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January, 2001Back to Top
The Future Danger
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In their article, “Peace for Our Time?” [September 2000], Donald Kagan and Frederick W. Kagan take one special historical case—Britain's appeasement of European fascism in the interwar period—and attempt to apply its lessons to the position of the United States today.

Cuisine and Culture
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Like Steven A. Shaw [“Culinary Correctness,” October 2000], I reject deconstruction and all that it signifies (as it were).

Holocaust Reparations
by And Critics
Stuart Eizenstat: In “Holocaust Reparations—A Growing Scandal” [September], Gabriel Schoenfeld asks the Jewish community to reconsider the usefulness and propriety of the efforts that have been made in the last few years to win compensation for survivors of the Holocaust and their families.

Republican Nation, Democratic Nation?
by Terry Teachout
On the day after the presidential election—shortly before it became clear that the race between George W. Bush and Al Gore was to be decided not at the polls but in the courts—I lunched at a restaurant on the Upper West Side of Manhattan that is popular among those who participate in what a friend of mine calls “the sacrament of brunch.” As the tables in such places are invariably placed too close to each other, I ended up listening to the conversation of two gay men seated next to me, one of whom was lamenting the fact that he had just broken up with his “partner.” Before long, though, they turned to discussing the presidential race—if a conversation whose participants are in complete concord can be called a discussion. Gore, said the first man in tones of utter certainty, was “obviously more qualified” to be President than Bush.

Two Nations or Two Cultures?
by Gertrude Himmelfarb
I entirely (well, almost entirely) agree with Terry Teachout. The election has confirmed, even dramatized, the cultural divide in our nation—a cultural divide, as he points out, that now coincides with a geographical divide (that L-shaped swath of the country) and a political divide (“Republican Nation” versus “Democratic Nation”).

Computers and the Pursuit of Happiness
by David Gelernter
In recent years we have been notified almost continuously that we are living in an “information age.” Mankind (it is suggested) has completed a sort of phase shift: the solid agricultural age was replaced two centuries ago by the liquid industrial age, which has now given way to the gaseous (so to speak) age of information.

The Last Time I Saw London
by Norman Podhoretz
The first time I ever laid eyes on the Albert Memorial—the monument erected by Queen Victoria to her beloved consort Prince Albert after his death in 1861—was in the fall of 1950, almost exactly a half-century ago.

Where'd He Go, Joe DiMaggio?
by Joseph Epstein
The best criterion of fame is when a crazy person imagines he is you. In his full-court-press biography of Joe DiMaggio, Richard Ben Cramer does not say whether this ever happened to his subject, but it is difficult to think that it did not.1 DiMaggio had, after all, first-name fame—fame of the kind that exempts headline writers from even mentioning your last name, like Frank (Sinatra), Johnny (Carson), Barbra (Streisand), Marilyn (Monroe), Michael (Jordan), Jerry (first Lewis, now Seinfeld).

My Jeremiah
by Jacob Sloan
“Jeremiah!” I suddenly called out to everyone's surprise, including my own. We were a group of old friends, passing the time of day in a cafeteria in southwest Florida.

The Journalists & the Palestinians
by Fiamma Nirenstein
The information coming out of Israel these days is heavily influenced by the political imagination of the reporters and columnists and cameramen who have flocked to the scene from the four corners of the earth to cover this latest installment of violence in the ongoing Middle East conflict.

Art by the Yard?
by Steven Munson
In the Woody Allen movie Hannah and Her Sisters, a meeting takes place between a serious artist and a newly minted super-rich rock star looking for art to buy.

Hooking Up by Tom Wolfe
by Midge Decter
Hooking Up by Tom Wolfe Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 293 pp. $25.00 The first time I saw Tom Wolfe on television, many long years ago, I was astonished.

The Mystery of Capital by Hernando de Soto
by Richard Pipes
The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else by Hernando de Soto Basic. 276 pp. $27.50 Hernando De Soto, a sixty-year-old Peruvian economist, heads the Institute of Liberty and Democracy in Lima.

Hitler, 1889-1936; Hitler, 1936-1945 by Ian Kershaw
by Jacob Heilbrunn
Hitler: 1889-1936: Hubris by Ian Kershaw Norton. 845 pp. $35.00 Hitler: 1936-1945: Nemesis by Ian Kershaw Norton. 1,115 pp. $35.00 The idea of the great man in history has gone distinctly out of fashion.

The Transformation of American Air Power by Benjamin S. Lambeth
by Andrew Bacevich
The Transformation of American Air Power by Benjamin S. Lambeth Cornell. 337 pp. $29.95 In the long history of warfare, the air weapon is a latecomer, arriving on the battlefield less than a century ago.

The Unexpected Legacy of Divorce by Judith S. Wallerstein, Julia M. Lewis, and Sandra Blakeslee; The Case for Marriage by Linda
by Claudia Winkler
The Unexpected Legacy of Divorce: A 25 Year Landmark Study by Judith S. Wallerstein, Julia M. Lewis, and Sandra Blakeslee Hyperion. 347 pp.

