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January, 1968Back to Top
Dialogues
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I read Milton Himmelfarb's article—especially the last section, “Finally, Religion”—with a deep sense of relief [“In the Light of Israel's Victory,” October 1967].

Radicals & Liberals
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is not too late, I hope, to add a word to your September [1967] symposium, “Liberal Anti-Communism Revisited.” The impression is created, not only by the editor's questions but by the answers of several of the respondents, that it was the anti-Communism of some liberals that led them to that witting or unwitting cooperation with the CIA which was revealed by Ramparts magazine.

Israel's Mission
by Our Readers
To the Editor: We have already had the benefit of Robert Alter's opinions of those Jews who tend to think that Israel is meaningfully Jewish only in the demographic sense of the word in his long letter in a recent issue of the New York Review of Books.

The Other America
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Bayard Rustin's article [“The Lessons of the Long Hot Summer,” October 1967] in my judgment, points up the need for a vast new commitment of energy and resources in “the other America” which now dwells in the hearts of our large cities. We know that government alone cannot do the job.

George F. Kennan: The Heart of a Diplomat
by George Kateb
Except for a brief interval, George Kennan has lived his adult life in complaint. Early in his sad, haunting memoirs,1 he comments on a note he wrote to Loy Henderson in June 1941, in which he urged that the United States not follow Churchill's lead in “extending moral support” to Russia in its struggle with Germany.

French Culture & the Jews
by Renee Winegarten
The waters look unruffled, the current appears to be following its customary course, the bystander is lulled by a deceptive calm; then, suddenly and dramatically, someone stirs the murky depths, bringing to the surface a host of slimy creatures, and all those things people have forgotten and do not want to remember.

The "Plain People" & American Democracy
by Donald Erickson
Its engine sputtering against the cold, the school bus left the town of Oelwein, Iowa, at 7:45 A.M. on Friday, November 19, 1965.

Jewish Dreams and Nightmares
by Robert Alter
What have I in common with Jews? I have hardly anything in common with myself and should stand very quietly in a corner, content that I can breathe. —Franz Kafka, Diaries There is something presumptuously proprietary about the whole idea of sorting out writers according to national, ethnic, or religious origins, like so many potatoes whose essential characteristics can be determined by whether they come from Idaho or Maine.

The Trouble with "Our Crowd"
by Marshall Sklare
Ten years ago, Barry E. Supple, an economic historian then teaching at Harvard, published a scholarly article1 which demonstrated that in the 19th century a significant share of American investment banking was concentrated in Jewish hands.

In Memory of Guido Cantelli
by B. Haggin
When Guido Cantelli was killed in an airplane crash on November 24, 1956, the loss was what it would have been if Arturo Toscanini had been killed in a train wreck in 1903.

Old Friends
by John Thompson
Few events, save perhaps the absorption of one very good stiff drink, can make us feel so benign, so blessed and so willing to bless, as settling-in again for an evening with an old friend who's been away for a time.

36 Children, by Herbert Kohl; Death at an Early Age, by Jonathan Kozol
by Peter Schrag
Schooldays 36 Children. by Herbert Kohl. New American Library. 256 pp. $5.50. Death at an early age. by Jonathan Kozol. Houghton Mifflin. 240 pp. $4.95. Firsthand reports from the classrooms of the inner city are fast becoming a new literary genre in America: The writer is a teacher or—more commonly—an ex-teacher, and the characters are tough but (usually) sympathetic kids, callous administrators, and a collection of fearful school types spouting hate through their pieties and educational nonsense through their apathy.

North Toward Home, by Willie Morris
by Joseph Epstein
Most Likely to Succeed North Toward Home. by Willie Morris. Houghton Mifflin. 438 pp. $5.95. Few writers seem so readily likable as Willie Morris.

The Nature of Conversion, by Albert I. Gordon
by Erich Isaac
Change of Faith The Nature of Conversion: A Study of Forty-Five Men and Women who Changed Their Religion. by Albert I. Gordon. Beacon.

A Primer of Ignorance, by R. P. Blackmur
by Morris Dickstein
The Newer Criticism A Primer of Ignorance. by R. P. Blackmur. Edited With A Preface by Joseph Frank. Harcourt, Brace & World. 273 pp.

The Cross of Lassitude, by Joan Colebrook
by Mary Ellmann
The Literature of Poverty The Cross of Lassitude. by Joan Colebrook. Knopf. 340 pp. $5.95. The city poor begin to seem like the sick who die in the course of elaborate diagnosis.

Reader Letters January 1968
by Our Readers
The Other America TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: ... Bayard Rustin's article ["The Lessons of the Long Hot Summer," October 1967] in my judgment, points up the need for a vast new commitment of energy and resources in "the other America" which now dwells in the hearts of our large cities. We know that government alone cannot do the job.

Two Stories
by Isaac Babel
The Deserter Captain Gemier was a splendid fellow, and something of a philosopher as well. On the field of battle he would stop at nothing but in private life he didn't take offense at small things.

February, 1968Back to Top
Relating
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I thought an extension of Dr. Fraiberg's excellent article on “The Origins of Human Bonds” [December 1967] might be of interest to your readers. Dr.

Luce's Time
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Joseph Epstein's “Henry Luce and His Time” [November 1967] is interesting and . . . adds a welcome perspective on this most unusual man of our times .

Ethnics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In Jervis Anderson's article [“The Voices of Newark,” October 1967] he states: “When Negroes manage to escape from the Central Ward to the more prosperous South Ward, they exchange ghetto frustrations for open hostility with the middle-class Italians.” However, Newark's South Ward has no significant number of middle-class Italians.

Modernism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In an otherwise lucid and powerful essay, Irving Howe expresses distress that some modern literature . . .

Israel & the Left
by Our Readers
To the Editor: There is a phony ring to articles like those of Robert Alter [October 1967] and Martin Peretz [November 1967]: Jewish writers in a Jewish magazine directed to largely Jewish readers, attempting to present the moralities of the Arab-Israeli situation as if they were objective observers.

A Defective Institution?
by Marcus Cunliffe
With this article by Marcus Cunliffe, and the one following by Andrew Hacker, we inaugurate a discussion, to be continued over the coming months, of the issues surrounding the 1968 Presidential election. The American Presidency is an office of such power, prestige, and historical dignity that most of us are content to accept it as one of the prime given facts of the political universe.

The McCarthy Candidacy
by Andrew Hacker
It is only recently that I have stopped doing a double-take upon encountering lapel-buttons emblazoned “McCarthy.” For my generation, that surname still has only one enduring meaning, and the new rise of a McCarthy-for-President movement inevitably stirs up old associations.

Boaz and the Israelites: A Story
by Dan Jacobson
I met boaz, the Israelite, at a time when I was doing nothing. I was idle, stagnant, dead still. This was just after my twentieth birthday, when I should have been at my most energetic, restless, and ambitious.

James Joyce in His Letters
by Lionel Trilling
In 1935, near the end of a long affectionate letter to his son George in America, James Joyce wrote: “Here I conclude.

Devaluation
by George Lichtheim
London: “What would be the use if people were to say: ‘The British are nice people, but they haven't got any money?’” The question was asked by the late Per Jacobsson, former director of the International Monetary Fund, during one of the recurrent sterling crises of the past decade.

