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January, 1993Back to Top
Anti-Catholicism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In the October 1992 issue, a number of letter writers responding to George Weigel's “The New Anti-Catholicism” [June 1992], appear eager to downplay the phenomenon itself as part of American history.

Japanese Americans & Interment
by Our Readers
To the Editor: James W. Muller's review of The Chairman, Kai Bird's biography of John J. McCloy [Books in Review, September 1992], is sadly equivocal concerning the decision to intern Japanese Americans living on the West coast. After citing Bird's own judgment that internment was “a constitutional travesty,” Muller states that “.

Israel Watch
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Reading Ruth R. Wisse's article, “The Might and the Right” [September 1992], one may find understanding for the author's mournful mood over Likud's loss in the Israeli elections, but not for her attempts to downplay Labor's victory by characterizing it as a “relatively slight shift”; for her denunciation of the media for its outpouring of optimism; or for her efforts to settle scores with Arthur Hertzberg—as if he single-handedly caused the defeat of Likud. Why not engage in “Israel-watching” in a fairer and more constructive manner? .

Hayek & the Conservatives
by Our Readers
To the Editor: David Glasner is to be congratulated for his account of F.A. Hayek's positive influence on American conservatism [“Hayek and the Conservatives,” October 1992].

Anti-Semitism Without Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his excellent article, “Once Again, Anti-Semitism Without Jews” [August 1992], Robert S. Wistrich notes that Franjo Tudjman, President of Croatia, has not only regurgitated the lies of the Holocaust deniers but “even labels Israel a ‘Judeo-Nazi’ state.” Surely Mr.

Why the Democrats Finally Won
by Joshua Muravchik
The Democrats have finally recaptured the White House, led by a fresh ticket that distanced itself from conventional liberalism, and abetted by George Bush and, in a sense, Mikhail Gorbachev. “The economy, stupid,” read a famous sign in the Clinton/Gore headquarters in Little Rock, and exit polls ultimately confirmed that the economy was by far the leading issue on the minds of voters.

Is Police Brutality the Problem?
by William Tucker
Item: On July 20, 1992, Sergeant Peter Viola, and four other New York City police officers, were summoned to the home of Annie Dodds, a politically prominent black woman in Brooklyn, to settle a domestic dispute.

The Crown Heights Riot & Its Aftermath
by Philip Gourevitch
Early one evening during the riot in the Crown Heights neighborhood of Brooklyn in August 1991, I stopped in at the 71st precinct station and chatted briefly with Captain Mescolotto, an executive officer who had been called back from vacation to help deal with the mayhem in the area.

Islam vs. Democracy
by Martin Kramer
In the summer of 1881, the English poet Wilfrid Scawen Blunt wrote a series of essays subsequently published under the title, The Future of Islam.

De Gaulle
by Elie Kedourie
Charles de Gaulle died in 1970 at the age of eighty. He was thus fifty years old when, as an unknown officer recently promoted to the (temporary) rank of brigadier general, he made his famous broadcast from London rejecting the capitulation of France to the Nazis after the debacle of May-June 1940.

The Voice of NPR
by Andrea Levin
National Public Radio (NPR), America's premier tax-supported radio network, with a budget of $59 million in 1993 and an audience of more than fourteen million listeners per week through 458 affiliated stations, operates under a federal statutory mandate of “strict adherence to objectivity and balance in all programs or series of programs of a controversial nature.” Yet it has consistently violated this mandate by an anti-Israel tilt in its Middle East coverage. A recent segment, broadcast September 16, 1992, is emblematic.

A Postscript on Finlandization
by Walter Laqueur
In the 1970's the term “Finlandization” entered the political lexicon and became for a while a major bone of contention.

It Doesn't Take a Hero, by H. Norman Schwarzkopf
by Laurie Mylroie
General's Story It Doesn't Take a Hero. by H. Norman Schwarzkopf with Peter Petre. Bantam. 544 pp. $25.00. Less than half this book deals with the 1991 war in the Persian Gulf.

Evelyn Waugh, by Martin Stannard
by Evelyn Toynton
The Nostalgist Evelyn Waugh: The Later Years, 1939-1966. by Martin Stannard. Norton. 523 pp. $29.95. The novelist Evelyn Waugh would present a formidable challenge to any biographer.

Grand Illusion, by John B. Judis
by Sam Tanenhaus
In Decline Grand Illusion: Critics and Champions of the American Century. by John B. Judis. Farrar Straus Giroux. 344 pp.$25.00. Nostalgia haunts this chronicle of 20th-century American politics.

The Critics Bear It Away, by Frederick Crews
by Peter Shaw
Left Eclecticism The Critics Bear It Away: American Fiction and the Academy. by Frederick Crews. Random House. 213 pp. $20.00. The undermining of traditional intellectual values in universities over the past two decades has taken its inspiration from successive waves of French and Marxist-derived theory.

Better Than Plowing, by James M. Buchanan
by Kenneth Silber
Public Choice Better Than Plowing, and Other Personal Essays. by James M. Buchanan. University of Chicago Press. 194 pp. $23.95. In much economic theory, politicians and government bureaucrats are exempted from the general rule that humans seek to maximize their own interests; instead, government is assumed to be a sort of benignly neutral referee, capable of acting in the broad public interest.

Reader Letters January 1993
by Edward Alexander
Anti-Semitism Without Jews TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: In his excellent article, "Once Again, Anti-Semitism Without Jews" [August 1992], Robert S. Wistrich notes that Franjo Tudj- man, President of Croatia, has not only regurgitated the lies of the Holocaust deniers but "even labels Israel a 'Judeo-Nazi' state." Surely Mr.

February, 1993Back to Top
The Sacred Executioner
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of my book, Judas Iscariot: the Myth of Jewish Evil [Books in Review, October 1992], Jon D.

Psuedo-Science
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of Rational Readings on Environmental Concerns, edited by Jay Lehr [Books in Review, October 1992], Jeffrey Salmon cites a depressing number of instances of environmental pseudo-science.

The Oppositionist
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Allan Nadler's powerful review of Judaism, Human Values, and the Jewish State, by Yeshayahu Leibowitz [Books in Review, November 1992], calls attention to yet another emperor's nakedness.

Bosnia
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Continuing congratulations are due COMMENTARY for its serious and balanced approach to the issues of the Yugoslav war, as exemplified first by Josef Joffe's “Bosnia: The Return of History” [October 1992] and then by Joshua Muravchik's “The Strange Debate Over Bosnia” [November 1992].

Lustration
by Our Readers
To the Editor: George Weigel's essay on lustration in Czechoslovakia [“Their Lustration—and Ours,” October 1992] is well-informed and just. However, I would like to add one comment which, I hope, will clarify certain aspects of the lustration phenomenon not dealt with by Mr.

Against the Independent Counsel
by Robert Bork
For almost fifteen years America has experimented with a second and separate system of criminal-law enforcement. The Ethics in Government Act of 1978 created court-appointed independent counsels, placed outside the control of the President and the Attorney General, to investigate and, where possible, prosecute certain high-ranking executive-branch officials.

The Bitter Legacies of Malcolm X
by Tamar Jacoby
No one has ever accused the black film-maker Spike Lee of being unambitious, but in the case of his new movie, Malcolm X, it is not clear that the director himself grasped the dimensions of the project he was taking on.

What the Holocaust Does Not Teach
by Edward Alexander
“World Jewry has a special responsibility.” This hectoring call blared forth from the midst of a New York Times op-ed piece by Flora Lewis entitled “Save Lives in Bosnia” (November 9, 1992).

