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January, 1983Back to Top
Liberals
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Contrary to what James Nuechterlein [“Liberalism & Theodore H. White,” September 1982] and/or Theodore H.

Lawyers
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his generally admiring review of The Best Defense by Alan M. Dershowitz [Books in Review, October 1982] Joseph W.

The Democrats
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Penh Kemble's article, “A New Direction for the Democrats?” [October 1982], is so full of assumptions propounded as truths, so pervaded by misleading statements and faulty reasoning, that I was tempted to use the numerals applied to the sections of his article to refute his argument point by point.

The Black Book
by Our Readers
To the Editor: From its very start Joshua Rubenstein's article, “The Black Book” [September 1982], disquieted me. I felt as if I were looking at a blurred and unfocused photograph of a familiar face, trying unsuccessfully to make out its true features.

The Cuban Missile Crisis
by Our Readers
To the Editor: While Peter W. Rodman's article on the Cuban missile crisis [“The Missiles of October: Twenty Years Later,” October 1982] is original and thought-provoking, he seems to have swallowed several of the delusions which have become incorporated in the standard (or “Camelot”) version of the affair. For example, is it true that Khrushchev was defeated and that the Soviets “lost” and America “won”? Let us see.

The Republican Future
by James Nuechterlein
What happened in last November's congressional elections is what did not happen. An apt summary of the election results might read; no realignment, no repudiation. The Republicans had dreamed that 1982 might be a replay in reverse of 1934, the year in which, following Franklin Roosevelt's defeat of Herbert Hoover in 1932, the Democratic party consolidated its position as the nation's new majority party.

What the West Should Know About German Neutralism
by David Gress
When Helmut Schmidt lost a vote of confidence in Bonn on October 1 and accordingly was forced to yield power to Helmut Kohl and his Christian Democrats, it was assumed by many that the difficulties which had beset U.S.-German relations, and by extension the Atlantic alliance in general, would soon evaporate.

From Generation to Generation-A Memoir
by Dan Jacobson
On my desk, as I write, is a book of an unfashionable and awkward size. Fourteen inches long and eight inches wide, it has the shape of a somewhat enlarged sheet of foolscap.

Why Not Pragmatism?
by Michael Levin
My freshman English teacher told us that pragmatism was a businessman's philosophy, an assessment I have never seen any reason to dispute.

How the PLO Terrorized Journalists in Beirut
by Kenneth Timmerman
Much was made during the Israeli campaign in Lebanon this past summer of attempts by Israel to muzzle the international press.

Anti-Nuclear Fantasies
by Patrick Glynn
The anti-nuclear movement has typically expressed itself in broad, emotional gestures of public protest—marches and rallies, theatrical demonstrations of the horrible effects of nuclear bombs, popular referenda for some sort of “freeze” on the arms race.

John Updike: Promises, Promises
by Joseph Epstein
In her memoir, A Backward Glance, Edith Wharton speaks of the advantages of not being considered promising. It was better, she thought, at least in her own case, “to fight my way to expression through a thick fog of indifference.” Fighting his way through “a thick fog of indifference” has not quite been John Updike's problem in his career as a novelist.

All Turkish, No Delight
by Richard Grenier
The audience of critics at the recent New York Film Festival listened in awe to electronic crackle as the PA system amplified the voice of an unseen presence coming to them from a mysterious location abroad.

On Equal Terms: Jews in America 1881-1981, by Lucy S. Dawidowicz
by Michael Novak
Land of Promise On Equal Terms: Jews in America 1881-1981. by Lucy S. Dawidowicz. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 194 pp. $12.95. Lucy S. Dawidowicz first prepared this study for the American Jewish Year Book to mark the hundredth anniversary of the beginnings of Jewish mass migration from Eastern Europe in 1881.

What Was Literature?, by Leslie Fiedler
by Kenneth Lynn
Back to the Raft What was Literature? Class Culture and Mass Society. by Leslie Fiedler. Simon & Schuster. 258 pp. $14.95. As Leslie Fiedler himself acknowledges in his latest book, What Was Literature?, the only reason the editor Philip Rahv decided to publish Fiedler's “Come Back to the Raft Ag'in, Huck Honey!” in the June 1948 issue of Partisan Review was that he was convinced that the essay was a jeu d'esprit.

Notes of a Revolutionary, by Andrei Amalrik
by Adrian Karatnycky
The Yeast & the Flour Notes of a Revolutionary. by Andrei Amalrik. Translated by Guy Daniels. Knopf. 343 pp. $16.95. Andrei Amalrik is associated in A the public memory with his influential treatise, Will the Soviet Union Survive Until 1984? Written in 1969, this brief and provocative book predicted the dissolution of Soviet society as a result of internal separatist tendencies among the non-Russian nationalities, the absence of democratizing forces, and a likely Sino-Soviet war. Will the Soviet Union Survive Until 1984? was a signpost, marking the transformation of the Soviet dissident movement from a mainly literary phenomenon into a political one.

Dissenter in Zion: From the Writings of Judah L. Magnes, edited by Arthur A. Goren
by Julius Weinberg
A Free Man? Dissenter in Zion: From the Writings of Judah L. Magnes. by Arthur A. Goren. Harvard University Press. 554 pp. $30.00. The publication of this selection from the writings and addresses of Judah L.

Ethics (and Other Liabilities), by Harry Stein
by Naomi Munson
Easy Choices Ethics (and other Liabilities). by Harry Stein. St. Martin's Press. 168 pp. $10.95. When Harry Stein, who is now in his mid-thirties, was invited to write a column on ethics for Esquire three years ago, he felt unworthy of the task.

The Paideia Proposal, by Mortimer J. Adler
by Samuel Lipman
Schooling for All The Paideia Proposal: An Educational Manifesto. by Mortimer J. Adler. Macmillan. 84 pp. $6.95 hardcover; $2.95 paper. In the course of a writing career going back more than fifty years, Mortimer Adler has told us How to Read a Book (1940), How to Think About War and Peace (1944), and How to Think About God (1980).

February, 1983Back to Top
Fractured French
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Moi, j'accuse, aussi. For yet another article at a level of excellence which one has come to take for granted from him, Norman Podhoretz greatly deserves our applaudissements, but William Bowen of Fortune [Letters from Readers, December 1982], who writes j'applaude, deserves our sifflements for making applaudir first conjugation since it belongs to the second—done, j'applaudis not j'applaude. Robert Trattner Baltimore, Maryland _____________   To the Editor: COMMENTARY and I are both guilty of fracturing French.

Burdens, Shoulders, and President Carter
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Lucy S. Dawidowicz [Letters from Readers, September 1982] says that President Carter was mistaken when he quoted a Yiddish proverb, “God gives burdens, also shoulders,” in his concession speech to Ronald Reagan.

Latin America
by Our Readers
To the Editor: A great deal is written on Latin American politics; very little of it, unfortunately, is balanced, sensible, and humane.

Afghanistan
by Our Readers
To the Editor: We read with great interest Michael Barry's article, “Afghanistan—Another Cambodia?” [August 1982]. Indeed, the article describes the exact situation which prevails under the Communist regime in Afghanistan, and which continues unchanged to this day.

Socialism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Midge Decter has written a perceptive article on Irving Howe [“Socialism & Its Irresponsibilities: The Case of Irving Howe,” December 1982].

