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January, 1972Back to Top
Making Communities
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I believe, with Sonya Rudikoff [“Family Fever Chart” Oct. 1971], that “all the engaged girls composing their own marriage services” are not about to believe that they are entering into some form which is doomed to failure, nor do I think that those “numerous people in many countries who live in families, who bring up children expecting to live in families, who find family life essential, even rewarding” are about to cease doing that.

On the Sephardim
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Edouard Roditi's “The Real Grandees” [Oct. 1971] contains several errors. The de Solas cannot be considered one of “New York's most prominent Sephardic families.” They flourished in the Sephardic congregations of Amsterdam, Curacao, London, and Montreal.

Discrmination & Quotas
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “How Jewish Quotas Began,” by Stephen Steinberg [September 1971], awakened old memories that confirm what he writes. I graduated from CCNY at the age of nineteen, but I was too young to take the examination to teach high-school mathematics in New York City.

Apocalyptics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Norman Podhoretz's comments in “Doomsday Fears & Modern Life” [October 1971] on what he imagines to be my views are as provocative as, no doubt, he intended them to be.

Crime & the American Dream
by Norman Podhoretz
Joseph Epstein's piece on Capone, Lansky, and the Bonannos (p. 46) has set me to wondering what it is about gangsters that fascinates so many people, including myself.

The Fall of Europe?
by Walter Laqueur
I Never in its history has Europe suffered from so large and perceptible a discrepancy between economic strength on the one hand, and political and military impotence on the other.

Quotas by Any Other Name
by Earl Raab
In March 1971, the San Francisco School Board decided to eliminate a number of administrative positions. This meant that the people occupying those positions would have to be “deselected,” the delicate term used throughout for demotion.

Browsing in Gangland
by Joseph Epstein
The best thing ever written about crime in America was written not by a criminologist, not by an investigative reporter, not by a novelist, but by a movie critic.

Wiretaps & National Security
by Alan Dershowitz
During its current term, the Supreme Court will be hearing argument on whether warrantless “national-security” wiretaps are constitutional. The phrase “national security” conjures up the image of spies, sabotage, and invasion, but a considerable number of such taps are conducted against domestic organizations or individuals who are suspected of activities deemed contrary to the national interest.

A Blow Struck for the Revolution
by Jacob Marateck
The second day of Rosh Hashanah we line up for the train to Manchuria. Our lieutenant, a moody graybeard in his sixties, who ascribes his low rank to lack of “protection” at Court, tells us we're lucky.

Discords in the Music of Time
by Herbert Howarth
Men are received at their own valuation. By undertaking a chronicle of the last fifty years, by drawing out the tale to ten volumes, each of them, however, slim as a wafer, and by the cultivation of an artificial prose, in which sentences are de-accelerated under the grip of subordinate clauses, Anthony Powell has claimed to be the British Proust.1 He has been greeted by a happy noise of critics.

Journey of a Poet
by Irving Howe
Exactly fifty-two years ago Jacob Glatstein published a sparkling piece of impudence called “A Shnel-Loif iber der Idisher Poezie” (roughly, “A Quick Tour of Yiddish Poetry”), in which he slashed away at his poetic elders with the recklessness of a young man determined to incite the anger of those he most admires.

Youth; Manhood; Middle Age
by William Pechter
Some time in late 1965, I was crossing the Golden Gate Bridge by car when the driver (one of the new Talmudists of rock music, into whose hands I had commended my education after returning from a year in England and finding the music I'd spent all that year avoiding was the new intellectual rage) turned to me and remarked of the record being played on the radio (the Rolling Stones's “Under My Thumb”) that it was the greatest song of its genre.

Kennedy Justice, by Victor S. Navasky
by James Wilson
Ultimate PoliticsKennedy Justice. by Victor S. Navasky. Atheneum. 508 pp. $10.00.Most studies of political leadership, and virtually all studies of Presidential leadership, suffer from the egocentric fallacy—namely, the assumption that governance consists chiefly, if not entirely, of the confrontation between a personality and an issue which is resolved in a way that expresses some combination of the style of the former and the merits of the latter.

Israelis and Jews, by Simon Herman
by Marshall Sklare
Jewish Identity Israelis and Jews: The Continuity of an Identity. by Simon N. Herman. Random House. 331 pp. $8.95. Israeli sociology and social psychology have constantly sought to emphasize the universal rather than the particular.

The Medvedev Papers, by Zhores A. Medvedev; A Question of Madness, by Zhores A. Medvedev and Roy A. Medvedev
by Anthony Astrachan
Dissent in the USSR The Medvedev Papers. by Zhores A. Medvedev. Translated by Vera Rich. St. Martins. 470 pp. $11.95. A Question of Madness. by Zhores A.

American Medicine and the Public Interest, by Rosemary Stevens
by Walter Goodman
Health Care American Medicine and the Public Interest. by Rosemary Stevens. Yale University Press. 572 pp. $18.50. Among the popular subjects of the past several publishing seasons, up there with the Vietnam crisis, the black crisis, the youth crisis, and the crisis of sexual technology, has been the American health-care crisis.

Edward Hopper, by Lloyd Goodrich
by John Hollander
An American Painter Edward Hopper. by Lloyd Goodrich. 308 pp. 246 illustrations. Harry N. Abrams. $50.00. In 1829, William Cullen Bryant concluded a sonnet to his friend Thomas Cole who was about to set off for Europe, warning the painter against allowing his American vision to be darkened by the glittering ruins and visions he would be encountering: “Gaze on these till the tears shall dim thy sight,/But keep that earlier, wilder image bright,” he pleaded.

Reader Letters January 1972
by L. Grunebaum
Apocalyptics TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Norman Podhoretz's comments in "Doomsday Fears & Modern Life" [October 1971] on what he imagines to be my views are as provocative as, no doubt, he in- tended them to be.

February, 1972Back to Top
Admiration
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I should like to record my unstinted admiration for . . . Wilson Carey McWilliams's review of Bryan by Louis W.

Yiddish Scholarship
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was surprised to find that in his otherwise insightful “Of Fish and People” [December 1971] Milton Himmelfarb repeats two hoary myths that careful research has quietly exploded. That Yiddish shows a “striking poverty” in names for plants and animals is an exaggeration common among 19th-century maskilim who ridiculed the traditional melamed's glossing of biblical names for then unknown species of flora and fauna as merely a min geviks/khaye, “a kind of plant/animal.” Yet a Yiddish-English-Latin botanical dictionary soon to be published by the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research lists over two thousand Yiddish terms for trees, shrubs, and flowers.

Malraux
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Like so many of Malraux's critics, Renee Winegarten [Malraux's Fate,” November 1971] has some difficulty realizing that he is not yet dead.

Moviemakers
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Concerning William S. Pechter's “Block That Cult!” [Movies, November 1971] and his remarks on films directed by Blake Edwards and Sam Peckinpah: there were only two “Sarris-acolytes” who wrote about Edwards's Wild Rovers in the Village Voice, and I was one of them; also, after diligent searching through all possible outlets, I can find only two “solemn exegeses” of Edwards's Darling Lili in “film magazines,” and one of them is mine.

Cuba & the Revolution
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Norman Gall's article explaining “How Castro Failed” [November 1971] was interesting and informative. I wonder, however, to what extent sound inferences about the present state of the Cuban economy can be drawn from comparisons of absolute or per-capita levels of sugar production during the Castro and pre-Castro eras. Does the fact that recent harvests fall below earlier performance, both in absolute and in per-capita terms, necessarily indicate that Cuba's economy has retrogressed under Castro? Such a comparison immediately brings to mind the question of how the use of the proceeds from sugar production in the Castro era compares with their use in pre-Castro Cuba.

“Is It Good for the Jews?”
by Norman Podhoretz
Although he scarcely touches on the implications of “affirmative action” for Jews, Paul Seabury's article (p. 38), especially taken in conjunction with Earl Raab's “Quotas by Any Other Name” in the January COMMENTARY, has persuaded me that the question, Is it good for the Jews?—a question as old, in all probability, as the Jewish Diaspora itself—has not quite reached the end of its ancient career as a useful guide to thought.