Translating the Psalms
by Milton Himmelfarb
O sing to the Lord a new song. . . . —Psalm 96:1 (98:1,149:1) Some of the fundamental texts of Chinese antiquity are so ambiguous, a scholar once told me, that not only what they mean is in dispute, but even what they are about.

The Draft Card Gesture
by Edward Hoagland
A month has gone by since I sent my draft card to President Johnson, “symbolically torn in half,” as I put it to him.

TV (Again)
by Neil Compton
Maybe Mcluhan is right and the medium is the massage, subtly working us over and restructuring the personality. Do the vaguely flickering illusions of TV, like a kind of electronic LSD, transform forever the psychic orientation of those who take too many trips in front of the living-room set? How otherwise explain the actions of a man like myself who, after solemnly taking leave of the U.S.

Report from Iron Mountain, with introductory material by Leonard C. Lewin
by Herbert Gans
War & Peace Report From Iron Mountain on the Possibilty and Desirability of Peace. by Leonard C. Lewin. Dial. 109 pp. $5.00. It must be public anxiety over the war in Vietnam.

Jerusalem: A History, edited by Jacques Boudet
by Harold Fisch
The Holy City Jerusalem: A History. by Jacques Boudet. Foreword by E. O. James. Putnam. 296 pp. $25.00. This lavishly illustrated work, remarkable for its beautiful photogravure and detail, will surely become a collector's piece.

Dostoevsky, The Notebooks for Crime and Punishment, edited and translated by Edward Wasiolek
by Joseph Frank
The Writer's Text Dostoevsky, The Notebooks for Crime and Punishment. by Edward Wasiolek. University of Chicago Press. 244 pp. $6.95. This translation of the notebooks for Crime and Punishment is the first instalment of a long-needed project.

The Fate of the Revolution: Interpretations of Soviet History, by Walter Laqueur
by Adam Ulam
Sovietology The Fate of the Revolution: Interpretations of Soviet History. by Walter Laqueur. Macmillan. 216 pp. $5.95. Mr. Laqueur has boldly ventured where few would have the courage to follow.

New American Review No. 1, edited by Theodore Solotaroff
by Tony Tanner
A New Journal New American Review No. 1. by Theodore Solotaroff. New American Library. 278 pp. $.95. An anthology such as this, bringing together a wide variety of pieces from some thirty contributors, poses a problem for the reviewer.

Reader Letters February 1968
by Our Readers
Israel & the Left TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: There is a phony ring to articles like those of Robert Alter [October 1967] and Martin Peretz [Novem- ber 1967]: Jewish writers in a Jewish magazine directed to largely Jewish readers, attempting to pre- sent the moralities of the Arab- Israeli situation as if they were ob- jective observers....

March, 1968Back to Top
Query
by Our Readers
To the Editor: According to the provisions of his will, the personal archive of Martin Buber has been transferred to the Hebrew National and University Library, Jerusalem.

The Schools
by
To the Editor: Peter Schrag's description of the traditional school system [in his review of Herbert Kohl's 36 Children and Jonathan Kozol's Death at an Early Age, January] as one tailored to the needs of students who desire a comfortable middle-class life .

Annexation
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was shocked to read the following passage in Amos Elon's “Letter from the Sinai Front” [August 1967]: “Members of the right-wing Herut party called for annexation of the West Bank with no civil rights for the million Arabs who live there—a Middle Eastern Rhodesia.” I am surprised that a serious publication such as yours should print without checking a statement attributing by way of insinuation—via anonymous “members”—to a political party in Israel an attitude which is not only inhuman but entirely opposed to that party's declared policy, i.e., the granting of equal rights to all the citizens of Israel without any discrimination. This fundamental idea of equal rights has been taken over by the Herut party from its pre-State-of Israel forerunners, the Revisionist movement, Beitar, and the Irgun Tsevai Leumi, all followers of Zeev (Vladimir) Jabotinsky, in one of whose poems he envisions the relations between Jews and Arabs in our country as follows: “There Arab, Christian, and Jew/ Will be prosperous and happy,/For my banner, the banner of integrity and equity/Will purify both banks of my Jordan.” Raanana Meridor Department of Classics The Hebrew University Jerusalem, Israel _____________   Mr.

Digging Dylan
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Although I found most of Ellen Willis's article interesting and illuminating, I think that a certain point was passed over too quickly [“The Sound of Bob Dylan,” November 1967].

Israel
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Having not the slightest idea of who Mr. Robert Alter may be, I would hesitate to write about him, his ideas, or his activities [“Israel and the Intellectuals,” October 1967].

Non-Attachment
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Selma Fraiberg's attempt to explain the “diseases of non-attachment” might easily be questioned by examination of her sources and method of argument [“The Origins of Human Bonds,” December 1967].

Vietnam and American Politics
by Theodore Draper
Few events pose a dilemma of deeper concern to America's liberal community than the forthcoming Presidential election. In an attempt to air the issues involved, COMMENTARY has inaugurated this department—to run regularly until October—as an ongoing forum in which differing opinions will be voiced concerning the options available to the responsible liberal voter.

Why Our Schools Have Failed
by Peter Schrag
In the context of traditional American belief, Section 402 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is one of the simplest, most unambiguous directives ever issued to a government agency.

The Israeli Occupation
by Amos Elon
Nine months after the Six-Day War, the occupied territories are still a kind of popular sensation in Israel, a source of pride and a headache.

The New Status Quo
by Shlomo Avineri
Most Israelis were proved wrong by the Six-Day War. They had been wrong before the war, when most of them minimized the dangers of escalation; and now, nine months later, those among them who thought in June that victory would have the effect of establishing, once and for all, a lasting peace in the Middle East, have been proved wrong again.

Triste Paris
by H. Hughes
It is with reluctance that I undertake to write about my year in Paris. I am nagged by a fear of disloyalty to my French friends—living and deceased—and to a country I have known longer and better than any except my own.

An Undiscovered Master
by Paul Warshow
The French writer Raymond Queneau has had in his own country both a popular success and a succès d'estime. In England, where translations of his books are not too hard to find and where most literary people read French anyway, he is fairly well-known.

Crime and Punishment
by Isidore Silver
The tone of public documents reflects the temper of the times, and the temper of modern America seems to be that of Lyndon B.

Nkrumah-A Post Mortem
by Anthony Astrachan
The recent history of Africa cries out for the insights of a Trotsky, a man whom the late Isaac Deutscher has characterized as being possessed both of “the revolutionary's urge to make history and the writer's impulse to describe it and grasp its meaning.” But as yet no such individual has appeared in Africa, or, for that matter, in any other part of the “third world.” Africa has, to be sure, produced two Trotskys manqués.

Downhill All the Way, by Leonard Woolf
by Dan Jacobson
The Bloomsbury Idea Downhill all the Way. by Leonard Woolf. Harcourt, Brace & World. 259 pp. $5.95. Bloomsbury. The word itself is enough to lower one's spirits slightly.

The Emergence of the New South, 1913-1945, by George Brown Tindall
by David Donald
Southern Values The Emergence of the New South, 1913-1945. by George Brown Tindall. Louisiana State University Press. 807 pp. $12.50. The South, announced H.