What We Know About the Soviet Union
by Walter Laqueur
The present transition period in Moscow, the third in three decades, has left Western observers more uncertain than its two predecessors.

Bialik's Hint
by Cynthia Ozick
“What is the question?” —Gertrude Stein, dying I once had a theory about Jewish language. I began by renaming English: I called it “New Yiddish.” Since the majority of Jews alive today are native English speakers, I reasoned, English was in the way of becoming a Jewish language for nearly universal Diaspora employment, much as Old Yiddish (or Ladino, its Sephardic counterpart) used to be before its murderous weakening by the mappers of Lebensraum.

Teacher Politics
by Chester Finn
The political activism of America's two major teachers' unions is well known. The National Education Association (NEA), with 1.6 million members, and the American Federation of Teachers (AFT), now numbering 600,000, are among the largest, best organized, and most energetic interest groups in the United States.

Brother Camus
by H.J. Kaplan
Mea culpa. In my morning mail I find a magazine with yet one more review of a book that I predicted was born to blush unseen, Patrick McCarthy's Camus.1 This one is by Alfred Kazin, no less.

Economic Futures
by Melville Ulmer
In the dawn of civilization the world was rife with men who heard voices in the air, saw faces in the skies, and knew what the future held.

Down Memory Lane with Joe McCarthy
by Nelson Polsby
In obedience to iron laws of human behavior, it is time for Americans to wax nostalgic about things that died in the 1950's.

A Jewish Romance
by Annette Landau
In my creative-writing class a young man has written a romance. He is a charming young man, with a sweet, candid smile that passes for honesty as well as anything else does in this class.

The Hollywood & Other Quartets
by Samuel Lipman
Until now chamber music has been booming, or exploding, to choose only two of the military metaphors so often invoked.

The War Against the Atom, by Samuel McCracken; Nuclear Power: Both Sides, edited by Michio Kaku and Jennifer Trainer; Nukespeak,
by Roger Starr
The Energy Debate The War Against the Atom. by Samuel McCracken. Basic Books. 206 pp. $18.50. Nuclear Power: Both Sides. by Michio Kaku and Jennifer Trainer. Norton.

An Orphan in History, by Paul Cowan
by Ruth Wisse
Return to the Fold? An Orphan in History: Retrieving a Jewish Legacy. by Paul Cowan. Doubleday. 246 pp $15.95. A number of American Jews who once seemed thoroughly indifferent to their Jewishness have begun to move back into the Jewish sphere and to make their “return” a matter of public record.

The Fall of the First British Empire: Origins of the War of American Independence, by Robert W. Tucker and David C. Hendrickson
by Forrest McDonald
How We Began The Fall of the First British Empire: Origins of the War of American Independence. by Robert W. Tucker and David C.

Anatomie d'un spectre: L'\'economie du socialisme r\'eel, by Alain Besan\ccon
by Michele Dohne
Economic Ideology Anatomie d'un Spectre: L'Économie du Socialisme Réel. by Alain Besançon. Paris: Calmann-Levy, 1981. Two earlier books by Alain Besançon, the French historian and scholar of Soviet affairs, The Soviet Syndrome (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1978) and The Rise of the Gulag (Continuum, 1981), dealt with Leninist ideology—its role in Soviet foreign policy and its “intellectual origins” in Russian history.

Koestler: A Biography, by Iain Hamilton
by Werner Dannhauser
Man of the Century Koestler: A Biography. by Iain Hamilton. Macmillan. 398 pp. $19.95. Arthur Koestler is seventy-seven years old now, almost as old as the century in which he has participated so ardently that he is certain to be remembered as one of its representative men.

March, 1983Back to Top
Garp's World
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I appreciated Richard Grenier's review of The World According to Garp [“Garp: Violence for the Educated,” September 1982].

“The Rebbetzin&rdquo
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Thank you for bringing to your readers Chaim Grade's “The Rebbetzin” [October 1982]. It made for delightful reading.

Martin
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Joseph Epstein's remembrance [“My Friend Martin,” December 1982] is one of the most touching and human pieces that I have ever read.

Job 5:7
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Praising the third (and final) volume of the new Jewish Publication Society version of the Hebrew Scriptures for doing well “to stick to the traditional rendering” is one thing, but taking as an example a verse which is as controversial as Job 5:7 and not quoting it in the JPS version are serious slips [“How to Read the Bible,” by Chaim Raphael, December 1982].

China
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As a BIC (Born in China), I read with great interest the perceptive and informative piece by Leopold Tyrmand, “The Mandarin and the Commissar” [November 1982].

Christianity and the Holocaust
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Hyam Maccoby's article, “Theologian of the Holocaust” [December 1982], while dealing less with Emil Fackenheim than with Mr.

Why Strategic Superiority Matters
by Robert Jastrow
When I was a young physicist I spent a year working on nuclear-physics problems with Robert Oppenheimer at Princeton. I then went out to the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory in Berkeley, where I shared an apartment for a time with Harold Brown, who later became Secretary of Defense in the Carter administration.

Israel's New Majority
by Daniel Elazar
Anew “discovery” has been made about Israel: the emergence of the Sephardim, Jews from non-European background, as a political majority.1 This “discovery” was initially prompted by the recognition that Menachem Begin's first electoral victory of 1977 had been made possible in part by wide Sephardi support of the Likud coalition.

Babel the Jew
by Arkady Lvov
Misfortune prowled beneath the windows like a beggar at daybreak. —Isaac Babel The leaves of '36, '37, and '38 had already fallen: those who had to be were shot; those who had to be were shipped to Kolyma in Siberia; those who had to be were banished forever to the wilderness, the tundra, the mines—places which, from time immemorial, have always been plentiful in Russia.

Orwell in Perspective
by Herb Greer
The ordeal of reading a new book about George Orwell1 drove me to riffle through my copy of Webster's Collegiate Dictionary.

Ann Beattie and the Hippoisie
by Joseph Epstein
A few years ago I spent three days as a visiting writer on the campus of a liberal-arts college. The campus may have been small, the college in the hills of Ohio, but the English department, whose paid guest I was, ran an absolutely up-to-date operation.

The Gandhi Nobody Knows
by Richard Grenier
I had the singular honor of attending an early private screening of Gandhi with an audience of invited guests from the National Council of Churches.

The Longest War: Israel in Lebanon, by Jacobo Timerman
by Ruth Wisse
Bearing False Witness The Longest War: Israel in Lebanon. by Jacobo Timerman. Knopf. 167 pp. $11.95. The Longest War is Jacobo Timerman's response, in the form of a journal, to the Israeli incursion into Lebanon between June and August of 1982.

Keeping Faith, by Jimmy Carter; Crisis, by Hamilton Jordan
by Michael Ledeen
The Carter Presidency Keeping Faith. by Jimmy Carter. Bantam. 622 pp. $22.50. Crisis. by Hamilton Jordan. Putnam. 431 pp. $16.95. Rarely has a President passed so quickly and so thoroughly from public memory as has Jimmy Carter; his memoirs, Keeping Faith, are unlikely to change the situation.

The Springs of Jewish Life, by Chaim Raphael
by David Singer
Inside Jewish History The Springs of Jewish Life. by Chaim Raphael. Basic Books. 288 pp. $16.50. “Oh, for a slim, elegant little book about the Jews,” cried Chaim Raphael in a 1980 review in COMMENTARY.

