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January, 1999Back to Top
Private Ryan
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In reading Christopher Caldwell's well-reasoned discussion of Saving Private Ryan [“Spielberg at War,” October 1998], I was taken aback by his last sentence, in which he questions whether Steven Spielberg would have fought in World War II.

Philip Roth
by Our Readers
To the Editor: To his credit, Norman Podhoretz admits, in the opening paragraph of “The Adventures of Philip Roth” [October 1998], that he has always had “trouble” with Roth's smart-alecky tone.

Conservative Judaism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In Clifford E. Librach's article, “Does Conservative Judaism Have a Future?” [September 1998], it was gratifying to read praise of Tradition Renewed, the recently published two-volume history of the Jewish Theological Seminary (JTS) edited by Jack Wertheimer.

Cardozo
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Contained within Daniel J. Silver's review of Andrew L. Kaufman's Cardozo [Books in Review, October 1998] is a seriously flawed philippic targeting (1) liberal activists eager to bend the law to political ends; (2) those in the legal profession who still look to the federal government and to the federal courts to heal all our ills; (3) judges who think nothing of overturning democratic majorities in the name of newly-invented rights; and (4) freewheeling feminist, deconstructionist, and critical-race theorists in our law schools.

Clinton, the Country, and the Political Culture
by Robert Bartley
A Symposium To help clarify opinion on the implications of the present moment, the editors recently addressed the following questions to a group of distinguished writers: Read as a barometer of the national temper, the election results of November 3 seemed to confirm that the American electorate, despite its low opinion of President Clinton's personal behavior, was not persuaded he had committed offenses warranting removal from office and was impatient with those—i.e., Republicans—who thought otherwise.

Wye and the Road to War
by Douglas Feith
The Clinton administration has made a practice of quieting crises in faraway places by striking costly deals with international malefactors, buying the unsustainable from the unreliable.

The Last Time I Saw Paris
by Andre Aciman
In memory of Eric Breindel, a true friend. _____________   My romance with Paris begins, as one says of earthquakes, at an epicenter—surrounded by tall, turn-of-the-century buildings, a small empty park, and silent avenues.

Among the Gender Benders
by Wendy Shalit
After almost three decades of boil and bubble, the academic field of women's studies has not only cooked down but has been served up and thoroughly ingested.

Terrorism at the Multiplex
by Joshua Muravchik
This past November, Muslim and Arab-American organizations staged protests at movie theaters around the country to coincide with the opening of The Siege, a 20th Century Fox thriller that depicts a series of terrorist bombings in New York followed by the forcible internment of the city's male Arab inhabitants.

Lindbergh by A. Scott Berg
by Sam Tanenhaus
Lindbergh by A. Scott Berg Putnam. 628 pp. $30.00 In an era of staged events and planned spectacles, it is almost impossible to imagine what so many millions felt on May 21, 1927, when the news came that a tiny silver aircraft had broken through the morning fog west of Ireland and was pushing on toward Paris.

Bech at Bay by John Updike
by John Gross
Bech at Bay: A Quasi-Novel by John Updike Knopf. 241 pp. $23.00 In the last of the five stories that make up Bech at Bay, John Updike describes what happens when his protagonist, Henry Bech, is awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize for Literature.

The Wrong War by Jeffrey Record
by Max Boot
The Wrong War: Why We Lost in Vietnam by Jeffrey Record Naval Institute Press. 217 pp. $27.95 Saigon fell almost a quarter-century ago, yet the Vietnam war still haunts our recurring debates over when and where—and whether—to send American soldiers abroad.

Najib Mahfuz by Menahem Milson
by Daniel Pipes
Najib Mahfuz: The Novelist-Philosopher of Cairo by Menahem Milson St. Martin's Press. 336 pp. $49.95 The Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz (as his name is more commonly spelled), winner of the 1988 Nobel Prize for Literature, is one of those authors—like Norman Mailer or Salman Rushdie—whose lives and political views sometimes overshadow their fiction.

The Story of American Freedom by Eric Foner
by James Nuechterlein
The Story of American Freedom by Eric Foner Norton. 422 pp. $27.95 History in recent years has become a minimalist enterprise. Although large interpretative takes on the meaning of it all are hardly unknown, in the postmodernist academy they have for the most part given way to ever more rarefied inquiries into ever more restricted slices of the past.

February, 1999Back to Top
Turkey, Israel, and the Middle East
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Thank you for the informative and well-written article, “The Real ‘New Middle East’ ” [November 1998], in which Daniel Pipes describes the far-reaching post-cold-war blocs that have been developing in the region.

Malthus vs. Faustus
by Our Readers
To the Editor: At the risk of identifying myself as a “neo-Faustian,” allow me to offer a friendly critique of Peter W.

China and the West
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I hope you will permit me, at this late date, to comment on David Gress's review of The Wealth and Poverty of Nations by David S.

Chemical Weapons
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Making the World Safe for VX” [October 1998], Frank J. Gaffney, Jr. mischaracterizes the position of the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA) on the threat posed by economic espionage. It is certainly true, as Mr.

Brahms
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I think that Terry Teachout is probably correct in claiming that Brahms was a trailblazer for the great 20th-century tonal composers [“Brahms the Radical,” October 1998].

Dying Made Easy
by Paul McHugh
Two factors determine how people die: the diseases they have, and who they are. In any given case, these two factors vary in salience.

The Orthodox Moment
by Jack Wertheimer
Over a year has passed since a group of Orthodox undergraduates filed a lawsuit against Yale University and thereby set off one of the more interesting—and telling—controversies to have roiled the American Jewish community in the recent past.

A Dissent on Isaiah Berlin
by Norman Podhoretz
By the time Sir Isaiah Berlin died in 1997 at the age of eighty-eight, a thick layer of piety and even reverence had long since come to surround his name, and accordingly the obituaries both here and in England took it more or less for granted that he had been, if not the leading political philosopher of the age, then at least a strong contender for that position.

Fixing Social Security
by Amity Shlaes
In the fall of 1936, as the country entered the eighth year of the Great Depression, the Social Security Board printed and issued to American workers a small, resonant circular labeled ISC 9.