The Euromess
by Angelo Codevilla
Just a year ago, as representatives of the twelve governments making up the European Community (EC) met in the Dutch city of Maastricht to sign the latest in a series of pan-European agreements, polite opinion was unanimous that a united Europe would challenge the United States economically, that it would take charge of reordering the formerly Communist world, and that its “advanced” approach to economic, social, and environmental matters had a lot to teach us.

Rabbi Nahman and the Effendi
by Yehoshua Bar-Yosef
Winter in the year 1799 stormed the handful of houses perched on Mount Safed, attacking with awesome might. For four days and nights the hills were shrouded in a mass of clouds that concealed even a glimpse of blue.

A New Kind of Democrat?
by David Twersky
The Johnnetta Cole affair began as a fairly straightforward story, but it became important because it was the first real test of the claim Bill Clinton had made during his campaign that he was “a new kind of Democrat.” Dr.

The Limits of Term Limits
by Terry Eastland
ASIDE from Bill Clinton's victory, certainly the biggest news on election day was the huge support won by the term-limits movement.

Paved With Good Intentions, by Jared Taylor
by Arch Puddington
Double Standard Paved with Good Intentions: The Failure of Race Relations in Contemporary America. by Jared Taylor. Carroll & Graf. 416 pp. $22.95. The election of Bill Clinton has, among other things, confounded predictions that racial division would ensure Republican control of the White House for at least the rest of this century.

Quiet Diplomat, by Peter Golden
by Leonard Garment
Mediator Quiet Diplomat: A Biography of Max M. Fisher. by Peter Golden. Cornwall Books. 564 pp. $24.50. Twenty-five years ago, I began working in the White House as special consultant to President Richard Nixon.

Can Poetry Matter?, by Dana Gioia
by Christopher Clausen
Culture and the Subculture Can Poetry Matter? Essays on Poetry and American Culture. by Dana Gioia. Graywolf Press. 256 pp. $25.00. What audience still exists for poetry in contemporary America? Or, to put it less optimistically, why is poetry today largely confined to what Dana Gioia describes as a “subculture” in university English departments? Why does the educated public that reads serious magazines and continues to enjoy quality fiction no longer, on the whole, pay much attention to living poets? These questions have often been asked in recent years—including notably by Joseph Epstein in “Who Killed Poetry?” (COMMENTARY, August 1988)—but seldom with as much penetration and knowledge of the literary world outside the university as Gioia brings to them here. Since the appearance in 1986 of his first book of poems, Daily Horoscope, Dana Gioia has become something of a prodigy in American letters.

The Broken Staff, by Frank E. Manuel
by Robert Wistrich
Outside In The Broken Staff: Judaism Through Christian Eyes. by Frank E. Manuel. Harvard University Press. 363 pp. $34.95. For nearly 2,000 years Judaism has been a serious theological problem not only for the Christian churches but also for scholars of Christendom.

Dean Acheson, by Douglas Brinkley
by Jeffrey Salmon
Warrior Dean Acheson: The Cold War Years, 1953-71. by Douglas Brinkley. Yale University Press. 512 pp. $35.00. In late 1962, out of office for almost a decade, former Secretary of State Dean Acheson set off a “volcanic public outcry” in England when he told a West Point audience, “Great Britain has lost an empire and has not yet found a role.” Bruising an ally's pride when it was in fact floundering for its place in the world is hardly what one would have expected from a man of Acheson's sophistication and facility with the English language.

Reader Letters February 1993
by Jacob Neusner
Lustration TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: George Weigel's essay on lus- tration in Czechoslovakia ["Their Lustration-and Ours," October 1992] is well-informed and just. However, I would like to add one comment which, I hope, will clarify certain aspects of the lustration phenomenon not dealt with by Mr. Weigel.

March, 1993Back to Top
Gay Rights
by Our Readers
To the Editor: E.L. Pattullo's “Straight Talk About Gays” [December 1992] is anything but straight. Acknowledging that most people are by nature either heterosexual or homosexual, Mr.

Homosexuality and the Schools
by Midge Decter
On November 12, 1992, Mary A. Cummins, president of the community board of School District 24 in Queens, New York, addressed a letter to Dr.

The Rabbinic Imagination
by Hillel Halkin
Hayyim Nahman Bialik and Yehoshua Hana Ravnitzky's Sefer Ha-Aggadah, now translated and published for the first time in English as The Book of Legends,1 is a work of creative scholarship that makes the word “monumental” seem modest.

Reading Montaigne
by Joseph Epstein
Michel De Montaigne (1533-92) put the capital I, the first person, into literature, and while he was at it also invented the essay.

The Deportations
by David Bar-Illan
The Israeli maxim, “Only Likud can make peace and only Labor can conduct a successful war,” had to be amended last December to include, “Only a Leftist coalition can effect a large deportation of Palestinians.” For if it is virtually impossible to imagine the enormity of the backlash to a Likud government's taking such a step, it is because under Likud the step itself would simply have been unthinkable.

Furtwingler and the Nazis
by Samuel Lipman
The controversy surrounding the career of the German conductor Wilhelm Furtwängler (1886-1954) refuses to die. Just this past year, a detailed and fascinating biography by the writer and film-maker Sam H.

American Stories
by Evelyn Toynton
The poet-critic Randall Jarrell once defined the novel as “a prose narrative of a certain length that has something wrong with it.” The short story might be said to differ from the novel in that there need not be anything wrong with it—perfection, of however narrow a kind, being attainable in the shorter form that is inconceivable in the long.

The Dream and the Nightmare, by Myron Magnet
by Chester Finn,
Our Country & Our Culture The Dream and the Nightmare. by Myron Magnet. Morrow. 320 pp. $20.00. The 1992 election campaign included much chatter about “welfare reform,” mostly centered on the need to oblige aid recipients to take jobs.

The Final Revolution, by George Weigel
by Arch Puddington
Good vs. Evil The Final Revolution: The Resistance Church and the Collapse of Communism. by George Weigel. Oxford University Press. 255 pp. $25.00. When asked, Who killed Communism?, most experts usually respond with the name of one or both of the two superpower leaders of the 1980's: Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev.

In Our Own Image, by Maureen Caudill; Artificial Life, by Steven Levy
by Jeffrey Marsh
Not Science Fiction In Our Own Image: Building an Artificial Person. by Maureen Caudill. Oxford University Press. 242 pp. $23.00. Artificial Life: The Quest for a New Creation. by Steven Levy. Pantheon.

The Jews of Germany, by Ruth Gay; The Stigma of Names, by Dietz Bering
by Jerry Muller
From Moses to Moritz The Jews of Germany: A Historical Portrait. by Ruth Gay. Yale University Press. 297 pp. $35.00. The Stigma of Names: Anti-semitism in German daily life, 1812-1933. by Dietz Bering. Translated by Neville Plaice.

At the Highest Levels, by Michael R. Beschloss and Strobe Talbott
by Angelo Codevilla
Bush/Baker & Gorbachev At the Highest Levels: The inside story of the end of the Cold War. by Michael R. Beschlos and Strobe Talbott. Little, Brown.

April, 1993Back to Top
Passionate Attachments
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I read with interest Edward N. Luttwak's discussion of The Passionate Attachment, George Ball's latest attempt—in conjunction with his son Douglas—to denigrate Israel and American Jews [Israel Watch: “George Ball's Latest Diatribe,” December 1992]. Although Mr.

Police Brutality
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am a former chief of police of Savannah, Georgia, and I hold a Ph.D. in social science from Michigan State.

Cuba's Fate
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I write to express my appreciation for Mark Falcoff's “Is Cuba Next?” [November 1992]. His observations are especially welcome at a time when Cuba's grave economic difficulties have inspired and reinvigorated the most amazing misconceptions.