A Better World, by William L. O'Neill
by Eric Breindel
Progressives' Progress A Better World. by William L. O'Neill. Simon & Schuster. 447 pp. $17.95. This is a welcome book—a careful, systematic study of the struggle between those American intellectuals who supported or apologized for Stalinism and their adversaries, from the period of the New Deal on.

Mailer: A Biography, by Hilary Mills
by Kenneth Lynn
One-Round Writer? Mailer: A Biography. by Hilary Mills. Empire Books. 477 pp. $14.95. For forty years the reviewing of new American writing has been dominated by critics who have sought to extend the argument enunciated by Alfred Kazin in On Native Grounds (1942): American writers are the victims of their society.

April, 1983Back to Top
“A Jewish Romance&rdquo
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Many thanks for “A Jewish Romance” by Annette Henkin Landau [February]. It is one of the funniest stories I have read in a long time, and I thoroughly enjoyed it. Sam Lattner Bronx, New York

On Irving Howe, Cont.
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is astonishing that Midge Decter [“Socialism & Its Irresponsibilities: The Case of Irving Howe,” December 1982] would write .

Politics and Ideology
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . James Nuechterlein [“The Republican Future,” January] is, patently, an able writer, and many of his insights are extremely illuminating, but I remain convinced that the books he discusses in his article, Back to Basics and Post-Conservative America, are largely irrelevant to an understanding of American politics. In my view, the next national election will be won by the candidate who can convince the American electorate that he can (1) tame the federal bureaucracy; (2) put together a foreign policy that accords with current reality; (3) develop programs that will enable the United States to adjust efficiently to a changing economy; and (4) restore America's basic institutions.

The Holocaust
by Our Readers
To the Editor:Henryk Grynberg [“Appropriating the Holocaust,” November 1982] charges the United States Holocaust Memorial Council with “universalizing” the Holocaust.

German Neutralism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: David Gress's “What the West Should Know About German Neutralism” [January] is a learned academic exercise of small or minor relevance to the issue of neutralism in Germany today.

How Important Is the PLO?
by Daniel Pipes
I doubt that I was alone in being perplexed by the news from Lebanon last summer. Even knowing the record of the Palestine Liberation Organization toward Israel had not prepared me to think that it terrorized Palestinians, too—yet such, it turned out, had been the case in South Lebanon from 1975 to 1982.

The “Neutralism” of E. P. Thompson
by Scott McConnell
Over the past years E.P. Thompson, the British social historian, has become the most influential intellectual figure of the European campaign against nuclear weapons.

Living without Health
by Kevin Barnhurst
It started one morning in the spring of 1976. I was twenty-four, and with college and my ROTC active duty out of the way, I had landed my first job, doing economics research in Washington, D.C.

Milosz: Poetry and Politics
by Robert Alter
The intellectual history of our century might almost be written as a study of what has been achieved by all the imaginative writers, philosophers, social theorists, and scholars violently uprooted from their homelands in Eastern and Central Europe and transplanted, as a rich and exotic new stock, in the West.

Still Life with Scar
by Jacob Lampart
Every painter in Brooklyn was dying to win the competition. For the first time in its history, the Brooklyn Museum was opening its Great Hall to native Brooklyn artists under forty for an unprecedented three-month show that was scheduled to travel across the country to the cities of Boston, Washington, D.C., Columbus, Denver, Seattle, and Oakland, California.

Greatness & Decline of Richard Wagner
by Samuel Lipman
Exactly one-half century ago Thomas Mann stepped to a podium at the University of Munich, and there delivered an address on the fiftieth anniversary of the death of Richard Wagner.

Anti-Americanism & Other Cliches
by Joseph Epstein
If statistics are correct—and after all they don't always lie—the arts appear to be flourishing in America at present. Museum attendance has been up, concert halls are filled, over the past decade or so the ballet has come into its own, and there seems to be a revival of interest in the movies.

The Destruction of a Continent, by Karl Borgin and Kathleen Corbett; Development without Aid, by Melvyn B. Krauss
by John O'Sullivan
Development The Destruction of a Continent: Africa and International Aid. by Karl Borgin and Kathleen Corbett. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 216 pp. $14.95. Development Without Aid: Growth, Poverty, and Government. by Melvyn B.

Jews and Money: The Myths and the Reality, by Gerald Krefetz
by Lucy Dawidowicz
Getting and Spending Jews and Money: The Myths and the Reality. by Gerald Krefetz. Ticknor & Fields. 267 pp. $13.95. In October 1974, a year after the Arabs had launched the Yom Kippur War, General George S.

The Muslim Discovery of Europe, by Bernard Lewis
by J.B. Kelly
Islam vs. Christianity The Muslim Discovery of Europe. by Bernard Lewis. Norton. 350 pp. $19.95. Bernard Lewis has probably done more to foster Western understanding of the Islamic world in our day than any other contemporary scholar.

Slavery and Social Death, by Orlando Patterson
by Robert Nisbet
The Unfree Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study. by Orlando Patterson. Harvard University Press. 511 pp. $30.00. Slavery, this book demonstrates, far from being a “peculiar institution,” comes very close to being, along with kinship and religion, a universal one.

The Arab-Israeli Wars, by Chaim Herzog
by Eliot Cohen
An Evolving Epic The Arab-Israeli Wars. by Chaim Herzog. Random House. 392 pp. $20.00. The son of a distinguished British rabbi (later Chief Rabbi of Palestine), Chaim Herzog served with the British army during World War II and then with the new Israel Defense Forces, twice holding the position of director of Military Intelligence (1948-50 and 1959-62).

The State Against Blacks, by Walter E. Williams
by Michael Novak
Race & Economics The State Against Blacks. by Walter E. Williams. McGraw-Hill. 183 pp. $14.95. Walter E. Williams is a professor of economics at George Mason University and a prolific writer on issues of economics and culture.

May, 1983Back to Top
Shostakovich
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Shostakovich in Four Parts” [November 1982] Samuel Lipman gives us a very thoughtful discussion of the personal and professional troubles that Dmitri Shostakovich suffered because of Soviet cultural repression.

Pragmatism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am afraid that Michael Levin mars his excellent discussion of pragmatism, “Why Not Pragmatism?” [January], when he recommends deemphasizing the “will to believe.” I do not think that exclusive reliance on faith, or fideism (to use the traditional theological term), can be detached from the Jamesian corpus without great harm and distortion—it is what separates James from Dewey, and thus a true pragmatism from mere “instrumentalism.” Mr.

Peace and the USSR
by Our Readers
To the Editor: At last, someone who really understands writes an article on “What We Know About the Soviet Union” [February].

“An Immodest Agenda&rdquo
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Melville J. Ulmer [“Economic Futures,” February] says my book, An Immodest Agenda, deals with the nation's need for “civility, ‘mutuality’ [caring], rationality, sympathy, and good will.” The last two are never so much as mentioned in my book.

Jewish Writing
by Our Readers
To the Editor: On reading Cynthia Ozick's “Bialik's Hint” [February], which, if I have successfully penetrated the thicket of her prose, calls for a fusion of Greek and Hebrew cultural ideals as a “new alternative” for the Jewish writer, I was afflicted with an uneasy feeling of déjà vu.