Racial Preferences: What We Now Know
by Stephan Thernstrom
Since the late 1960's, leading American colleges and universities have used racial and ethnic criteria to select a significant fraction of their entering classes.

Can We Prevent Genocide?
by Gary Rosen
When president Reagan signed the Genocide Convention into American law a little more than a decade ago, he did so over the objections of many stalwart conservatives.

The Master of Drip
by Michael J. Lewis
What can be more peculiar than the reputation of Jackson Pollock, familiar to the public not so much for his paintings as for how he painted them? None of his canvases, not even Autumn Rhythm (1950), regarded as a masterpiece of modern art, is as famous as the photographs of the artist at work, especially those taken by Hans Namuth in the summer of 1950.

A Man in Full by Tom Wolfe
by Christopher Caldwell
A Man in Full by Tom Wolfe Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 742 pp. $28.95 In a manifesto published in Harper's in 1989, Tom Wolfe rued the tendency of modern novelists to take shelter in “minimalist” tales about their own personal experience.

Who Speaks for America? by Eric Alterman
by Aaron Friedberg
Who Speaks for America? Why Democracy Matters in Foreign Policy by Eric Alterman Cornell. 224 pp. $25.00 In 1992, Eric Alterman, then a left-wing scourge of right-wing pundits, published Sound and Fury, a vitriolic if often funny assault on such conservative luminaries as George F.

A Dream Deferred by Shelby Steele
by Peter Berkowitz
A Dream Deferred: The Second Betrayal of Black Freedom in America by Shelby Steele HarperCollins. 185 pp. $24.00 In The Content of Our Character, the 1990 book that first brought him to national attention, Shelby Steele described himself as a “fortyish, middle-class, black American male” who had concluded, on the basis of his own experience and that of others like him, that there is now “an enormous range of opportunity open to blacks in this society.” As dramatic a departure as this was from the conventional wisdom of the civil-rights establishment, Steele went still farther, arguing that to take advantage of these opportunities, blacks needed to embrace more fully certain basic American ideals: There will be no end to despair and no lasting solution to any of our problems until we rely on individual effort within the American mainstream—rather than collective action against the mainstream—as our means of advancement.

Brother Against Brother by Ehud Sprinzak
by Rael Isaac
Brother Against Brother: Violence and Extremism in Israeli Politics from Altalena to the Rabin Assassination by Ehud Sprinzak Free Press. 384 pp.

The American Century by Harold Evans
by Walter McDougall
The American Century by Harold Evans Knopf. 710 pp. $50.00 Tom Wolfe had their number back in the 60's, those mid-Atlantic men. Whereas Americans in pursuit of the mystique of aristocracy had always gone English, “the Englishman today,” wrote Wolfe, “goes American, becomes a mid-Atlantic Man, to achieve the opposite.

March, 1999Back to Top
"The Road of Naybikhov"
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I greatly enjoyed the wonderful article by Hillel Halkin about his journey to the ex-evil empire [“The Road to Naybikhov,” November 1998].

The Concert Audience
by
To the Editor: In “The Death of the Concert” [December 1998], Terry Teachout writes that we must have new music else the concert as we know it will die out.

The Baltimore Case
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Science, Fraud & the Baltimore Case” [December 1998], Jeremy Bernstein writes, “Thanks to a new book by Daniel J.

Parents and Children
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “What are Parents For?” [December 1998], Mary Eberstadt expresses an understandable frustration with America's cult of scientific child-rearing and its tendency to reduce parenting to a utilitarian and technical exercise.

Boys
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Midge Decter, in “What Are Little Boys Made Of?” [December 1998], waxes nostalgic about the boys of her youth, immediately before and during World War II, who were pure of heart and perpetually testing themselves through a variety of masculine pursuits.

Life, Liberty, Property
by Richard Pipes
As the 20th century draws to a close, the traditional threats to liberty no longer loom large. The downfall of Communism has eliminated the most direct and dangerous challenge, while the economic failures of socialism have discredited the notion that the abolition of private ownership in the means of production solves all social ills.

The Rights of History and the Rights of Imagination
by Cynthia Ozick
It was not through words that the world first took in the nature and degree of the atrocities wreaked upon Jews by Germans a half-century ago.

Twenty-Four Lies About the Cold War
by Gabriel Schoenfeld
The Iron Curtain came down in 1989. Two years later, the Soviet Union itself was no more, and neither was the cold war—a conflict that, for well over four decades, had divided the world into two hostile camps. In the course of those decades, wherever Marxism-Leninism had been planted by force of arms, millions of people were deliberately murdered or spent their best years in prison camps.

Poison-Pen Pals
by Joseph Epstein
Writers can be cordial, charming, social ornaments, but their talent for retaining friends is, on balance, less than impressive. They are notable for touchiness, a want of reciprocity, self-protectiveness—qualities conducing less to the preservation than to the ruin of friendships, at least of the kind that endure.

Justice for Pinochet?
by Elliott Abrams
The attempt by a judge in Spain to extradite Chile's former dictator Augusto Pinochet from England and try him in Madrid—a ruling on the extradition request may have come down by the time this article appears—has stirred a fair amount of controversy.

Love of Woman and Love of God: The Case of Jacob
by Leon Kass
According to the dominant religious teachings of the West, love is the very heart of piety: the preeminent Christian virtue is charity, love of neighbor, in imitation of God's love for man.

Tchaikovsky's Passion
by Terry Teachout
A century after his death, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky remains, after Richard Wagner, the most controversial of the romantic composers. During his lifetime, he was attacked by Russian musicians who regarded him as insufficiently nationalistic in style.

Ceasefire! by Cathy Young; What Our Mothers Didn't Tell Us by Danielle Crittenden; A Return to Modesty by Wendy Shalit
by Elizabeth Powers
Ceasefire! Why Women and Men Must Join Forces to Achieve True Equality by Cathy Young Free Press. 400 pp. $25.00 What Our Mothers Didn't Tell Us: Why Happiness Eludes the Modern Woman by Danielle Crittenden Simon & Schuster.

The Times of My Life by Max Frankel
by Dan Seligman
The Times of My Life and My Life with the Times by Max Frankel Random House. 560 pp. $29.95 No one individual could ever claim to be the voice of the New York Times—that voice is all too plainly institutional—but Max Frankel comes closer than anybody else one can think of.