HEW & the Universities
by Paul Seabury
Old Howard Smith, Virginia swamp fox of the House Rules Committee, was a clever tactical fighter. When Dixiecrats in 1964 unsuccessfully tried to obstruct passage of the Civil Rights bill, Smith in a fit of inspired raillery devised a perverse stratagem.

Public Facilities-A Memoir
by Bette Howland
The most popular volume in the branch library was the medical dictionary. Heavy, dated, it had to be retrieved from a locked glass case, had to be consulted on the premises.

On Intoxication
by John Sisk
Perhaps the best way to approach the subject of intoxication is to note that the word “whiskey” in its Gaelic derivation (uisgebeatha) meant exactly what whiskey ads have always implied: “water of life.” It is not hard to find support in literature for the widespread conviction that this is the proper etymology for alcoholic beverages of all kinds.

Emancipation, Enlightenment & All That
by Robert Alter
France, who first wiped out the disgrace of Judah and broke the shackles of all the captives, she is our land of Israel; her mountainsour Zion; her rivers—our Jordan. —Samuel Halevi, Chronique de Paris, April 3, 1792 My countrymen .

Community Control Revisited
by Diane Ravitch
The Ocean Hill-Brownsville Demonstration District is by now a symbol of the movement for community control of public schools. At the time of its inception in mid-1967, Ocean Hill-Brownsville—one of three such demonstration districts in New York City—represented an attempt to address the problem of massive educational retardation in ghetto schools which had been revealed in the school-by-school reading scores released by the New York City Board of Education at the end of 1966.

Letter from Tel Aviv
by Amos Elon
The rains came late this year. Now, early in December, autumn abruptly drops and the air is pregnant with uncertainties, political and otherwise.

Ministering to Britain
by Rudolf Klein
There are two basic stereotypes of politicians, with a great many variations on each. The first is what might be called the “politician-as-conspirator” stereotype: this sees politicians as pursuing deviously their own long-term ends, wire-pullers and intriguers ruthlessly bending events and manipulating people to their own purposes.

Beyond Freedom and Dignity, by B. F. Skinner
by Harold Kaplan
Life in the Cage Beyond Freedom and Dignity. by B. F. Skinner. Knopf. 225 pp. $6.95. It is now familiar in the teaching and publishing world to be confronted by aroused and militant scientists who wish to turn their science to the uses of social reform.

Eleanor and Franklin, by Joseph P. Lash
by Dorothy Rabinowitz
Madam President Eleanor and Franklin. by Joseph P. Lash. Norton. 784 pp. $12.50. Nothing in the American temper surpasses the claim that mystery makes upon our hearts, except perhaps our love of the obvious.

Without Marx or Jesus, by Jean-Francois Revel
by Edward Grossman
France-Amérique Without Marx or Jesus: the New American Revolution Has Begun. by Jean-François Revel. Doubleday. 269 pp. $6.95. To judge a book by a Frenchman that has “America” in its title by comparing it with Democracy in America is unfair.

There She Is: The Life and Times of Miss America, by Frank Deford
by Anne Hollander
A Pretty Girl. . . There She is: the Life and Times of Miss A12:41 America. by Frank Deford. Viking. 351 pp. Illustrated.

In Bluebeard's Castle, by George Steiner
by Irving Howe
High Mandarin In Bluebeard's Castle: Some Notes Towards the Redefinition of Culture. by George Steiner. Yale University Press. 141 pp. $5.95. A Phalanx of crucial topics, a tone of high-church gravity, a light sprinkle of multilingual erudition, a genteel stab at prophecy (Mr.

Reader Letters February 1972
by Milton Himmelfarb
Cuba & the Revolution TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Norman Gall's article explain- ing "How Castro Failed" [Novem- ber 1971] was interesting and informative. I wonder, however, to what extent sound inferences about the present state of the Cu- ban economy can be drawn from comparisons of absolute or per- capita levels of sugar production during the Castro and pre-Castro eras. Does the fact that recent ar- vests fall below earlier per- formance, both in absolute and in per-capita terms, necessarily indi- cate that Cuba's economy has re- trogressed under Castro? Such a comparison immediately brings to mind the question of how the use of the proceeds from sugar produc- tion in the Castro era compares with their use in pre-Castro Cuba. It is at least plausible that per- capita investment deriving from the earnings from sugar sales has been maintained or has increased under Castro in spite of declining levels of production.

March, 1972Back to Top
Psychoanalysis
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Edith Kurzweil's comments on last summer's Psychoanalytic Congress in Vienna [“The (Freudian) Congress of Vienna,” November 1971] seem unduly harsh.

Anti-Semitism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In reviewing Ben Halpern's Jews and Blacks [Books in Review, October 1971] Irving Howe attempts to escape criticism of his own conclusion, that “.

Loneliness
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Forster as Homosexual” [December 1971] Cynthia Ozick argues that Maurice should be considered as “a classical (though flawed and failed) fairy tale in which the hero is stuck with an ineradicable disability.” I should like to suggest, however, that this insight applies specifically .

ACLU
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Last spring Joseph W. Bishop, Jr. [“Politics & ACLU,” December 1971] contacted ACLU to ask for specific materials for use in preparing an article on ACLU for COMMENTARY.

School Integration & Liberal Opinion
by Norman Podhoretz
If Nathan Glazer (p. 39) is right—and I find his arguments entirely convincing—no benefit will accrue to anyone, whether white or black, from the requirement now apparently being established by the courts that no American public school shall have a black majority and that the student population of every school shall be racially balanced as far as possible in accordance with a specified mix.

Is Busing Necessary?
by Nathan Glazer
It is the fate of any social reform in the United States—perhaps anywhere—that, instituted by enthusiasts, men of vision, politicians, statesmen, it is soon put into the keeping of full-time professionals.

He Said, She Said
by Leslie Farber
In its efforts to redress sexual, social, political, economic, artistic, and religious inequalities, the new feminism has thrown into question all those institutions under whose auspices men and women through the centuries have sought to combine their lots or join their fates.

On Becoming a Jew
by Herbert Gold
In the cathedral at Palma, on the island of Mallorca to which many Marranos fled from mainland Spain, I found Menorahs wrought in gold.

R. S. V. P.—A Story
by Robert Nozick
The project began with high hopes, excitement even. Though people later came to think it just dumb, founded on a mistake so obvious that those who started it deserved its consequences, no one raised objections until well after the project was operating.

The Sorrows of American-Jewish Poetry
by Harold Bloom
American-Jewish literature, in English, began most inauspiciously with the verse of Emma Lazarus, whose intentions were noble, but who rarely rose even to the level of the English Romantic poet, Mrs.

The New Pluralists
by Harold Isaacs
One thing that came out of the sense of all American things falling apart in the last few years was a new view of the so-called “Middle Americans.” This term has been loosely and variously defined.

Peckinpah & Kubrick: Fire & Ice
by William Pechter
“Of directors to have emerged in the American film during the 1950's, Stanley Kubrick seems to me the most interesting.”   A week before I saw A Clockwork Orange, I saw 2001: A Space Odyssey for the second time.

Chance and Necessity, by Jacques Monod
by R. Herrnstein
The Molecular Drama Chance and Necessity: An Essay on the Natural Philosophy of Modern Biology. by Jacques Monod. Translated by Austryn Wainhouse. Knopf.

America at 1750, by Richard Hofstadter
by David Donald
Historian's Progress America at 1750: A Social Portrait. by Richard Hofstadter. Knopf. 293 pp. $6.95. In May 1969 Richard Hofstadter sent his publisher, Alfred A.

The News Twisters, by Edith Efron
by David Haight
TV & Politics The News Twisters. by Edith Efron. Nash. 336 pp. $7.95. Early in October of last year a little-known publisher in Los Angeles released a book which, by the normal standards of American publishing, had only a modest future.