McCarthy and Populism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Richard Hofstadter cannot speak for himself, alas, but I feel that Nelson W. Polsby [“Down Memory Lane with Joe McCarthy,” February] has gotten wrong the characterization of McCarthy as a populist which Hofstadter, Seymour Martin Lipset, and I (“the Columbia group” he refers to) tried to draw in the 1950's. Mr.

The German Interest
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I do not know what university David Gress attended, or what subjects he chose to study, but obviously he chose too many.

Our Obsolete Middle East Policy
by Robert Tucker
Conventional wisdom has it that American interests in the Middle East would be served above all by peace. Since the Arab-Israeli conflict is seen as the principal threat to peace in the region, a settlement of this conflict is considered to form the great objective of policy.

The Euromissile Crisis
by Stephen Haseler
The outcome of the great European missile debate, which will be concluded one way or another during 1983, will determine much more than NATO's European nuclear posture for the 80's.

Totalitarianism & the Lie
by Leszek Kolakowski
The validity of totalitarianism as a concept is occasionally questioned on the ground that a perfect model of a totalitarian society is nowhere to be found and that in no country among those which used to be cited as its best examples (the Soviet Union, especially under Stalin, Mao's China, Hitler's Germany) has the ideal of the absolute unity of leadership and of unlimited power ever been achieved. This is not a serious obstacle to understanding.

Jewish History and the Sephardim
by Chaim Raphael
A new political situation has surfaced in Israel in recent years with the rise of the Sephardim—a term referring to Jews from the lands along the Mediterranean littoral and the Middle East, including the Muslim countries—to a majority position in Israeli life.

Interrogating Eichmann
by Avner Less
I saw Adolf Eichmann for the first time at about 4:45 p.m. on May 29, 1960. Colonel Hofstaetter (my immediate superior) and I had sent for him to be brought to the room where the hearings were to take place.

The Secret Life of Sarah Lawrence
by Louise Rose
Nobody at Sarah Lawrence thought it was peculiar for the president and his fiftieth-anniversary committee to choose a fiction writer to produce a history of the college.

French Culture in Decline
by Alain Besan\ccon
Since I happen to be on the west coast of the United States these days, instead of in Paris where I normally live, I receive Le Monde belatedly.

How Good Is Gabriel Garcia Marquez?
by Joseph Epstein
How good is Gabriel García Márquez? “Define your terms,” I can hear some wise undergraduate reply. “What do you mean by is?” Yet I ask the question in earnest.

Salvador, by Joan Didion
by Mark Falcoff
Two Weeks Salvador. by Joan Didion. Simon & Schuster. 108 pp. $12.95. Sometime in late 1982 the novelist Joan Didion spent two weeks in El Salvador with her husband John Gregory Dunne.

The Jews of Warsaw 1939-1943, by Yisrael Gutman; Courier from Warsaw, by Jan Nowak
by Maurice Friedberg
Nazis, Poles, Jews The Jews of Warsaw 1939-1943: Ghetto, Underground, Revolt. by Yisrael Gutman. Translated from the Hebrew by Ina Friedman. Indiana. 475 pp.

Pluto's Republic, by Peter Medawar
by Jeffrey Marsh
Science and Values Pluto's Republic. by Peter Medawar. Oxford University Press. 351 pp. $25.00. Sir Peter Medawar is an ornament of British science. A zoologist who shared the 1960 Nobel Prize in medicine for his work in tissue transplantation, Medawar has made a distinctive imprint on intellectual life in general by his urbane and witty reflections on the place of science in culture.

The World of the Yeshiva, by William B. Helmreich
by Julius Weinberg
Anti-Modernists The World of the Yeshiva: An Intimate Portrait of Orthodox Jewry. by William B. Helmreich. Macmillan/The Free Press. 412 pp. $19.95. Until recent years, Orthodox Judaism has been considered a negligible factor in the American Jewish experience—and for good reason.

In Defense of the Family, by Rita Kramer
by Chester Finn
What Children Need In Defense of the Family. by Rita Kramer. Basic Books. 263 pp. $15.50. Anyone who remembers the White House Conference on Families that took place during the Carter era, or the publication in 1977 of All Our Children by Kenneth Keniston and the Carnegie Council, will recall them as major events in the evolution of a pair of peculiarly contemporary doctrines.

June, 1983Back to Top
Journey's End?
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Ruth R. Wisse's . . . critical review of Paul Cowan's An Orphan in History [Books in Review, February] contrasts sharply with the rapturous reception the book received in the periodicals of national Jewish organizations.

Christianity and the Holocaust Cont.
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In Hyam Maccoby's response to my offering in the spirited exchange [Letters from Readers, March] precipitated by his December 1982 article, “Theologian of the Holocaust,” he accuses me of giving an “idealized account” of the Second Vatican Council's declaration, Nostra Aetate.

Doctors and Disease
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As one who is afflicted with a progressive, degenerative disease, multiple sclerosis, I anxiously read Kevin G. Barnhurst's “Living without Health” [April] as soon as the issue arrived.

Bishops, Statesmen, and Other Strategists on the Bombing of Innocents
by Albert Wohlstetter
Must the West threaten to bomb innocent bystanders in order to deter nuclear war? Does the West itself need to be threatened with annihilation of its civil society in order to be deterred? President Reagan's speech of March 23 proposing a decades-long research program to protect civilians against ballistic-missile attack revived these questions.

Indicting American Jews
by Lucy Dawidowicz
The rabbis of the Talmud blamed the Roman destruction of the Temple in 70 C.E. on “groundless hatred” among the Jews.

The Bulgarian Connection and the Media
by Michael Ledeen
The attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II in the spring of 1981 should have produced a frenzy of activity from our leading “investigative reporters.” The story had everything: the victim, one of the world's most charismatic and powerful men, situated at a dramatic moment in history at the center of the struggle over the destiny of Poland and perhaps of the entire Soviet empire; a photogenic and exotic assassin with a violent and romantic background, including an escape from a prison in Turkey said to be escape-proof; and strong suspicions that the assassin might not have acted alone.

Israel as a Strategic Asset
by Steven Spiegel
The idea that the American commitment to Israel has damaged our interests in the Middle East has surfaced once again as a result of the war in Lebanon and its diplomatic aftermath.

What Do the Poles Want?
by Leopold Tyrmand
. . . compared to us our Western friends are sheep and adolescents. They prove with their articles that they know what socialism is; we prove it with our ulcers.

Le Carr'e's Fantasies
by Walter Laqueur
Many years ago Jacques Barzun noted that the representative figure of our age was not the statesman, the soldier, or the divine, but the spy.

The Politicized Oscar
by Richard Grenier
I HAVE a friend, a member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, who maintains that attending the annual Academy Awards ceremony is a humilia- tion.

Power and Principle, by Zbigniew Brzezinski
by Edward Luttwak
A Record of Failure Power and Principle: Memoirs of the National Security Adviser, 1977-1981. by Zbigniew Brzezinski. Farrar Straus & Giroux. 571 pp.

Bollingen, by William McGuire
by Jules Cohn
Money & Mysticism Bollingen. by William McGuire. Princeton University Press. 361 pp. $18.50. In the summer of 1938, as Hitler was mobilizing Germany, a wealthy American couple attended a small seminar in the village of Ascona, Switzerland, held in honor of another charismatic figure, C.G.