Rethinking Modem Judaism by Arnold M. Eisen
by David Singer
Rethinking Modern Judaism: Ritual, Commandment, Community by Arnold M. Eisen Chicago. 339 pp. $35.00 A longstanding critique of Judaism, dating at least from the time of the Christian Bible, is that, as a religion, it is preoccupied with practice as against—or even to the exclusion of—belief.

All the Laws But One by William H. Rehnquist
by Andrew McCarthy
All the Laws But One: Civil Liberties in Wartime by William H. Rehnquist Knopf. 256 pp. $26.00 What is the proper balance between two imperatives of government: preserving civil liberties and protecting national security? As it happens, this question is very much before us.

Gray Dawn by Peter G. Peterson
by Chester Finn,
Gray Dawn: How the Coming Age Wave will Transform America—And the World by Peter G. Peterson Times Books-Random House. 288 pp. $23.00 There are some subjects from which I, at the age of fifty-four, readily avert my gaze.

April, 1999Back to Top
The Middle East 3: Saddam Hussein
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I enjoyed Robert Kagan's review of A World Transformed by George Bush and Brent Scowcroft [December 1998], and agree with most of his conclusions.

The Middle East 2: A Palestinian State
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Douglas J. Feith [January] notes that during the Wye negotiations, the Clinton administration “could have made clear that it would not recognize a unilaterally declared Palestinian state”—yet Clinton's negotiators did not do so, and the President himself has never done so.

The Middle East 1: Israel & the Bomb
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Thinking About the Unthinkable in the Middle East” [December 1998], Gabriel Schoenfeld brilliantly dissects the underlying factors in the regional drive toward nuclearization and their implications.

Terrorism and Slavery
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Joshua Muravchik [“Terrorism at the Multiplex,” January] shows how American Arab and Muslim lobbies use the charge of “Islamophobia” to silence those who would draw attention to Arab or Islamic terrorism.

Remembering Paris
by
To the Editor: This is a brief note to thank you for the extraordinary intellectual pleasure afforded by André Aciman's “The Last Time I Saw Paris” [January], the words of which it is an honor to read. Talila Gafter New York City _____________

Parents and Peers
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In commenting on An Unconventional Family by Sandra Lipsitz Bern [“Among the Gender Benders,” January], Wendy Shalit notes that despite the bizarre child-rearing practices of this feminist author, the children basically came out okay, unscarred by the process.

Losing Vietnam
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of Jeffrey Record's insightful book, The Wrong War: Why We Lost in Vietnam [January], Max Boot suggests that the Vietnam war was ours to win or lose.

Is There a "Third Way?"
by Elliott Abrams
“My fellow Americans, we have found a third way.” The exultant words are President Bill Clinton's, in his 1998 State of the Union address.

The Pope, the Church, and the Jews
by Robert Wistrich
Over the past four decades, the attitude of the Catholic Church toward Judaism and the Jews has undergone a sea change.

How to Wreck NATO
by Joshua Muravchik
The heads of state of the NATO countries will convene in Washington in the last week of April to celebrate the 50th anniversary of what many have called history's most successful alliance.

Mythologizing King Hussein
by David Wurmser
The Death on February 7 of King Hussein of Jordan occasioned an almost unprecedented outpouring of tributes. His funeral was attended by every major international figure healthy enough to come, and he was universally hailed by his mourners as one of the greatest leaders of the 20th century—a man of courage, a visionary, and a force for moderation and peace. Hussein certainly deserved admiration, not least for the manner of his death: he was the first Hashemite ruler since Feisal I of Iraq in the 1930's to die from natural causes.

Of Professors and Pedophiles
by Barbara Lerner
Among the subjects thrust to the forefront of consciousness in our sex-drenched age is child molestation. As recently as twenty years ago, Americans were far less concerned about this vile phenomenon, or at any rate were not exposed to it so relentlessly.

Being Matisse
by Steven Munson
For someone who wishes to understand the work of Henri Matisse (1869-1954), a good picture to begin with is The Snail (1953).

Masterpieces of the Century: A Critical Guide
by Terry Teachout
A quarter-century ago, the history of 20th-century music looked quite different from the way it looks today. Many critics and scholars believed then that the universal acceptance of serialism—the nontonal method of harmonic organization invented by Arnold Schoenberg and disseminated throughout the Western world by his students and disciples—was inevitable.

Freedom from Fear by David M. Kennedy
by Algis Valiunas
Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945 by David M. Kennedy Oxford. 1,176 pp. $45.00 Most kinds of trouble are easier to fall into than to climb out of, and America has never fallen into deeper trouble than during the Great Depression and World War II.

Shakespeare by Harold Bloom
by Donald Lyons
Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human by Harold Bloom Riverhead Books. 745 pp. $35.00 Harold Bloom is one of the characters of modern literary criticism.

A Covert Life by Ted Morgan
by Harvey Klehr
A Covert Life Jay Lovestone: Communist, Anti-Communist, and Spy by Ted Morgan Random House. 416 pp. $29.95 So many books about American Communism have been published over the past few years that an unwary reader might suspect it was actually a successful mass movement.

Enlarging America by Susanne Klingenstein
by Edward Alexander
Enlarging America: The Cultural Work of Jewish Literary Scholars, 1930-1990 by Susanne Klingenstein Syracuse. 492 pp. $34.95 Ludwig Lewisohn, a Berlin-born Jew who came of age in Charleston, South Carolina, and as a youth made himself over into a churchgoing Southern gentleman, had to leave Columbia University in 1903 without his doctorate in literature because, he was told, there was no future for him in the field: the prejudice against hiring Jews in English departments was insuperable.

The Future and Its Enemies by Virginia Postrel
by Daniel Casse
The Future and Its Enemies: The Growing Conflict Over Creativity, Enterprise, and Progress by Virginia Postrel Free Press. 272 pp. $25.00 As the editor of Reason magazine and the author of a consistently spry column in Forbes, Virginia Postrel has been an original and unrelenting critic of the politicians, bureaucrats, and self-appointed social guardians who put more faith in their own meliorative powers than in the wisdom of free markets and individual choice.

