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January, 1980Back to Top
The Soviet Union
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Richard Pipes is one of this country's top specialists on pre-1917 Russia—on the basis of published work, our top historian on the subject.

The Socialist International
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Carl Gershman's “The Socialists and the PLO” [October 1979] is one of those rare essays that masterfully marshals all the facts and arguments in support of its thesis—the despicable role of the leaders of the Socialist International in support of the terrorist PLO—and then it transcends that issue to reach its wider implications and consequences—to see the PLO affair as a paradigm of the Socialist International in the process of transformation from a movement aligned with the West in defense of democracy against Communist totalitarianism to one of “neutrality” in East-West relations and uncritical support of the radical parties of the Third World, thus abandoning its democratic essence. Reading Mr.

The Lawyers
by Our Readers
To the Editor: A significant omission from Franklin Hunt's article [“The Lawyers' War Against Democracy,” October 1979], the mention of which would have made his case stronger, is the notion of the “new property” put forth by Charles Reich of Yale.

Soviet Jewry
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was somewhat puzzled by several of Stephen J. Whitfield's remarks in his review of my book, The American Movement to Aid Soviet Jews [Books in Review, September 1979].

Liberalism & the Jews A Symposium
by Robert Alter
Recently, the editors of COMMENTARY addressed the following statement and questions to a group of American Jews of varying political views: For many years now, it has been taken for granted by most American Jews that their own interests coincided with and could best be represented through the standard liberal agenda.

The Man Who Kept the Secrets, by Thomas Powers
by Michael Ledeen
The Agency The Man Who Kept the Secrets: Richard Helms and the CIA. by Thomas Powers. Knopf. 393 pp. $12.95. Thomas Powers has written a serious book about the CIA and one of its major figures, a book that is significant despite its author's inability to overcome fully the accumulated prejudice of a decade of unrestrained accusation—now revealed as very largely unfounded.

Literature Against Itself, by Gerald Graff
by Michael Adams
The Reality Principle Literature Against Itself: Literary Ideas in Modern Society. by Gerald Graff. University of Chicago Press. 260 pp. $15.00. To anyone unfamiliar with the present depressive state of academic affairs in general, and with the current “deconstructionist” theory of literary criticism in particular, the stand taken by Gerald Graff in what he calls, in his very first sentence, “an argumentative book” must surely seem a curious irrelevance.

Disturbing the Universe, by Freeman Dyson
by Jeffrey Marsh
Man for All Seasons Disturbing the Universe. by Freeman Dyson. Harper & Row. 283 pp. $12.95. The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation is currently sponsoring a series of books intended to show the literate public how scientists' minds work by encouraging a representative selection of accomplished and articulate scientists to present themselves in their own words.

Endgame: The Inside Story of SALT II, by Strobe Talbott
by Charles Horner
Strategy and Survival Endgame: The Inside Story of SALT II. by Strobe Talbott. Harper & Row. 319 pp. $15.00. A quarter of a century ago, the prospect of nuclear annihilation was a subject of imaginative fiction and gloomy public forums.

February, 1980Back to Top
Afghanistan
by Our Readers
Having lived in Kabul, Afghanistan, from 1974 to 1976, I must say that the arguments of Selig S. Harrison in the December 1979 Letters section [in a discussion of Francis Fukuyama's article, “A New Soviet Strategy,” October 1979] are simply false.

Apocalypse Now
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his commentary on Apocalypse Now [Movies, “Coppola's Folly,” October 1979], Richard Grenier commits a common critical fallacy which at present seems prevalent in popular journalism relative to appraisals of Coppola's ambitious project.

Women Rabbis?
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Ruth R. Wisse's article, “Women as Conservative Rabbis?” [October 1979], is a delight to read. More than any other analysis to date, it has exposed the sophistry of the report of the Commission for the Study of the Ordination of Women as Rabbis.

Black Anti-Semitism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The burden of Murray Friedman's argument that black anti-Semitism is growing [“Black Anti-Semitism on the Rise,” October 1979] rests on the solid shoulders of polls.

U.S. Foreign Policy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Jeane Kirkpatrick's courageous and reasoned article [“Dictatorships & Double Standards,” November 1979] will upset the utopians and confound the cynics, and so it should.

Indochina & the American Conscience
by Peter Berger
Indochina has been a touchstone of moral anguish for large numbers of Americans who have never set foot in that part of the world.

In Defense of Intelligence Tests
by R. Herrnstein
Critics of intelligence testing have recently called for nothing less than its abolition in schools and elsewhere. More and more often, their calls are being answered in kind by courts, legislatures, and spokesmen in the media.

Korah's Revolt
by Robert Milch
The Exodus from Egypt and its aftermath—the theophany at Sinai and the giving of the Torah—have always occupied a central place in Jewish thought and lore, for through these events, so tradition tells us, God chose the Israelites to be His people.

Kissinger and His Critics
by Walter Laqueur
Success and failure in politics are seldom absolute categories; compared with his predecessors and his successors, Henry Kissinger acquitted himself well.

Inside Jewish History
by Chaim Raphael
Oh, for a slim, elegant little book about the Jews. This cri de coeur is not a general complaint about the huge volumes that publishers continue to offer us and to which, as it happens, I am rather addicted.

Mailer: Settling for Less
by Pearl Bell
For some twenty years now, Norman Mailer has been promising the world a big fat novel about “the mysteries of murder, suicide, incest, orgy, orgasm, and Time.” The Executioner's Song,1 though it deals with four of the mysteries and is by far the fattest book he has written, is not it.

The Russian Wave
by Samuel Lipman
For some time now the papers have been full of stories about the flight of Soviet performers from their homeland.

America Revised, by Frances FitzGerald
by Kenneth Lynn
The American Past America Revised: History School-Books in the Twentieth Century. by Frances Fitzgerald. Atlantic-Little, Brown. 218 pp. $9.95. One of the more curious intellectual developments of the last few years is the recent outbreak of concern among writers on the Left about the decline of authority in American life.

Britain and the Jews of Europe 1939-1945, by Bernard Wasserstein
by David Vital
Onlookers & Participants Britain and the Jews of Europe 1939-1945. by Bernard Wasserstein. Oxford University Press and the Institute of Jewish Affairs. 389 pp.

Memoir of a Gambler, by Jack Richardson
by Jane Crain
Beat the Devil Memoir of a Gambler. by Jack Richardson. Simon & Schuster. 255 pp. $9.95. When Jack Richardson's first play, The Prodigal, was produced in 1960, he was hailed as one of the most promising young playwrights of his generation.

The Right Stuff, by Tom Wolfe
by Rachel Mark
Pilots & Astronauts The Right Stuff. by Tom Wolfe. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 436 pp. $12.95. “All must hope,” Jules Verne wrote, “that someday America would penetrate the deepest secrets of that mysterious orb.

March, 1980Back to Top
Jewish Studies
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of Gershom Scholem: Kabbalah and Counter-History by David Biale [Books in Review, November 1979], Hyam Maccoby says that “Jewish studies in the universities are coming under the spell of a ‘crude inductivism.’” As a principal exponent of that “crude inductivism” (he could also have said, positivism) characteristic of Jewish studies in universities, and, indeed, of universities, against which Mr.