Cecil Roth: Historian without Tears, by Irene Roth
by Chaim Raphael
Scholar and Collector Cecil Roth: Historian without Tears. by Irene Roth. Sepher-Hermon Press, 257 pp. $14.95. As England is the land of eccentrics, it is wholly in character that the outstanding historian Cecil Roth, who adored being English, brought a special kind of eccentricity to his lifelong devotion to Jewish history.

Miss Manners' Guide to Excruciatingly Correct Behavior, by Judith Martin
by Tod Lindberg
Etiquette for the 80's Miss Manners' Guide to Excruciatingly Correct Behavior. by Judith Martin. Atheneum. 745 pp. $19.95. A little more than a hundred years ago, Clara Sophia Bloom-field-Moore, alias “Mrs.

Dangerous Relations: The Soviet Union in World Politics, by Adam B. Ulam
by Nick Eberstadt
The Era of Détente Dangerous Relations: The Soviet Union in World Politics, 1970-1982. by Adam B. Ulam. Oxford. 325 pp. $25.00. Adam B. Ulam is one of the few living scholars of Soviet affairs who may fairly be credited with a masterful command of world politics.

July, 1983Back to Top
Gandhi
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Three cheers for Richard Grenier [“The Gandhi Nobody Knows,” March]. I always wish his articles were longer. The late Dwight Macdonald was right when he said that Mr.

Strategic Superiority
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Robert Jastrow's otherwise excellent article, “Why Strategic Superiority Matters” [March], has two serious flaws. The first and foremost is his contention that the policy of Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD) is based on the assumption that “both the U.S.

Appeasement By Any Other Name
by Norman Podhoretz
When two-and-a-half years ago Ronald Reagan was elected to the Presidency, almost everyone expected that there would be a marked change in the direction of American foreign policy.

Misreadings of Anti-Semitism
by Jacob Katz
“It can be argued that the history of modern anti-Semitism belongs more properly to the realm of American and European historiography than Jewish.

How the Schools Were Ruined
by Joseph Adelson
During the last quarter-century, American sentiments concerning education have fallen and risen and fallen. In the heart of that period, circa 1960 to 1975, we witnessed what can only be called a frenzy of exalted expectations for the prospects of schooling.

Whatever Happened to Willy Brandt?
by David Gress
In the summer of 1944, a thirty-year-old German exile named Herbert Frahm approached the American embassy in Stockholm with an interesting proposal.

Impersonations
by Elizabeth Kristol
Over the past fifty years, an unusual genre of political journalism has developed. The intellectuals who practice it believe that the best way to understand the people they study—the urban and rural poor, soldiers, minorities—is to become one of them.

Mailer Hits Bottom
by Joseph Epstein
On page 421 of Norman Mailer's new novel, Ancient Evenings1 my eyeballs glazed like a franchise doughnut, I came across the following line, spoken by the Pharaoh Ptah-nem-hotep to Menenhetet II, the character who for the most part narrates this more-than-700-page book: “To tell too little is becoming your sin.” That caught my attention, as did, earlier, this line: “‘Yes,’ said my great-grandfather, ‘and I have observed that most of those who are so fortunate as to have been given the great member of a god often show an uncontrollable lack of patience.’” Long before that moment I had thought to throw this small tombstone of a novel against the wall—patience, let me speak plainly, never having been my long suit.

The Life of Herbert Hoover: The Engineer, 1874-1914, by George H. Nash
by James Nuechterlein
What Made him Run The Life of Herbert Hoover: The Engineer, 1874-1914. by George H. Nash. Norton. 768 pp. $25.00. Herbert Hoover's early life was a romance, but no one, then or after, ever mistook Hoover for a romantic.

Zakhor: Jewish History and Jewish Memory, by Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi
by David Singer
Testimony Zakhor: Jewish History and Jewish Memory. by Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi. University of Washington Press. 133 pp. $17.50. The Jews, Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi shows in this splendid little volume, are the “fathers of meaning in history.” Through the medium of the Bible, they were the first to assign a “decisive significance to history,” thus forging a “new world view whose essential premises were eventually appropriated by Christianity and Islam as well.” Moreover, only in Judaism is the injunction to remember [zakhor] “felt as a religious imperative to an entire people.” Nevertheless, the great 12th-century philosopher Moses Maimonides was expressing a view shared by virtually all Jews, from the close of the biblical period right down to modern times, when he wrote in his Commentary to the Mishnah that the study of history was a “waste of time.” As Yerushalmi says, until our day “historiography itself [has] played at best an ancillary role among the Jews, and often no role at all.” Part of the purpose of Zakhor (which originated as a series of lectures at the University of Washington) is to account for the absence of a well-developed Jewish histori-ographical tradition.

The Confidence Gap, by Seymour Martin Lipset and William Schneider
by Melville Ulmer
Bad News The Confidence Gap: Business, Labor, and Government in the Public Mind. by Seymour Martin Lipset and William Schneider. Free Press. 414 pp.

Inside the Soviet Army, by Viktor Suvorov; The Threat: Inside the Soviet Military Machine, by Andrew Cockburn
by Eliot Cohen
The Red Army—and Us Inside the Soviet Army. by Viktor Suvorov. Macmillan. 304 pp. $15.95. The Threat: Inside the Soviet Military Machine. by Andrew Cockburn. Random House.

Reader Letters July 1983
by Thomas Powers
Strategic Superiority TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Robert Jastrow's otherwise excel- lent article, "Why Strategic Superi- ority Matters" [March], has two serious flaws.

August, 1983Back to Top
Wagner
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I commend Samuel Lipman for his ambitious article, “Greatness and Decline of Richard Wagner” [April]. Sorting through the mountain of scholarship on Wagner to produce a work as balanced and coherent as Mr.

Anti-Americanism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I write with some trepidation, for I am no literary critic, but merely a lawyer who likes to read some things other than judicial opinions and law-review articles.

The Sephardim
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Daniel J. Elazar's article, “Israel's New Majority” [March], represents a significant contribution to the scholarly efforts aimed at dispelling the misconceptions which have hampered the proper analysis of Sephardi-Ashkenazi relations in Israel.

Sarah Lawrence's Secret
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is hardly a “secret” that, during the first half of this century, American private higher education discriminated against virtually every minority group, including Jews.

The Rich, the Poor & the Reagan Administration
by Michael Novak
According to a recent Gallup poll, 82 percent of the American people hold that President Reagan's domestic programs “help the rich” and 75 percent hold that they “hurt the poor.” In one respect, this Gallup finding may seem understated.

Are Things Getting Better in Eastern Europe?
by Arch Puddington
One of the effects of the Polish crisis has been to puncture the notion of Eastern Europe as an island of political stability in an otherwise disorderly world, a view once widely held by academics, foreign-policy specialists, and especially bankers.

How to Lose the War of Ideas
by Chester Finn
At the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United States subsidizes the erosion of intellectual freedom, the degradation of democratic values, the redefinition of human rights, and the manipulation of education into an instrument of political indoctrination by those who wish us ill. Since returning from Paris a few months ago with these sobering insights, I find that they surprise even worldly people who are accustomed to hearing unpleasant things about the United Nations itself.