The American Idea of Success, by Richard M. Huber
by John Sisk
Rags to Riches The American Idea of Success. by Richard M. Huber. McGraw-Hill. 563 pp. $10.00. It is hard now to imagine a time when this book would not have been timely, convinced as we are that to understand America one must first understand the American idea of success.

Reader Letters March 1972
by Irving Howe
ACLU TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Last spring Joseph W. Bishop, Jr. "Politics &8 ACLU," Decem- ber 1971] contacted ACLU to ask for specific materials for use in preparing an article on ACLU for COMMENTARY.

April, 1972Back to Top
Repression
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Norman Podhoretz's comments [“Liberty & the Liberals,” December 1971] to the effect that the ACLU might not be able to find enough civil-liberties work to do today and that the U.S.

Jews & Communism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In reading “Jews under Communism” by Paul Lendvai [December 1971], I was struck by the parallel between the examples he cites from Soviet publications of anti-Semitism disguised as anti-Zionism and themes appearing in recent statements by Soviet and certain Arab delegates to the United Nations, where I have served for many years as a representative of a non-governmental organization.

Fascism, Weimar, and America
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “The Specter of Weimar” [December 1971] Theodore Draper has done a lively job in embroidering the theme that history doesn't repeat itself and in reminding us of the help the Nazis received from those who, under the Weimar Republic, “made resistance to fascism more difficult by pooh-poohing the changes that fascism would bring about.” Unfortunately, Mr.

Electric Power
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am writing to comment on Roger Starr's review of Towards a Rational Power Policy: Energy, Politics, and Pollution, co-authored by myself and Neil Fabricant [Books in Review, December 1971]. This book represents the results of a six-month study to delineate and come to grips with the social, political, economic, and environmental problems posed by our spiraling demands for electric power.

A Minor Cultural Event
by Norman Podhoretz
By a journalistically happy coincidence, Edward Grossman's “Henry James and the Sexual-Military Complex” (p. 37) appears at a time when James is, as it were, in the news again.

Henry James & the Sexual-Military Complex
by Edward Grossman
The Bostonians, according to its author a “very American tale,” was published in 1886, but the time in which the “tale” is set may be exactly one hundred years ago.

Does IQ Matter?
by David Cohen
The last four or five years have not exactly been years of glory for American liberals. Some of the reasons for this—like the war or the President—are ephemeral.

Russians vs. Arabs The Age of Disenchantment
by Walter Laqueur
Somewhere, undoubtedly, on the agenda of President Nixon's forthcoming talks in Moscow, is the subject of the Middle East. The Egyptians would like the subject to figure prominently, the Israelis would happily see it ignored.

Jews, Ethnics, and the American City
by Marshall Sklare
At a time when the plight of the American city engages so much of our attention—when scarcely a week can pass without the New York Times featuring a story about middle-class New Yorkers fleeing the metropolis to seek contentment in a New England village—it would also seem particularly appropriate to analyze the special relationship of the Jew to the American city.

Academic Freedom & the Franklin Case
by Herbert Packer
The action of Stanford University in firing a tenured professor, H. Bruce Franklin, has received nationwide publicity. Approving editorials appeared in the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, and the San Francisco Chronicle.

“Relevant” Shakespeare
by Jack Richardson
In the jargon of our time, the word “relevant” has taken on a polemical connotation. In the cultural hagglings between those who idolize the present and themselves in it and those whose egos are coerced by tradition into modesty, relevance is almost always the line on which the battle is fixed.

Voyeur Voyant: A Portrait of Louis-Ferdinand Celine, by Erika Ostrovsky
by Renee Winegarten
Ordure out of Chaos Voyeur Voyant. A Portrait of Louis-Ferdinand Celine. by Erika Ostrovsky. Random House. 398 pp. $10.00. The year before his death in 1961 Céline claimed one achievement: it was to have succeeded in getting everybody to agree that “I'm the biggest bastard alive!” The word moderately translated as “bastard” in Erika Ostrovsky's sympathetic biography, the first in English, evokes filth and excrement (ordure), but then Céline's paranoid scatalogical slangy verve is often virtually untranslatable.

The Ticket-Splitter, by Walter DeVries and Lance Tarrance, Jr.
by Andrew Greeley
Image Voting The Ticket-Splitter: A New Force in American Politics. by Walter DeVries and Lance Tarrance, Jr. Eerdmans. 149 pp. $4.95. Trends are news and continuity is not.

The Politics of Twentieth-Century Novelists, edited by George A. Panichas; Politics and Film, by Leif Furhammer and Folke Isakss
by David Bromwich
Art and Ideology The Politics of Twentieth-Century Novelists. by George A. Panichas. Hawthorn. 375 pp. $13.95. Politics and Film. by Leif Furhammer and Folke Isaksson. Translated by Kersti French.

My Life, by Oswald Mosley
by Rudolf Klein
The Fascist Temper My Life. by Oswald Mosley. Arlington House. 521 pp. $12.50. Forty years ago Oswald Mosley committed political suicide. In 1918 this dashing young baronet—descended from a long line of wealthy English gentry, boasting of a splendid war record, a fencer of international caliber—became a Conservative MP at the age of twenty-two.

Reader Letters April 1972
by Sidney Liskofsky
Electric Power TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I am writing to comment on Roger Starr's review of Towards a Rational Power Policy: Energy, Pol- itics, and Pollution, co-authored by myself and Neil Fabricant [Books in Review, December 1971]. This book represents the results of a six-month study to delineate and come to grips with the social, political, economic, and environ- mental problems posed by our spiraling demands for electric power.

May, 1972Back to Top
Forster's Statue
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Cynthia Ozick's essay on E. M. Forster [“Forster as Homosexual,” December 1971] seems to me so brilliant, so penetrating, so—in almost every respect—right, that I feel somewhat querulous in offering any objection at all.

On Quotas
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . The thoughtful comments of Earl Raab in “Quotas by Any Other Name” [January] do much to clarify the proper manner in which the affirmative-action principle ought to be put into practice.

More on ACLU
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Joseph W. Bishop, Jr.'s rebuttal to my response to his article [Letters from Readers, March] is even more outrageous than his original article [“Politics & ACLU,” December 1971].

The Pottinger Papers HEW, Affirmative Action & the Universities
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am aware that the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare's enforcement of federal equal-employment-opportunity requirements on university campuses has significant implications for the higher-education community, but I don't believe Paul Seabury's article, “HEW & the Universities” [February], aids a helpful dialogue on the issues. In upholding the concept of affirmative action in hiring, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals said: In direct procurement the Federal Government has a vital interest in assuring that the largest possible pool of qualified manpower be available for the accomplishment of its projects. That, simply put, is the philosophy guiding the enforcement of Executive Order 11246, which requires nondiscriminatory employment practices by government contractors.

Beyond ZPG
by Norman Podhoretz
Partly because I am much more skeptical than Samuel McCracken (p. 45) about the desirability of a stabilized population, I am, if possible, even more horrified than he is by the idea of empowering the state to decide how many children shall be born.

The Population Controllers
by Samuel McCracken
“I'll never have any children. Who'd want to bring one into this over-populated world, anyway?” Thus spoke a child of our time some months ago, meeting the press after her conviction on a charge of abortion.

Americans in Israel
by Hillel Halkin
There are times when an American settler in Israel might think he was back in the 50's all over again. Suddenly everyone is talking about a house in the suburbs.

What to Do About Television
by Martin Mayer
Here is a place of disaffection Time before and time after In a dim light: neither daylight Investing form with lucid stillness Turning shadow into transient beauty With slow rotation suggesting permanence Nor darkness to purify the soul Emptying the sensual with deprivation Cleansing affection from the temporal. Neither plenitude nor vacancy.

Sword of the Law
by Milton Himmelfarb
“Civil Libertarians Denounce Georgia Legislator for Urging Lynch Law.” That headline was never printed, because the civil libertarians said nothing.