The World Food Problem: A Report of the President's Science Advisory Committee
by Asher Brynes
Hunger The World Food Problem: A Report of the President's Science Advisory Committee. The White House. 2 vols. 127 and 772 pp.

The Master and Margarita, by Mikhail Bulgakov
by Ernst Pawel
The Devil In Moscow The Master and Margarita. by Mikhail Bulgakov. Translated by Michael Glenny. Harper & Row. 284 pp. $6.95. by Mirra Ginsburg. Grove.

Last Reflections on a War, by Bernard B. Fall
by Frances FitzGerald
Death of a Chronicler Last Reflections on a War. by Bernard B. Fall. Preface by Dorothy Fall. Doubleday. 288 pp. $4.95. The colonels do their best.

Reader Letters March 1968
by Our Readers
Non-Attachment TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Selma Fraiberg's attempt to ex- plain the "diseases of non-attach- ment" might easily be questioned by examination of her sources and method of argument ["The Origins of Human Bonds," December 1967].

April, 1968Back to Top
The Status of Israel
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Is Israel the Jewish state? There is probably no more crucial and, in a sense simple, question in Jewish life today.

Kudo
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Maurice Goldbloom's article in the December 1967 issue [“What Happened in Greece”] was a lucid and persuasive analysis of the bewildering series of events that led to the situation currently facing us in Greece.

Jews with Money
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I want to thank you for Marshall Sklare's long, thoughtful, and most interesting review of my book [“The Trouble with ‘Our Crowd,’” January].

Voting the Lesser Evil
by Michael Harrington
Attempting to articulate the dilemmas faced by the liberal voter this year, COMMENTARY herewith continues its regular column, Election '68.

The Battle of the Pentagon
by Norman Mailer
I: A Search for the Steps The cadres of that citizen's army which marched on the Pentagon on October 21, 1967 were composed of a coalition which could never have come together ten years before, and were in fact held in a kind of suspension on this occasion only through what is considered—by reasonable consensus—the extraordinary abilities of the chairman of the National Mobilization to End the War in Vietnam, David Dellinger, editor of the anarchist-pacifist magazine Liberation.

On Not Being a Jew
by Edward Hoagland
My girlfriend is trying to decide if I was an Auschwitz guard in order to know how seriously to regard my attentions.

Hebrew Between Two Worlds
by Robert Alter
This “new literature” is the death-rattle of the 19th century, just as the Kabbalah and Hasidism were the death-rattle of the Dark Ages. —M.

Fantasy & Circumstance
by John Thompson
Reality, we often hear today, has become so fantastic that only an art of fantasy can hope to imitate it, just as we hear that if those who are running the affairs of this world are sane, then who would not choose madness? But real madness does not lie around to be chosen, perhaps not any more than does love, which we are also often urged to elect.

Theater Chronicle
by Jack Richardson
The positive thing one may say about Arthur Miller's new play, The Price, is that it is relatively free from extraneous significance.

Protest: Pacifism and Politics, by James Finn
by Walter Goodman
Bearing Witness Protest: Pacifism and Politics. by James Finn. Random House. 528 pp. $8.95. The peace movement at present defies definition; it has a score of centers and no fixed boundaries.

Americans in Israel, by Harold R. Isaacs
by Amos Elon
Double Jeopardy Americans in Israel. by Harold R. Isaacs. John Day. 256 pp. $5.95. Is Israel to be merely a haven for the persecuted and the stateless, settled by those who have no other choice and financed by those who do? Like so much else in Israel, this question has generated conflicting emotions, controversy, bitter self-admonishment, and, as Harold Isaacs says in this richly documented, detached, and unusually well-written book, “a kind of suspended confusion that comes out of a common unwillingness to force such issues, to allow them rather to work out in time.” For most Israelis, the question of immigration from the free countries of the West—in particular from the United States—has always been a sore point, a cause of endless grumbling, of admonishment and recrimination.

Twenty Letters to a Friend, by Svetlana Alliluyeva
by Richard Poirier
Personal Politics Twenty Letters to a Friend. by Svetlana Alliluyeva. Translated by Priscilla Johnson McMillan. Harper & Row. 246 pp. $5.95. Svetlana Alliluyeva is the last, and least talented, of the Brontë sisters, and the only way to read Twenty Letters to a Friend is not as history but as a romantic novel.

The Experience of Literature, by Lionel Trilling
by Denis Donoghue
A Literary Gathering The Experience of Literature: A Reader with Commentaries. by Lionel Trilling. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. 1320 pp. $12.95. In Lionel Trilling's short story, “Of This Time, Of That Place,” a college instructor, Dr.

The Concept of Ideology and Other Essays, by George Lichtheim
by Norman Birnbaum
History & Metahistory The Concept of Ideology and Other Essays. by George Lichtheim. Random House. 327 pp. $5.95. George Lichtheim, a contributing editor of this journal, is familiar to its readers.

Reader Letters April 1968
by Our Readers
Jews with Money TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I want to thank you for Marshall Sklare's long, thoughtful, and most interesting review of my book ["The Trouble with 'Our Crowd,' " January].

May, 1968Back to Top
Our Schools
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Peter Schrag, professional critic of public schools, schoolteachers, and school administrators, is usually not hesitant in pressing attacks on American public schools for their apparent failure to educate the children of the poor minorities.

The Presidency
by Our Readers
To the Editor: While I share Marcus Cunliffe's uneasiness about the Johnson administration [“A Defective Instition?” February] I do not share his view on how the Presidency, admittedly a defective and far from perfect institution, should be improved. Decentralization of the federal government and a weakened Presidency is not the answer, assuming that one favors major government support of social welfare and active intervention in the economy.

Publisher's Protest
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Your reviewer of The Master and Margarita by Mikhail Bulgakov [March] might have taken the trouble to get his facts right before accusing Grove Press of rushing through our translation of the book in the knowledge that we would have to beat Harper & Row.

Endorsement
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was surprised and disappointed to see in Neil Compton's article, “TV Again” [February], no mention of NBC's Star Trek.

Ugaritic Problems
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Having read Milton Himmelfarb's article, “Translating the Psalms,” in the February COMMENTARY I would like to tell you that I never have advocated that Yahweh was a “dying and rising god like Tammuz-Adonis.” As a matter of fact I have emphasized that Yahweh of Jerusalem did not die, thus opposing some Uppsala scholars!

The Democrats, Kennedy & The Murder of Dr. King
by Daniel Moynihan
This article is the third in a series dedicated to exploring the alternatives open to the responsible liberal voter in 1968 (see Theodore Draper's “Vietnam & American Politics” in our March number and Michael Harrington's “Voting the Lesser Evil” in last month's issue).

Dean Rusk: In the American Grain
by Edmund Stillman
I have more confidence than some commentators do in the wisdom of our people and their capacity for understanding the essentials of policy.

The Madmen of Sighet-A Story
by Elie Wiesel
This story is about madmen. I tell it because I like stories, and because I like madmen. Besides, the story takes place in Sighet, the town where I was born—and that, won't you agree, is reason enough.