The Education of an Anti-Capitalist
by Joseph Epstein
“Didn't I see you under attack again somewhere?” asked my dinner companion. He is a professor, a reader of the same magazines I read and write for.

The Prince of Progressive Humanity
by David Evanier
When Maury Ballinzweig came out of prison in 1970 after sixteen years under lock and key, the balance of forces in the world had shifted to his side, to the side of rationality, peace, progress, and human problem-solving. Yet curiously, cancer now seemed to be riddling almost everyone. These were the exhilarating contradictions. _____________   “Are you having an affair, Linda?” he had asked his wife when she visited him in prison near the beginning of his stretch. “I am.” She had paused.

Rubinstein the Great Entertainer
by Samuel Lipman
When Arthur Rubinstein died last December at the age of ninety-five, there was remarkably little feeling of loss in the musical community.

Aharon Appelfeld, Survivor
by Ruth Wisse
In the twenty-five years of near-silence following the destruction of European Jewry in World War II, those who managed to survive must often have wondered whether anyone but they would remember their trial.

The Wizards of Armageddon: Strategists of the Nuclear Age, by Fred Kaplan
by Edward Luttwak
Of Bombs and Men The Wizards of Armageddon: Strategists of the Nuclear Age. by Fred Kaplan. Simon & Schuster. 452 pp. $18.95. This account of the evolution of American strategic thought in the nuclear age begins in a promising fashion, with the first attempts to understand how the atomic bomb could be used, or rather kept unused, to keep the peace.

The Europeans, by Luigi Barzini
by Leslie Lenkowsky
Atlanticism The Europeans. by Luigi Barzini. Simon & Schuster. 267 pp. $14.95. Is the Atlantic Alliance breaking up? The signs are certainly ominous. A common defense policy remains elusive.

An Ambassador Speaks Out, by Shlomo Argov
by Chaim Raphael
The Jewish Tapestry An Ambassador Speaks Out: Speeches and Writings. by Shlomo Argov. With an Introduction by Teddy Kollek.London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. 294 pp.

Red Carpet, by Joseph Finder
by Edward Epstein
The Rope Sellers Red Carpet. by Joseph Finder. New Republic Books/Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 409 pp. $16.95. The current fascination with the machinations of the KGB—which focuses on Soviet espionage, subversion, disinformation, and assassination—tends to distract from the incredible, and far more decisive, success of Soviet trade policy in the past sixty years.

September, 1983Back to Top
E.P. Thompson
by Our Readers
To the Editor: How the Kremlin must be chortling over Scott McConnell's attack on E.P. Thompson [“The ‘Neutralism’ of E.P. Thompson,” April].

Orwell
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Orwell in Perspective” [March] Herb Greer likens 1984 to Uncle Tom's Cabin on the basis of an alleged similarity of the political effects rather than by demonstrating any genuine understanding of Orwell's book.

American Jews and the Holocaust
by
To the Editor: Adlai Stevenson in an address to the American Society of Newspaper Editors said: “The job of an editor is to separate the wheat from the chaff and then print the chaff.” This may be overstating the case, but there is a substantial element of truth in the statement. COMMENTARY's publication of Lucy S.

Democracy for Everyone?
by Peter Berger
On June 8, 1982, in a speech to the British Parliament, President Reagan called for a “global campaign for democracy.” In a key passage he said: “The objective I propose is quite simple to state: to foster the infrastructure of democracy—the system of a free press, unions, political parties, universities—which allows a people to choose their own way, to develop their own culture, to reconcile their own differences through peaceful means.” This presidential initiative both legitimated earlier efforts to use American government resources for the promotion of democracy abroad and launched a new effort directed at the same end.

The Greatness of Gershom Scholem
by Hyam Maccoby
Gershom Scholem, who died two years ago, produced such a far-reaching revolution in our understanding of Judaism that his work cannot yet be assessed in its entirety.

Thatcherization (Cont'd.)
by John O'Sullivan
From the moment that Britain's election date of June 9 was announced, Margaret Thatcher was the firm favorite of both opinion polls and bookmakers.

Electricity
by Francine Prose
Anita sails the baby over her head. “Earth to Spaceship Bertie,” she says. “Earth to Spaceship Bertie. Can you read me?” The baby's laugh sounds forced, like Johnny Carson's when he's blown a joke.

Bergman Discovers Love
by Richard Grenier
Ingmar Bergman has described himself in the years before World War II—during the Hitler period—as a “pro-German fanatic,” a political orientation which, by his own admission, lasted until 1945 when he was twenty-seven.

Cozzens Repossessed
by Joseph Epstein
“In what century did he live?” asked the graduate student in literature to whom I mentioned that I had been reading the novels of James Gould Cozzens.

The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House, by Seymour M. Hersh
by Michael Ledeen
“Getting” Kissinger The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House. by Seymour M. Hersh. Summit. 698 pp. $19.95. This very long book is the latest sally in the war of a certain segment of the journalistic elite against the Nixon administration.

Jewish Identities in France, by Dominique Schnapper
by Roger Kaplan
Israélites & Juifs Jewish Identities in France: An Analysis of Contemporary French Jewry. by Dominique Schnapper. Foreword by Edward Shils. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer.

The Decline and Fall of the American Automobile Industry, by Brock Yates
by Don Sharp
The Death of Detroit? The Decline and Fall of the American Automobile Industry. by Brock Yates. Empire Books. 302 pp. $13.95. When an economic institution so pervasive in our national life as the automobile industry suffers its worst slump in twenty-five years; and when foreign cars, mostly Japanese, come to comprise 30 percent of new-car sales, as they did in 1982, something is afoot that merits the attention of serious analysts.

Memoirs, by Petro G. Grigorenko
by Adrian Karatnycky
Dissenter Memoirs. by Petro G. Grigorenko. Translated by Thomas P. Whitney. Norton. 462 pp. $19.95. The memoirs of former Red Army General Petro Grigorenko are a remarkable byproduct of this century's most influential political invention—totalitarianism.

Confession of a Catholic, by Michael Novak
by William McGurn
Redrawing the Line Confession of a Catholic. by Michael Novak. Harper & Row. 221 pp. $12.95. For most of this century, the Roman Catholic Church was regarded as among the most reactionary of American institutions, blindly anti-Communist and a hidebound defender of traditional mores.

Reader Letters September 1983
by Irving Howe
American Jews and the Holocaust TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Adlai Stevenson in an address to the American Society of Newspaper Editors said: "The job of an editor is to separate the wheat from the chaff and then print the chaff." This may be overstating the case, but there is a substantial element of truth in the statement. COMMENTARY'S publication of Lucy S.

October, 1983Back to Top
Poles and Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I would like to respond to Maurice Friedberg's review of Yisrael Gutman's book, The Jews of Warsaw, 1939-1943 [Books in Review, May], which leaves the impression that the Poles may have been as evil as the Germans who occupied their country.

Salvador
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Mark Falcoff's review of Joan Didion's Salvador [Books in Review, May] is perceptive and challenging. While most critics have been content to savor Miss Didion's standard Angst in a new setting, he asks important questions about her facts and her perspective.

Mailer
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Joseph Epstein's “Mailer Hits Bottom” [July] is one of the funniest pieces I have ever read. I laughed so hard I cried.