Liberalism and Purpose
by James Wilson
Unpopular doctrines, even despised ones, have rarely lacked for defenders; for every heresy, there is a heretic. Contemporary liberalism, however, seems peculiarly without spokesmen, even though it is everywhere reviled and allegedly discredited.

Movie Musicals
by William Pechter
Though I'm very fond of movie musicals, I rarely go to them; or perhaps I should say I rarely go because I'm very fond of them.

The Tenants, by Bernard Malamud
by Jacob Korg
Ishmael and Israel The Tenants. by Bernard Malamud. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 230 pp. $6.95. Malamud, a writer who has gained much in the past by taking risks, ventures onto particularly dangerous ground in The Tenants.

The Rivals: America and Russia since World War II, by Adam B. Ulam
by Maurice Friedberg
The Cold War Revisited The Rivals: America and Russia since World War II. by Adam B. Ulam. Viking. 405 pp. $10.95. Perseverance must surely rank high among the scholarly virtues that in recent years have fallen into disrepute.

The End of the Modern Age, by Allen Wheelis
by Alan Goldfein
The Flying Couch The End of the Modern Age. by Allen Wheelis. Basic Books. 129 pp. $5.95. Once upon a time there was a man who wrote fantasies and parables and meditations that sometimes started once upon a time.

The Sensuous Woman, by “J.”; Everything You Always Wanted to Know about Sex, by David Reuben; Any Woman Can!, by Dav
by Isa Kapp
The Pursuit of Rapture The Sensuous Woman. by “J.” Lyle Stuart. 160 pp. $6.00. Everything You Always Wanted to Know about Sex (But Were Afraid to Ask). by David Reuben. McKay.

Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe, by Daniel Hoffman
by Daniel Aaron
Seven in One Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe. by Daniel Hoffman. Doubleday. 339 pp. $7.95 The long-standing quarrel between Edgar Allan Poe's disparagers and adulators no longer hinges on his alleged moral and psychological infirmities.

Reader Letters May 1972
by Earl Raab
TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I am aware that the Department of Health, Education, and Wel- fare's enforcement of federal equal-employment-opportunity re- quirements on university campuses has significant implications for the higher-education community, but I don't believe Paul Seabury's ar- ticle, "HEW 8c the Universities" [February], aids a helpful dialogue on the issues. In upholding the concept of af- firmative action in hiring, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals said: In direct procurement the Federal Government has a vital interest in assuring that the largest possible pool of qualified manpower be avail- able for the accomplishment of its projects. That, simply put, is the philos- ophy guiding the enforcement of Executive Order 11246, which re- quires nondiscriminatory employ- ment practices by government con- tractors.

June, 1972Back to Top
Affirmative Action (Cont'd)
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Without going into detail about Paul Seabury's “HEW & the Universities” [February], which comments on the effects of affirmative-action for women at the University of Michigan, I would like to say, first, that affirmative-action efforts tend to upgrade universities' standards since they uncover qualified women who would not otherwise have been contacted and, second, if Mr.

Asking the Questions
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Norman Podhoretz [“‘Is It Good for the Jews?,’” February] has discovered that Hillel the Elder's dictum applies, alas, even in America.

Government Surveillance
by
To the Editor: Alan M. Dershowitz's “Wiretaps & National Security” [January] provides at once a highly readable summary of current legal developments in the “electronic-surveillance” area and a clear warning of the serious dangers we face unless the current effort to increase government surveillance authority is defeated.

On Libraries
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Bette Howland's “memoir” of “Borglum” Branch Library in Uptown, Chicago [“Public Facilities—A Memoir,” February], was of unusual interest to me because I'm presently a reference librarian at that branch.

Jewish History
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Robert Alter's “Emancipation, Enlightenment & All That” [February] is long on “all that” but short on enlightenment, especially in his discussion of Ellis Rivkin's The Shaping of Jewish History.

Community Control
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I read Diane Ravitch's “Community Control Revisited” [February] with great interest. Too many articles dealing with Ocean Hill-Brownsville have dealt only with the politics of the situation, an approach which uses children as a means, not as an end in themselves.

Ethnics and Pluralists
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Harold R. Isaacs's article on my book, Overcoming Middle-Class Rage [“The New Pluralists,” March], can be welcomed, in the main, as contributing to what I hope will be a continuing debate on the resurgence of ethnicity in our society and its implications for social policy. No one, of course, can speak for so diverse a group of social scientists and community activists as Nathan Glazer, Daniel P.

The Idea of a Common Culture
by Norman Podhoretz
Reading Robert Alter's “A Fever of Ethnicity” (p. 68), I was struck by the relative coolness he displays toward the “New Pluralism”—just as I was struck by a comparable reserve in a piece on the same subject by Harold R.

Growth and Its Enemies
by Rudolf Klein
One of the characteristics of the human race, a look at current bookstore displays would suggest, is that it is the only species of animal which worries obsessively about its own future.

The Lesson of Forest Hills
by Roger Starr
The conflict triggered by the attempt to build a low-income public-housing project in the Forest Hills section of New York has raised a great many difficult and unpleasant issues.

Liberalism versus Liberal Education
by James Wilson
My title will strike many readers as paradoxical, even absurd. Liberalism, far from being the enemy of a liberal education, is widely regarded as being the product of it.

Judaism after Auschwitz
by Michael Meyer
Only in the last five years have Emil Fackenheim's writings become known to more than a small group of interested Jewish theologians.

Love in Bloom A Story
by Stan Trachtenberg
Now close to forty, Harris “Heshy” Bloom wanted to get married in the worst way. Meeting people was his first problem, after that came others.

A Fever of Ethnicity
by Robert Alter
More and more, America comes to seem the land of perpetual identity crisis. First there were the founding Wasps, outcasts, misfits, dissidents, and adventurers who in the momentous crossing of waters had torn themselves loose from the Old World ties of tradition and community.

Agony in the Clubhouse
by Dorothy Rabinowitz
After faltering for the past years into the oblivion that aged revolutionists are heir to, the New York City Reform Democrats have returned to the front pages and to the chaos which is their natural state.

Let History Judge, by Roy A. Medvedev
by Robert Conquest
Ideology and Truth Let History Judge: The Origins and Consequences of Stalinism. by Roy A. Medvedev. Translated by Colleen Taylor. Edited by David Joravsky and Georges Haupt.

The Dual Image, by Harold Fisch; The Schlemiel as Modern Hero, by Ruth R. Wisse
by Edward Alexander
Noble Fools The Dual Image: The Figure of the Jew in English and American Literature. by Harold Fisch. Ktav. 149 pp. $7.50. The Schlemiel as Modern Hero. by Ruth R.

Museums in Crisis, edited by Brian O'Doherty
by Anne Hollander
On Exhibit Museums in Crisis. by Brian O'Doherty. Foreword by Nancy Hanks. Braziller. 178 pp. $6.95. It would appear from more than just the publication of this book that all existing museums of art in America are unsatisfactory to themselves, their public, or both.

A Feast of History, by Chaim Raphael
by David Daiches
In the Tradition A Feast of History: Passover Through the Ages as a Key to Jewish Experience. by Chaim Raphael. Simon & Schuster.

Henry Ford and Grass-Roots America, by Reynold M. Wik
by Barry Gewen
Populist Tycoon Henry Ford and Grass-Roots America. by Reynold M. Wik. University of Michigan Press. 266 pp. $10.00. Is there any single person who did more to transform America from a land of family farms and small towns into a modern, urban, corporate, technologized, mass society than Henry Ford? True, he may have done it all while working behind his back, a man of vision following yesterday's models, but if we think labels like “genius” or “hero” do not exactly fit him, and that the Flivver King looks a little ridiculous carrying them around, still the fact remains that he is the only customer in the store.

Reader Letters June 1972
by Murray Friedman
Ethnics and Pluralists TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Harold R. Isaacs's article on my book, Overcoming Middle-Class Rage ["The New Pluralists," March], can be welcomed, in the main, as contributing to what I hope will be a continuing debate on the resurgence of ethnicity in our society and its implications for social policy.