February, 2001Back to Top
The Schools
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Writing during a presidential campaign in which the candidates appeared to be running for the position of national superintendent of schools, Chester E.

Digital Age
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of George Gilder's latest book, Telecosm, Francis Fukuyama [October 2000] lists several writers who have probed the visionary potential of the digital age.

Defending Islam
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his inexplicable and intellectually dishonest analysis of the American Muslim community [“Are Muslim Americans Victimized?,” November 2000], Daniel Pipes writes that the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) devotes its resources “to promoting the idea of Muslim victimization” and that people of other faiths should not “fall for, let alone .

A New Birth of Freedom by Harry V. Jaffa
by Richard Brookhiser
A New Birth of Freedom: Abraham Lincoln and the Coming of the Civil War by Harry V. Jaffa Rowman & Littlefield. 549 pp.

China's Future
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I agree with Arthur Waldron that China's economic reforms over the past twenty years have produced an increasingly pluralistic society and a weakening party-state [“A Free and Democratic China?,” November 2000].

Canonizing
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Writing Jewish” [October 2000] Hillel Halkin explains that the book of Job is “an integral part of Jewish literary tradition,” but, he argues, this is the case “in spite of [its] contents.” In my opinion, the reason for canonization of this masterpiece, in addition to its poetic beauty, is that it delivers a message—one must not look for a correlation between one's moral behavior and one's fate—which is important to the Jewish tradition.

Facing China
by And Critics
(Ret.) Lieutenant General William E. Odom: In “The Struggle for Mastery in Asia” [November 2000], Aaron L. Friedberg offers a very textured and thoughtful analysis of the challenges facing the United States in Asia.

Bush, Missile Defense, and the Critics
by Frank Gaffney
This past September, President Bill Clinton, having repeatedly resisted a congressional mandate to deploy an antiballistic missile system, announced that he would defer to his successor any decision on National Missile Defense (NMD).

Who Needs Medical Ethics?
by Sally Satel
Instilling in doctors a strong commitment to do right by their patients has been a concern of the medical profession since antiquity.

Mistaking One Man for Another
by Ellen Geist
I am sitting in Goldstein's eating a kosher hot dog with Diane and loving every minute of it. It's the only really kosher, not “kosher-style,” deli in Cambridge, conveniently located next to Mount Carmel Hospital.

Mumbling Monuments
by Michael J. Lewis
For the building of great and lasting monuments, wealth alone is insufficient; nor is it even necessary. Even the wealthiest societies, if they are missing the intangible quality of cultural confidence, will not build symbols for the distant future.

At Play with Susan Sontag
by Carol Iannone
Despite everything she has written and done since the 1960's, Susan Sontag seems fatefully identified with the part she played in that era and its immediate aftermath.

Jazz & Its Explainers
by Terry Teachout
So far as is known, the word “jazz” first appeared in print in 1913. Since then, a vast literature has sprung up, ranging from children's biographies of jazz greats to critical studies of forbiddingly high intellectual density—a development befitting the century-long emergence and maturing of what may well prove to be America's most significant contribution to the modern movement in art.

Human Natures by Paul R. Ehrlich
by Francis Fukuyama
Human Natures: Genes, Cultures, and the Human Prospect by Paul R. Ehrlich Island. 531 pp. $29.95 Paul R. Ehrlich, the Stanford University biologist and environmental activist, is perhaps best known for a prediction he offered in his 1968 book, The Population Bomb: namely, that by the 1980's the world would be in the throes of resource scarcity severe enough to produce riots and widespread famine.

Failed Crusade by Stephen F. Cohen
by Gabriel Schoenfeld
Failed Crusade: America and the Tragedy of Post-Communist Russia by Stephen F. Cohen Norton. 304 pp. $21.95 In 1991, after seven nightmarish decades, the peoples of Russia managed to free themselves from the Bolshevik yoke.

The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent by Lionel Trilling
by Michael Kimmage
The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent: Selected Essays by Lionel Trilling Edited and with an Introduction by Leon Wieseltier Farrar, Straus & Giroux.

The Nobel Prize by Burton Feldman
by Jonathan Marks
The Nobel Prize: A History of Genius, Controversy, and Prestige by Burton Feldman Arcade. 489 pp. $29.95 In his 1895 will, Alfred Nobel, a Swedish industrialist who made his fortune by inventing and selling dynamite, left to posterity a sizable prize fund, stipulating that it be used each year to recognize those individuals “who shall have contributed most materially to benefit mankind.” Today, the Nobel Prize is the most prestigious and coveted award in the world.


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March, 2001Back to Top
Proust and the Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Algis Valiums [“Proust's Way,” December 2000] seems determined to view Proust as a weak-minded social snob who somehow turned into a genius.