The Socialist International
by Our Readers
To the Editor: That the Socialist International continues whoring after a false “third force,” a sad departure from democratic principles ably analyzed by Carl Gershman in “The Socialists and the PLO” [October 1979], is confirmed by SI vice president Michael Manley's speech at the recent Havana summit of the non-aligned nations.

On Language
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As a reviewer, Robert M. Adams is of course entitled to evaluate my book, A Lion for Love: A Critical Biography of Stendhal [Books in Review, December 1979], in whatever terms he sees fit, and it is hardly my place to question either his conclusions or his motives.

Glenn Gould
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Samuel Lipman's long and adulatory article, “Glenn Gould's Dissent” [Music, November 1979], draws a dissent from me. In his performances of Bach's keyboard music, Gould displays excellent technique.

Reform Judaism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: While I find myself in substantial agreement with much of what Julius Weinberg says in “The Trouble with Reform Judaism” [November 1979], I find it difficult to identify myself with the “Jakob J.

Funding Art
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article, “Art vs. the Arts” [November 1979], Ronald Berman is concerned principally with the visual arts.

Blacks and Terrorism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I should like to make some additional observations on the situation described by Carl Gershman in his article, “The Andrew Young Affair” [November 1979].

Kennedy's Record
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article, “Kennedy's Foreign Policy: What the Record Shows” [December 1979], Joshua Muravchik evaluates Senator Kennedy not just from the record, but from his own sense of values.

The Present Danger
by Norman Podhoretz
On November 4, 1979, the day the American embassy in Teheran was seized and the hostages were taken, one period in American history ended; and less than two months later, on December 25, when Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan, another period began. The past being easier to read than the present, we can describe the nature of the age now over with greater assurance than the one into which we are at this very moment just setting a hesitant and uncertain foot.

Reading About Jews
by Ruth Wisse
Speaking of Jewish self-consciousness, a friend of mine once quipped that the word that leaps at her from the printed page with second greatest frequency is jewelry.

France's New Right
by Roger Kaplan
In the summer of 1979 a veritable storm broke out in the French media on an unlikely subject: a serious revival of the French Right.

The Mysterious Messenger & the Final Solution
by Walter Laqueur
It has been known for a long time that the first authentic information about Hitler's decision to destroy European Jewry came from a German industrialist who visited Switzerland in July 1942.

Judy Blume's Children
by Naomi Decter
Judy Blume is one of the most popular children's writers of the age. Since 1970 she has written eleven books: several are tales for small children, and one is an adult novel; the rest are extremely successful novels for little girls between nine and fourteen. There is, indeed, scarcely a literate girl of novel-reading age who has not read one or more of the Blume books.

The 60's in Soft Focus
by Richard Grenier
Not so long ago, the counterculture was being celebrated as heralding the birth of a new and better world. But judging by some new American films, in Hollywood, as elsewhere, a radical revision is under way.

Three from London
by Jack Richardson
Betrayal, Harold Pinter's new play, is quite different from the main body of his work. It is not filled with the crossed monologues, portentous pauses, and insinuations of dark meanings that have come to form the Pinteresque style.

The Brethren, by Bob Woodward and Scott Armstrong
by Walter Berns
The Clerks' Tale The Brethren: Inside the Supreme Court. by Bob Woodward and Scott Armstrong. Simon & Schuster. 467 pp. $13.95. The Brethren is, as it claims to be, a term-by-term account of the “inner workings of the Supreme Court from 1969 to 1976—the first seven years of Warren E.

Prophets Without Honour, by Frederic V. Grunfeld; Fin-de-Siecle Vienna, by Carl E. Schorske
by Robert Alter
Modernity & Modernism Prophets Without Honour: A Background to Freud, Kafka, Einstein, and Their World. by Frederic V. Grunfeld. Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Merchant Princes, by Leon Harris
by Jonathan Sarna
Minding the Store Merchant Princes: An Intimate History of Jewish Families Who Built Great Department Stores. by Leon Harris. Harper & Row. 411 pp.

Annals of an Abiding Liberal, by John Kenneth Galbraith
by Arch Puddington
Ideologue of the New Class Annals of an Abiding Liberal. by John Kenneth Galbraith. Houghton Mifflin. 384 pp. $12.95. Although John Kenneth Gal braith is best known for his books and articles on economics, he has also played an important role, both as writer and activist, in the promotion of political ideas, causes, and candidates.

Counting by Race, by Terry Eastland and William J. Bennett; Justice and Reverse Discrimination, by Alan H. Goldman
by James Nuechterlein
The New Equality Counting by Race: Equality from the Founding Fathers to Bakke and Weber. by Terry Eastland and William J. Bennett. Basic Books.

April, 1980Back to Top
Women Rabbis
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In her article, “Women as Conservative Rabbis?” [October 1979], Ruth R. Wisse is responding to three different but related issues: the quality of the report of the Commission on the Ordination of Women as Rabbis; the actual question of women's ordination; and a far broader issue, the internal vitality and creative potentiality of contemporary Jewish life. Mrs.

Cults
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of Moonstruck: A Memoir of My Life in a Cult by Allen Tate Wood [Books in Review, December 1979], Robert Richman describes the author as holding “the second highest rank in Moon's U.S.

Moscow to New York
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I try to follow what ex-Soviet Jews write about their new life, especially fiction, in different periodicals in the United States, France, and Israel.

The Holocaust
by Our Readers
To the Editor: There is one point in Walter Laqueur's generally excellent article, “Jewish Denial & the Holocaust” [December 1979], that I would like to take issue with.

Liberalism and the Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: To one who is not Jewish, the symposium, “Liberalism & the Jews” [January], is extremely stimulating. The assumptions of some of the respondents are fascinating. 1.

Soviet Global Strategy
by Richard Pipes
In his State of the Union address earlier this year, President Carter at one point addressed himself to the Soviet leadership: The Soviet Union must answer some basic questions: Will it help promote a stable international environment in which its own legitimate, peaceful concerns can be pursued? Or will it continue to expand its military power far beyond its legitimate security needs, using that power for colonial conquests? That the President could seriously raise such questions, with the record of over six decades of Soviet history at his disposal, suggests that while he may have learned by now that the Soviet leaders prevaricate he has yet to find out who they are and what they want. A few evenings spent with a standard manual of Marxism-Leninism and a good history of the Communist party of the Soviet Union would help the President answer his questions and save him (and the rest of us) from some more costly mistakes.

After Afghanistan, What?
by Edward Luttwak
Those of us who have been warning for some years that the military balance was shifting in favor of the Soviet Union, and that the consequences would unfailingly become manifest in harsh reality, have been sufficiently vindicated by events to resist the temptation of celebrating successful prediction—especially since we failed to prevail over the counsels of passivity soon enough to avert our present, sinister, predicament. It is worth recalling the stages of the debate.