Relevance in the Synagogue
by Milton Himmelfarb
Everyone, especially the young, seems to agree that the synagogue is irrelevant. When Jewish college students (and youthful or wishfully youthful college teachers) are asked whether the synagogue is relevant, they answer no.

Levi-Strauss & the Primitive
by Robert Zimmerman
Why are we so fascinated by the primitive? Why do we continue to investigate primitive man? Is it because we envy his simplicity and spontaneity? Does his animality excite and “eroticize” us? Or is it because our desire for self-knowledge—indeed, for more than that, for a self, an identity—drives us beyond our own beginning to the beginning of our race? Do we somehow know, as Hegel put it, that to become a person one must “ingest” the history of the race, become a We in order to become an I? Although all of the above explanations no doubt have something to do with our continued investigation of the primitive, the last seems to me the most compelling.

Metaphysical Obduracy
by Kathleen Nott
There is a class of popular theological books today which looks like a literal Godsend, or must do so to publishers.

Updike's Couples
by John Thompson
That most delicate monster Humbert Humbert suffered, as we know, extravaganzas of the nerves and was concerned to record these seizures in commensurate images.

The Dissenting Academy, edited by Theodore Roszak
by George Kateb
The Teacher-Scholar The Dissenting Academy. by Theodore Roszak. Pantheon. 304 pp. $6.95. At any time, it is not easy to talk about the life of scholarship without sounding starchy.

A Time to Build, by Michael Novak
by J. Rylaarsdam
Catholicism Today A Time to Build. by Michael Novak. Macmillan. 493 pp. $8.95. Michael Novak is a Roman Catholic, a layman, and a theologian.

Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima, by Robert Jay Lifton
by Mary Ellmann
After the Bomb Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima. by Robert Jay Lifton. Random House. 594 pp. $10.00. The premise of this book, that extraordinary historic events must have extraordinary psychic effects, seems at once plausible and difficult to apply.

A Mediterranean Society, by S. D. Goitein
by Charles Issawi
Medieval Jews A Mediterranean Society. Volume I: Economic Foundations. by S. D. Goitein. University of California Press. 550 pp. $12.95. Islamic studies were sired by Theology out of Classics, and for long were kept in leading strings.

The Conservative Tradition in America, by Allen Guttmann
by Peter Shaw
Nostalgic Ideology The Conservative Tradition in America. by Allen Guttmann. Oxford University Press. 214 pp. $6.00. A literary study of the conservative tradition in America sounds like a useful undertaking.

Reader Letters May 1968
by Our Readers
Ugaritic Problems TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Having read Milton Himmel- farb's article, "Translating the Psalms," in the February COMMEN- TARY I would like to tell you that I never have advocated that Yahweh was a "dying and rising god like Tammuz-Adonis." As a matter of fact I have emphasized that Yah- weh of Jerusalem did not die, thus opposing some Uppsala scholars If you read the book Psalm 89 you will find this out. I hope that you will correct your mistake. G.

Europe & the United States
by George Lichtheim
London, April: This may be the wrong moment to dwell upon the relationship between America and Western Europe, as seen from the capital of what in more spacious days was known as the British Empire.

June, 1968Back to Top
Dual Citizenship
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In your April issue Amos Elon describes Harold R. Isaacs's Americans in Israel as a “richly documented” and “detached” book.

Indochina
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Frances FitzGerald in her excellent review of Bernard Fall's last book [March] makes the following statement: “Taking Vietnamese independence as a moral axiom, Roosevelt in 1945-6 first left the French resistance forces in Indochina defenseless, to be slaughtered by the retreating Japanese armies and then .

On McCarthy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his reflections upon Senator Eugene J. McCarthy's book, The Limits of Power, Andrew Hacker allows himself much loose argument on the way to some obvious and harmless conclusions about current politics [“The McCarthy Candidacy,” February].

Author's Response
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of The Accused, [“Stories about Terrible Things,” December 1967] John Thompson has so misinterpreted the basic language of my novel and done so in such pointlessly abusive language (“nonsense,” “piously stupid,” “weird and unrewarding,” “displacement of ordinary sense,” etc.) that a reply becomes obligatory. Of far greater importance to me than Mr.

Sephardim in Israel
by Our Readers
To the Editor: With reference to the correspondence between Michael Selzer and Robert Alter published in your January issue [“Letters from Readers”], we are surprised that Mr.

Foreign Affairs
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I thought George Kateb's article on George Kennan's Memoirs the fairest and most discriminating of any of the reviews thus far, and this is to thank you for us and for him [“George F.

In Praise of Populism
by Paul Goodman
This essay by Paul Goodman is the fourth in a series dealing with the issues posed for the liberal voter by the 1968 Presidential election.

Israel Among the Nations: A Historian's Reflections
by J. Talmon
One does not have to be a committed Zionist to recognize that the establishment of the State of Israel has been the most remarkable and most constructive achievement of the Jewish people as a corporate entity for the last two thousand years, and one of the great feats of universal history.

The Betrayal of the American City
by David Danzig
In most respects, the rioting triggered in more than a hundred American cities by the assassination of Martin Luther King followed the by-now familiar course.

The Year 2000 and All That
by Robert Nisbet
The approach of the year 2000 is certain to be attended by a greater fanfare of predictions, prophecies, surmises, and forewarnings than any millennial year in history.

Baldwin: The Prophet As Artist
by John Thompson
James Baldwin's new novel, Tell Me How Long the Train's Been Gone,1 arrives at a crucial moment with a new installment of that expert testimony his fiction and his essays have given us for more than twenty years on the relations of black Americans and white Americans.

TV Specials
by Neil Compton
According to Robert Jay Lifton, the 20th century is fostering a new breed of human beings whose dispositions are so indeterminate that such old-fashioned terms as “character” or “personality,” with their implications of stability and continuity, can no longer be invoked to describe them.

Kit Carson in Peru
by Paul Cowan
Iquitos, Peru, a port on the Amazon River, is one of the last frontier towns in the hemisphere. The thick, extensive jungle that separates the town from the rest of the continent has never been penetrated by rail or road; it takes four days to travel by water to Iquitos from the nearest Peruvian city.

A Sense of the Present, by William Phillips
by Stephen Spender
The Chairman A Sense of the Present. by William Phillips. Chilmark. 241 pp. $5.75. As a founder of Partisan Review, William Phillips is assured of a place in the literary history of our time.

Elder and Younger Brothers, by A. Roy Eckardt
by Arthur Cohen
Identities Elder and Younger Brothers. by A. Roy Eckardt. Scribner's. 188 pp. $4.95. It is not gratuitous to consider A. Roy Eckardt's Elder and Younger Brothers as a clinical depiction of the problem of Jewish and Christian self-identity.

Stop-Time, by Frank Conroy
by Peter Shaw
Capturing Reality Stop-Time. by Frank Conroy. Viking. 304 pp. $5.95. The least important things in a novel are its made-up parts, for true imagination lies not in plot invention but in the realization of actuality.

The Double Helix, by James D. Watson
by Peter Caws
Eureka! The Double Helix. by James D. Watson. Atheneum. 226 pp. $5.95. When Captain Scott reached the South Pole in January 1912, after a long and difficult journey, he found the Norwegian flag there.