The Library of America
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In Norman Podhoretz's generous tribute to the Library of America [“On Reading for Pleasure Again,” December 1992], he wonders, as others occasionally do, if we may not be pushing “minor” writers ahead of such “major” figures as Hemingway, Fitzgerald, and Dos Passos.

Clinton's Victory
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In commenting on Joshua Muravchik's “Why the Democrats Finally Won” [January], I would argue, risking the charge of oversimplification, that the overwhelming reason for the Democratic victory was George Bush, probably the most inept presidential candidate since Alf Landon or Wendell Willkie.

On the Peace Process
by Norman Podhoretz
For many years—and especially during the period 1977-92, when Likud was in power—I took the position that American Jews had no moral right to criticize Israel's security policies.

The Family-Values Debate
by James Wilson
There are two views about the contemporary American family, one held by the public and the other by policy elites.

Hiss: Guilty as Charged
by Sam Tanenhaus
The Alger Hiss case, as by now everyone must know, did not end with Hiss's conviction in 1950 on two counts of perjury.

Jewish Voters & the Democrats
by Jay Lefkowitz
Quadrennial observers of the Jewish vote might be surprised by the support American Jews gave to Bill Clinton in the 1992 presidential election—surprised not by the fact of that support, but by its overwhelming size.

Grandfathers-A Memoir
by Christopher Clausen
It would be pleasant to think that my paternal grandfather was named Adam because he was the first surviving member of his family to be born in the New World.

Tennis, Anyone?
by Richard Stern
If, like me until the 1992 tournament, you know Wimbledon only on television, you do not know it. You know an airless abstraction, a moving picture lumpy with dramatic close-ups and undigestible commentary.

Preparing for the Twenty-First Century, by Paul Kennedy
by Irwin Stelzer
Apocalypse, Soon Preparing for the Twenty-first Century. by Paul Kennedy. Random House. 428 pp. $25.00. Take a bit of Thomas Malthus (Essay on Population), add a dash of Robert Reich (The Work of Nations), spice with more than a touch of Al Gore (Earth in the Balance), and voilà!

The First Dissident, by William Safire
by Edward Luttwak
The Man from Uz The First Dissident: The Book of Job in Today's Politics. by William Safire. Random House. 304 pp. $23.00. Himself a man of some wealth and influence, William Safire, the well-known columnist of the New York Times, has written a book about another man of (much greater) wealth and influence: Job of the land of Uz, who had 7,000 sheep, 3,000 camels, 500 yoke of oxen, 500 asses, many servants, and sufficient authority to be “the greatest man in the East” when his atrocious sufferings were about to begin. This admittedly rather feeble parallel offers the only explanation I can think of for Safire's unexpected achievement.

Boiling Point, by Kevin Phillips
by Suzanne Garment
Soaking the Middle Boiling Point: Republicans, Democrats, and the Decline of Middle-class Prosperity. by Kevin Phillips. Random House. 336 pp. $23.00. At the very beginning of his new book, Kevin Phillips reminds us of his outstanding record in predicting—and in creating—major trends in American politics.

Tribes, by Joel Kotkin
by Peter Berger
Tribes: How Race, Religion, and Identity Determine Success in the New Global Economy. by Joel Kotkin. Random House. 360 pp. $24.00. Joel Kotkin, a journalist based in Los Angeles, has previously written on American relations with Asia and on the California economy.

Palestinians, by Baruch Kimmerling and Joel S. Migdal
by Daniel Pipes
The Palestinian Experience Palestinians: The Making of a People. by Baruch Kimmerling and Joel S. Migdal. Free Press. 350 pp. $29.95. Recent Palestinian politics are the subject of inordinate journalistic and scholarly attention: the University of Pennsylvania library, for example, contains no fewer than 22 books on the intifada, and a groaning shelf scrutinizes every twist in the rise and fortunes of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

Reader Letters April 1993
by Arnold Beichman
Clinton's Victory TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: In commenting on Joshua Mur- avchik's "Why the Democrats Fi- nally Won" [January], I would ar- gue, risking the charge of oversim- plification, that the overwhelming reason for the Democratic victory was George Bush, probably the most inept presidential candidate since Alf Landon or Wendell Will- kie.

May, 1993Back to Top
The Pope and Communism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am grateful to Arch Puddington, himself a stalwart ally of the forces of freedom during the cold war, for his thoughtful review of my book, The Final Revolution: The Resistance Church and the Collapse of Communism [Books in Review, March].

The Voice of NPR
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Andrea Levin's “The Voice of NPR” [Israel Watch, January] is a masterpiece of reporting based on meticulous research.

Poetry as Sanctuary
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Thank you for Christopher Clausen's review of Can Poetry Matter? by Dana Gioia [Books in Review, February]. It is true, as Mr.

Islam & the PLO
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am happy to find, at last, an article that alerts us to the threat of Islamic fundamentalism, Martin Kramer's “Islam vs.

The Euromess
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It was a pleasure for me, as a German citizen, to read Angelo M. Codevilla's insightful article, “The Euromess” [February].

Crown Heights
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his excellent article, “The Crown Heights Riot & Its Aftermath” [January], Philip Gourevitch accurately describes a city gone astray.

Clintonism Unmasked
by Irwin Stelzer
America is in the early days of a revolution—more precisely, a counterrevolution—and seems not even to know it. Indeed, much of the intellectual energy being poured into the battle over President Bill Clinton's tax-and-spend proposals is being wasted on purely peripheral arguments.

Immigrants and Family Values
by Francis Fukuyama
At the Republican convention in Houston last August, Patrick J. Buchanan announced the coming of a block-by-block war to “take back our culture.” Buchanan is right that a cultural war is upon us, and that this fight will be a central American preoccupation now that the cold war is over.

Blessing Capitalism
by Paul Johnson
There is no greater source of muddled thinking than the relationship between religion and economic systems. Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, most churches, established and free, Catholic and Protestant, condemned socialism root and branch.

Are Russian Jews in Danger?
by Peter Brodsky
Most educated Americans are familiar with at least some aspects of Russian anti-Semitism from their reading; from what they know about the history of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion; from echoes that have reached them concerning the liquidation of the Yiddish theater and the Yiddish writers' union in 1948-49, Stalin's infamous “Doctors' Plot” of 1952, or the harsh anti-Zionist and anti-Israel rhetoric that was a permanent feature of Soviet foreign policy from the 1960's to Gorbachev.

Mary McCarthy in Retrospect
by Joseph Epstein
“I didn't have the two top things—great animal magnetism or money,” F. Scott Fitzgerald once remarked. “I had the two second things, though, good looks and intelligence.” Mary McCarthy (1912-89), like Fitzgerald—like him, too, in being half-Irish on her father's side—could say the same.

The Nerve of Ruth Wisse
by Edward Alexander
“Ruth Wisse is worth a battalion.” This I heard at Tel Aviv University from a graduate student of mine with some expertise in military matters, being a colonel in the Israeli army.

Movies and Middle-Class Rage
by Terry Teachout
It is well known, yet oddly easy to overlook, that the most popular radio show in America today is a daily tirade by a Midwestern Wasp whose political views are for the most part indistinguishable from those of Ronald Reagan. Rush Limbaugh is a loud, aggressive comedian-commentator whose nationally syndicated, three-hour-long call-in program is devoted to high-voltage attacks on liberals, environmentalists, advocates of political correctness, the Clinton administration, and, to borrow Limbaugh's own WalterWinchellesque coinage, “feminazis.” Thanks to this program, Limbaugh has become a universally recognized symbol of everything the Left loves to hate.