America Five Years After Defeat
by Charles Horner
Through failure [in Vietnam] we have now found our way back to our own principles and values and we have regained our lost confidence. —President Carter, May 22, 1977 Of all the characterizations of the American experience in Vietnam, this is among the most misleading.

In Defense of Camp David
by Alan Dowty
The Carter administration's Middle East policy began in the shadows of a report by the Brookings Institution which declared that “peace-making efforts should henceforth concentrate on negotiation of a comprehensive settlement.” Most of 1977 was spent in a futile effort to reconvene the Geneva conference, culminating in a joint U.S.-Soviet statement of October 1.

Gospel and Midrash
by Hyam Maccoby
Over the last decade or so, academic literary criticism has come increasingly under the influence of the French school of structuralism, which applies anthropological and linguistic insights to the study of both myths and fiction.

A Remarkable First Novel
by Pearl Bell
The Nineteenth Elegy of John Donne, which provides Johanna Kaplan with the title of her remarkable first novel, O My America!,1 has nothing to do with America; the word serves as the unexplored terrain that is Donne's conceit for the “new-found-land” of his mistress's body.

On the Air
by Samuel Lipman
Ours is the age of the electronic transmission and reproduction of music. Where once the musical experience of the listener was formed by face-to-face contact between musicians and audience, today one artist can perform for the whole world, and one solitary listener can have an almost unlimited choice of program material, some in live performance, most in the form of private or commercial recordings. It all began with Edison's infant phonograph of a century ago.

The Fourth Man, by Andrew Boyle
by Eric Breindel
Climate of Treason The Fourth Man. by Andrew Boyle. Dial Press/James Wade. 504 pp. $12.95. Kim Philby, Donald Maclean, and Guy Burgess were high-ranking wartime and postwar British civil servants.

Pilgrimage, by Perle Epstein
by David Singer
The Kabbalah Trip Pilgrimage: Adventures of a Wandering Jew. by Perle Epstein. Houghton Mifflin. 364 pp. $12.95. Schneur Zalman of Ladi, the founder of the Lubavitch hasidic dynasty, likened the roles of law and mysticism in Judaism to meat and salt.

Puritan Boston and Quaker Philadelphia, by E. Digby Baltzell
by Murray Friedman
American Establishment Puritan Boston and Quaker Philadelphia: Two Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Class Authority and Leadership. by E. Digby Baltzell. Free Press.

Comrade and Lover: Rosa Luxemburg's Letters to Leo Jogiches, edited by Elzbietta Ettinger
by Mark Falcoff
Revolutionary Ardor Comrade and Lover: Rosa Luxemburg's Letters to Leo Jogiches. by Elzbieta Ettinger. MIT Press. 206 pp. $12.50. The career of Rosa Luxemburg spanned the final decade of the 19th century and the first two decades of the 20th, during which time she played a guiding role in the development of the European socialist movement, both in her native Poland, and more importantly, in imperial Germany.

High Culture, by William Novak; Grass Roots, by Albert Goldman
by Naomi Decter
Going to Pot High Culture. by William Novak. Knopf. 228 pp. $12.95. Grass Roots. by Albert Goldman. Harper & Row. 262 pp. $12.95. Fifteen years ago, marijuana was the drug of the alienated and daring few.

Reader Letters April 1980
by Sidney Hook
Liberalism & the Jews TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: To one who is not Jewish, the symposium, "Liberalism c the Jews" [January], is extremely stim- ulating.

May, 1980Back to Top
The Mysterious Messenger
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I received numerous letters following the publication of my article, “The Mysterious Messenger & the Final Solution” [March].

Peace, Justice, and the Pope
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “The Politics of John Paul II” [December 1979], Michael Novak expresses “major disappointment” with the Pope's address to the United Nations, “the intellectual centerpiece” of his American visit.

Indochina and Guilt
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is good to see Peter L. Berger publicly reevaluating his earlier position on the Vietnam war in the light of what has transpired there [“Indochina & the American Conscience,” February]; would that a host of other erstwhile critics would show the same integrity.

Whose Palestine? An Open Letter to Edward Said
by Hillel Halkin
Dear Edward Said: Not long ago I was sent your book, The Question of Palestine,1 to review. I suppose I should explain why I am writing you this letter instead. The fact is that I could have easily—more easily certainly than what I am doing now—written that review.

The ABM Question
by Carnes Lord
It is now some ten years since the last serious debate in the United States over nuclear strategy. That debate revolved around the issue of whether, to what extent, and in what role to deploy an anti-ballistic-missile (ABM) system designed to protect our cities and/or our own missiles from a nuclear attack.

How I Came to the Kabbalah
by Gershom Scholem
My interest in the Kabbalah—Jewish mysticism—manifested itself early on, while I was still living in Germany, my native country. Perhaps it was because I was endowed with an affinity for this area from the “root of my soul,” as the Kabbalists would have put it, or perhaps it was my desire to understand the enigma of Jewish history that was involved—and the existence of the Jews over the millennia is an enigma, no matter what all the “explanations,” in such profuse supply, may have to say about it. The great historian Heinrich Graetz, whose History of the Jews had entranced me as a young man, displayed the greatest aversion to everything connected with religious mysticism, as did almost all the founders of the school of German Jewish scholarship known as Wissenschaft des Judentums in the last century.

A Placebo for the Doctor
by Florence Ruderman
In medicine today there is a new spirit, a new openness to ideas and perceptions that come from the outside: from lay observers, from “the patient.” But there are problematic aspects to this new spirit, and certainly the profession is not open to all ideas or criticisms from the outside.

Isaiah Berlin's Enlightenment
by Sidney Hook
Isaiah Berlin's third volume of collected essays, Against the Current,1 falls within the area of historical sociology This is the last of the twelve divisions in which Arthur O.

The Communists and the Klan
by Terry Eastland
At 11:20 on Saturday morning, November 3, 1979, an out-of-town convoy of nine vehicles turned into a narrow street in the heart of the black community in Greensboro, North Carolina.

Harold Schonberg & His Times
by Samuel Lipman
Though the official announcement remains to be made, the imminent retirement of the senior critic of the New York Times is already being widely discussed by the musical community.

Utopian Thought in the Western World, by Frank E. Manuel and Fritzie P. Manuel
by William Bennett
Ideal Worlds Utopian Thought in the Western World. by Frank E. Manuel and Fritzie P. Manuel. Harvard University Press. 896 pp. $25.00. Frank and Fritzie Manuel have written a learned, long, full, and (necessarily?) tedious account of utopian blueprints in the West.

The Jews of Arab Lands, by Norman A. Stillman
by Daniel Pipes
Under Muslim Rule The Jews of Arab Lands: A History and Source Book. by Norman A. Stillman. Jewish Publication Society. 473 pp. $14.95. The history of Jews in Muslim countries conjures up two contrary images in the Western mind: on the one hand, the glorious achievements of medieval Spain in poetry, philosophy, and science; on the other hand, the degradation of recent times—flight from Yemen, public hangings in Iraq, possible persecution in Khomeini's Iran.