The Sephardi Heritage
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Chaim Raphael's conclusion in “Jewish History and the Sephardim” [May] that “some transformation is called for in which the pride of the Sephardi heritage is given the weight it deserves in Jewish self-consciousness” must be acted upon, in order to heal the damage caused by Israel's Western chauvinism.

Acadamy Awards
by Our Readers
To the Editor: A moviegoer since the 1920's, I applaud Richard Grenier for his critical acumen and felicitous style. His article, “The Politicized Oscar” [June], prompts me to ask the following questions, which I have puzzled over for some time.

The Pope and the USSR
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Michael Ledeen, in his article documenting the Bulgarian/Soviet involvement in the attempt on the life of Pope John Paul II [“The Bulgarian Connection and the Media,” June], presents an extremely well-argued thesis.

“The Confidence Gap&rdquo
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his otherwise thoughtful review of our book, The Confidence Gap [Books in Review, July], Melville J. Ulmer contends that “a further shift toward the ‘democratic socialism’ of Western Europe” is our prescribed solution for the restoration of public confidence in American business and other institutions.

Spies and Le Carre
by
To the Editor: Walter Laqueur begins his article on John le Carré by disputing the notion I hazarded some years ago that the spy was the representative man of our time [“Le Carré's Fantasies,” June].

Appeasement
by Our Readers
To the Editor: After reading “Appeasement By Any Other Name” [July], I only wish that Woody Allen would cast Norman Podhoretz in his next movie.

The Rise & Decline of Industrial Japan
by Norman Gall
Industrial supremacy does not usually last very long. “All industrial curves seem to take off vertically and to decline equally dramatically,” the French historian Fernand Braudel writes in his great work, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II.

George Will and American Conservatism
by James Nuechterlein
Once upon a time American conservatism was something of an intellectual embarrassment. When Clinton Rossiter in the mid-1950's dubbed it the “thankless persuasion,” he expressed what was the common judgment of most scholarly observers even at the mid-point of Dwight Eisenhower's Presidency.

Who Was the “Mysterious Messenger”?
by Richard Breitman
On July 28, 1942, a prominent and well-connected German industralist met with a Swiss citizen in Zurich. The industrialist revealed that Hitler's headquarters was considering a plan to concentrate all Jews from Germany and German-occupied territories in the East in the fall of that year, and to exterminate them through the use of prussic acid.

On Nuclear Morality
by Charles Krauthammer
The contemporary anti-nuclear case takes two forms. There is, first, the prudential argument that the nuclear balance is inherently unstable and unsustainable over time, doomed to breakdown and to taking us with it.

The War of the Liberal Economists
by Melville Ulmer
Just as Ronald Reagan was taking office in 1981, raucous cheers and standing ovations were greeting the award of the Nobel Prize in economics to Yale's James Tobin, hailed by his colleagues as “carrier of the torch for Keynesian ideas now under ruthless attack.” And indeed, Tobin, in collaboration with MIT's Robert Solow, shot off an article to the New York Times asserting unshakable faith in their own doctrines of yore and offering tantalizing promises of wonderful new ones to come.

From Coalinga to the Negev
by Haim Chertok
The first news report of the day in English spills forth from Kol Yisrael at 7 A.M. with a brassy fanfare of Artza Alinu.

Yellow Rain: The Conspiracy of Closed Mouths
by Lucio Lami
When one investigates the use of Soviet chemical weapons in Laos and Cambodia (and, for that matter, in Afghanistan as well), the difficulty lies not in gathering evidence, which by now is within the grasp of anyone who searches for it, but rather in understanding by what sophisticated mechanisms this evidence has been obscured, discredited, and minimized by the very persons who should bring it forward.

Musical New York in Crisis
by Samuel Lipman
New York is the musical capital of the United States. New York is at the same time one of the most important centers of music in the world.

The Rosenberg File, by Ronald Radosh and Joyce Milton
by Nathan Glazer
Verdicts of History The Rosenberg File: A Search for the Truth. by Ronald Radosh and Joyce Milton. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 608 pp.

Why the Jews? The Reason for Anti-Semitism, by Dennis Prager and Joseph Telushkin
by Mona Charen
The Chosen Why the Jews? The Reason for Anti-Semitism. by Dennis Prager and Joseph Telushkin. Simon & Schuster. 238 pp. $14.95. Much that is important about this audaciously subtitled book (the one and only reason for anti-Semitism?) is foreshadowed in the dedication: “To Raoul Wallenberg,” the Swedish diplomat who rescued Hungarian Jews during World War II and was subsequently bundled off to the Gulag by Soviet authorities, never to be seen again.

Modern Times, by Paul Johnson
by David Gress
Triumph of the State Modern Times: The World from the Twenties to the Eighties. by Paul Johnson. Harper & Row. 818 pp. $27.95. It must surely be one of the great paradoxes of our times that as “the power of the state to do evil expanded with awesome speed” (in Paul Johnson's words), its ability to fulfill its traditional obligations—namely, maintaining an adequate defense and a solid currency, and guaranteeing the physical safety of its citzens and their property—declined precipitously.

Promethean Fire, by Charles J. Lumsden and Edward O. Wilson
by Howard Kaye
Back to Nature Promethean Fire: Reflections on the Origin of Mind. by Charles J. Lumsden and Edward O. Wilson. Harvard. 216 pp. $17.50. A new generation of physical and biological scientists has been looking to nature rather than culture for authoritative answers to the troubling questions of who we are, what we can become, and how we are to live.

The Grand Strategy of the Soviet Union, by Edward N. Luttwak
by Adam Ulam
War & the USSR The Grand Strategy of the Soviet Union. by Edward N. Luttwak. Appendices by Herbert Block and W. Seth Carus.

November, 1983Back to Top
Nuclear Strategists
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am not surprised by Edward N. Luttwak's mainly unfavorable review of my book, The Wizards of Armageddon [Books in Review, August].

The Schools
by
To the Editor: Joseph Adelson's interesting article, “How the Schools Were Ruined” [July], should be a starting point for the coming dialogue over the direction of education in the United States.

Anti-Capitalism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Joseph Epstein, in your pages, has abused his position as editor of the American Scholar. In his essay, “The Education of an Anti-Capitalist” [August], he says he spoke “over the telephone with a philosopher who had sent an essay to the American Scholar (of which I am the editor) about intellectuals and capitalism.” Mr.

Willy Brandt
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Whatever Happened to Willy Brandt?” [July], David Gress sets out to explain how Willy Brandt, once a “democratic anti-Communist,” turned into an “appeaser” and “neutralist.” These are indeed serious charges to make, in the columns of a serious American magazine, against a long-proven friend of the Western alliance and of the United States, who is also chairman of a German party—the Social Democrats—which has succeeded in condemning the Communists to virtual nonexistence in the German Federal Republic for more than three decades.

The New Soviet Apologists
by Arch Puddington
Among the many consequences of the downing of Korean Air Lines Flight 007 has been the temporary suspension of a growing disposition on the American Left to propagate a more sympathetic attitude toward the Soviet system and the Soviet Union's global role.

The Famine the “Times” Couldn't Find
by Marco Carynnyk
My editor was dubious. I had been explaining that fifty years ago, in the spring and summer of 1933, Ukraine, the country of my forebears, had suffered a horrendous catastrophe.