May, 1999Back to Top
Secrecy in Government
by
To the Editor: In his generous if sometimes skeptical review of my book, Secrecy: The American Experience [December 1998], Richard Perle raises a number of good questions to which, just now, there may only be modestly good answers.

Racial Preferences
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In their article on William G. Bowen and Derek Bok's The Shape of the River [“Racial Preferences: What We Now Know,” February], Stephan and Abigail Thernstrom make a number of telling points against the race-based admissions policies at America's elite universities and graduate schools.

Preventing Genocide
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is a good thing that Gary Rosen phrases his question—“Can We Prevent Genocide?” [February]—as a rhetorical one.

Orthodoxy Today
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In fairness to Jack Wertheimer [“The Orthodox Moment,” February], it is not easy for any outsider to plumb the inner intricacies of an extremely multifaceted American Orthodox Judaism.

On Death and Dying
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Dying Made Easy” [February], Paul R. McHugh attempts to be topical by juxtaposing the act of euthanasia committed by Jack Kevorkian on 60 Minutes with the book Tuesdays with Morrie.

Isaiah Berlin
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Norman Podhoretz has done a great service in bringing into focus the issue that divides the admirers and the critics of Isaiah Berlin [“A Dissent on Isaiah Berlin,” February].

The War on the War on Crime
by Arch Puddington
In the post-midnight hours of February 4, a young immigrant named Amadou Diallo from the African country of Guinea was about to enter his Bronx apartment building when he was approached by four plainclothes New York City police officers.

America's Muslims Against America's Jews
by Daniel Pipes
On March 1, 1999, a federal district court in Brooklyn sentenced one Ghazi Ibrahim Abu Maizar, late of Hebron, to life imprisonment.

The Forger and the Spy
by Igor Golomstock
Forgers disrupt our sense of reality more queasily than any Surrealist. . . . [T]o have this world exposed as a forgery is like entering Salvador Dali's landscape of soft watches, where history melts. —from a British newspaper In 1963, while working as a senior researcher at the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow, I received an urgent request from the publishing house Iskusstvo (“Art”) to review the manuscript of a book on Pablo Picasso's famous painting Guernica by the British art historian Sir Anthony Blunt.

Why We Were in Central America
by Mark Falcoff
Speaking in the capital of Guatemala on March 10, President Bill Clinton formally apologized for the role the United States had played in that country and, by extension, for our past policies throughout Central America.

Building Hitler's Bomb
by Jeremy Bernstein
Anyone who has studied the effort to develop atomic energy in Germany during World War II immediately confronts three questions.

Was Kissinger Right?
by Gabriel Schoenfeld
Serving as National Security Adviser and Secretary of State to Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford, Henry Kissinger dazzled the world for eight years with his masterful performance on the diplomatic stage.

Masterpieces of the Century: Part 2
by Terry Teachout
The central event in the history of classical music since World War II is the collapse of serialism and of the modernist avant-garde.

Rocks of Ages by Stephen Jay Gould
by George Weigel
Rocks of Ages: Science and Religion in the Fullness of Life by Stephen Jay Gould Ballantine. 240 pp. $18.95 Stephen Jay Gould, the Harvard /NYU paleontologist whose formidable skills as a popularizer have made him one of the world's most successful science writers, now deploys those same skills in discussing for nonspecialist readers the future relationship between scientists and religious believers.

A Passion for Truth edited by John Podhoretz
by Ruth Wisse
A Passion for Truth: The Selected Writings of Eric Breindel edited by John Podhoretz HarperCollins. 230 pp. $25.00 When Eric Breindel died suddenly in March 1998 at the age of forty-two, a whole sector of American culture seemed to grieve.

Environmental Cancer by S. Robert Lichter and Stanley Rothman
by Dan Seligman
Environmental Cancer: A Political Disease by S. Robert Lichter and Stanley Rothman Yak. 235 pp. $35.00 With every passing decade, medical research makes it clearer that the incidence of cancer, the most dreaded of all diseases, can be influenced by substances in our surroundings.

Rituals of Blood by Orlando Patterson
by Eric Sundquist
Rituals of Blood: Consequences of Slavery in Two American Centuries by Orlando Patterson Civitas-Counterpoint. 330 pp. $29.50 Some years ago, on the same university campus and within weeks of one another, I attended lectures on the black experience by Orlando Patterson and Frances Cress Welsing.

Losing Our Language by Sandra Stotsky
by Sol Stern
Losing Our Language: How Multicultural Classroom Instruction Is Undermining Our Children's Ability to Read, Write, and Reason by Sandra Stotsky Free Press.

June, 1999Back to Top
Pinochet
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Justice for Pinochet?” [March], Elliott Abrams claims that the extradition of General Pinochet from Great Britain to Spain depends on extraterritoriality—that is, on trying Pinochet for crimes committed outside of Spain's jurisdiction.

Liberty and Property
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Richard Pipes's “Life, Liberty, Property” [March] could easily evoke in the critical reader a response too lengthy for any letters section.

Holocaust Literature
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Cynthia Ozick builds and dwells in a beautiful edifice for most of her essay, “The Rights of History and the Rights of Imagination” [March], only to leave it through a staircase to the basement.

Holocaust literature; liberty and property; Pinochet.
by Our Readers
Holocaust Literature TO THE EDITOR: Cynthia Ozick builds and dwells in a beautiful edi- fice for most of her essay, "The Rights of History and the Rights of Imagination" [March], only to leave it through a staircase to the basement.

The Road to Kosovo
by Joshua Muravchik
Around The beginning of April, the United States discovered that it was at war. On March 24, President Clinton announced that American and other NATO forces had commenced air strikes on Serbia, whose ruler, Slobodan Milosevic, had refused to sign an agreement providing autonomy for the province of Kosovo.

The New Snake Oil: A Field Guide
by Samuel McCracken
Last November, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) published a special issue on alternative medicine. It was surprising that the elders of the AMA should have countenanced such respectful attention to so blatant a challenge to their hegemony; the subsequent dismissal of the journal's editor over an ostensibly unrelated matter of judgment suggests that they did not.

Guns, Tobacco, Big Macs-and the Courts
by Peter Huber
The trigger was pulled by a friend, who had bought the gun on the street. Steven Fox, a Queens, New York, teenager, was badly injured by the .25-caliber bullet, which remains lodged in his head.