Academic Turmoil, by Theodore L. Gross
by Peter Shaw
Open Admissions Revised Academic Turmoil: The Reality and Promise of Open Education. by Theodore L. Gross. Anchor Press/Doubleday. 250 pp. $10.95. In 1978 Theodore L.

Amsterdam to Nairobi, by Ernest Lefever
by Paul Seabury
The Gospel of Marx Amsterdam to Nairobi: The World Council of Churches and the Third World. by Ernest Lefever. Ethics and Public Policy Center.

A History of the World, by Hugh Thomas
by David Gress
The Works of Man A History of the World. by Hugh Thomas. Harper & Row. 700 pp. $17.95. Hugh Thomas is best known as the author of the magisterial The Spanish Civil War, Cuba, and numerous biting and perceptive articles on political developments in Hispanic countries.

June, 1980Back to Top
Original Sin
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I would like to express my deep appreciation for Sidney Hook's “Isaiah Berlin's Enlightenment” [May], a discussion of a great book that is worthy of its subject.

France's New Right
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In what might otherwise have been an excellent study of the French New Right [“France's New Right,” March], Roger Kaplan incorrectly associates the GRECE circle and, more specifically, Alain de Benoist, with the ideology of Marshal Pétain and with the old French Right.

The New Class
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I enjoyed reading Arch Puddington's review of John Kenneth Galbraith's Annals of an Abiding Liberal [Books in Review, March].

Department Store Heirs
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am grateful for Jonathan D. Sarna's long and thoughtful review of my book, Merchant Princes [Books in Review, March], and thank him for his generous comments that I “paint endlessly fascinating portraits” and present “lively vignettes [that] are well chosen.” I write to correct one thing and one thing only, which, .

Argentina and the B'nai B'rith
by Our Readers
Argentina & The B'nai B'rith To the Editor: The following is a letter I sent on behalf of B'nai B'rith International to the Ambassador of the Argentine Republic, Jorge A.

Korah's Revolt
by Our Readers
To the Editor: By casting Koran in the guise of a religious hero and martyr, Robert J. Milch [“Korah's Revolt,” February] has tried to give the modern rebel against the halakhic system and Jewish authority a foothold in traditional Judaism.

IQ Tests
by Our Readers
To the Editor: R. J. Herrnstein's article, “In Defense of Intelligence Tests” [February], is the best discussion of the IQ testing controversy that I have yet seen in any popular publication.

The Present Danger
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Norman Podhoretz's description of the ominous character of our present danger is admirable for its historical perspective, scope, and lucidity [“The Present Danger,” March].

Euro-Neutralism
by Walter Laqueur
No country is entirely the master of its own fate, not even the Soviet Union or the United States. But there are degrees and degrees of dependence (just as there are degrees of freedom of action), and Europe's decline in this respect has been striking.

Is American Literature an Equal-Opportunity Employer?
by Joseph Epstein
Imagine, please, Alberto D'Andrea. He is twenty-two years old and is studying American literature at the University of Rome. He has never been to the United States, but as a boy he grew up, you might say, on American movies.

Freud's Jewish Problem
by David Aberbach
All psychological systems, Sigmund Freud's included—indeed, all systems of thought—are stamped with the limitations of their creators. This might seem a gloomy and cynical way of looking at the history of ideas, yet in most cases, the limitations not only spur the creation of the system but also constitute its very stuff.

The Facts About Terrorism
by Charles Horner
In the February 1980 issue of Encounter, there is a small item drawn from the London Daily Mail which appends a footnote to last August's murder of Lord Louis Mountbatten.

The New Black Intellectuals
by Murray Friedman
Following the race riots of the mid-1960's, the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders (the famous Kerner Commission) declared that this country had become increasingly two societies, one white and the other black, and it identified white racism as the major cause of the strife between the two.

In Defense of Progress
by Gertrude Himmelfarb
The idea of Progress—Progress with a capital “P”—has been in disrepute for a long time now. And with good reason, one would think.

The Curious History of Waldemar Haffkine
by Edythe Lutzker
Had he lived to be a hundred and twenty, Waldemar Haffkine would have died this year. He was born in 1860, into the generation of men who found the means to prevent or cure rabies, typhoid, malaria, yellow fever, and syphilis.

Screen Memories from Germany
by Richard Grenier
After some four decades in which Germany was almost totally absent from the world cinema as a seminal force—decades during which waves of Italian, French, Swedish, and even Japanese films beat upon American shores—there has been a surprising turnabout.

Free to Choose, by Milton and Rose Friedman
by Michael Novak
Beyond Self-Interest Free to Choose: A Personal Statement. by Milton and Rose Friedman. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 338 pp. $9.95. Milton Friedman is the economist my intellectual mentors warned me against.

Summoned to Jerusalem, by Joan Dash
by Julius Weinberg
Founding Mother Summoned to Jerusalem: The Life of Henrietta Szold, Founder of Hadassah. by Joan Dash. Harper & Row. 348 pp. $12.95. Zionism has fallen on hard times of late.

The Intellectuals on the Road to Class Power, by George Konrad and Ivan Szelenyi
by Paul Hollander
Ideologues in Power The Intellectuals on the Road to Class Power: A Sociological Study of the Role of the Intelligentsia in Socialism. by George Konrad and Ivan Szelenyi. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

The Boer War, by Thomas Pakenham
by Stephen Rosen
Men in Battle The Boer War. by Thomas Pakenham. Random House. 718 pp. $20.00. The people who think about American foreign policy have recently emerged from their post-Vietnam hangovers, but it is not clear that they have come any closer to a realistic appreciation of limited war.

Democracy and Distrust, by John Hart Ely
by Franklin Hunt
Due Process Democracy and Distrust: A Theory of Judicial Review. by John Hart Ely. Harvard University Press. 268 pp. $15.00. The Burger era of the Supreme Court is now ten years old.

The Gnostic Gospels, by Elaine Pagels
by Hyam Maccoby
Counter-Church The Gnostic Gospels. by Elaine Pagels. Random House. 182 pp. $10.00. Gnosticism, an esoteric movement in ancient religion, has achieved surprising topicality. It may even be regarded as the form of religion most congenial to the modern world.

Reader Letters June 1980
by Norman Podhoretz
The Present Danger TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Norman Podhoretz's description of the ominous character of our present danger is admirable for its historical perspective, scope, and lucidity ["The Present Danger," March].

July, 1980Back to Top
The Holocaust
by Our Readers
To the Editor: David Vital's view of Britain and the Jews of Europe by Bernard Wasserstein [Books in Review, February] is marred by contradictions and outright distortions created by omitting facts which are essential to an understanding of the subject and of the Holocaust. Mr.

The South and Race
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Terry Eastland has some perceptive things to say about sociopolitical polarization in North Carolina [“The Communists and the Klan,” May].

Resolution 242
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Alan Dowty's perceptive article, “In Defense of Camp David” [April], does not mention a curious fact about U.S.

Soviet Intentions
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The April issue, with its articles by Richard Pipes [“Soviet Global Strategy”] and Edward N. Luttwak [“After Afghanistan, What?”], is superbly incisive.