The Last Great Yiddish Poet?
by Ruth Wisse
A country or a state should endure longer than an individual. At least this seems to be in keeping with the order of things.

Writer at Work
by Jeffrey Miller
For Cynthia Ozick Every writer dreams of publishing a story in the Monocle, and the Mouse was no exception. She was called the Mouse by two editors and a literary agent who had discovered that common to them were certain visits by the young woman during the second week of April 1979.

Cohen at the Bat
by Tilden Edelstein
Andy Cohen and his brother Syd together spent a total of seventy years in professional baseball, but were major leaguers for only seven years.

It's Only Culture
by Joseph Epstein
For all that so many people extol the period in American life known with chronological inexactitude as the 60's, looking back upon it fondly as a time of unrivaled freedom and creative disorder—“Bliss was it in that dawn to be alive/ But to be young was very Heaven!”—I have never heard anyone of any seriousness extol its cultural achievements.

Woody Allen on the American Character
by Richard Grenier
Woody Allen had dreamed of higher things. Having been encouraged by more adulation from the country's cultural elite than any comic artist since Charlie Chaplin, he aspired to outgrow comedy—in his chosen medium to become Ingmar Bergman and Federico Fellini.

Overdrive, by William F. Buckley Jr.
by Norman Podhoretz
A Celebration Overdrive: A Personal Documentary by William F. Buckley, Jr. Doubleday. 262 pp. $16.95. The first thing to say about Overdrive is that it is a dazzling book.

Autumn of Fury: The Assassination of Sadat, by Mohamed Heikal
by Daniel Pipes
Trashing Sadat Autumn of Fury: The Assassination of Sadat. by Mohamed Heikal. Random House. 290 pp. $17.95. Mohamed Heikal, the renowned Egyptian journalist, writes on the first page of Autumn of Fury that he was “very fond of Sadat as a man.” The reader might wish to savor these pleasant words, for they are the last he will encounter.

The War Over the Family, by Brigitte Berger and Peter L. Berger
by Rita Kramer
Holding the Center The War Over the Family: Capturing the Middle Ground. by Brigitte Berger and Peter L. Berger. Anchor Press/Doubleday. 252 pp.

The Sacred Executioner, by Hyam Maccoby
by Robert Alter
Origins The Sacred Executioner: Human Sacrifice and the Legacy of Guilt. by Hyam Maccoby. Thames and Hudson. 208 pp. $19.95. This is a venturesome, provocative book that seeks first to uncover the archaic origins of certain central expressions of biblical religion and then to explain the anti-Jewish bias of Christianity, both early and late, as a swerve back into the archaic.

Dangerous Currents: The State of Economics, by Lester C. Thurow
by A. Chickering
Of Men and Markets Dangerous Currents: The State of Economics. by Lester C. Thurow. Random House. 247 pp. $16.95. Lester C. Thurow first became visible in 1972 as chief economic adviser to George McGovern.

December, 1983Back to Top
Dartmouth and Wellesley
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Allow me to correct an erroneous statement in a letter in your August issue. The error occurred in the interesting exchange inspired by Louise Blecher Rose's excellent article about quotas at Sarah Lawrence [“The Secret Life of Sarah Lawrence,” May].

Willy Brandt & the Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . David Gress, in his four pages on Willy Brandt [“Whatever Happened to Willy Brandt?,” July], devotes not a word, not a line, to Brandt's attitude to Jewish problems.

Totalitarianism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I cannot but agree with Leszek Kolakowski's plea for the validity of the concept of totalitarianism, particularly at a moment when the radical intellectual establishment is trying to discredit it [“Totalitarianism & the Lie,” May].

Anti-Semitism
by
To the Editor: Jacob Katz introduces his article, “Misreadings of Anti-Semitism” [July], by quoting the opening sentences of my review of his recently published From Prejudice to Destruction, in which I criticized him for failing to place his account of the development of European anti-Semitism in its proper context—the growth of anti-modern social and political movements.

Reagan and the Poor
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Michael Novak's article, “The Rich, the Poor & the Reagan Administration” [August], is perhaps the finest piece on politics and the budget that I have had the pleasure of reading since coming to Congress. Of the numerous reports and analyses that cross my desk every day, Mr.

Morality and Deterrence
by Michael Novak
To the Editor: The American bishops are losing faith in deterrence, to the scandal of the “clerks strategic,” including their dean, Albert Wohlstetter.

The State of World Jewry
by Norman Podhoretz
To speak of “world Jewry” in 1983 or any other year is a little reckless. For one thing, the very term “world Jewry” conjures up uncomfortable associations with the myth enshrined in the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion, according to which the Jews secretly run the world through an international committee of their richest and most powerful leaders.

European “Sophistication” vs. American “Naiveté&rdquo
by Owen Harries
The Europeans have a better understanding of the complexities of the present world difficulties than the United States. —James Callaghan, London Times, February 19, 1982 One dreams also of a real American foreign policy which takes realities into account.

The Greatest Living American Philosopher
by Josiah Auspitz
Charles Sanders Peirce, the only American one can confidently place among the world's great philosophers, had a view of logic as a form of heroism.

Train to the West
by Leon Steinmetz
“Listen, old man,” said Andy Perlov, entering my room, “would you like to get married?” “Married?” I said. “No. I'd rather wait.” “You didn't get me.

Thinking About Crime Again
by Ernest der
James Q. Wilson has been regarded as a leader of American criminology—we have more criminologists (and more crime) than most countries—at least since he collected his work in Thinking About Crime eight years ago.

“Colonia” According to Naipaul
by Roger Sandall
Since leaving his native Trinidad thirty-three years ago, V. S. Naipaul has written eight novels and seven books of social and political commentary, most of them dealing with Third World politics in a decidedly unaccommodating way.

The Troubled Crusade, by Diane Ravitch
by Peter Skerry
Progress? The Troubled Crusade: American Education 1945-1980. by Diane Ravitch. Basic Books. 384 pp. $19.95. The ferment over education reform of the 1960's and the emergence of neo-Marxism in the universities have, over the past decade or so, inspired a spate of revisionist histories of American educational institutions and policies.

Andropov: New Challenge to the West, by Arnold Beichman and Mikhail S. Bernstam
by Maurice Friedberg
Policeman and Bureaucrat Andropov: New Challenge to the West. A Political Biography. by Arnold Beichman and Mikhail S. Bernstam. Introduction by Robert Conquest.

Exiled in Paradise, by Anthony Heilbut
by Peter Shaw
Critics of Society Exiled in Paradise: German Refugee Artists and Intellectuals in America from the 1930's to the Present. by Anthony Heilbut. Viking.

A Journey for Our Times, by Harrison E. Salisbury
by Samuel McCracken
Big News A Journey for our Times. by Harrison E. Salisbury. Harper & Row. 546 pp. $22.50. As long ago as the time of Lincoln Steffens it was obvious that journalists could themselves make good “copy”; all the more so today, when the death of a network anchorman can get more coverage than that of a major public official.

The Economics and Politics of Race, by Thomas Sowell
by Steven Plaut
Unconventional Truths The Economics and Politics of Race: An International Perspective. by Thomas Sowell. Morrow. 324 pp. $15.95. Over the past years Thomas Sowell, an economist and senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, has become one of America's most trenchant and perceptive commentators on the subject of race relations and ethnicity.




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