The Seekers
by Jon Levenson
According to the prophet Malachi, before “the awesome, fearful day of the Lord” arrives, God will send Elijah to “reconcile parents with children and children with their parents.” Especially where religious belief is concerned, this messianic act of rapprochement would seem to be as distant as ever.

He Flew Through the Air
by Joseph Epstein
Forget it. It'll be close at the end, and then with about twenty seconds left, Michael will have the ball and he'll keep his eye on the clock, and then with a few seconds left he'll go for a jumper and hit it.

Prosperity for All?
by Irwin Stelzer
The American economy moves from success to success. It is growing at a rate usually associated with the unleashing of inflationary pressures, and yet inflation is nil.

Masterpieces of the Century: A Finale
by Terry Teachout
It is astonishing how much bad music has been called good in the course of the 20th century, and especially since the end of World War II.

All Too Human by George Stephanopoulos
by Gabriel Schoenfeld
All Too Human: A Political Education by George Stephanopoulos Little, Brown. 456 pp. $27.95 One of the dubious pleasures of American politics these days is observing (at a distance) the strange creatures constantly thrusting themselves into prominent positions on the public stage.

Gideon's Spies by Gordon Thomas
by Daniel Pipes
Gideon's Spies: The Secret History of the Mossad by Gordon Thomas St. Martin's. 354 pp. $26.95 In this book, Gordon Thomas, a Welsh journalist living in Dublin, claims that long before Kenneth Starr had ever heard of Monica Lewinsky, Israel's intelligence service was in possession of tapes containing 30 hours' worth of intimate talk between President Clinton and his young intern.

The Twilight of the Intellectuals by Hilton Kramer
by Michael J. Lewis
The Twilight of the Intellectuals: Culture and Politics in the Era of the Cold War by Hilton Kramer Ivan R. Dee. 363 pp.

Alexander Hamilton: American by Richard Brookhiser
by Richard Samuelson
Alexander Hamilton: American by Richard Brookhiser Free Press. 240 pp. $25.00 To the extent that today's Americans remember Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804) at all, it is usually for the remarkable circumstances surrounding the beginning and end of his brief life.

Walt Whitman by Jerome Loving
by Algis Valiunas
Walt Whitman: The Song of Himself by Jerome Loving California. 595 pp. $35.00 The only way to become a poet of genius is to be born with a radiant gift.

July, 1999Back to Top
The Pope and the Holocaust
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Robert S. Wistrich's article, “The Pope, the Church, and the Jews” [April], should be welcomed by Catholics as a constructive contribution to the ongoing dialogue envisioned and called for by We Remember, the Holy See's recent document on the Shoah.

The Day-Care Abuse Trials
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Dorothy Rabinowitz of the Wall Street Journal has done a heroic job of exposing the mass hysteria behind the “ritual sex-abuse” trials of child-care workers in the 80's, some of whose victims are still in prison.

Dynamists and Stasists
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of Virginia Postrel's The Future and Its Enemies [April], Daniel Casse correctly observes that the “dynamism” Postrel advocates is essentially libertarianism by a different name.

CNN's "Cold War"
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his long, occasionally thoughtful, but ultimately harsh essay on CNN's Cold War [“Twenty-Four Lies About the Cold War,” March], Gabriel Schoenfeld wonders why the series does not in all respects reflect the perspective of my recent book, We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History, which he has generously reviewed.

Arming China Against Ourselves
by Aaron Friedberg
A little less than four years ago, a high-ranking Chinese officer issued a thinly veiled threat to the United States.

"A Man's Own Household His Enemies"
by Gertrude Himmelfarb
A passage in the Talmud reads: Rabbi Eliezer the Great said: . . . As the footsteps of the messiah approach, shamelessness will spread.

Can the Bible Be Trusted?
by Hillel Halkin
Two new books lie on my desk. Both are about the Bible and the ancient Near East. Each is written by a scholar whose views are considered extreme.

What Happened to Ralph Ellison
by Norman Podhoretz
What Winston Churchill said of the Battle of Britain—“Never . . . was so much owed by so many to so few”—might with appropriate adaptations easily be applied to the American novelist Ralph Ellison.

Triangulating the Constitution
by Gary Rosen
For the better part of this century, there has been no more reliable litmus test in American politics than attitudes toward the Supreme Court.

The Prospering Fathers
by Paul Johnson
There has been a serious flaw in American historical writing that is only now beginning to be corrected. American historians have rightly celebrated the passionate moral purpose of the Pilgrim Fathers, decisive in forming the matrix of the nation's character.

Sex, Death, and Picasso
by Steven Munson
“I paint with my prick,” said Pierre Auguste Renoir. Who, having seen Nude in Sunlight (1876) or Sleeping Woman (1897), could doubt it? Like Henri Matisse, however, another painter whose erotic impulses had a powerful effect on his art, Renoir was basically a family man.

Opera USA
by Terry Teachout
What, if anything, will music lovers remember a decade from now about American opera in the last year of this century? One possibility is that 1998-99 will be recalled as the season American opera finally came into its own.

The Great Disruption by Francis Fukuyama
by Charles Murray
The Great Disruption: Human Nature and the Reconstitution of Social Order by Francis Fukuyama Free Press. 368 pp. $26.00 Francis Fukuyama likes to paint on a big canvas.

A Journey to the End of the Millennium by A. B. Yehoshua
by Alan Mintz
A Journey to the End of the Millennium: A Novel of the Middle Ages by A.B. Yehoshua translated by Nicholas de Lange Doubleday.

Endgame by Scott Ritter; Tyranny's Ally by David Wurmser
by Bret Stephens
Endgame: Solving the Iraq Problem—Once and for All by Scott Ritter Simon & Schuster. 240 pp. $22.00 Tyranny's Ally by David Wurmser AEI Press. 166 pp.

Selected Poems by Jorge Luis Borges; Collected Fictions by Jorge Luis Borges
by Marc Berley
Selected Poems by Jorge Luis Borges edited by Alexander Coleman Viking. 478 pp. $40.00 Collected Fictions by Jorge Luis Borges translated by Andrew Hurley Viking.

Dark Continent by Mark Mazower
by David Pryce-Jones
Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century by Mark Mazower Knopf. 512 pp. $30.00 At the start of this century, Europe was the center of the world's civilization.