The ABM and Defense
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Over the years, COMMENTARY has contributed mightily to the enrichment of American cultural, intellectual, and political life, but in one regard it is truly unique: it is the only periodical of general circulation that undertakes systematically to alert its readers to the growing danger to our national security, to the urgency of the need to confront and overcome that danger, and to an ongoing discussion of the measures that must be undertaken to that end. Carnes Lord's “The ABM Question” [May] is the latest example (following hard upon “The Present Danger,” Norman Podhoretz's brilliant and troubling call to arms in March).

The Rise & Fall of the New Foreign-Policy Establishment
by Carl Gershman
There is . . . a self-deluding interpretation of the contemporary world situation. It works as a sort of petrified armor around people's minds.

Analysis Terminable
by Frederick Crews
To people who take their cues from the intellectual fashions of academe, any speculation about the decline and fall of psychoanalsyis must seem premature or downright perverse.

A Yiddish Poet in America
by Ruth Wisse
The decline of Yiddish in America among all Jews except the Hasidim has had important consequences, some of which have only gradually come to light.

Living in Jidda
by Dale Walker
Many of us here live in compounds. This is not done, as in other colonial arrangements, to protect ourselves from the natives, but rather the opposite: to protect the Saudis from us.

Don Quixote & Other Jewish Memories
by John Auerbach
Will you forgive me some indulgence in memories? They are the real fabric of my life and sometimes I suspect I am more involved in them than all the people I know.

Marge Piercy and Ann Beattie
by Pearl Bell
Marge Piercy is a prolific novelist and poet, a one-time organizer for SDS, who has become a spokesman for radical feminism.

Why Weill?
by Samuel Lipman
Suddenly, within the limited world of New York opera, Kurt Weill is all the rage. During the 1979-80 season, the Metropolitan Opera produced Weill's 1929 collaboration with Bertolt Brecht, The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny, and also chose it for one of the company's valuable evenings on nationwide television.

Knowledge and Decisions, by Thomas Sowell
by Robert Nisbet
Political Economist Knowledge and Decisions. by Thomas Sowell. Basic Books. 422 pp. $18.50. During the past decade Thomas Sowell, who is professor of economics at UCLA, has made evident through a considerable range of books and articles that he is one of our most penetrating social critics.

The Left Against Zion, edited by Robert S. Wistrich
by Eric Breindel
“Anti-Zionism” The Left Against Zion. by Robert S. Wistrich. Vallentine Mitchell/Biblio Distribution. 309 pp. $19.50. Few who have watched it unfold can have failed to note that the international propaganda campaign against the Zionist movement and the state of Israel, which reached a preliminary crescendo in 1975 with the UN General Assembly's Zionism/Racism resolution, has long been couched in Marxist rhetoric.

Conscience and Convenience, by David J. Rothman
by Gerald Grob
Distorting History Conscience and Convenience: The Asylum and its Alternatives in Progressive America. by David J. Rothman. Little, Brown. 464 pp. $17.50. In recent decades two approaches have dominated the writing of American history.

Stranded: Rock and Roll for a Desert Island, edited by Greil Marcus
by Robert Richman
Trash Theory Stranded: Rock and Roll for a Desert Island. by Greil Marcus. Knopf. 305 pp. $12.95. Popular music in America now outgrosses the combined revenue of movies, theater, opera, ballet, and sport.

Marxism: For and Against, by Robert L. Heilbroner
by Sidney Hook
Marx for All Seasons Marxism: For and Against. by Robert L. Heilbroner. Norton. 186 pp. $9.95. This is an intriguing title: it arouses expectations of a judicious and balanced evaluation of the specific doctrines of Marx and Marxism from a scholarly and nonpartisan point of view.

Reader Letters July 1980
by Robert Gordis
The ABM & Defense TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Over the years, COMMENTARY has contributed mightily to the enrich- ment of American cultural, intel- lectual, and political life, but in one regard it is truly unique: it is the only periodical of general cir- culation that undertakes system- atically to alert its readers to the growing danger to our national se- curity, to the urgency of the need to confront and overcome that dan- ger, and to an ongoing discussion of the measures that must be un- dertaken to that end. Carnes Lord's "The ABM Ques- tion" [May] is the latest example (following hard upon "The Pres- ent Danger," Norman Podhoretz's brilliant and troubling call to arms in March).

August, 1980Back to Top
Gershom Scholem
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As someone who is as far removed from the Kabbalah as it is possible to be, a mitnagid born and bred, by temperament and taste, I confess to being profoundly moved by Gershom Scholem's autobiographical essay, “How I Came to the Kabbalah” [May].

Politics and the Novel
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Ruth R. Wisse's otherwise perceptive essay about American Jewish writers and their readers [“Reading About Jews,” March] is misleading in its reference to Joseph Heller's Good as Gold.

The Cousins Case
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I write to congratulate Florence A. Ruderman for her penetrating analysis of the Norman Cousins case [“A Placebo for the Doctor,” May].

Whose Palestine
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Hillel Halkin's sensitive and otherwise excellent article, “Whose Palestine?—An Open Letter to Edward Said” [May], is marred by his erroneous reference to “the land area of mandated Palestine” as comprising only the territory west of the Jordan River.

Vietnam
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I would like to make the following observations on Charles Horner's article, “America Five Years After Defeat” [April].

“Peace Now” & American Jews
by Ruth Wisse
The time has come again to tell the story of Yankele and the rabbi of Chelm: Once the good-hearted rabbi of Chelm was interrupted in his devotions by the sudden appearance of one of his townspeople, Yankele, bleeding and howling in pain.

Czechoslovakia 1938-Israel 1980
by Steven Plaut
Whereas the Sudetenland issue is the heart of the Middle European conflict; Whereas Czechoslovakia has refused to recognize the legitimate rights of the Sudeten people or meet the demands of its representatives; Therefore the Council of European Communities: Calls for direct negotiations between all sides to the Sudetenland conflict, including the Sudeten German party, which is the sole representative of the Sudeten people; Recognizes the right of the Sudeten people to national self-determination, including the right to national sovereignty; Declares that any attempt at settlement of the Sudeten conflict that is not based on these principles is doomed to failure. The above declaration is fictional.

How to Pay for Survival
by Herbert Stein
A reluctance to face the full magnitude of our task and overcome it is a coward's part. Yet the nation is not in this mood and only asks to be told what is necessary. —J.M.

The Travels of Malcolm Cowley
by Robert Alter
He admitted with ready generosity that men like Sinclair Lewis and Dreiser had done something to point out the diseases with which laissez-faire economy had infected us; but he foresaw for the immediate future a literature of poems and manifestoes with which the factory hands, the farmers, and the office workers would be bombarded by revolutionists from airplanes.

Paradoxes of Population
by Eric Breindel
Over the centuries, the rules by which population affects national power have gradually become more complicated. In the age of emperors, kings, and tribal chiefs, it has been said, “a ruler could no more have too many subjects than a herder could have too many cattle;1 the lot of a people could either improve or worsen with population growth, but with more hands in the fields, taxes in the treasury, and bodies behind armor, the power of the state could only grow.