Gleanings: Essays in Jewish History, Letters, and Art, by Cecil Roth
by David Daiches
Eminent Historian Gleanings: Essays in Jewish History, Letters, and Art. by Cecil Roth. Hermon Press for Bloch Publishing Company, 321 pp. $7.95. Many years ago, when I was a schoolboy in Edinburgh, Cecil Roth came up from London to give a talk to the Edinburgh Jewish Literary Society.

Reader Letters June 1968
by Our Readers
Foreign Affairs TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I thought George Kateb's article on George Kennan's Memoirs the fairest and most discriminating of any of the reviews thus far, and this is to thank you for us and for him ["George F.

July, 1968Back to Top
The Crime Commission
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Isidore Silver's analysis of the President's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice [“Crime and Punishment,” March] is correct in pointing out that fact-finding commissions are often substitutes for concrete action.

Election '68
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . To Michael Harrington our involvement in Vietnam is a tragedy so obvious he will not argue it [“Voting the Lesser Evil,” April] .

The New Left and Its Limits
by Nathan Glazer
For the last few years I have looked with increasing skepticism on the analyses and the actions of the radical Left in America.

Journey to Sarajevo
by Joachim Remak
The present memoir was written some time before the recent political upheaval in Czechoslovakia. New York: A young Swiss couple in the Swissair lounge, intently studying Mad magazine.

The Politics of Development
by J.P. Nettl
National policies, and the philosophies on which they are based, are as much subject to the rules of fashion as fashion itself.

Teaching Jewish Teachers
by Robert Alter
Though the American Jewish community in recent years has shown a good deal of nervous concern over its own prospects for survival, there seems to be little sense of how survival should be promoted and scarcely any thought about what its purposes might be.

Translating the Rubaiyyat
by Robert Graves
Omar Ali-Shah entrusted me, a year ago, with the task of translating Omar Khayaam's Rubaiyyat into English verse from a Persian text, the “Jan Fishan Khan” manuscript, which has been in the possession of his princely Afghan family, senior in descent from the Prophet Mohammed, since a few years after Khayaam's death, when a contemporary Sultan presented it to them.

On Being a Woman in Shul
by Lucy Dawidowicz
“It is better to pray at home, for in the synagogue it is impossible to escape envy and the hearing of idle talk.” Thus, the advice of Elijah ben Solomon, the Gaon of Vilna, in a letter to his wife.

James Bond Unmasked
by Mordecai Richler
In our time, no books, no films, have enjoyed such a dazzling international success as the James Bond stories. But the impact was not instantaneous.

Anna Karenina and Other Essays, by F. R. Leavis
by Frank Kermode
A Tradition of Scrutiny Anna Karenina and other Essays. by F. R. Leavis. Pantheon. 248 pp. $5.95. The 1963 reprint of Scrutiny was equipped with an analytical index, which includes six columns of references to D.H.

Israel: Politics and People, by Leonard J. Fein
by Ernest Stock
The Promising Land Israel: Politics And People. by Leonard J. Fein. Little, Brown. 338 pp. $6.95. Israel's brief history as a state has been attended by the successive exposition and demolishment of an astonishing number of myths concerning its nature and purpose.

The Committee, by Walter Goodman
by Robert Lekachman
Huac The Committee. by Walter Goodman. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 564 pp. $10.00. As a chronicle of the three-decade history of the House Un-American Activities Committee, this long book is unflaggingly interesting, frequently entertaining, and occasionally elegant.

My Life and My Views, by Max Born
by Daniel Lang
Science & Sensibility My Life And My Views. by Max Born. Scribner's. 216 pp. $4.95. These eight essays, couched for the most part in untechnical language, at once command attention because they represent the social thinking of a man whose name is a truly eminent one in modern physics.

The Loneliest Campaign, by Irwin Ross
by Marcus Cunliffe
Harry's Hour The Loneliest Campaign: The Truman Victory of 1948. by Irwin Ross. New American Library. 304 pp. $6.95. The last few months have inured the American public to surprises in Presidential politics.

Reader Letters July 1968
by Our Readers
Election '68 TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: ... To Michael Harrington our involvement in Vietnam is a trag- edy so obvious he will not argue it "Voting the Lesser Evil," April) ....

August, 1968Back to Top
Religion & Ethics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was surprised to read in Kathleen Nott's “Metaphysical Obduracy” [May], that my contribution to the COMMENTARY symposium on “The State of Jewish Belief” [August 1966] supposedly advances the claim that “a valid morality needs divine sanction.” I find it difficult to account for this misinterpretation .

D.H. Lawrence Defended
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Stephen Spender's deduction [in his review of William Phillips's A Sense of the Present, June], that Lady Chatterley is representative of “nearly all” Lawrence's work; that Lady Chatterley is merely hygiene; that hygiene is second rate, and therefore Lawrence's work is second rate, fails on all points, but most obviously in the idea that Lady Chatterley stands for all (“nearly”) of Lawrence's work.

Objection
by Our Readers
To the Editor: You deserve high praise for publishing Edmund Stillman's scurrilous article [“Dean Rusk: In the American Grain,” May], Up to now I had not been able to perceive the greatness of our Secretary of State, thinking of him as a mere time-server who unfortunately had to respond to events which were not of his making.

Controversy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In reviewing my book, The Conservative Tradition in America [May], Peter Shaw refers to my “conservatism.” I suspect that his dissatisfaction with the book prevented him from finishing it.

Praise
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Norman Mailer's “The Battle of the Pentagon” [April] is one of the most important articles ever to appear in the pages of your truly distinguished magazine.

The Uses of History
by Our Readers
To the Editor: George Kateb has thoughtfully reviewed Theodore Roszak's The Dissenting Academy [May], inspiring—as I imagine all good reviews do—a desire to continue the conversation.

Election '68 (Cont'd)
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I might be taking advantage of hindsight in criticizing Paul Goodman's “In Praise of Populism” [“Election '68,” June].

The Professors and the Poor
by Daniel Moynihan
Not long ago, a Negro poverty worker from the Roxbury section of Boston came to see me at the Joint Center for Urban Studies, directed there by a liberal business executive who had thought I might be of help in her effort to raise a large sum of money to establish a cultural center for the disadvantaged.

Jewish Faith and the Holocaust: A Fragment
by Emil Fackenheim
Within the past two centuries, three events have shaken and are still shaking Jewish religious existence—the Emancipation and its after-effects, the Nazi Holocaust, and the rise of the first Jewish state in two thousand years—and of these, two have occured in our own generation.

Charles Ives, American
by Eric Salzman
The music of Charles Edward Ives has been “rediscovered” every decade since the 1920's. The present revival has reached such substantial proportions that it has now become possible to speak seriously of Ives as one of the major figures of the century, and not just as a musicological curiosity.

The Conversion-A Story
by Victor Perera
One Sunday evening, six weeks after his arrival in Málaga, Stanley invited his neighbor in the pension, a medical student named Luis, to share a bottle of wine.

Anarchism Revisited
by George Woodcock
There are still thousands of anarchists scattered thinly over many countries of the world. There are still anarchist groups and anarchist periodicals, anarchist schools and anarchist communities.