September, 1999Back to Top
The Spy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “The Forger and the Spy” [May], Igor Golomstock states that Anthony Blunt “end[ed] his days peacefully, still a member of the Royal Academy and of King's College, Cambridge.” Actually, Blunt, like the other Cambridge spies—Guy Burgess, Donald Maclean, and Kim Philby—attended Cambridge's Trinity College.

The Muscial Canon
by
To the Editor: I read with great interest Terry Teachout's three-part series, “Musical Masterpieces of the Century” [April, May, June], and while I agree that the time of atonality has surely come and gone, what about cacophony? Tonality alone is insufficient in discussing the development of 20th-century music.

NATO
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Joshua Muravchik's article, “How to Wreck NATO” [April], describes in biased, unfair, and inaccurate terms the attitude of the Europeans and of France in particular. Contrary to what Mr.

Muslims in America
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Though he makes a few passing remarks about mainstream Islam, Daniel Pipes [“America's Muslims Against America's Jews,” May] suggests that Muslims are a single bloc, intrinsically anti-Semitic and driven by hatred.

Hitler's Bomb
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Building Hitler's Bomb” [May], Jeremy Bernstein has the physics of nuclear reactors wrong. A reactor operates with U-235, not U-238.

Central America
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I cannot begin to unravel all the flaws in Mark Falcoff's article, “Why We Were in Central America” [May], but it is worth exploring what seems to be his purpose: deflecting the criticism of Ronald Reagan and his administration implicit in the recent United Nations report on Guatemala and in Bill Clinton's apology to the Guatemalan people.

Alternative Medicine
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Samuel McCracken must have had fun tossing all alternative therapies into the same pot and declaring the whole stew unpalatable [“The New Snake Oil: A Field Guide,” June].

“My Beautiful Old House” and other Fabrications by Edward Said
by Justus Weiner
Among spokesmen for the Palestinian cause in our day, surely none is so articulate, or so well-known, as Edward W.

The Moral Meaning of Genetic Technology
by Leon Kass
When, less than a half-century ago, James D. Watson and Francis Crick first revealed to the world the structure of DNA, no one imagined how rapidly genetic technology would develop.

Reds
by Joshua Muravchik
It was a surprise to many when the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announced early this year that it would bestow a lifetime-achievement award on the director Elia Kazan.

In Defense of German Jews
by Jay Harris
German Jews: the very words evoke a highly specific and, for the most part, negative image. From their notoriously defective political judgment to their absurd sense of bourgeois rectitude to their penchant for arriving on time, German Jews exist in the mind as two-dimensional figures, their story one of all-but-predetermined doom.

Can Parents Be Trusted?
by Chester Finn,
No issue has more preoccupied our political and cultural debates than the condition of the American family. From welfare and gun control to taxes and the Internet, every discussion of public policy eventually seems to turn to the relationship between parents and children.

The Kubrick Mystique
by Midge Decter
In response to an unbearably stuffy declaration by her husband, a woman, high on pot, details for him her sexual fantasy concerning a certain naval officer she once had a fleeting glance of.

Mary Cassatt, Modern Painter
by Steven Munson
“I will not admit that a woman can draw so well,” said Edgar Degas. He was talking about Mary Cassatt, the only American to exhibit with the 19th-century painters who called themselves the Independents but are better known as the Impressionists, and the subject of a recent show at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.1 The show contained several of Cassatt's greatest paintings and prints, although the absence of any of her pastels was a major disappointment.

Heaven's Door by George J. Borjas
by Irwin Stelzer
Heaven's Door: Immigration Policy and the American Economy by George J. Borjas Princeton. 264 pp. $27.95 At last, the emotional subject of immigration has been addressed by a scholar who does four things right: he asks the appropriate questions; he is scrupulous in his use of the complicated data on immigrants' performance and behavior; he carefully considers opposing interpretations of those data; and he sets out policy proposals that constitute the basis around which future debates should revolve.

The Holocaust in American Life by Peter Novick
by David Roskies
The Holocaust in American Life by Peter Novick Houghton Mifflin. 384 pp. $27.00 Must every major city in the United States boast its own museum of the Holocaust? Must every high school offer a mandatory curriculum on the destruction of European Jewry, every college campus have an endowed chair of Holocaust studies? Should a so-called Week of Remembrance in mid-April be observed, as Martin Luther King Day is now observed in mid-January? How many movies and books are enough? To Peter Novick, the point of saturation has already been reached.

The Whole Woman by Germaine Greer
by Samuel McCracken
The Whole Woman by Germaine Greer Knopf. 384 pp. $25.00 Three decades ago, the English writer Germaine Greer erupted into the world with The Female Eunuch, a cleverly titled book whose core argument, as she recently summarized it, was that “every girl child is conceived as a whole woman but from the time of her birth to her death she is progressively disabled.” As summary, that is accurate enough, but it fails to capture the qualities in the book that provoked such a remarkable mixture of admiration and outrage when it was published.

Shadow by Bob Woodward
by James Nuechterlein
Shadow: Five Presidents and the Legacy of Watergate by Bob Woodward Simon & Schuster. 592 pp. $27.50 In the beginning was All the President's Men (1974).

Cries Unheard-Why Children Kill by Gitta Sereny
by Kay Hymowitz
Cries Unheard—Why Children Kill: The Story of Mary Bell by Gitta Sereny Metropolitan. 401 pp. $26.00 In 1968, a juvenile from a poor section of the decaying English industrial town of Newcastle-on-Tyne murdered two neighborhood children in separate incidents nine weeks apart.

October, 1999Back to Top
The Bible
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Hillel Halkin [“Can the Bible Be Trusted?,” July-August], focuses on the Bible's historical accuracy but says little about the Bible as a source of moral values.

Ralph Ellison
by Our Readers
To the Editor: First, I would like to commend Norman Podhoretz for his essay, “What Happened to Ralph Ellison” [July-August], a passionate and highly personal—almost confessional—examination of his relationship to Ellison and his work.

Michael Jordon
by
To the Editor: Joseph Epstein has been one of my favorite essayists for years for many reasons, not least of which is his ability to use language with elegance and precision.

