis. Norton. 206 pp. $450. Dr. Wheelis is a psychoanalyst who writes about disillusionment in the literary forms of fantasy and the meditative essay.

Reader Letters December 1966
by Our Readers
The Armenian Case TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Marjorie Housepian's "The Un- remembered Genocide" LSeptem- ber] is a soul-searing indictment, both of those who "would rather not get involved" and of those who do not hesitate to do so-for self- gain.

Reader Letters December 1966
by Milton Himmelfarb
Milton Himmelfarb: Let us ignore what Mr. Shapiro says I said. What does he say for himself? Separation, for him, forbids gov- ernment to "support, through the use of public money .




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