July, 1972Back to Top
“The Pottinger Papers” (Cont'd)
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Here is another document to be added to “The Pottinger Papers” [Letters from Readers, May, commenting on Paul Seabury's “HEW & the Universities,” February].

American-Jewish Poetry
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Harold Bloom's tin ear [“The Sorrows of American-Jewish Poetry,” March] is as big as a Jewish mother's heart, and as uncritically partisan.

Busing, the Courts, and the Politics of Integration
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As one of the attorneys for the NAACP in the recent San Francisco school desegregation case, I was shocked at the inaccuracies in Nathan Glazer's “Is Busing Necessary?” [March].

A Call to Dubious Battle
by Norman Podhoretz
The description by T. R. Marmor (p. 86) of the “intemperate and intimidating atmosphere in which the discussion of social policy has come to be conducted in America” acquired an added resonance for me the other day when I happened to read a paper entitled “The Assault on Equality” by Professor William Ryan, chairman of the psychology department at Boston College.

The Constitution and the War
by Alexander Bickel
It is frightening when out of the privacy of the Oval Room or of Camp David a decision emerges to invade Cambodia, bomb Laos or North Vietnam, or, as most recently, mine the harbor at Haiphong and risk a clash with the Russian navy.

Portrait of a Soviet Zionist
by Judd Teller
In virtually every planeload of Soviet Jews that lands at Lydda airport these days there is at least a handful of really hardcore Zionist militants, whose burning enthusiasm for their new homeland recalls the pristine ardor of another day—a long-ago time when a young Golda Meir was first learning to till the soil at Merhavia, and when David Ben-Gurion, secretary of a frail new social organism called Histadrut, reputedly slept on a cot in his office because he could not afford private lodgings.

O Pioneers! Reflections on the Whole Earth People
by Sonya Rudikoff
“Life styles for sale,” announces the B. Altman advertisement. What can they possibly be selling? It is new furniture, drapes, pillows, a whole new decor for the living room!

August 1939-A Memoir
by Joan Colebrook
In August of 1939 I am in Brittany, living with a French family and following with difficulty their fluent speech.

Banfield's “Heresy”
by T. Marmor
Last fall, just before Thanksgiving, Professor Edward Banfield resigned from Harvard University. His colleagues in Harvard's government department were informed by note that Ban-field was to become a University Professor at Pennsylvania, where Martin Meyerson, co-author with Banfield of the widely admired Politics, Planning, and the Public Interest, was president.

Keeping Up With the Corleones
by William Pechter
In one of my earliest appearances in COMMENTARY,1 I wrote in praise of Francis Ford Coppola's The Rain People, a film I had little company in finding favor with.

Passion and Politics, by Seymour Martin Lipset and Gerald M. Schaflander
by Stanley Rothman
Student Activism Passion and Politics. by Seymour Martin Lipset and Gerald M, Schaflander. Little, Brown. 448 pp. $8.95. The number of books and articles which have appeared on the “student” question during the past seven years is probably exceeded only by the number which have been published on the subject of racial conflict, and they are, for the most part, of comparably poor quality.

From Spanish Court to Italian Ghetto, by Yosef Haim Yerushalmi
by Robert Chazan
Life of a Marrano From Spanish Court to Italian Ghetto. Isaac Cardoso: A Study in Seventeenth-Century Marranism and Jewish Apologetics. by Yosef Haim Yerushalmi. Columbia University Press.

Problems and Projects, by Nelson Goodman
by Roger Wertheimer
Philosopher as Scientist Problems and Projects. by Nelson Goodman. Bobbs-Merrill. 463 pp. $15.00. Nelson Goodman refers to Hume as “the greatest of modern philosophers”—an assessment sufficiently peculiar to suggest a peculiar set of preferences.

America's Jews, by Marshall Sklare
by Lucy Dawidowicz
In the New World America's Jews. by Marshall Sklare. Random House. 234 pp. $6.95 The United States, it has often been noted, was the first society in history to have been founded consciously as a nation, its own history, in effect, being the evolution of the social processes that forged national unity.

Felled Oaks: Conversations with de Gaulle, by Andre Malraux
by Edward Grossman
Mon Général Felled Oaks: Conversations with de Gaulle. by Andre Malraux. Translated by Linda Asher. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 160 pp. $6.95. Without any false modesty, Malraux remarks in the introduction to this short book that “we possess no dialogue between a man of history and a great artist.” Though it may be easier to say whether a politician or soldier will be remembered—whether he will have “left his mark”—than to decide whether an artist deserves to be called “great,” it is easy enough to give Malraux, the author of Man's Fate, the benefit of the doubt.

Reader Letters July 1972
by Nathan Glazer
Busing, the Courts, and TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: As one of the attorneys for the NAACP in the recent San Fran- cisco school desegregation case, I was shocked at the inaccuracies in Nathan Glazer's "Is Busing Neces- sary?" [March] ....

August, 1972Back to Top
Heredity vs. Environment
by Our Readers
To the Editor: David K. Cohen [“Does IQ Matter?,” April] argues that IQ is not very important in determining social status in America, not as important as education, and so, he says, a hereditary meritocracy does not loom in our future.

Man and Woman
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Leslie H. Farber [“He Said, She Said,” March] makes the same error Sigmund Freud and most other psychiatrists have made in presuming to know what woman does or does not experience.

Princeton Faculty
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . A simple telephone call to me, as Departmental Representative, or to the chairman of the Princeton English department, would have prevented Arthur Cooper [Letters from Readers, July] from writing that “it is well known in the university community that Princeton's English department will not hire Jewish professors.” Since September 1950 when I joined the English department, I have continuously had Jewish colleagues.

On Henry James
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In support of Norman Podhoretz's swinging defense [“A Minor Cultural Event,” April] brought on by Philip Rahv's attack in the New York Review of Books, I should like to offer cheers for Henry James.

Jews and the City
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his efforts to show the particular urban qualities of American Jews, Marshall Sklare [“Jews, Ethnics, and the American City,” April] unfortunately ignores other vital urban phenomena, misrepresents a source central to his argument, and does violence to the sociology of ethnicity (both Jewish and non-Jewish) and to the social history of ethnic groups in America. Mr.

The Franklin Case
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Although I was pleased to see Herbert L. Packer's reference to my article in the New York Times Magazine about the Bruce Franklin tenure case at Stanford, I am afraid I find Mr.

The World of the 70's
by Walter Laqueur
The present moment in world politics is one of transition (defined once by a distinguished economist as the interval between two other periods of transition), and it is characterized on the level of theory and action alike by a great deal of confusion, by exaggerated hopes and exaggerated fears, by wishful thinking and groundless pessimism.

On the Love of Suicide
by Renee Winegarten
Among the numerous ancient and modern proponents of self-destruction discussed in A. Alvarez's brilliant, controversial, and moving study of suicide, The Savage God,1 the name of one distinctly odd but celebrated figure who has fascinated French writers is missing.

Encyclopaedia Judaica
by Chaim Raphael
Encyclopaedia Judaica1 has a truly magisterial aim. In sixteen large volumes—11,000 pages and more than 11 million words—it sets out to survey the whole of Jewish experience from the most far-off times to the present day, analyzing, expounding, and assessing the religious faith of the Jews, their social and economic life in every part of the world, the ideas they have generated both for themselves and those around them, their sense of kinship as a people, and their endless variety individually.

Blue in Chicago
by Bette Howland
First thing this morning, getting ready to leave the house, I heard over the news broadcast that another University of Chicago graduate student had been shot and killed in a holdup in Hyde Park.

Beauvoir's Last Revolt
by Edward Grossman
The unrelenting industry of Simone de Beauvoir is astounding, and it is almost as great as that of Sartre. Like her companion, she continues adding to an achievement and a career of a kind that new modes of education, communication, and illiteracy may soon render quaint, if not impossible.