Memoirs
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Regarding “A Man's Own Household His Enemies” [July-August], in which Gertrude Himmelfarb discusses my memoir of my father, Lionel Trilling: I have known Gertrude Himmelfarb all my life, and though I have long recognized that we are separated by an ideological gap whose dimensions I may never fully comprehend, I reckoned her a conscientious historian and a woman of honor, who would never stoop to willful misreading or ad-hominem attacks in the service of a predetermined agenda.

Kosovo
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Joshua Muravchik's expose of the fumblings and tergiversations of the NATO powers and President Clinton [“The Road to Kosovo,” June] is not a substitute for a fundamental appraisal of the legitimacy of that ill-conceived adventure.

A.B. Yehoshua
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Alan Mintz's review of A.B. Yehoshua's beautiful novel, A Journey to the End of the Millennium [July-August], is tendentious and misleading.

What the Republicans Have Forgotten
by Daniel Casse
Toward the end of 1988, President Ronald Reagan attended a dinner in tribute to Jack Kemp, then retiring after sixteen years in the House of Representatives.

Israel's Imperial Judiciary
by Hillel Neuer
Both in Israel and abroad, the election of Ehud Barak last May was widely greeted not just as a political victory, with what seemed like obvious implications for the negotiations between Israelis and Arabs, but as an important turn in the country's internal and increasingly bitter culture war.

Of Kitsch and Coins
by Michael J. Lewis
Is any country in the world as conservative about its currency as the United States? For two centuries, the same tight repertoire of symbols and devices, with its eagles, emblems of liberty, and portrait busts of Washington and his successors, has served us well.

The Word of Hafez al-Assad
by Daniel Pipes
Of all the expectations set in motion by the recent change of government in Israel, some of the most hopeful have attached to the prospect of a breakthrough with Syria.

Freddy Duchamp in Action
by Joseph Epstein
On the morning the letter—it was a form letter, actually—arrived from the warden at Joliet prison, I had a lunch date with Max Schecter.

Lessons of the Great War
by Donald Kagan
In August 1914, the Central Powers—Germany, Austria-Hungary, and their lesser allies—went to war against Russia, France, Great Britain, and their lesser allies.

The Composer and the Commissars
by Terry Teachout
Twenty years ago, a book appeared that promised to rewrite the history of modern Russian music. Testimony: The Memoirs of Dmitri Shostakovich purported to be a first-person account of the life and thoughts of the Soviet Union's most famous composer, “as related to and edited by” Solomon Volkov, a Russian music journalist who had emigrated to the U.S.

The Big Test by Nicholas Lemann
by Chester Finn,
The Big Test: The Secret History of the American Meritocracy by Nicholas Lemann Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 368 pp. $27.00 College-admissions testing remains a very big deal in America, perhaps a bigger—and more contentious—deal than ever before.

An Affair of State by Richard A. Posner
by Gabriel Schoenfeld
An Affair of State: The Investigation, Impeachment, and Trial of President Clinton by Richard A. Posner Harvard. 276 pp. $24.95 What, if anything, did Bill Clinton do wrong in the Monica Lewinsky affair? If he did do wrong, how should he have been punished? How well did American legal and constitutional mechanisms operate in this scandal? What harm, if any, did it visit upon the United States? These four large questions are the primary subject of An Affair of State, an effort to think intelligently about the year-long impeachment drama.

Legacy by Christopher Ogden
by David Brooks
Legacy: A Biography of Moses and Walter Annenberg by Christopher Ogden Little, Brown. 624 pp. $29.95 In 1933, Moses Annenberg, a self-made publishing magnate who had risen from nothing to become the owner of the Philadelphia Inquirer, sent a telegram of congratulations to Franklin D.

The Jewish Search for a Usable Past by David G. Roskies
by David Singer
The Jewish Search for a Usable Past by David G. Roskies Indiana. 217 pp. $24.95 No character from Yiddish literature is more universally recognized than Tevye the dairy-man, the protagonist of Sholem Aleichem's beloved turn-of-the-century stories and of Fiddler On the Roof, the hit Broadway musical later fashioned from these tragicomic tales.

The Lexus and the Olive Tree by Thomas L. Friedman; Turbo-Capitalism by Edward Luttwak; False Dawn by John Gray
by Christopher Caldwell
The Lexus and the Olive Tree by Thomas L. Friedman Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 394 pp. $27.50 Turbo-Capitalism: Winners and Losers in the Global Economy by Edward Luttwak HarperCollins.

November, 1999Back to Top
The Constitution
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Triangulating the Constitution” [July-August], Gary Rosen is correct that the essence of the conservative position on judicial review is that “there is no more fundamental liberty than democratic self-government,” while liberals have long been defenders of judicial activism.

Iraq
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I would like to respond to Bret Louis Stephens's review of my book, Endgame [July-August]. The strength of the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) rested in the legitimacy of its mandate, i.e., the Security Council resolutions that provided the legal framework for resolving the situation in Iraq.

American Opera
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Opera USA” [July-August], Terry Teachout states that Carlisle Floyd's Susannah is not suitable for big opera houses.

America and the Holocaust
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was sorry to see from his review that David G. Roskies disliked my book, The Holocaust in American Life [Books in Review, September].

California and the End of White America
by Ron Unz
At some unknown date during the late 1980's, and with no attention paid whatsoever, whites became a minority in California. The silence surrounding this momentous event, without precedent in American history, is quite understandable.

Was Zionism Unjust?
by Hillel Halkin
The case of “The New Historians vs. The State of Israel” can, it would appear, be considered closed. Not that a jury of scholars has returned with a verdict.

Confessions of an Ex-Elitist
by David Schoenbrod
Recent times have been hard on those of us who dreamed of trusting farsighted and benevolent leaders dedicated to high-minded ideals.

"How Dare You Defame Islam"
by Daniel Pipes
The problem began in January 1989. That was when Muslims living in Bradford, England, decided to do something to show their anger about The Satanic Verses, a new novel by the famed writer Salman Rushdie that included passages making fun of the Prophet Muhammad.

Masterpieces of Jazz: A Critical Guide
by Terry Teachout
Early in the 20th century, a new kind of dance music—a syncopated, semi-improvised hybrid of ragtime, brass-band music, popular song, and the blues—began to be heard in New Orleans and other American cities.