The Loneliest Jews of All
by Erich Isaac
The association of Orthodox Jewish Scientists (AOJS) is celebrating its twentieth anniversary this year. Since its inception in this country in 1948, it has grown to include branches in Israel and England, and chapters are now being organized in continental Europe as well.

A Nostalgia for Swing
by Richard Schickel
A few months ago I celebrated—if that's the word I want—my thirty-fifth birthday. I am now forever removed from even the most far-fetched reach of Gen.

Jewish Identity on the Suburban Frontier, by Marshall Sklare and Joseph Greenblum
by Nathan Glazer
A Jewish Community Jewish Identity on the Suburban Frontier: A Study of Group Survival in the Open Society (The Lakeville Studies, Volume 1.) by Marshall Sklare and Joseph Greenblum. Basic Books.

Beatrice Webb: A Life, 1858-1943, by Kitty Muggeridge and Ruth Adam
by Gertrude Himmelfarb
Fabianism Beatrice Webb: A Life, 1858-1943. by Kitty Muggeridge and Ruth Adam. Knopf. 271 pp. $6.95. In an earlier biography, Margaret Cole, a long-time friend and political associate, wrote that Beatrice Webb, like “happy countries,” had “almost no personsonal history.” There is a sense in which this is true: the story of Mrs.

A Cab at the Door: A Memoir, by V.S. Pritchett
by Robert Kiely
Unsentimental Journey A Cab at the Door: A Memoir. by V. S. Pritchett. Random House. 244 pp. $5.95. It is a great pleasure to read V.

Burning Conscience, by Claude Eatherly and Gunther Anders; The Hiroshima Pilot, by William Bradford Huie; Dark Star, by Ronnie D
by George Elliott
The Eatherly Case Burning Conscience. by Claude Eatherly and Gunther Anders. Monthly Review Press. 139 pp. $4.00. The Hiroshima Pilot. by William Bradford Huie. Putnam. 318 pp.

Intellectual Origins of American Radicalism, by Staughton Lynd
by David Donald
New Left History Intellectual Origins of American Radicalism. by Staughton Lynd. Pantheon. 184 pp. $4.95. Much of the history written in the United States today makes deadly reading.

Reader Letters August 1968
by Our Readers
Election '68 (Cont'd.) TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I might be taking advantage of hindsight in criticizing Paul Good- man's "In Praise of Populism" ["Election '68," June].

September, 1968Back to Top
The Future
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Robert Nisbet's easy dismissal of recent efforts at forecasting cultural and technological trends [“The Year 2000 and All That,” June] is a nice example of a theological refutation of a scientific argument. It may be that Leibnizian assumptions as to a genetic relationship of past, present, and future in human history, as interpreted by Marx, Comte, or even Herman Kahn, are not empirically justified, but saying it doesn't make it so.

Dialogue?
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As a previously “silent Christian” whose position has been radically altered by participation in ecumenical activities with the Jewish community, I find the conclusion to Arthur A.

On the Left
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Nathan Glazer's provocative essay [“The New Left and Its Limits,” July] raises many significant issues, but his analysis contains major inconsistencies.

The Psalms in Translation
by Milton Himmelfarb
The following exchange was occasioned by Milton Himmelfarb's article, “Translating the Psalms,” which appeared in the February COMMENTARY. Mitchell Dahood, S.

What Happened in France
by George Lichtheim
London, August.—Contemplating the French volcano from the wrong side of the Channel this summer has been an unnerving experience. At times one had the sensation of being involved in one of those avant-garde productions in which the actors come down from the stage to harangue the audience.

Why the Poor People's Campaign Failed
by Tom Kahn
It was only a few years ago that Michael Harrington wrote, in The Other America, that a chief characteristic of the poor was their invisibility.

Poland: The Party and the Jews
by Paul Lendvai
It is anti-Semitism when somebody comes out against the Jews just because they are Jews. —Wladyslaw Gomulka The most notable feature of the potical turbulence in Poland this year has been the purge of “Zionist” elements, who were blamed first for the student demonstrations in March, and subsequently for virtually all the ills plaguing the country.

Black Power at Columbia
by Stephen Donadio
At noon on Tuesday, April 23, 1968, a student rally was held at the sundial on the Columbia University campus—both the time and the place were traditional for such activities—to protest the University administration's disciplining of six radical student leaders, five of them members of the steering committee of the Columbia chapter of Students for a Democratic Society.

Television and Reality
by Neil Compton
“Television as Reality” might almost have been a better title for this article. The last five horrific years have clearly demonstrated, if demonstration was necessary, that television is no longer a secondary and contingent factor in American life, but part of the very fabric of corporate existence.

Return of the Repressed
by John Thompson
James Gould Cozzens's new novel, Morning Noon and Night,1 is the first he has published since 1957, when By Love Possessed became the runaway best-seller of all the Eisenhower years.

The Peasant of the Garonne, by Jacques Maritain
by Michael Novak
The Last Word The Peasant of the Garonne. by Jacques Maritain. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 288 pp. $6.95. It was, I think, during my freshman year in college that I decided to read every word that Jacques Maritain had written.

Young Radicals: Notes on Committed Youth, by Kenneth Keniston
by Walter Goodman
Under Thirty Young Radicals: Notes On Committed Youth. by Kenneth Keniston. Harcourt, Brace & World. 268 pp. $5.95. No one Knows better than Kenneth Keniston that fourteen interviews do not constitute an unshakable foundation for a study of Young Radicals, even when the claim carries the modifier, “Notes on Committed Youth.” Yet Keniston has built just such a study on just such a foundation, and once again, as with The Uncommitted, his work on “Alienated Youth in American Society,” his observations are more impressive than his evidence. Keniston, an associate professor of psychology at Yale Medical School, invites our trust not by means of a rigorous methodology—that scrap of stuff which less talented members of his trade have borrowed from the proper sciences in order to cover their nakedness—but by means of his candor, his intelligence, and his sensibility.

The Modern Century, by Northrop Frye
by David Schiller
Critical Myth The Modern Century. by Northrop Frye. Oxford University Press. 112 pp. $3.00. Like Aristotle, Northrop Frye is a taxonomic critic, a biologist of the body of literature.

The Walls of Jerusalem, by Chaim Raphael
by David Daiches
Midrash The Walls of Jerusalem: An Excursion Into Jewish History. by Chaim Raphael. Knopf. 230 pp. $6.95. Chaim Raphael, it might almost be said, has invented a new genre of historical writing.

The Disney Version, by Richard Schickel
by Joseph Epstein
Fantasia The Disney Version. by Richard Schickel. Simon and Schuster. 384 pp. $6.50. No dfield can compete with popular culture in offering the intellectual such boundless opportunities for making an ass of himself.

Reader Letters September 1968
by Our Readers
On the Left TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Nathan Glazer's provocative es- say ["The New Left and Its Lim- its," July] raises many significant issues, but his analysis contains major inconsistencies.

Letter from Israel
by Edward Grossman
In April of this year, a meeting was held in Jerusalem which had a proper official name but which the Israeli man in the street was pleased to call “The Millionaires' Conference.” This was a convenient and not unfriendly epithet, and it was accurate so far as it went—which is to say that among the couple of hundred businessmen who made the trip from Europe, South Africa, and America, presumably no one had to fret about his solvency while he was away.