Dr. Coles among the Poor
by Joseph Epstein
It is a strange business, the sudden popular success of people who do intellectual work in America. Although decades may have gone into the making of their reputations, fame—the actual moment at which their names, so to speak, go public—seems to come on with great suddenness.

Socialism, by Michael Harrington
by Rudolf Klein
Crumbling the Barricades Socialism. by Michael Harrington. Saturday Review Press. 436 pp. $12.50. A specter is haunting the world—the specter of failed socialism. In the century and a quarter since Karl Marx wrote the words parodied in that sentence, as the opening of the Manifesto of the Communist party, socialism has attracted the idealism of millions and provided rallying cries for countless political movements.

A Question of Judgment: The Fortas Case and the Struggle for the Supreme Court, by Robert Shogan
by Walter Goodman
Out of Court A Question of Judgment: The Fortas Case and the Struggle for the Supreme Court. by Robert Shogan. Bobbs-Merrill. 314 pp.

Living on the Dead, by Aharon Megged; Adam Resurrected, by Yoram Kaniuk; Three Days and a Child, by A. B. Yehoshua
by Harold Fisch
Unique and Universal Living on the Dead. by Aharon Megged. Translated by Misha Louvish. Saturday Review Press. 249 pp. $6.95. Adam Resurrected. by Yoram Kaniuk. Translated by Seymour Simckes.

Crises of the Republic, by Hannah Arendt
by Kathleen Nott
Philosophy of Politics Crises of the Republic. by Hannah Arendt. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 240 pp. $6.95. Journalistic opinion in Britain (where this reviewer lives) about American policies abroad is divided to the point of faction, not least about America in Vietnam and what she is doing there and why.

Nine Lies about America, by Arnold Beichman
by Samuel McCracken
Radical Untruth Nine Lies about America. by Arnold Beichman. Library Press. 314 pp. $7.95. Except in rather special circles, self-flagellation has never been considered one of the more wholesome experiences life has to offer.

Reader Letters August 1972
by Marshall Sklare
The Franklin Case TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Although I was pleased to see Herbert L. Packer's reference to my article in the New York Times Magazine about the Bruce Frank- lin tenure case at Stanford, I am afraid I find Mr.

September, 1972Back to Top
The Franklin Case (Cont'd)
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was truly surprised, and disappointed, to see Herbert L. Packer become so personal in his response to my letter [Letters from Readers, August] about his article, “Academic Freedom and the Franklin Case” [April].

Population Control
by Our Readers
To the Editor: At one time, and actually not too long ago, demography was a reasonable and responsible discipline, protected from outsiders by the slight but seemingly forbidding technical mastery one had to pay to enter.

Between Nixon and the New Politics
by Norman Podhoretz
Although Nathan Glazer (p. 43) is for McGovern and Milton Himmelfarb (p. 48) is against him, they both expect that Jews will give a smaller majority of their vote to the Democratic candidate this year than they have ever given to a Democratic candidate in any recent Presidential election.

McGovern and the Jews: A Debate
by Nathan Glazer
Because of the unusually intense concern evident everywhere with the question of whether and to what extent American Jews will depart from their customary allegiance to the Democratic party in the 1972 Presidential election, COMMENTARY invited two of its regular contributors, one a supporter and the other an opponent of Senator George McGovern, to debate the role that Jewish interests should and will play in the coming election.  Nathan Glazer This will be the first electoral campaign in memory in which the question of specific Jewish interests may play a serious role in voting by American Jews.

Needing Niebuhr Again
by Michael Novak
Realism means particularly one thing, that you establish the common good not purely by unselfishness but by the restraint of selfishness.

From Globalism to Isolationism
by Walter Laqueur
Only a dozen years have passed since President Kennedy in his inaugural address spoke of America as “the watchman on the wall of freedom”: “Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and success of liberty.” Since that time the pendulum has swung to the other extreme and the burden most Americans are willing to bear in the world today appears slight indeed.

“Serrano” vs. the People
by Chester Finn
Last year the California Supreme Court handed down a decision in the case of Serrano v. Priest that condemned the entire structure of public education in the nation's most populous state.

On “The Sorrow and the Pity”
by Stanley Hoffmann
Marcel Ophuls's four-and-a half-hour documentary film about France under the Nazi occupation, The Sorrow and the Pity, was originally made for television, but it has never been shown on French television.

The Hitchcock Problem
by William Pechter
With Frenzy, its director, Alfred Hitchcock, is said to have returned to form, but to what form has he returned? To a resounding orchestral accompaniment, so different from the anxiety-producing music with which Bernard Herrmann contributed so much to Vertigo and Psycho, we move from a panoramic view of the city of London to a Thames-side gathering at which a politician's speech about progress against the river's pollution is interrupted by the discovery of a floating corpse.

The Papers & The Papers, by Sanford J. Ungar
by Joseph Bishop
Government and Press The Papers & The Papers: An Account of the Legal and Political Battle over the Pentagon Papers. by Sanford J.

Souls on Fire, by Elie Wiesel
by Frederick Garber
Sentimental Journey Souls on Fire: Portraits and Legends of the Hasidic Masters. by Elie Wiesel. Translated by Marion Wiesel. Random House. 278 pp.

Science and Sentiment in America, by Morton White
by Alan Goldfein
Heart & Mind Science and Sentiment in America: Philosophical Thought from Jonathan Edwards to John Dewey. by Morton White. Oxford University Press. 358 pp.

Dr. Kinsey and the Institute for Sex Research, by Wardell B. Pomeroy
by Barry Gewen
The Collector Dr. Kinsey and the Institute for Sex Research. by Wardell B. Pomeroy. Harper & Row. 479 pp. $10.00. Dr. Kinsey and the Institute for Sex Research is probably the fullest, the most intimate portrait that we are ever going to get of the man whom the author calls “the greatest figure in sex research since Freud.” Wardell Pomeroy, therapist, marriage counselor, author of a pair of teen-age advice books (chastely separated into Boys and Sex and Girls and Sex), was Kinsey's closest associate for thirteen years.

Lillian Hellman Playwright, by Richard Moody The Collected Plays of Lillian Hellman
by Ellen Moers
Family Theater Lillian Hellman Playwright. by Richard Moody. Pegasus/Bobbs-Merrill. 372 pp. $6.95. The Collected Plays of Lillian Hellman. Little, Brown. 864 pp. $15.00. I have just finished reading through the Collected Plays of Lillian Hellman with excitement and surprise—surprise, because I had forgotten about the theater.

Reader Letters September 1972
by William Petersen
Population Control TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: At one time, and actually not too long ago, demography was a reasonable and responsible disci- pline, protected from outsiders by the slight but seemingly forbidding technical mastery one had to pay to enter.

October, 1972Back to Top
Writers and Politics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Unlike his biblical namesake who brought down Goliath with a well-aimed stone, David Bromwich, in his review of The Politics of Twentieth-Century Novelists [April], misses the mark.

Friend of the Court
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I do not know enough about the ouster of Professor Bruce Franklin at Stanford to become embroiled in the controversy on the merits between my friend and colleague, Alan M.

Housing
by
To the Editor: Roger Starr's article on “scatter-site,” low-income housing [“The Lesson of Forest Hills,” June] provides a hard-headed investigation of the assumptions behind one of the popular solutions to our country's complex social problems.

Genetic Bookkeeping
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As the mother of a beautiful and bright but genetically-defective (spina bifida) son, I was encouraged to read Norman Podhoretz's and Samuel McCracken's defense of life and reproductive freedom in the May issue [“Beyond ZPG” and “The Population Controllers,” respectively].

Growing Pains
by Our Readers
sTo the Editor: Some comments on Rudolf Klein's article on The Limits to Growth [“Growth and Its Enemies,” June]. Obviously, the fact that predictions of this general cast have been made and discredited before constitutes only feeble evidence against the validity of this one, as even a casual familiarity with the history of science makes evident.