Upon This Rock, by Samuel G. Freedman
by Glenn Loury
Where the Hope Is Upon This Rock: The Miracles of a Black Church. by Samuel G. Freedman. HarperCollins. 373 pp. $22.50. The Manhattan Institute, a conservative public-policy organization with a particular focus on issues affecting New York City, has since 1987 sponsored an annual lecture named in honor of the financier Walter Wriston.

Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, Justin Kaplan, General Editor
by Robin Roger
Up to the Minute Bartlett's Familiar Quotations: Sixteenth Edition. by John Bartlett. Justin Kaplan, General Editor. Little, Brown. 1,405 pp. $40.00. The back cover of this, the sixteenth edition of Bartlett's, features ten quotations selected from the more than 20,000 found inside.

Thursday's Child Has Far to Go, by Walter Laqueur
by Mark Falcoff
A Lost World Thursday's Child Has Far To Go: A Memoir of the Journeying Years. by Walter Laqueur. Scribner's. 418 pp. $30.00. Walter Laqueur is well-known to readers of COMMENTARY as one of the most talented and readable historians of our time.

Adam Smith in His Time and Ours, byJerry Z. Muller
by George Russell
In Praise of Enterprise Adam Smith in His Time and Ours: Designing the Decent Society. by Jerry Z. Muller. Free Press. 272 pp.

The Porcupine, byJulian Barnes
by Arch Puddington
After the Fall The Porcupine. by Julian Barnes. Knopf. 138 pp. $17.00. The Communist experience, which over the decades exerted a powerful influence on the emotions of people throughout the world, utterly failed to stimulate the imagination of the West's creative writers.

Reader Letters May 1993
by David Basch
Crown Heights TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: In his excellent article, "The Crown Heights Riot & Its After- math" [January], Philip Goure- vitch accurately describes a city gone astray.

June, 1993Back to Top
The Peace Process
by Our Readers
To the Editor: There is no reason to fault Norman Podhoretz [“A Statement on the Peace Process,” April] for taking a position on a matter affecting the security of Israel different from that of Israel's government.

Finlandization
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Walter Laqueur's conclusions in “A Postscript on Finlandization” [January], that Finland acquiesced in Soviet wishes and indulged in self-censorship, are accurate enough—but oh, the power of geography and a formidable neighbor (Russia)!

Gobineau
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I would like to comment on Robert S. Wistrich's review of Frank E. Manuel's The Broken Staff: Judaism Through Christian Eyes [Books in Review, February].

Lessons of the Holocaust
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In the last footnote of his article, “What the Holocaust Does Not Teach” [February], Edward Alexander chides me mildly for my use of an important document, first published as a facsimile in a book by David Irving, and for citing Irving as a source. The item in question is an excerpt from the telephone log of Heinrich Himmler, noting an order he was giving in the course of a call at 1:30 P.M.

The Nixon Administration & the Jewish Community
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Leonard Garment's review of Peter Golden's Quiet Diplomat: A Biography of Max M. Fisher [Books in Review, February] is in itself a strong contribution to the history of the Nixon administration's relationship to the Jewish community.

The Independant Counsel
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The article by Robert H. Bork, “Against the Independent Counsel” [February], is remarkable for its lack of objectivity and its intolerance.

Another Statement on the Peace Process
by Norman Podhoretz
If a foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of a little mind (Emerson), then Norman Podhoretz has a mind as big as all outdoors.

Boris Yeltsin's Hollow Victory
by Vladimir Bukovsky
The referendum held in Russia this past April has left President Boris Yeltsin in office, which is better than his defeat would have been, but it has done nothing to resolve the ongoing crisis which has caused so much panic both in Western capitals and in Russia itself. A few months ago, when the crisis once again hit the news, some hastened to announce what had always been expected and feared, yet would, it had simultaneously been hoped, be averted by a miracle: the death of the fragile democratic system which had been born in Russia after the failed coup of August 1991, the fall of Mikhail Gorbachev, and the accession of Boris Yeltsin to power.

What Is Moral, and How Do We Know It?
by James Wilson
Almost every important tendency in modern thought has questioned the possibility of making moral judgments. Analytical philosophy asserts that moral statements are expressions of emotion lacking any rational or scientific basis.

PC With a Human Face
by Carol Iannone
A couple of years ago, the term “political correctness” (PC) entered the lexicon of public discourse. Long a designation of approval by the hard Left, it suddenly became a pejorative description for the political agenda of those on the Left who were claiming to speak for certain groups defined by race, gender, class, selected ethnicity, and sexual behavior, and who were attempting to intimidate and silence anyone trying to question their new orthodoxy. A series of books by Allan Bloom, Roger Kimball, and Dinesh D'Souza defined and illustrated different aspects of the issue and its special application to the university; public figures like Lynne Cheney, then-Chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities, and William J.

The Androgyny Party
by Noemie Emery
President Clinton's attempt to lift the ban on gays in the military revived the culture war, never quite dormant, and shed some new light on its source.

Christians and the Holy Land
by Hillel Halkin
Among the world's great religions, as they were called in pre-multiculturalist days, Christianity occupies a middle ground in its attitude toward the sacramental.

The Great Melody, by Conor Cruise O'Brien
by George Weigel
The Member from Bristol The Great Melody: A Thematic Biography of Edmund Burke. by Conor Cruise O'Brien. University of Chicago Press. 692 pp.

Complete Plays, by Eugene O'Neill, edited by Travis Bogard; Nine Plays, by Eugene O'Neill
by Morris Freedman
Banshee Shakespeare Complete Plays. by Eugene O'Neill. Edited by Travis Bogard. Library of America. Volume I: 1913-1920. 1,104 pp. $35.00. Volume II: 1920-1931.

Sick Societies, by Robert B. Edgerton
by Bret Stephens
Trouble in Paradise Sick Societies: Challenging the Myth of Primitive Harmony. by Robert B. Edgerton. Free Press. 209 pp. $24.95. Nothing has lent greater intellectual credibility to the prevailing academic ethos than the principle of cultural relativism, first adumbrated in the work of early-20th-century anthropologists and now entrenched in most anthropology departments nationwide.

A Far Glory, by Peter L. Berger
by David Singer
On Belief A Far Glory: The Quest for Faith in an Age of Credulity. by Peter L. Berger. Free Press. 218 pp. $22.95. Peter Berger's writings on religion are a rare combination of scholarly detachment and personal engagement.

Mexican Americans, by Peter Skerry
by Christopher Caldwell
Strategies of Ethnic Politics Mexican Americans: The Ambivalent Minority. by Peter Skerry. Free Press. 400 pp. $27.95. Are Mexican-Americans “immigrant ethnics”—just like the Europeans who arrived and thrived a century ago? Or are they members of a “minority”—laying claim, like today's blacks, to reparations for past discrimination? According to Peter Skerry, a director of UCLA's Center for American Politics and Public Policy, the bad news is that contemporary political institutions and culture encourage many Mexican Americans to “assimilate” precisely by defining themselves as an oppressed racial minority. The injurious consequences of this situation—injurious both to Mexican-Americans themselves and to the larger society—are laid out by Skerry in a book that is certain to become a blueprint for our understanding of the ethnic politics of the future. The strategies chosen by the political leadership of the Mexican-American community—from disparate-impact employment suits to voting-rights challenges to bilingual-education drives—are deeply informed by the race-conscious, quota-driven ideology of today's civil-rights establishment.

Reader Letters June 1993
by S. Abramov
TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: The article by Robert H. Bork, "Against the Independent Coun- sel [February], is remarkable for its lack of objectivity and its intol- erance.

July, 1993Back to Top
Denazification
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In your February issue, you published a letter by Andrzej Nowak which, without mentioning my name, undoubtedly alludes to my article, “In the Shadow of the Past,” which appeared in the Polish journal Tygodnik Powszechny.