Lesson for the Day
by Richard Stern
Kiest, with lots of time on his hands—his wife had a job, he didn't—had fallen for—that is, couldn't wait to get in the sack with—Angela Deschay, a pie-eyed, soft-voiced long-legged, frizzily gorgeous assistant professor in his wife Dottie's department.

From the Diary of a Softballer
by Edward Grossman
Last Friday, when the sun was darting in and out of the blackish winter clouds and the infield was actually a slippery archipelago of mud left over from the storm that had swept Jerusalem the day before, an insufficient number of the usual personnel showed up.

Celebrating Defeat
by Richard Grenier
In The Empire Strikes Back, a continuation of the Star Wars saga, George Lucas has made an original movie: the first space fantasy heralding the demise of Western civilization.

The Real War, by Richard M. Nixon
by Charles Horner
Hindsight The Real War. by Richard M. Nixon. Warner Books. 320 pp. $12.50. There is a growing retrospective tolerance, if not yet a genuine nostalgia, for the Presidency of Richard Nixon.

Militant Islam, by Godfrey H. Jansen
by Daniel Pipes
Muslims & Reform Militant Islam. by Godfrey H. Jansen. Harper & Row. 224 pp. $8.95. Islam, like Judaism, is both a faith and a way of life, and as with Judaism, the way of life has in recent times been severely reduced by the pressures and allure of modernity.

Selected Papers: I. Romanesque Art; II. Modern Art; III. Late Antique, Early Christian, and Medieval Art, by Meyer Schapiro
by Dan Hofstadter
The Faith of a Modernist Selected Papers. by Meyer Schapiro. Braziller. I. Romanesque Art. 368 pp. $30.00. II. Modern Art: 19th and 20th Centuries.

From Generation to Generation, by Arthur Kurzweil
by Jonathan Sarna
Into the Past From Generation to Generation: How to Trace Your Jewish Genealogy and Personal History. by Arthur Kurzweil. Morrow. 353 pp. $12.95. Where once people struggled mightily to conceal their Jewish ancestors, today they devote the same energy to the laborious task of revealing them.

Playing to Win, by Jeff Greenfield; How to Win Votes, by Edward N. Costikyan; Who Votes, by Steven J. Rosenstone and Raymond Wol
by Elliott Abrams
Electoral Politics Playing to Win, an Insider's Guide to Politics. by Jeff Greenfield. Simon & Schuster. 286 pp. $11.95. How to Win Votes: The Politics of 1980. by Edward N.

September, 1980Back to Top
Marx and Maxists
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of Robert Heilbroner's Marxism: For and Against [Books in Review, July], Sidney Hook legitimately criticizes the author's labeling of the Cuban and other Communist regimes as “Marxist.” The point seems to apply as well to Mr.

“Our Hitler&rdquo
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article, “Screen Memories from Germany” [Movies, June], Richard Grenier offers a well-considered and objective assessment of Hans-Jürgen Syberberg's Our Hitler, A Film from Germany.

Freud's Jewishness
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Freud's problematic Jewishness is once again revived in David Aberbach's article, “Freud's Jewish Problem” [June], with its warmed-over biographical scraps and the by now familiar references to “those Oedipal dreams,” to the annoying pilpulism in Moses and Monotheism, and to several other purportedly tell-tale sources.

Literature and the 50s
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In one of James Joyce's stories there is a boardinghouse-keeper of whom it is said that she deals with moral problems as a cleaver deals with meat, an apt description of the way the editor of the American Scholar deals with scholarship [“Is American Literature an Equal-Opportunity Employer?” by Joseph Epstein, July].

Euro-Neutralism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Walter Laqueur has presented us with a frightening scenario in his article, “Euro-Neutralism” [June]. Its hypothesis is straightforward, namely, that all Western Europe may soon fall within the ambit of Soviet influence.

The New Establishment
by Our Readers
The New Establishment To the Editor: It was thoughtful of Carl Gershman [“The Rise & Fall of the New Foreign-Policy Establishment,” July] to compile so many quotations from my collected works.

A New Arms Race?
by Edward Luttwak
Too late to avert the predicament of weakness now upon us, the great debate over the facts of the military balance is finally over.

The Boys on the Beach
by Midge Decter
When the homosexual-rights movement first burst upon the scene a little more than a decade ago, a number of people I used to know must have been—as I was myself—more than a little astonished.

Judaism in Extremis
by Hyam Maccoby
Hasidism, a movement of Jewish religious revival that swept Eastern Europe in the 18th century, and that had a profound effect on the entire religious culture of the Jews in the modern period, has had a curious intellectual history.

East-West/North-South
by P. Bauer
In May 1977 President Carter said that “the threat of conflict with the Soviet Union has become less intensive,” and that the greater threat to peace now came from a world “one-third rich and two-thirds hungry.” In that same year, at the suggestion of Robert McNamara, president of the World Bank, a commission was established to study this great new threat.

Balkanizing America
by Philip Perlmutter
Once the principle of compensating minority groups for past discrimination became public policy, legislated by government and validated by the courts, it was inevitable that a struggle would ensue for a share in such compensation.

Homage to Robert Hayden, 1913-1980
by Michael Brown
People having their own children take what they get; those who adopt may pick and choose. That's what my parents said to make me feel good about being adopted, but I have often fancied that orphans should select their parents.

Aging Novelists
by Pearl Bell
Old novelists never die, they merely repeat themselves or grow silent. A few noble exceptions—such indefatigable masters as Victor Hugo, Cervantes, Defoe, Thomas Mann—could go on writing with undiminished vigor well into their seventies or eighties, but most long-lived novelists are not blessed in their waning decades with unflagging creative power.

The Spike, by Arnaud de Borchgrave and Robert Moss
by Michael Ledeen
Disinformation The Spike. by Arnaud De Borchgrave and Robert Moss. Crown. 374 pp. $12.95. The Spike is what is known as a political thriller: a fictionalized account in which there are so many thinly-disguised real individuals that any habitual reader of the daily press will know what is going on.

Brandeis of Boston, by Allon Gal
by David Singer
Yankee Zionist Brandeis of Boston. by Allon Gal. Harvard University Press. 271 pp. $16.50. Whatever the deficiencies of Zionism in the period preceding the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948, it never lacked for charismatic leadership.

Authority, by Richard Sennett
by Walter Berns
Bonds of Cliché Authority. by Richard Sennett. Knopf. 206 pp. $10.00. The materials accompanying the publication of this new book by Richard Sennett, a sociologist by training and now a professor of humanities at New York University, describe him as “one of the most brilliant and provocative of American thinkers—a master of the complicated interplay between politics and psychology.” Not yet forty, Sennett is the author or co-author of seven previous books, all of them published within the last eleven years, and all of them the objects of extravagant—and extravagantly undeserved—praise.

America for Sale, by Kenneth C. Crowe; Financial Invasion of the U.S.A., by Earl H. Fry
by Louis Ehrenkrantz
Buying us Out America for Sale. by Kenneth C. Crowe. Anchor Books. 297 pp. $5.95. Financial Invasion of the U.S.A.: A Threat to American Society? by Earl H.