Ethnicity
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Robert Alter's article on my book, The Rise of the Unmeltable Ethnics [“A Fever of Ethnicity,” June], is sensitive and intelligent.

Intellectuals at War
by Norman Podhoretz
Just before reading Hilton Kramer's essay on the avant-garde (p. 37), I also happened to read the symposium on “Art, Culture and Conservatism” in the Summer 1972 issue of Partisan Review.

The Age of the Avant-Garde
by Hilton Kramer
How strange a thing it was to understand And how strange it ought to be again, this time Without the distortions of the theatre, Without the revolutions' ruin, In the presence of the barefoot ghosts!—Wallace StevensIn his Histoire de la littérature francaise de 1789 à nos jours, published in 1936, the French critic Albert Thibaudet speaks of the three “revolutions” that the Symbolist movement brought to the writing of poetry in France.

Getting Out of Russia
by Lev Navrozov
The answers given at a refugee center in Europe by one of those who left Russia in October 1971. Question: How difficult is it now to get out of Russia? Answer: To be fair to those in power in Russia at present, please recall that, had I been suspected before 1953 of my desire to leave Russia, I would have perished in some prison camp within about eight years on the average (though in the collective scramble for survival I was always far below the average—even in kindergarten I was the last to get my share of boiled water). The Soviet man was born into paradise.

The Quota Commission
by Elliott Abrams
A great deal of attention has been directed lately to the efforts of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, and especially its Office for Civil Rights, to force universities and other institutions which depend on federal contracts to follow quota systems in their hiring practices.1 Very little attention, however, has so far been paid to another federal agency, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which has—despite all its protestations to the contrary—been furthering the same tendency.

Why Some Children Don't Speak
by Sonya Rudikoff
The pain of parents knows no end—the parents waiting for letters and telephone calls, the parents searching for itinerant children, the parents so relentlessly attacked and disowned and abandoned, the parents whose children disappear into the vast limbo of the world outside to become “the children who are lost to us,” the parents who feel that their love and work and devotion meet no reward except disaffection and the serpent's tooth.

Updike, Malamud, and the Fire This Time
by Robert Alter
Taking certain striking passages out of context from some recent American novels, one might conclude that white writers in this country have been engulfed by a wave of racial paranoia.

Reykjavik vs. Miami
by Jack Richardson
Strategy, the mode of human thought that seeks effects instead of causes, provided the real drama of the past summer.

The Great School Legend, by Colin Greer; The Ecology of the Public Schools, by Leonard J. Fein
by Diane Ravitch
Schools and Society The Great School Legend. by Colin Greer. Basic Books. 206 pp. $6.95. The Ecology of the Public Schools: An Inquiry into Community Control. by Leonard J.

Ten Versions of America, by Gerald B. Nelson; Democratic Humanism and American Literature, by Harold Kaplan; The Novel of Manner
by Quentin Anderson
National Character Ten Versions of America. by Gerald B. Nelson. Knopf. 201 pp. $6.95. Democratic Humanism and American Literature. by Harold Kaplan. University of Chicago Press.

Jewish Worship, by Abraham E. Millgram
by Erich Isaac
The Siddur Jewish Worship. by Abraham E. Millgram. Jewish Publication Society of America. 673 pp. $8.50. Of all the sacred books the Jews have produced, the siddur—which might be termed the Jewish Book of Common Prayer—is perhaps the most representative of Jewish life and thought.

Arriving Where We Started, by Barbara Probst Solomon
by Joseph Epstein
Unsentimental Education Arriving Where We Started. by Barbara Probst Solomon. Harper & Row. 261 pp. $6.95. Arriving Where We Started, a title taken from a line in T.

Only One Earth, by Barbara Ward and Rene Dubos
by Roger Starr
Globalists Only One Earth. by Barbara Ward and René Dubos. Norton. 225 pp. $6.00. Since all those who currently write about man's setting describe it in the singular as The Environment, the social movement that may develop from the current interest must ultimately achieve near global unity.

My Name Is Asher Lev, by Chaim Potok
by David Stern
Two Worlds My Name Is Asher Lev. by Chaim Potok. Knopf. 369 pp. $7.95. The protagonists of Chaim Potok's novels—The Chosen, The Promise, and now My Name is Asher Lev—follow a common career; in the course of the narrative they are seen moving slowly and with agonizing reluctance out of, and away from, the religious community in which they were born and brought up (a highly sentimentalized version of Brooklyn's Williamsburgh or Crown Heights section twenty years ago) and into secular society.

Psychopaths, by Alan Harrington
by Richard Schickel
Letting Go Psychopaths. by Alan Harrington. Simon & Schuster. 288 pp. $7.95. Along with a lot of people I know, I've been observing an increase in the amount of apparently psychopathic behavior in the street, at work, in meetings, and, for that matter, behind the wheels of New York taxicabs.

Reader Letters October 1972
by Michael Novak
Ethnicity TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Robert Alter's article on my book, The Rise of the Unmeltable Ethnics ["A Fever of Ethnicity," June], is sensitive and intelligent. On a number of matters, he moves me to make explicit what my book left implicit; on others, to clarify; on one or two, to change my mind; and on at least one major issue, to deepen the disagreement, but also the bond of respect, between us. It is on that same major issue- the conception of modernity-that I am less than satisfied with the parallel comments of Norman Pod- horetz ["The Idea of a Common Culture," June]. The notion of cultural plural- ism is the most intractable of the entire American experiment. Regrettably so, since our experi- ment is on behalf of all mankind: the whole planet will one day be seeking a system of cultural plural- ism.

November, 1972Back to Top
Social Policy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was very surprised by Norman Podhoretz's “A Call to Dubious Battle” [July] directed against the “group around Social Policy” and their presumed influence on the legislation of the 60's.

Harvard
by Our Readers
To the Editor: With the best of intentions, I am sure, T. R. Marmor [“Banfield's ‘Heresy,’” July] is unjust to Harvard University in suggesting that I left because I was being persecuted.

Making War
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In view of Alexander M. Bickel's astute analysis of the unconstitutional origins of the war in Vietnam [“The Constitution and the War,” July], his myopia when it comes to President Nixon's personal responsibility for the official lawlessness of American policy is puzzling. First of all, Mr.

McGovern, Nixon & the Jews
by Our Readers


A Bias of Reflections, by Nathan Perlmutter
by Andrew Greeley
Jewish Identity A Bias of Reflections. by Nathan Perlmutter. Arlington House. 181 pp. $6.95. Subtitled “the Confessions of an Incipient Old Jew,” A Bias of Reflections is a gentle, sensitive, and profoundly sad volume.

Living with Free Speech
by Norman Podhoretz
Whenever I am forced—as I have been this month by Alexander M. Bickel (p. 60)—to think seriously about freedom of speech and the problems it poses, I instantly find myself getting depressed.

About Equality
by Irving Kristol
There would appear to be little doubt that the matter of equality has become, in these past two decades, a major political and ideological issue.

The Last Jew on Earth A Fable
by Arthur Cohen
In the province of Catalonia, beside the rivers Ter and Onar, in the city of Gerona, on the Calle de la Disputacion, which commemorated a long-forgotten controversy between his kinsman, Rabbi Moses ben Nanman, and the convert Pablo Cristiani in the presence of King Alfonso and his court in the capital city of Barcelona, there lived in our time the last Jew on earth.

The “Uninhibited, Robust, and Wide-Open” First Amendment From “Sullivan” to the Pentagon Papers
by Alexander Bickel
In 1964, the Supreme Court decided New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, an important and novel decision of great consequence in the law of the First Amendment. Among other things, the Court declared the Sedition Act of 1798 unconstitutional, better than a century-and-a-half after its expiration.

Indians and Other Americans
by Carl Degler
In the confrontation between the American Indian and the white man over the course of the past three centuries, no single episode is more revealing or more devastating in its moral implications than the removal of the Cherokees from their ancestral lands in the 1830's.