Crime Statistics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Arch Puddington's insightful review of Paved With Good Intentions by Jared Taylor [Books in Review, February] is marred by his acceptance of Taylor's astonishing claim that “in 1988 there were over 9,406 cases of black-on-white rape, whereas there were fewer than ten cases reported in which blacks were the victims of whites.” In fact, there were also fewer than ten cases of black-on-white rape reported that year, because the reports come from the National Crime Victim Survey (NCVS) which, to estimate crime nationwide, samples 60,000 households each year.

Population Growth
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of Paul Kennedy's book, Preparing for the Twenty-First Century [Books in Review, April], Irwin M.

Montaigne
by
To the Editor: Given the number of good books unread in my library, I hope my sense of the extraordinariness of Joseph Epstein's article, “On Reading Montaigne” [March], is conveyed by the fact that, on reading Epstein, I couldn't order Montaigne's Essays fast enough. Douglas F.

AIDS & the Schools
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Midge Decter [“Homosexuality and the Schools,” March] pounced on the underlying incoherence of gay-rights propagandists with characteristic precision: “While people must do everything to avoid getting AIDS, no one already suffering from it is to be held responsible.” No honest man can urge his fellows to take responsibility for actions of life-and-death gravity, and at the same time pretend those are blameless who show homicidal recklessness regarding these same actions.

Term Limits
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Terry Eastland's recap of the term-limits movement [“The Limits of Term Limits,” February] ends with an observation easily turned into a provocative question: how will “a measure [term limits] that affects only tenure in office, as opposed to the powers exercised in office, .

Malcolm X
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Tamar Jacoby's article, “The Bitter Legacies of Malcolm X” [February], was disappointing. . . . Miss Jacoby dismisses Spike Lee and the power of Malcolm's philosophy in a way that is all-too-typical of someone white looking at the black community—without any deep empathy or understanding.

Israel & the Deportations
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his discussion of the deportation of 400 Palestinians by Israel [Israel Watch: “The Deportations,” March], David Bar-Illan demonstrates an amazing ability to generalize and misinform.

Alger Hiss
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is typical of Sam Tanenhaus's carelessness with facts that he begins his recital of the Hiss case [“Hiss: Guilty as Charged,” April] by misidentifying Alger Hiss as a former Assistant Secretary of State.

The Age of Balkanization
by Patrick Glynn
Today a fundamental change is under way in the character of global political life. A new era is in the making.

Greenhouse Anxiety
by Jeffrey Salmon
Of all the environmental calamities that might be visited on the earth, none has attracted more attention or aroused more fear than global warming.

Who Is Shylock?
by Robert Alter
The Merchant of Venice has inspired a certain ambivalence through much of its four-century history, and that ambivalence is sharply inscribed in the changing interpretations of the play.

The Flowers on Sartre's Grave
by Hilton Kramer
In one of the reports that Jane Kramer used to send to the New Yorker from Paris in the 1980's, there is a brief account of the way the grave of Jean-Paul Sartre in the Montparnasse cemetery had become an object of piety for a new generation of French students: Thousands of students marched in his funeral cortège through Montparnasse, and got to know the place, and a lot of them come back now to visit.

Hebrew in America
by Alan Mintz
The great migrations that began at the end of the last century brought many foreign languages to these shores, but none lasted long in the new environment.

The Encyclopedias
by Andrea Levin
Everyone knows that Arab propaganda has become more effective in recent years. But it is not generally known that the Arab spin on Middle East history and the Arab-Israeli conflict, once accepted only in openly partisan circles, is more and more becoming the standard version even in mainstream reference works.

The Whitney Fiasco & the Critics
by Richard Ryan
Among the more interesting aspects of the ongoing culture war is the fact that the avant-garde, which one might have thought would be off the map by this late stage in the 20th century, continues to cause problems.

A Place Among the Nations, by Benjamin Netanyahu
by Paul Johnson
The Case for Israel A Place Among the Nations: Israel and the World. by Benjamin Netanyahu. Bantam Books. 467 pp. $24.95. One of the many claims that the newly elected head of the Likud party, Benjamin Netanyahu, has to lead Israel—others are youth, courage, and the will to reform the country's paralytic constitutional structure—is the power of communication.

Rethinking AIDS, by Robert S. Root-Bernstein
by Michael Fumento
Heretic Rethinking Aids: The Tragic Cost of Premature Consensus. by Robert S. Root-bernstein. Free Press. 512 pp. $27.95. “One of a small but growing group of AIDS heretics” is how Robert Root-Bernstein, a physiologist at Michigan State University, recently described himself in the Wall Street Journal.

Culture and Imperialism, by Edward W. Said
by Donald Lyons
Jane Austen & Other Exploiters Culture and Imperialism. by Edward W. Said. Knopf. 380 pp. $25.00. Edward Said, who teaches literature at Columbia University, has specialized in writers about colonialism.

Rads, by Tom Bates
by Arch Puddington
Bombers Rads: The 1970 Bombing of the Army Math Research Center at the University of Wisconsin and its Aftermath. by Tom Bates. HarperCollins.

Out of Control, by Zbigniew Brzezinski
by Joshua Muravchik
What Ails Us Out of Control: Global Turmoil on the Eve of the 21st Century. by Zbigniew Brzezinski. Scribner's. 240 pp. $21.00. The tremors and aftershocks from the earthquake that swallowed up the Soviet empire have not yet ceased.

Reader Letters July 1993
by Terry Eastland
TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: It is typical of Sam Tanenhaus's carelessness with facts that he be- gins his recital of the Hiss case ["Hiss: Guilty as Charged," April] by misidentifying Alger Hiss as a former Assistant Secretary of State. Hiss was never that, although he did work in the office of Assistant Secretary of State Francis B.

August, 1993Back to Top
Tennis, Anyone?
by Our Readers
To the Editor: After reading Richard Stern's delightful essay, “Tennis, Anyone?” [April], . . . I wondered whether I was reading COMMENTARY or a misplaced article from the New Yorker, Gourmet, or one of the many travel magazines I often read.

Midrash & Deconstruction
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Hillel Halkin's “The Rabbinic Imagination” [March], comparing rabbinic Midrash to modern deconstruction, while interesting and formally correct, is fundamentally flawed in at least three important ways. 1.

Furtwängler
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Samuel Lipman's fine article, “Furtwängler and the Nazis” [March], sensitive and balanced in its attempt to be understanding of the great musician's contribution to culture, was for me a nostalgia trip back to the days of the controversy.

Family Values
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In James Q. Wilson's otherwise lucid article, “The Family-Values Debate” [April], he states: When the people who deliver mocking attacks on “traditional family values” are the same ones who endorse condom distribution among elementary-school children, the average parent is led to wonder whether he or she is being a sucker for trying to stay together and raise the kids. What does this sentence mean? What is the unstated premise? Are suporters of traditional family values supposed to be against birth-control and family-planning information in schools? What is the link between condoms and responsible parenthood? Doesn't Mr.

D'Amato & the Jewish Vote
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Having done my own analyses of Jewish voting in presidential elections since 1972, I found Jay P. Lefkowitz's “Jewish Voters and the Democrats” [April] compelling and the figures cited generally accurate.

Immigration
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his otherwise illuminating article, “Immigrants and Family Values” [May], Francis Fukuyama totally misstates my position on employer sanctions in U.S.

Lament of a Clinton Supporter
by Joshua Muravchik
Just a year ago, in August 1992, I signed a statement (whose publication in the New York Times was paid for by the Clinton campaign) endorsing Bill Clinton for President.

Yes and No to the Holocaust Museums
by Edward Norden
Last year, in a round-table discussion on the MacNeil-Lehrer News Hour, the subject was U.S. troops to Somalia. A black activist guest said she was in favor, emphatically—because this was a holocaust, and did not the U.S.