October, 1968Back to Top
Styles in Anarchism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: After reading Mr. Woodcock's observations about the anarchist creed of his youth [August] it occurred to me that the readers of COMMENTARY might be interested in a few remarks by a former “comrade” of his on that subject, which has again become timely in connection with the student movement, and particularly with the recent role of Daniel Cohn-Bendit. I, too, was once active in the anarchist movement; it was at the turn of the century, more than sixty years ago.

007
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “The little man had told me a pack of lies. All his yarns about the Balkans and the Jew-anarchists and the Foreign Office conference were eyewash.

Praise
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “The Conversion” by Victor Perera in your August issue is a beautiful story and so apropos! Thank you for printing it. L.

Jewish Education
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I suppose Robert Alter's . . . article is meant to be, at least in part, a review of The Education of American Jewish Teachers, which I edited [“Teaching Jewish Teachers,” July].

Graves vs. Fitzgerald
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Why is Robert Graves so worked up [“Translating the Rubaiyyat,” July]? Prior to Fitzgerald's English version of the Rubaiyyat, Omar Khayaam was known in Persia as an outstanding astronomer and mathematician.

Truman & the Liberals
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Marcus Cunliffe in his review in your July issue apparently has not completed his homework if he really believes that Irwin Ross, in The Loneliest Campaign, has best articulated the notion that Truman's reelection in 1948 hurt the liberal cause.

Gentillesse
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was both amused and disturbed by the reflections of H. Stuart Hughes [“Triste Paris,” March]. I find them an excellent illustration, in the light of subsequent events, of why radical if not violent solutions to social discontent are being sought in many quarters.

The New York Intellectuals: A Chronicle & A Critique
by Irving Howe
We do not yet have a full-scale history of intellectuals in the United States, but when that book comes to be written one of its central themes will surely be that our intellectuals have done their work mostly in isolation.

The Curious Case of Kol Nidre
by Herman Kieval
All vows, renunciations, promises, obligations, oaths, taken from this Day of Atonement till the next, may we attain it in peace, we regret them in advance.

Rhetoric and the Arab Mind
by Robert Alter
It is natural enough that the parties to any conflict should construct onesided versions of the nature of the conflict, and therefore it is also understandable that the desire to be fair should lead uninvolved observers to assume as a matter of principle something like a parity between the claims of both sides.

The Fiction Machine
by John Thompson
The Pansy at my feet Doth the same tale repeat: Whither is fled the visionary      gleam? Where is it now, the glory and      the dream? —Wordsworth, “Ode: Intimations of Immortality” Thoughts that lie too deep for tears, or vice versa: such are the meditations or the fitful depressions that come from a year of reading more fiction than can be good for anyone.

The State of Social Science
by Ben Seligman
How does one review encyclopedias? Elephantine conglomerations of knowledge, they are likely to leave one dazed after several perusals. Perusals rather than readings, for one does not read an encyclopedia; one studies an entry here, scans a section there; one nibbles away at the contents and tries to discover a prevailing viewpoint.

The Soviet Achievement, by J. P. Nettl
by Adam Ulam
The Price of Revolution The Soviet Achievement. by J. P. Nettl. Harcourt, Brace & World. 288 pp. $6.95. Like many another great and complex historical event, the Russian Revolution does not yield easily to popularization.

The Passionate People: What It Means to be a Jew in America, by Roger Kahn
by Marshall Sklare
Identity Problems The Passionate People: What It Means To Be A Jew In America. by Roger Kahn. William Morrow. 350 pp. $6.95. Roger Kahn's The Passionate People (which, according to Herbert Kubly, “perhaps .

Language and Silence, by George Steiner
by Keith Botsford
Serious Criticism Language And Silence. by George Steiner. Atheneum. 448 pp. $10. One evening some years ago in Cambridge (England) I was present at a party at which two dons had come to tell a third what a brilliant man George Steiner, being considered as a possible fellow of that august college, was.

O The Chimneys, by Nelly Sachs
by Fritz Raddatz
Dark Dreams O The Chimneys. by Nelly Sachs. Translated by Michael Hamburger, Ruth and Matthew Mead, Michael Roloff, and Christine Holme. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

The French Enlightenment and the Jews, by Arthur Hertzberg
by Jacob Katz
Roots of Anti-Semitism The French Enlightenment And The Jews. by Arthur Hertzberg. Columbia University Press. 420 pp. $12.50. The history OF European Jewry during the last two or three hundred years has assumed, in our generation, an interest that goes beyond the usual historical curiosity.

Reader Letters October 1968
by Our Readers
Gentillesse TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I was both amused and dis- turbed by the reflections of H. Stu- art Hughes ["Triste Paris," March].


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November, 1968Back to Top
Careen vs. Career
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I have no desire to join in the instructive controversy between Father Dahood and Mr. Himmelfarb [September], but I should like to express my surprise that in an argument that is primarily about language Father Dahood should use (and Mr.

Ladies' Auxiliary
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Lucy S. Dawidowicz's scoffing at Reform Jewish services in general and her downgrading of Reform Jewish women in particular [“On Being a Woman in Shul,” July] .

Anarchists & Gentlemen
by Our Readers
[George Woodcock is replying to a letter on his article, “Anarchism Revisited” (August), that appeared in our October number—Ed.] Mr. Woodcock writes: Max Nomad's comment on my article is a fine example of a variant on the argumentum ad hominem which he has used freely in his books.

Israel & the Arabs
by Our Readers
[J.L Talmon is replying to a letter on his article, “Israel Among the Nations” (June), that appeared in our October number—Ed.] Mr.

Crisis Politics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am pleased with your continuing attention to radicalism in America and your latest installment, Nathan Glazer's “The New Left and Its Limits” [July].

Poverty, Sociology & Finks
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Since Daniel P. Moynihan mentioned my name in “The Professors and the Poor” [August], I feel both a desire and a responsibility to make a few comments.

Avant-Garde Theatrics
by Jack Richardson
If one thinks historically about the theater, it is easy to see its conventions as reflections of the various ages through which it has passed.

On the Steps of Low Library: Liberalism & the Revolution of the Young
by Diana Trilling
It is by conscious design that I borrow the title of Norman Mailer's famous report of the march on the Pentagon of October 1967 for a report of the disturbances at Columbia University in the spring of 1968—the two events, Mailer's and the University's, were continuous with each other in political and moral style.

The Colony-A Story
by Isaac Singer
It was all like one long dream: the eighteen-day boat trip to Argentina, the encounter with my Polish landsleit in Montevideo and Buenos Aires, my speech in the Theater Soleil, and then the trip by car to the old Yiddish colony in Entrerios where I was scheduled to lecture.

Czechoslovakia 1968
by George Lichtheim
London, October.—This is not a good moment to be writing about the probable shape of things to come in Eastern Europe.

Vietnam & the Law
by Beverly Woodward
On July 10 of this year four men were sentenced in Boston to two years in prison for conspiring to counsel young men to violate the nation's draft laws.