Summer of '72
by Dorothy Rabinowitz
One comes to this scrubby pine place without large misgivings, despite the fact that the immediate environment is flat and ugly, the house set back on a territory matted by nature's rubble.

Revisiting the New Critics
by David Bromwich
The New Criticism grew up in the 1930's alongside the “socially committed” criticism which used to be thought of as its rival but which it has, by now, long outlived.

Holding the Horses
by William Pechter
I'd very much like to like John Huston's new film, and, to judge by many of the reviews, so would a lot of other people.

The Rosa Luxemburg Contraceptives Cooperative, by Leopold Tyrmand
by Adam Ulam
Life under Communism The Rosa Luxemburg Contraceptives Cooperative. by Leopold Tyrmand. Macmillan. 287 pp. $5.95. Given the social and cultural atmosphere of the times, it is likely that some people will dismiss this hardhitting broadside, aimed at the inanities and oppressions of Communist society, with a bored shrug (“So what else is new?”).

Arthur Ruppin: Memoirs, Diaries, Letters, edited by Alex Bein
by Ben Halpern
Founding Father Arthur Ruppin: Memoirs, Diaries, Letters. by Alex Bein. Afterword by Moshe Dayan. Herzl Press. 332 pp. $6.95. Alex Bein, the editor of this volume, holds that, in the roster of heroes who created Israel, Arthur Ruppin was one of four major personalities who were “the symbol or expression of an entire era.” He stands between Theodor Herzl and Chaim Weizmann in a series that ended in victory with David Ben-Gurion.

The History Primer, by J. H. Hexter; Doing History, by J. H. Hexter
by David Donald
Writing about the Past The History Primer. by J. H. Hexter. Basic Books. 297 pp. $10.00. Doing History. by J. H. Hexter. Indiana University Press. 182 pp.

Cities of Light and Sons of the Morning, by Martin Green
by John Sisk
The Grand Tour Cities of Light and Sons of the Morning. by Martin Green. Little, Brown. 465 pp. $15.00. Martin Green's long and very original book begins with the disarming announcement that it was written “to make me stop feeling so badly about myself-and-the-world.” It can be described as a Grand Tour, the aim of which is to explain how a person of Erasmian temperament has come to believe that the only possible position in an age of revolution is a radical one.

Reader Letters November 1972
by Robert Lekachman
"McGovern, Nixon & the Jews" [Despite the fact that some readers may not see the following letters on "McGovern, Nixon & the Jews" (September) until after the election, when many of the issues they raise will have been resolved, we are publishing them for the record, without replies by Nathan Glazer, Milton Himmelfarb, and Norman Podhoretz.-ED.] TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: The exchange between Nathan Glazer and Milton Himmelfarb illustrates again how myth and superstition dominate political de- bate-even (especially?) among in- tellectuals. Although they reach different conclusions, both writers take as common ground that Nixon "has done more for Israel than any other American President" (Gla- zer), or "is a proved friend of Is- rael" (Himmelfarb).

December, 1972Back to Top
Book Note
by Our Readers
To the Editor: An addendum to the publication data in Sonya Rudikoff's Why Some Children Don't Speak [October]: Clara Claiborne Park's The Siege, recently available only through libraries, has just been republished at $2.95 as an Atlantic-Little, Brown paperback. Esther S.

Growing Old
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was . . . surprised to find an article on Simone de Beauvoir written by a man [“Beauvoir's Last Revolt,” August].

On Merit
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “McGovern, Nixon & the Jews” [September], Milton Himmelfarb, arguing that Jews should support Nixon, uses my essay, “Open Admissions: Toward Meritocracy or Equality?” (Change, May 1972), as a “concrete illustration of what is at stake” in the 1972 election.

Affirmative Action & Quotas
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In all likelihood, there would be little disagreement with the view that human relations constitutes the crucial challenge of our time.

Eugenics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I agree with Norman Podhoretz's assertion [“Beyond ZPG,” May] that “we may be dealing here not merely with an effort to control the size of the population but with an effort to control its character; not merely with an effort to control the quality of life but with an effort to control the quality of the human ‘stock’ itself.” But Mr.

Encyclopedia Judaica
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Chaim Raphael [“Encyclopaedia Judaica,” August] must have a penchant for discarding known facts for the sake of his speculations.

Lies and Truth
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I should like to reply to Samuel McCracken's review of my book, Nine Lies about America [Books in Review, August], not only because he has, in several crucial ways, misunderstood my book but also because he taxes me with not having written a different book: 1) Mr.

Laureate of the New Class
by Norman Podhoretz
Except for a detail or two, I agree with everything Irving Howe (p. 69) says about Philip Roth, but I wonder whether the steady growth in Roth's reputation over the past ten years or so is really a function of the decline in the quality of his work.

The Idea of Merit
by Paul Seabury
Our Honours, and our Commendations be Due to the Merits, not Authoritie. —Robert Herrick, “Merits make the Man,” 1648 The current American social squall has caused a number of logistical difficulties for beleaguered liberals.

From Auschwitz to Prague: A Memoir
by Heda Margolius-Kovaly
From Auschwitz to Prague: A Memoir by Heda Margolius-Kovály People have often asked me about the Stalin years. Didn't you know? Didn't you know that the Communists had reopened the concentration camps, that people were again being beaten and tortured, that humanity had again become a privilege—and a stroke of luck? No, we did not know.

An Address to the Entering Class at Harvard College, 1972
by Daniel Moynihan
It is an honor to be a member of the freshman class of Harvard College, and not less a distinction to be asked to present one of the first of the many lectures that now await you.

On the Soviet Departure from Egypt
by Walter Laqueur
It should have been obvious ever since the late 50's, when the Soviet Union became the dominant power in the Arab world, that sooner or later its relationship with the Arabs would become fraught with tension, discord, and even open conflict.

Philip Roth Reconsidered
by Irving Howe
. . . the will takes pleasures in begetting its own image. —J. V. Cunningham When Philip Roth published his collection of stories, Goodbye, Columbus, in 1959, the book was generously praised and I was among the reviewers who praised it.

The New Politics & the Democrats
by Penn Kemble
In 1969 the Commission on Party Structure and Delegate Selection of the Democratic party set out to make basic revisions in party rules.

The Question of War Crimes
by Joseph Bishop
In the last few years the American public has been buried by a Vesuvian eruption of intellectual sludge on the subject of war crimes.

The Hidden Injuries of Class, by Richard Sennett and Jonathan Cobb
by Sara Sanborn
Out in the Cold The Hidden Injuries of Class. by Richard Sennett and Jonathan Cobb. Knopf. 275 pp. $6.95. Class is like a fur coat—soft and warm to wrap around you if you have it, a constant goad and affront if you're one of those left out in the cold.

Time of Need, by William Barrett
by John Wain
Art and Nature Time of need: forms of imagination in the twentieth century. by William Barrett. Harper & Row. 401 pp. $10.00. William Barrett believes that in the headlong pursuit of technological advantage we have deserted our true nature and are increasingly dead to its directives.

Ling, by Stanley H. Brown
by Roger Starr
Tale of a Tycoon Ling: The Rise, Fall & Return of a Texas Titan. by Stanley H. Brown. Atheneum. 308 pp. $7.95. If the name had not been grabbed off by others, this lucid and troubling book might profitably have been subtitled “Metamorphoses.” It describes three mysterious changes in a man and in his institutions which take place before the reader's eye, but so subtly that one cannot determine exactly when each change occurred, what exactly happened, and above all why.

Philosophy and Human Nature; A Soul in the Quad, by Kathleen Nott
by Alan Goldfein
Humanist Philosophy and Human Nature. by Kathleen Nott. New York University Press. 239 pp. $8.95. A Soul in the Quad. by Kathleen Nott. Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Reader Letters December 1972
by Bernard Weinryb
Lies and Truth To THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I should like to reply to Samuel McCracken's review of my book, Nine Lies about America [Books in Review, August], not only because he has, in several crucial ways, misunderstood my book but also because he taxes me with not having written a different book: 1) Mr.