What the Sex Educators Teach
by Dana Mack
When I was in elementary school, a quarter of a century ago, sex education was a matter of one or two delicate films on the physical signs of “growing up.” At the age of ten or eleven, girls and boys were herded into separate rooms—usually in the company of a parent.

The Case Against Anita Hill
by Terry Eastland
On Friday, September 28, 1991, the Senate Judiciary Committee sent to the full Senate the nomination of Judge Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court.

New Looks at American Jewish History
by Robert Seltzer
In the minds of many historians, and of many Jews as well, American Jewish history is comprised mainly of the travails of immigrant ancestors, the pursuit by grandparents and parents of prosperity and the American way of life, the founding of this or that Jewish organization, and the assorted biographies of Jews who have made their presence felt in national life.

Shultz, Reagan, and the Revisionists
by George Weigel
The surprising election of a Democratic President in 1992, after a campaign that stressed the “stagnation, drift, and gridlock” of the Reagan-Bush years, has, among many other things, created the political and psychological space within which the liberal opinion establishment can fully indulge its craving to do some serious revisionism on the history of U.S.

Toward Managed Peace, by Eugene V. Rostow
by Patrick Glynn
Law and Order Toward Managed Peace: The National Security Interests of the United States, 1759 to the Present. by Eugene V. Rostow. Yale University Press.

Piety and Power, by David Landau; Defenders of the Faith, by Samuel Heilman; Hasidic People, byJerome R. Mintz
by Allan Nadler
Tremblers Piety and Power: The World of Jewish Fundamentalism. by David Landau. Farrar Straus Giroux. 358 pp. $27.50. Defenders of the Faith: Inside Ultra-Orthodox Jewry. by Samuel Heilman. Schocken.

Leaving Town Alive, byJohn Frohnmayer
by Walter Berns
Art (?) in America Leaving Town Alive: Confessions of an Arts Warrior. by John Frohnmayer. Houghton Mifflin. 360 pp. $22.95. John Frohnmayer had two purposes in mind when he set out to write this book: he wanted to get even with all the enemies (or perceived enemies) he had made during the two-and-a- half years he served in the Bush administration as chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), and he wanted to persuade us that he is not the hopeless booby he appeared to be in office.

Cruelty and Silence, by Kanan Makiya
by Laurie Mylroie
Saddam & Arab Identity Cruelty and Silence: War, Tyranny, Uprising, and the Arab World. by Kanan Makiya. Norton. 366 pp. $22.95. “Cruelty,” the first part of this powerful and eloquent book, describes Saddam Hussein's rule over Iraq and occupation of Kuwait.

Race Matters, by Cornel West
by Arch Puddington
Immoderate Moderate Race Matters. by Cornel West. Beacon. 105 pp. $15.00. Cornel West has been acclaimed as one of the most important commentators on race relations in America.

Reader Letters August 1993
by Orrin Hatch
TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: In his otherwise illuminating article, "Immigrants and Family Values" [May], Francis Fukuyama totally misstates my position on employer sanctions in U.S.

September, 1993Back to Top
Russian Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Thank you for publishing “Are Russian Jews in Danger?” by Peter Brodsky [May] , which focuses once again on the condition of the Jews in Russia.

Clintonism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I have just read Irwin M. Stelzer's outstanding article, “Clintonism Unmasked” [May] , and wanted to thank him for laying out a comprehensive and succinct outline of what the Clinton administration is trying to do. I agree with Mr.

The Peace Process (Cont'd.)
by David Horowitz
To the Editor: As a senior member of the Israeli team negotiating with Syria for the first five rounds of the peace process that started in Madrid, and as a close observer of the five additional rounds of talks that have been held since the change of government in Israel, I would like to add a few pertinent facts about that area of the peace process to the debate over Norman Podhoretz's two Statements on the Peace Process [April and June 1993]. Syria refuses to sign a bilateral peace treaty with Israel.

Israel's New Pollyannas
by David Bar-Illan
Until recently, it was not difficult to define the main obstacle to a peace agreement between Arabs and Israelis: the very minimum the Syrians and Palestinians could accept exceeded the maximum Israel could give.

A Conservative Looks at Liberalism
by William Kristol
In Bill Clinton's America, liberalism is everywhere dominant and altogether bankrupt. By “liberalism” I mean post-1960's liberalism: a movement committed in politics to further expansion of the welfare state, and in social matters to an agenda of individual autonomy and “liberation.” Liberalism in this sense pervades the key institutions of American society. Thus, liberals have reclaimed control of the executive branch, and will soon once again take over the federal judiciary.

My 1950's
by Joseph Epstein
I want to live in a place again where I can walk down any street without being afraid. I want to be able to take my daughter to a park at any time of day or night in the summertime and remember what I used to be able to do when I was a little kid. —Hillary Rodham Clinton New York Times Magazine Socialism, it used to be said, was a system in which the past could not be predicted.

The First Post-Ancient Jew
by Hillel Halkin
Sometime around the middle of the 10th century, writes Robert Alter in his introduction to Dan Pagis's Hebrew Poetry of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (1991), a momentous revolution occurred.

Sex & the Feminists
by Carol Iannone
If there is a young woman today who could be said to have imbibed feminism with her mother's milk, it is Katie Roiphe, daughter of the Anne Roiphe who wrote Up the Sandbox, a landmark feminist novel of the 60's.

Le Carre in Russian Eyes
by Walter Laqueur
John Le Carré's faithful followers in this country have found the master at the top of his form in his most recent novel, The Night Manager.1 This, however, is a curious thing, for as more than one observer has had occasion to note over the last few years, the whole genre of the spy novel is in trouble, le Carré included.

Pandaemonium, by Daniel Patrick Moynihan
by Richard Pipes
Nationalism & Its Discontents Pandaemonium: Ethnicity in International Politics. by Daniel Patrick Moynihan. Oxford University Press. 221 pp. $19.95. Pandaemonium, in Milton's Paradise Lost, is the capital of hell.

Assimilation versus Separation, by Aaron Wildavsky
by Leon Kass
The Path Not Taken Assimilation Versus Separation:Joseph the Administrator and the Politics of Religion in Biblical Israel. by Aaron Wildavsky. Transaction. 236 pp.

Play Ball, by John Feinstein
by Jay Lefkowitz
The Baseball Business Play Ball: The Life and Troubled Times of Major League Baseball. by John Feinstein. Villard Books. 425 pp. $22.50. The sports journalist John Feinstein, whose previous books include in-depth looks at the worlds of college basketball and professional tennis, here chronicles the 1992 major-league baseball season.

A Different Mirror, by Ronald Takaki
by John Miller
It Began with the Vikings A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America. by Ronald Takaki. Little, Brown. 508 pp. $27.95. To hear Ronald Takaki, a professor of ethnic studies at Berkeley, tell it, America's problems with multiculturalism began, literally, on day one.

Days of Grace, by Arthur Ashe
by Arch Puddington
Profile in Courage Days of Grace: A Memoir. by Arthur Ashe and Arnold Rampersad. Knopf. 366 pp. $24.00. Days of Grace is not a traditional memoir but rather a collection of observations on sports, race, patriotism, sexual ethics, the individual's obligation to his family, and coping with terminal illness—in Arthur Ashe's case, AIDS contracted through a blood transfusion.

October, 1993Back to Top
Wisse/Alter
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Like Edward Alexander [“The Nerve of Ruth Wisse,” May], I too was surprised by Robert Alter's attack on Ruth R.