Paganism, Religion & Modernity
by Milton Himmelfarb
Jews—most Jews—are modern, enlightened. Judaism isn't. By Judaism I mean, for instance, the synagogue on Yom Kippur. Even of those of us who were in the synagogue on Yom Kippur, probably few are all that different from the ones who stayed away.

The End of Obscenity, by Charles Rembar
by Alexander Bickel
Pornography & The Courts The End of Obscenity: The Trials of Lady Chatterley, Tropic of Cancer, and Fanny Hill. by Charles Rembar. Random House.

Victorian Minds, by Gertrude Himmelfarb
by Robert Nisbet
Eminent Englishmen Victorian Minds. by Gertrude Himmelfarb. Knopf. 392 pp. $8.95. Doubtless God could create a better interpreter of the English 19th century, but doubtless God hasn't.

Four Strange Books of the Bible: Jonah, Daniel, Koheleth, Esther, by Elias Bickerman
by David Daiches
Jews & Greeks Four Strange Books of the Bible: Jonah, Daniel, Koheleth, Esther. by Elias Bickerman. Schocken. 240 pp. $7.50. “As a classical scholar,” writes Dr.

The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx, by Shlomo Avineri
by Loyd Easton
Locating Marx The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx. by Shlomo Avineri. Cambridge University Press. 269 pp. $850. Toward the end of his life Marx exclaimed, “I am not a Marxist,” to underline the difference between his own views and those of his son-in-law.

Writers and Partisans: A History of Literary Radicalism in America, by James Gilbert
by Michael Harrington
Art & Politics Writers and Partisans: A History of Literary Radicalism in America. by James Gilbert. John Wiley & Sons. 303 pp. $6.95. In 1962, William Phillips analyzed his experience as an editor of Partisan Review (the essay, “What Happened in the 30's,” which originally appeared in COMMENTARY, is included in Phillips's recent collection, A Sense of the Present): It now looks as though a radical literature and a radical politics must be kept apart.

Reader Letters November 1968
by Our Readers
Poverty, Sociology & Finks TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Since Daniel P. Moynihan men- tioned my name in "The Profes- sors and the Poor" [August], I feel both a desire and a responsibility to make a few comments.

December, 1968Back to Top
Congratulations
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Irving Howe's article, “The New York Intellectuals” [October], is magnificent; I can't recall a piece I've read with as much interest in ages.

English Fellows
by Our Readers
To the Editor: A small point of fact in regard to Mr. Botsford's review of my book Language and Silence [October]: I cannot conceive what “august college” could have been considering me for a fellowship.

The Poor People's Campaign
by Our Readers
To the Editor: A reading of Tom Kahn's article, “Why the Poor People's Campaign Failed” [August], leads to the conclusion that the campaign failed because it did not follow the advice of Bayard Rustin.

Interpreting Beatrice Webb
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I have only just seen the review by Dr. Gertrude Himmelfarb, in your August issue, of Kitty Muggeridge's life of Beatrice Webb; and as that review consists so largely of criticisms of Beatrice Webb and of myself, I would like to comment on it. First, about the Chamberlain episode: I want to explain that I wrote the Memoir referred to in the first paragraph of the review just after Beatrice's death.

The Holocaust
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Emil L. Fackenheim's “Jewish Faith and the Holocaust” [August] is prophetic in its . . . reproach to all those who made Auschwitz possible and its call to Jews to do all in their power to prevent another mass destruction of their people. _____________   COMMENTARY is to be commended for this meaningful essay. M.

Television & Politics
by Neil Compton
For a few moments during the Democratic Convention, television viewers might have imagined themselves watching the penultimate scene of a late late movie—one of those political fairytales of the 1930's, such as Mr.

The Menace of the Peaceful Atom
by Sheldon Novick
In the late 1940's, when atomic power plants were first being discussed in public, highly respected individuals predicted that the atom would make electricity too cheap to meter.

Is Electoral Reform the Answer?
by Alexander Bickel
For the first time since the Progressive era of sixty years ago, the American political system may be at a point of significant mutation.

Sickness-A Story
by Johanna Kaplan
In books, radiators hum and sing; in my house, the radiator howls and yelps as if a baby were locked up in it, an angry baby, who though he cries and cries, still does not bring his mother running.

Race, Rage & Eldridge Cleaver
by Jervis Anderson
Until two or three years ago, not many people knew who Eldridge Cleaver was. Almost the only people who had heard of him were those who read Ramparts, where some of his writings had been published, or those in touch with the radical literati, black and white, who had known for some time about this uncut literary diamond, this “talented black nationalist cat writing some really beautiful stuff out of a jail in California.” Time and tide and politics and the mass media have all taken care of that.

Adlai Stevenson in Retrospect
by Joseph Epstein
“Madly For Adlai” read a campaign button from the two Eisenhower-Stevenson Presidential campaigns, and it has since become apparent that those who wore it meant it.

Explaining American Jews
by Lucy Dawidowicz
The paperback edition of “Our Crowd,” Stephen Birmingham's book about the Jewish banking families of New York, sold 550,000 copies in a single week not long ago.

Miami and the Siege of Chicago, by Norman Mailer
by Peter Shaw
The Conventions, 1968 Miami and the Siege of Chicago. by Norman Mailer. World (hardcover), 242 pp., $5.95; Signet (paperbound), 224 pp., $.95. Norman Mailer is above all a novelist in this book of reportage because in it he writes, as always when at his best, about things that he has not yet made up his mind about.

Prelude to Riot: A View of Urban America from the Bottom, by Paul Jacobs
by Leonard Chazen
Bureaucrats & the Ghetto Prelude to Riot: A View of Urban America from the Bottom. by Paul Jacobs. Random House. 298 pp. $5.95. There is, by now, a standard form for writing about violence in the ghetto, and with “riot” in its title and Watts as its subject, this book gives every appearance of belonging to the genre.

Kurt Tucholsky and the Ordeal of Germany, 1914-1935, by Harold L. Poor; Kurt Tucholsky: What If ...? Translated by Harry Zohn an
by Ernst Pawel
A Voice Before the Silence Kurt Tucholsky and the Ordeal of Germany, 1914-1935. by Harold L. Poor. Scribner's. 288 pp. $7.95. Kurt Tucholsky: What If .

Waist Deep in the Big Muddy: Personal Reflections on 1968, by Richard H. Rovere
by David Bazelon
Facing Up to the Present Waist Deep in the Big Muddy: Personal Reflections on 1968. by Richard H. Rovere. Atlantic-Little, Brown. 116 pp.

Asian Drama: An Inquiry into the Poverty of Nations, by Gunnar Myrdal
by J.P. Nettl
The Third World Asian Drama: An Inquiry into the Poverty of Nations. by Gunnar Myrdal. Pantheon. 3 vols., paperbound. 2284 pp. $8.50. It is always difficult to review the big books of great men, particularly if, as with Gunnar Myrdal, their more important contributions lie in their actions rather than in their words.

Reader Letters December 1968
by Our Readers
The Holocaust To THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Emil L. Fackenheim's "Jewish Faith and the Holocaust" [August] is prophetic in its . . .reproach to all those who made Auschwitz pos- sible and its call to Jews to do all in their power to prevent another mass destruction of their people. COMMENTARY is to be commended for this meaningful essay. M.




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