Jews of the Latin American Republics, by Judith Laikin Elkin
by Mark Falcoff
Latin Diaspora Jews of the Latin American Republics. by Judith Laikin Elkin. University of North Carolina Press. 298 pp. $17.00. Since 1945 the numerical bulk of the world's Jewish population has resided in the Western hemisphere, and a far from negligible portion of that majority lives south of the Rio Grande, in the twenty-odd republics of Latin America.

The Zero-Sum Society, by Lester C. Thurow
by Leslie Lenkowsky
Dividing Up the Pie The Zero-Sum Society. by Lester C. Thurow. Basic Books. 230 pp. $12.95. To Adam Smith and the classical school, economics was thought to have much to teach about the creation of wealth, but relatively little about its distribution.

October, 1980Back to Top
Soviet Strategy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article, “Soviet Global Strategy” [April], Richard Pipes argues: “Russia's growing nuclear arsenal inculcates in influential Western circles a sense of all-pervasive fear which induces a spirit of accommodation.

Psychoanalysis
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Frederick Crews has tried to exorcise psychoanalysis many times: he has written it out of his system, has lectured against it, and now once more, in “Analysis Terminable” [July], he wishes to expose its “exploded pretensions.” Has he succeeded? Why then does he have to do it over, and over, and over again?.

Vietnam and Foreign Policy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Charles Horner's reply to Benjamin Novak's letter on Vietnam [Letters from Readers, August] is a brilliant and moving statement of the moral meaning of our Vietnam experience, Mr.

Reagan and the Republican Revival
by James Wilson
For perhaps the first time since Theodore Roosevelt, the Republican party has become the party of change. During the 1920's, it was the party of “normalcy” and “business”; during the 1930's and 1940's, it was the party of resistance alternating with periods of reluctant “me-too-ism”; and in the 1950's, it was the party of national unity under a military hero.

Containment for the 80's
by Walter Laqueur
Whatever the result of the coming election, problems of defense and foreign policy will demand more of the time, thought, and energy of the President and his advisers than during any period since World War II.

The Jewish Argument with God
by Abraham Kaplan
For some time it has been the fashion in liberal theology to emphasize the sameness of the basic teachings of the major religions.

The Three Mile Shadow
by Roger Starr
As the United States debates its energy future—with a new strategic option emerging almost monthly, now biomass, now a vastly increased burning of coal, now the production of synthetic fuels, now nearly painless cutbacks in the amount of energy consumed per capita, now windmills—a shadow hangs over the one tried and functioning substitute for oil and coal: atomic energy.

Radical Historians
by James Nuechterlein
In a situation of some uncertainty, one thing at least can be said with assurance concerning contemporary American politics: it is a bad time for radicals and radicalism.

Versions of Walter Lippmann
by Kenneth Lynn
When a military conscription bill finally cleared the U.S. Congress in May 1917, one of the measure's earliest and warmest advocates in the world of journalism suddenly realized that he himself might very well be called to the colors.

Singing the Same Old Songs
by Pearl Bell
Joshua Then and Now1 is Mordecai Richler's eighth novel, but it so closely resembles his seventh, St. Urbain's Horseman, which came out in 1971, that it's often hard to remember who said and did what in which book.

Philosophy and Public Policy, by Sidney Hook
by Werner Dannhauser
The Good Fight Philosophy and Public Policy. by Sidney Hook. Southern Illinois University Press. 288 pp. $17.50. The earliest essays in this collection date back to 1945, while the latest include scathing attacks on such current follies as reverse discrimination in university admissions and hiring practices.

The Lean Years, by Richard Barnet
by Elliott Abrams
By Bread Alone The Lean Years: Politics in the Age of Scarcity. by Richard Barnet. Simon & Schuster. 349 pp. $12.95. The myth of the Third World would seem to have fallen on hard times.

Helen and Teacher, by Joseph P. Lash
by Dorothy Rabinowitz
Two Lives Helen and Teacher: The Story of Helen Keller and Anne Sullivan Macy. by Joseph P. Lash. Delacorte. 811 pp. $17.95. When she was seven or so, Helen Keller returned from a drive in the country and in sign language proceeded to give her family an enthusiastic description of the scenery.

Of Blood and Hope, by Samuel Pisar
by Jeffrey Marsh
Of Terror & Trade Of Blood and Hope. by Samuel Pisar. Little, Brown. 311 pp. $12.95. Samuel Pisar is an international lawyer best known for his tireless advocacy of trade between the Soviet Union and the West.

Orwell: The Transformation, by Peter Stansky and William Abrahams
by Renee Winegarten
The Orwell Enigma Orwell: The Transformation. by Peter Stansky and William Abrahams. Knopf. 302 pp. $12.95. There remains something elusive and enigmatic about George Orwell, despite his own numerous autobiographical writings and allusions (about which the reader is well advised to be wary).

November, 1980Back to Top
“Living in Jidda&rdquo
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Dale Walker's “Living in Jidda” [July] is a remarkable piece of writing. Mr. Walker does something similar to what V.S.

Psychoanalysis
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In the October letters columns the critical responses to Frederick Crews's article, “Analysis Terminable” [July], included a letter from Peter Barglow which took issue with me as well, because Mr.

Judaism and Ethics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In my letter to the editor [Letters from Readers, July], I pointed out that the concept of human nature described and espoused by Sidney Hook in his article, “Isaiah Berlin's Enlightenment” [May], is essentially the view of the normative tradition in Judaism rather than that of the classical Christian doctrine of original sin with which he virtually identified it.

Literary Studies
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is hard to know for certain that “we are currently in the midst of a distinctly second-rate literary era,” as Joseph Epstein claims in his article, “Is American Literature an Equal-Opportunity Employer?” [June].

“Foreign Policy&rdquo
by Our Readers
To the Editor: One of the issues in controversy between Carl Gershman (“The Rise & Fall of the New Foreign Policy Establishment,” July) and his critics (Letters from Readers, September) is whether the magazine Foreign Policy is a forum for the “new foreign-policy establishment,” as Mr.

Israel/Czechoslovakia
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article, “Czechoslovakia 1938-Israel 1980” [August], Steven Plaut writes that the Czechoslovak state, like Israel, was a country recreated hundreds of years after it had been destroyed, that Czechoslovakia had been an independent country until 1620 when it was conquered by Austria and recreated as a result of the collapse of the Hapsburg empire. Bohemia was a kingdom whose throne was ascended to by a Hapsburg in 1526.

American Jews and Israel
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Ruth R. Wisse's “ ‘Peace Now’ & American Jews” [August] is a breath of fresh air. . .

American Power & the Persian Gulf
by Robert Tucker
In the immediate wake of the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan, there was a sudden and widespread disposition in the country to acknowledge that we were confronted with a grave international crisis centered in the Persian Gulf.

The Rise and Fall of Yiddish
by Lucy Dawidowicz
“I'm always sorry when language is lost I because languages are the pedigree of nations.” Thus Samuel Johnson on his tour of the Hebrides.