HIV and AIDS
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Michael Fumento's review of Robert S. Root-Bernstein's book, Rethinking AIDS: The Tragic Cost of Premature Consensus [Books in Review, July], concludes reassuringly that “the AIDS heretics have been given ‘room to express their concerns’ and have been found wanting.” (“AIDS heretics” is the phrase Mr.

Hebrew in America
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Hazak ubarukh [strength and blessings] to Alan Mintz on his call to restore Hebrew literacy to its formerly normal state [“Hebrew in America,” July].

PC in the Academy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Carol Iannone [“PC With a Human Face,” June] says that in my book, Politics by Other Means, I “deplore” Allan Bloom's atheism and “accuse him thereby of being un-American.” I am an atheist, and I see no contradiction between religious unbelief and democratic faith.

Yeltsin's Russia
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “Boris Yeltsin's Hollow Victory” by Vladimir Bukovsky [June] is so wildly off-base, so blatantly erroneous, so gravely mistaken, that it cries out for rebuke.

Yeltsin's Russia
by Ellen Willis
Yeltsin's Russia TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: "Boris Yeltsin's Hollow Victory" by Vladimir Bukovsky [June] is so wildly off-base, so blatantly errone- ous, so gravely mistaken, that it cries out for rebuke.

If Bosnians Were Dolphins
by Edward Luttwak
If the Bosnian Muslims had been bottle-nosed dolphins, would the world have allowed Croats and Serbs to slaughter them by the tens of thousands? If Sarajevo had been an Amazonian rainforest or merely an American wood containing spotted owls, would the Serbs have been allowed to blast it and burn it with their artillery fire? The answers are too obvious, the questions merely rhetorical.

Islam & the West (including Manhattan)
by Martin Kramer
On a weekend in New York this past June, the Middle East Institute at Columbia University convened a conference with the title “Under Siege: Islam and Democracy.” Invitations to the conference spoke of a “gathering atmosphere of crisis” which had “stimulated in this country a sense of confrontation between Islam and democracy,” and which the organizers hoped their conference would help to “dispel.” That ominous atmosphere of crisis, the invitation asserted, had “most recently been fueled by reactions to the bombing of the World Trade Center” in February. Thus, while downtown New York limped from a blast that had killed six, injured 1,000, and done half-a-billion-dollars' worth of damage, uptown New York anguished over the “reactions” to the blast—as if they, and not the terrorist act itself, were what had inflamed the “crisis.” To the assembled academics, the worrisome “reactions” included, no doubt, any number of newspaper headlines in the style of “Muslim Arrested.” But in point of fact, Muslims had been arrested—men whose commitment to their understanding of Islam provided motive for their acts.

Wilson's Character
by Jeremy Rabkin
Economists do not like to use terms like covetousness or greed. Political scientists do not like to use terms like tyranny or corruption.

Culture Shocks
by Vladimir Matlin
The people from the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS, as everyone called it) and the interpreter Katie, known also as Katya, drove us straight to the motel from the Los Angeles airport.

My Jewish Roots
by David Klinghoffer
I broached the subject the way it is always smart to broach delicate subjects with one's father: as if the news I had to impart were merely a chance event, no big deal. A week earlier, I had spoken, for the first time in my twenty-seven years, to Harriet Lund, the woman from whom I was adopted by my parents as an infant.

Much Ado About Branagh
by Richard Ryan
When in 1990 Kenneth Branagh's luminous film version of Shakespeare's Henry V appeared like a comet, it seemed an augury of great things.

The Subversive Family, by Ferdinand Mount
by Joseph Adelson
The Bongo-Bongo Debate The Subversive Family: An Alternative History of Love and Marriage. by Ferdinand Mount. Free Press. 282 pp. $24.95. The Subversive Family was published in England ten years ago but has only recently made its appearance in this country; even so, it is ahead of its time. Ferdinand Mount's thesis is that we have been living through a period of ideologically-inspired attack, meant to persuade us that there is nothing “natural” about love, marriage, the family, or, for that matter, human nature.

The Real World Order, by Max Singer and Aaron Wildavsky
by Patrick Glynn
The Post-Cold-War Age The Real World Order: Zones of Peace/Zones of Turmoil. by Max Singer and Aaron Wildavsky. Chatham House. 228 pp. $25.00. Three years into the post-cold-war era we are still searching for our George F.

A Mother's Ordeal, by Steven W. Mosher
by William McGurn
China's Lost Children A Mother's Ordeal: One Woman's Fight Against China's One-Child Policy. by Steven W. Mosher. Harcourt Brace. 335 pp. $21.95. Of all the world's languages, few can be more vividly informed by images of home and family than Chinese.

Bitter Carnival, by Michael Andre Bernstein
by Gary Morson
Fatal Attraction Bitter Carnival: Ressentiment and the Abject Hero. by Michael André Bernstein. Princeton University Press. 243 pp. $29.95. Intellectuals often exhibit a fatal attraction for everything that intellectuality would seem to exclude.

The Culture of Complaint, by Robert Hughes
by Donald Lyons
The Mythical Middle The Culture of Complaint: The Fraying of America. by Robert Hughes. Oxford. 210 pp. $19.95. Robert Hughes, the art critic for Time, expands in this little best-selling book on three lectures he gave in 1992.

November, 1993Back to Top
Denazification & Poland
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Anna Wolff-Poweska [Letters from Readers, July], responding to my letter in the February issue, says that I misinterpreted her article on denazification, which appeared in the Polish journal Tygodnik Powszechny.

Furtwängler
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Among the never-ending writings on Wilhelm Furtwängler in the past few years, I found Samuel Lipman's article, “Furtwängler & the Nazis” [Music, March], to be the most humane and even wise, in spite of the fact that Mr.

Mexican-Americans
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Christopher Caldwell, in his review of Peter Skerry's Mexican Americans [Books in Review, June], notes Skerry's point that, so far, Americans of Mexican descent and their recently arrived kindred from Mexico have declined to play the role of an oppressed minority in a statist extravaganza.

Shylock
by Our Readers
To the Editor: After reading Robert Alter's intelligent, thought-provoking, and beautifully written “Who Is Shylock?” [July], a question occurred to me: will no one ever say a word against Shakespeare? Despite his incredible talent, Shakespeare was morally obtuse.

The Whitney Biennial
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In regard to Richard Ryan's “The Whitney Fiasco & the Critics” [July], I would prefer not to add to the pile of words devoted to the abomination purporting to be—and generally accorded the status of being—an art exhibition.

The Encyclopedias
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Forty-odd years ago a critic created a bit of a stir by charging that the editors of the Encyclopaedia Britannica had permitted authorities of the Roman Catholic Church to vet certain articles bearing on the history and doctrines of the Church.

Global Warming
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Greenhouse Anxiety” [July], Jeffrey Salmon argues that many scientists have wildly exaggerated the threat posed by global warming, thereby stirring disproportionate concern among policy-makers and providing fodder for environmentalists who are supposedly hellbent on slashing fossil-fuel use at any cost.

What is Moral?
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am afraid that James Q. Wilson's “What Is Moral, and How Do We Know It?” [June] includes an equivocation.

Why a Palestinian State is Still a Mortal Threat
by David Bar-Illan
Both Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres insist that the Declaration of Principles signed by Israel and the PLO in Washington on September 13—popularly known as the “Gaza/Jericho First” plan—contains a fail-safe mechanism.

Culture and Capitalism
by Joseph Epstein
I happened the other day to be listening, while in my car, to a tape of a 1940's Fibber McGee & Molly radio show.

Can American Democracy Survive?
by Bruce Porter
After two centuries and 41 presidents, it is perhaps understandable that we take for granted today what remains the greatest political miracle of all time: the United States of America.

The Persians
by Allegra Goodman
In memory of Marion Magid Ed goes all the way to the campus mailroom to sign for his registered letter. He had complained about it over lunch, and said it was inconvenient, but as soon as he left the café, he went over to get the thing.