The Eye of Alfred Stieglitz
by Steven Munson
The reissuing of Alfred Stiegtitz: Photographs arid Writings1 by the National Gallery of Art is the beginning of a multiyear, multimedia retrospective of the photographer's life and art.

Ready or Not by Kay S. Hymowitz
by Mary Eberstadt
Ready or Not: Why Treating Children as Small Adults Endangers their Future—and Ours by Kay S. Hymowitz Free Press. 292 pp. $25.00 For whatever reason, the murders in Littleton, Colorado, last April by the teenage killers Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris loosed a tide of public commentary unmatched in the recent history of such crimes.

A People Apart by David Vital
by Robert Wistrich
A People Apart: The Jews in Europe, 1789-1939 by David Vital Oxford. 944 pp. $45.00 This massive, densely argued book starkly recounts the successive political crises that engulfed the Jews of Europe from the French Revolution until the Holocaust.

For Common Things by Jedediah Purdy
by Wilfred McClay
For Common Things: Irony, Trust, and Commitment in America Today by Jedediah Purdy Knopf. 226 pp. $20.00 Jedediah Purdy's book is one of the minor sensations of the publishing season, a fact owing in no small part to the attention lavished on it and its author by the New York Times Magazine and other elite media organs.

The Passing of an Illusion by Francois Furet
by Mark Falcoff
The Passing of an Illusion: The Idea of Communism in the Twentieth Century by François Furet translated by Deborah Furet Chicago. 600 pp.

American Culture, American Tastes by Michael Kammen
by David Frum
American Culture, American Tastes: Social Change and the 20th Century by Michael Kammen Knopf. 320 pp. $30.00 “Value-subtraction” was the term used by American economists to describe the process by which factories in Communist Russia combined leather, glue, and dye into shoes worth less than the raw materials that had gone into them.

December, 1999Back to Top
Shostakovich
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I write in response to “The Composer and the Commissar” [October], Terry Teachout's attempted defense of Solomon Volkov's Testimony, a book falsely purporting to be the transcribed memoirs of Dmitri Shostakovich, against the criticisms of various scholars including Laurel Fay and myself. If Mr.

Parents
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “Can Parents Be Trusted?” asks Chester E. Finn, Jr. [September]. By the end of his article he seems to be suggesting they cannot, even though he grants that “many parents” do work hard to rear children soundly.

Immigration
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Irwin M. Stelzer is to be congratulated on a remarkable review of a remarkable book: George J. Borjas's Heaven's Door: Immigration and the American Economy [September].

Genetic Technology
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “The Moral Meaning of Genetic Technology” [September], Leon R. Kass recognizes the enormous potential of genetic technology to alleviate human suffering and so will not condemn it—but neither will he endorse it.

Communism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Reds” [October], Joshua Muravchik's comments on the persistence of a certain bien-pensant attitude toward Communism in America fall strangely on European ears.

Strange Bedfellows: A Guide to the New Foreign-Policy Debates
by Norman Podhoretz
Once upon a time, one could predict with near-certainty where people actively concerned about foreign policy would stand on any issue that might arise.

How Psychiatry Lost Its Way
by Paul McHugh
“The desire to take medicine,” noted the great Johns Hopkins physician William Osier a hundred years ago, “is one feature that distinguishes man, the animal, from his fellow creatures.” In today's consumer culture, this desire is hardly restricted to people with physical conditions.

When the Palestinian Army Invades the Heart of Israel
by Yuval Steinitz
Whatever they may have accomplished or failed to accomplish politically, the Oslo accords of 1993 between Israel and Yasir Arafat's Palestine Liberation Organization have transformed Israel's security situation in ways that have still not been squarely faced.

I'm Getting Married Tomorrow
by Jennifer Moses
(A) I'm not bad-looking, and (B) I've never had any trouble finding girls, so (C) what I did that night was not the act of a desperate self-deluded jerk.

Who's Afraid of Jewish Day Schools?
by Jack Wertheimer
Fifty years ago, religious education for Jewish children in the United States was almost exclusively an extracurricular activity. For all but a handful, instruction in the basic elements of Judaism took place in “supplementary” schools, meeting after regular public-school hours or on Sundays.

Buchanan as Historian
by Gabriel Schoenfeld
In September 1938, Neville Chamberlain, the British prime minister, traveled to Munich in an attempt to negotiate a settlement with Adolf Hitler, who for the past months had been pressuring Prague to cede to him the German-speaking portion of Czechoslovakia.

Jazz Masterpieces: Part 2
by Terry Teachout
In 1934, H. L. Mencken dismissed jazz as “undifferentiated musical protoplasm, dying of its own effluvia. . . . Its melodies all run to a pattern, and that pattern is crude and childish.” Similar statements were made by many American cultural commentators in the 20's and 30's; even those who affected to admire jazz tended to see it less as an art form than as a symptom of reaction against what had come to be known as the “genteel tradition.” When F.

Dutch by Edmund Morris
by James Wilson
Dutch: A Memoir of Ronald Reagan by Edmund Morris Random House. 874 pp. $35.00The central argument of this much-discussed and widely denounced book is that Ronald Reagan was an actor, not simply in his occupational background but in his presidency and in his personality.

Witness to Hope by George Weigel
by Paul Johnson
Witness to Hope: The Biography of Pope John Paul II by George Weigel HarperCollins. 992 pp. $35.00 It can be argued that Pope John Paul II is the outstanding world figure in the twilight of the 20th century, the man who set his mark most strongly on its final decades.

Anne Morrow Lindbergh by Susan Hertog
by David Gelernter
Anne Morrow Lindbergh: A Biography by Susan Hertog Doubleday. 592 pp. $30.00 There is only one good reason to write a book: because you are obsessed with the topic.

The Myth of the First Three Years by John T. Bruer
by Christopher Chabris
The Myth of the First Three Years: A New Understanding of Early Brain Development and Lifelong Learning by John T. Bruer Free Press.

A Necessary Evil by Garry Wills
by Gary Rosen
A Necessary Evil: A History of American Distrust of Government by Garry Wills Simon & Schuster. 365 pp. $25.00 It is hard not to be impressed by the range and sheer volume of Garry Wills's work.