Turnabout in the Senate
by Joshua Muravchik
A little more than ten years ago, a change in the mood of the Senate was one of the first decisive steps in a change in American political culture.

The Posthumous Victory of Albert Camus
by Stephen Miller
The life of Albert Camus, who died twenty years ago in an automobile accident, reads like a 19th-century French novel in which the young man from the provinces conquers Paris.

Joseph and His Brothers
by Robert Alter
Although we are accustomed to think of the narrative sections of the Bible as sacred history, I would like to propose that it is at least as useful and as accurate to view them as prose fiction.

Mehta's Philharmonic
by Samuel Lipman
When Leonard Bernstein stepped down as Music Director of the New York Philharmonic in 1969, to everyone's surprise—and to the dismay of many—the Philharmonic chose as his successor Pierre Boulez, a French avant-garde composer only recently turned full-time conductor, famous both for the forbiddingly cerebral quality of his music and for a certain aesthetic, social, and political radicalism which he frequently expressed in harsh and biting polemics. Boulez was at this time, however, in the process of becoming widely known and respected as a conductor; he was even—compliment of compliments—greatly admired by George Szell, a man who specialized in contempt for his colleagues.

Facing Reality, by Cord Meyer
by Charles Horner
Staying the Course Facing Reality: From World Federalism to the CIA. by Cord Meyer. Harper & Row. 448 pp. $15.00. Cord Meyer, a veteran of a quarter-century with the Central Intelligence Agency, has published two books.

The State of the Jews, by Marie Syrkin
by Julius Weinberg
Israel & America The State of the Jews. by Marie Syrkin. New Republic Books. 368 pp. $15.95. Unlike others who have ventured lately to speak about the relationship between Israel and American Jewry, Marie Syrkin brings to the task a lifetime of impeccable credentials as a writer and a Zionist.

At Odds: Women and the Family in America from the Revolution to the Present, by Carl N. Degler
by Terry Eastland
At Home At Odds: Women and the Family in America from the Revolution to the Present. by Carl N. Degler. Oxford. 527 pp.

Soviet Psychoprisons, by Harvey Fireside; Institute of Fools, by Victor Nekipelov; Punitive Medicine, by Alexander Podrabinek
by Joshua Rubenstein
Soviet Psychiatry Soviet Psychoprisons. by Harvey Fireside. Norton. 201 pp. $12.95. Institute of Fools. by Victor Nekipelev. Edited and translated by Marco Carynnyk and Marta Horban.

Of Kennedys and Kings, by Harris Wofford
by Herman Belz
After Prince Charming Of Kennedys and Kings: Making Sense of the Sixties. by Harris Wofford. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 504 pp. $17.50. With the exception of his indefatigable apologist Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., historians have been much harsher toward President John F.

December, 1980Back to Top
Jewish Genealogy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I read Jonathan D. Sarna's review of Arthur Kurzweil's book, From Generation to Generation [Books in Review, August], with disbelief.

Freud
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Reading David Aberbach's “Freud's Jewish Problem” [June], I thought of what I had always considered Freud's most revealing statement about his Jewishness, but could not recall where I had read it.

“The Boys on the Beach&rdquo
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Midge Decter's “The Boys on the Beach” [September] is powerful and chilling, Dantesque at times in its evocation of successive depths of hell.

The Feminist Mystique
by Michael Levin
Feminism in its contemporary form is an empirical doctrine leading to recommendations for social action. The doctrine has three main tenets: Physical differences apart, men and women are the same.

Lies About the Holocaust
by Lucy Dawidowicz
Historians are always engaged in reinterpreting the past. They do so sometimes on the basis of newly found documentary sources, sometimes by reconsidering the known data from a different political position, or by taking into account a different time span, or by employing a new methodology.

How to Restrain the Soviets
by Adam Ulam
For those who, in the wake of Afghanistan and Poland, seek to assess the present and future course of Soviet policy, there ought to be much room for thought in what might be described as the prenatal history of the Soviet state.

In Defense of Capitalists
by George Gilder
One of the most important events of recent decades has been the decline in the mystique of socialism. As long as socialism shone as a dream of justice and equity in a world of depression and struggle, its influence was nearly impregnable among idealistic intellectuals.

Socrates and Us
by Irving Younger
Socrates never wrote a word. We know of him because he taught Plato, who put him in some of the dialogues.

A New International Disorder
by Elie Kedourie
Before 1914 world politics was very much the politics of European states. Relations among these states were fairly stable in their character, and their nature could be grasped and understood with the help of two organizing ideas.

“The Leading Jew in America&rdquo
by Jordan Schwarz
The name means “blessed” in Hebrew, Bernard M. Baruch never tired of telling acquaintances. He was a blessed man. Born in 1870, he was the son of a moderately prosperous physician who could provide him with the seed money for his speculations.

Getting Ethics
by William Bennett
A new spirit of moralism is stalking the culture. Increasingly these days one looks through one or another of the professional trade magazines—of the bar, of the medical profession, or even of business—to find not accounts of new developments in the field, but articles about, pleas for, and speeches dealing with the ethics of the profession.

The Real Avant-Garde
by Pearl Bell
Novels of protest—protest against oppression and injustice—have invariably taken the form of brutal realism, from a Zola to a Solzhenitsyn, since they seek to document horrors with a wealth of detail and fact.

Arabia, the Gulf, and the West, by J.B. Kelly
by Joseph Shattan
The Saudis and US Arabia, the Gulf, and the West. by J. B. Kelly. Basic Books. 530 pp. $25.00. The recent outbreak of fighting between Iran and Iraq, and the manifest inability of the United States to influence events in that region, have led nearly everyone who thinks about these matters to conclude that American policy in the Persian Gulf is gravely deficient.

From Prejudice to Destruction: Anti-Semitism 1700-1933, by Jacob Katz
by George Mosse
Jews and Their Enemies From Prejudice to Destruction: Anti-Semitism 1700-1933. by Jacob Katz. Harvard University Press. 392 pp. $20.00. Jacob Katz's new book enables us to discern the history of anti-Semitism with greater clarity than ever before, as he guides us through a bewildering maze of books and pamphlets reflecting every current of European thought.

Safire's Washington, by William Safire
by Edward Epstein
Investigative Columnist Safire's Washington. by William Safire. Times Books. 534 pp. $17.50. In 1973, William Safire left the White House staff, where he had been one of Richard Nixon's main speechwriters, and joined the New York Times as a regular columnist.

Unelected Representatives, by Michael J. Malbin
by Elliott Abrams
Staffing Congress Unelected Representatives. by Michael J. Malbin. Basic Books. 279 pp. $15.95. In 1981, the third Senate office building will open, expanding Senate office space by 50 percent.

Peter the Great, by Robert Massie
by Lev Navrozov
Autocrat of Old Russia Peter the Great: His Life and Work. by Robert Massie. Knopf. 909 pp. $17.95. Robert Massie, a historian educated at Yale and Oxford, belongs to the endangered, if not extinct, species of the gentleman scholar.




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