Physics vs. Metaphysics
by Jeffrey Marsh
The pursuit of scientific research over the past century, not least by physicists, has given us unprecedented knowledge of the universe on scales from the submicroscopic to the cosmic.

A European Wave of the Past
by Angelo Codevilla
During the 1950's, Christian Democratic parties, bastions of anti-Communism and of the modern welfare state in its moderate or conservative form, held power in all the major countries of the European Community.

Denying the Holocaust, by Deborah Lipstadt
by Edward Alexander
The Deniers Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory. by Deborah Lipstadt. Free Press. 278 pp. $22.95. Denying the Holocaust provides a detailed and incisive account of the antecedents, origins, and development of the crudest but also the most highly publicized form of travesty to which the Holocaust has been made subject in our day—the movement to deny that the destruction of European Jewry ever took place at all. As Deborah Lipstadt tells the story, the first steps of outright denial were taken after World War II in France by Maurice Bardèche and Paul Rassinier, and in America by a variety of Nazi sympathizers.

New York Days, by Willie Morris
by Richard Brookhiser
Metropolitan Diary New York Days. by Willie Morris. Little, Brown. 396 pp. $24.95. In 1963, Willie Morris, of Yazoo City, Mississippi, came to New York to join the staff of Harper's magazine.

Family Bonds, by Elizabeth Bartholet
by Susan Wiviott
Biological & Other Parents Family Bonds: Adoption and the Politics of Parenting. by Elizabeth Bartholet. Houghton Mifflin. 276 pp. $21.95. This past August, a screaming two-and-a-half-year-old child was taken from her home in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and sent to live with strangers in Iowa.

Fame in the 20th Century, by Clive James
by Terry Teachout
James Joyce & Doris Day Fame in the 20th Century. by Clive James. Random House. 256 pp. $27.00. It is inconceivable that the eight-hour BBC series, Clive James's Fame in the 20th Century, first broadcast in this country last June on PBS and repeated a number of times since, would have been aired by a commercial TV network.

Democracy Against Itself, by Jean-Francois Revel
by Patrick Glynn
Uncharted Waters Democracy Against Itself: The Future of the Democratic Impulse. by Jean-François Revel. Translated by Roger Kaplan. Free Press. 288 pp. $24.95. By the end of the cold war, conservatives had developed a strong body of theory on what might be seen as the two main issues of the struggle: deterrence and democracy.

Reader Letters November 1993
by Ernest den
What Is Moral? TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I am afraid that James Q. Wil- son's "What Is Moral, and How Do We Know It?" [June] includes an equivocation.

December, 1993Back to Top
AIDS & HIV
by Our Readers
To the Editor: There is a seriously misleading misprint in my letter in the October issue responding to Michael Fumento's review of Robert S.

American Jewish History
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is surprising that Robert M. Seltzer, in his discussion of recent books on American Jewish history [“New Looks at American Jewish History,” August], neglects to include Jewish-American History: An Encyclopedia, edited by Jack Fischel and Sanford Pinsker (Garland, 1992).

Hill-Thomas
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . In “The Case Against Anita Hill” [August], Terry Eastland points to the true significance of the Hill-Thomas matter.

Hebrew in America
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “Hebrew in America” by Alan Mintz [July] is very timely because it reminds the English-speaking Jewish public of the importance and centrality of Hebrew in preserving Jewish identity.

Sartre's Grandchildren
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Hilton Kramer's deft analysis of the mendacity of Jean-Paul Sartre and his cohorts [“The Flowers on Sartre's Grave,” July] is necessary because, as Mr.

Holocaust Museums
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Edward Norden's article, “Yes and No to the Holocaust Museums” [August], is fair and sensitive. I was fortunate to have visited the U.S.

Shultz & Reagan
by Our Readers
To the Editor: George Weigel's “Shultz, Reagan, and the Revisionists” [Observations, August] is little more than a tired reprise of the conservative litany which chants that Ronald Reagan's “visionary leadership .

Balkanization
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Patrick Glynn's “The Age of Balkanization” [July] is a dangerously superficial assessment of one of the most significant problems facing us.

Sex Education
by Our Readers
To the Editor: When Dana Mack requested an opportunity to visit the Falmouth public schools to collect information for a book, there were signals that she represented a critical point of view.

When, Where & How to Use Force: Beyond Self-Defense
by Joshua Muravchik
On October 3, a company of Army Rangers, the cream of America's fighting forces, was decimated in the streets of Mogadishu by what had been thought of as a ragtag group of thugs.

When, Where & How to Use Force: The Core vs. the Periphery
by Fareed Zakaria
On November 6, 1881, in a small town in West Africa, two local chieftains wrote a letter to the Prime Minister of Great Britain.

When, Where & How to Use Force: Learning from Aidid
by A.J. Bacevich
They are a study in contrasts. The one goes by the title of President, but in appearance and manner is the very model—if not the parody—of a modern field marshal.

The Real Lessons of Camp David
by Rael Isaac
As peace agreements between Israel and its Arab neighbors draw near, Israel's experience with the treaty it already has with an Arab state assumes greater significance.

Thirty Years of the
by Joseph Epstein
I am a thirty-year, greatly dissatisfied subscriber to the New York Review of Books. From the beginning, despite the savings a multiple-year subscription could bring, I have renewed one year at a time—partly because, in the event of my death, I do not wish to complicate my estate, let alone have the thing coming into the house after I am gone; and partly because I do not want the journal to have the advantage of the minuscule additional interest my longterm subscription would earn.

Saying Kaddish
by Jacob Sloan
I have recently gotten into the habit of saying Kaddish, the Jewish memorial prayer, for Gentiles. This may be unusual, but I need no rationale to justify extending a traditional Jewish family rite to non-Jews.

Society & Edith Wharton
by Richard Grenier
In 1920, when The Age of Innocence was published, Edith Wharton stood at the pinnacle of her reputation as the most renowned writer of fiction in America, and also the most highly paid.

Lenin's Tomb, by David Remnick
by Richard Pipes
Breakdown Lenin's Tomb: Russia and the Fall of Communism. by David Remnick. Random House. 576 pp. $25.00. The collapse of the Soviet Union and its empire will occupy historians and political theorists for years to come.

Hell of a Ride, by John Podhoretz
by Suzanne Garment
The Bushies Hell of a Ride: Backstage at the White House Follies 1989-1993. by John Podhoretz. Simon & Schuster. 249 pp. $21.00. There is no point trying to be solemn about Hell of a Ride.

Islam and the West; Islam in History, by Bernard Lewis
by Laurie Mylroie
Clash of Civilizations Islam and the West. by Bernard Lewis. Oxford University Press. 217 pp. $25.00. Islam in History: Ideas, People, and Events in the Middle East. by Bernard Lewis. Open Court.

A Place at the Table, by Bruce Bawer
by Richard Brookhiser
The Case for Fusion A Place at the Table: The Gay Individual in American Society. by Bruce Bawer. Poseidon. 268 pp. $21.00. A third of the way through A Place at the Table, Bruce Bawer recalls “a cocktail party for young conservative writers held at the New York headquarters of a right-wing think tank.

Love and Friendship, by Allan Bloom
by William Kristol
The Permanent Questions Love and Friendship. by Allan Bloom. Simon & Schuster. 590 pp. $25.00. In an age of declaimers and debunkers, pontificators and pundits, the late Allan Bloom was a teacher.

Reader Letters December 1993
by Alan Mintz
Sex Education TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: When Dana Mack requested an opportunity to visit the Falmouth public schools to collect informa- tion for a book, there were signals that she represented a critical point of view.




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