Intifada
by Our Readers
To the Editor: While I do not disagree with the four essays by Norman Podhoretz, Daniel Pipes, Hillel Halkin, and Efraim Karsh on the current situation in Israel [“Intifada II,” December 2000], I do quibble with the underlying assumption that the al-Aqsa intifada succeeded in radically altering the perceptions of the Israeli public. As one might expect, the renewal of wide-scale Palestinian violence shocked many Israelis, and the response of the Barak government profoundly weakened the prime minister's public standing; but that does not tell the whole story.

Inside Baseball
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Where'd He Go, Joe DiMaggio?,” [January] Joseph Epstein misstates DiMaggio's statistics for 1949, a noteworthy season for both DiMaggio and the entire Yankee team.

Intifada II; Joe DiMaggio; Proust.
by Our Readers
Intifada TO THE EDITOR: While I do not disagree with the four essays by Nor- man Podhoretz, Daniel Pipes, Hillel Halkin, and Efraim Karsh on the current situation in Israel ["Intifada II," December 2000], I do quibble with the underlying assumption that the al-Aqsa intifada succeeded in radi- cally altering the perceptions of the Israeli public.

Bush and the Republican Future
by Daniel Casse
Weeks before he took the oath of office, George W. Bush already seemed a man condemned to a presidency of limited expectations.

Surrendering to Intermarriage
by Jack Wertheimer
For most of their history, the Jews have rightly been regarded, by foes and admirers alike, as a zealously endogamous people.

What to Do About the Energy Crunch
by Irwin Stelzer
Events have conspired to remind us how heavily dependent we are on a steady supply of energy. In California, as all the world knows by now, shortages of electricity have sent prices skyrocketing, causing factory closures and periodic blackouts, and—thanks to a regulatory scheme described as “lunacy” by Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill—have brought the state's utilities to financial ruin.

Mad Cows & Englishmen
by Steven Shaw
When bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) strikes, cattle become disoriented and apprehensive. They rapidly lose the ability to walk straight, they exhibit frenzied twitching movements, they separate from the herd, and eventually they cannot even stand.

Postcards
by Joseph Epstein
Hefferman stood in line at the post office, between an East Indian man with two large parcels wrapped in thick twine and an older black man wearing a White Sox cap and giving off an aroma of menthol lozenges.

Does the Jewish Vote Count?
by Jay Lefkowitz
Given the amount of attention lavished on their role in last year's presidential contest, one might easily conclude that American Jews—a mere 2.2 percent of the population—exert a disproportionate influence on the outcome of elections. The beginning of the post-primary election season witnessed Al Gore's selection of Senator Joseph Lieberman as his running mate, marking the first time in American history that a Jew had been invited to serve on a major party's national ticket.

Mendelssohn the Master
by Terry Teachout
Was Felix Mendelssohn a great composer? On its face, the question seems absurd. One of the most gifted child prodigies in the history of music, he produced his first masterpiece at the age of sixteen.

A Life in the Twentieth Century, by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.
by Robert Kagan
A Life in the Twentieth Century: Innocent Beginnings, 1917-1950 by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. Houghton Mifflin. 523 pp. $27.00 Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.'s autobiography covers only the first 33 years of his life, but they were a very fall 33 years.

Public Vows by Nancy F. Cott
by Kay Hymowitz
Public Vows: A History of Marriage and the Nation by Nancy F. Cott Harvard. 288 pp. $27.95 It is not exactly news that the institution of marriage has suffered in the U.S.

PC, M.D. by Sally Satel
by Paul Gross
PC, M.D.: How Political Correctness is Corrupting Medicine by Sally Satel Basic. 256 pp. $27.00 Sally Satel, a psychiatrist with strong credentials in several areas of public health, including drug addiction and its treatment, boasts additional qualifications rare among her peers.

The Virtue of Prosperity by Dinesh D'Souza
by Eric Cohen
The Virtue of Prosperity: Finding Values in an Age of Techno-Affluence by Dinesh D'Souza Free Press. 284 pp. $26.00 The opening scene of Dinesh D'Souza's new book finds the author at a lavish party in Silicon Valley for the web company Inktomi.

The Future of Success by Robert B. Reich
by David Brooks
The Future of Success by Robert B. Reich Knopf. 275 pp. $26.00 America has always been a freer and more open society than others—and thus a more meritocratic and demanding one.

April, 2001Back to Top
Two Nations?
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Terry Teachout's article, “Republican Nation, Democratic Nation?,” [with a comment by Gertrude Himmelfarb, January] abounds in unsupported generalities.

TV Guide
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Several years ago, my wife and I decided to eliminate television from our house for many of the reasons Kay S.

Living with Computers
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article, “Computers and the Pursuit of Happiness” [January], David Gelernter completely misses the key points. For one thing, while it is true, as he writes, that our need for food, shelter, and clothing has not changed significantly because of technology, the methods of acquiring these goods certainly have.

Democracy in China
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I found Arthur Waldron's “A Free and Democratic China?” [November 2000] to be one of the most insightful articles I have read on the prospects for China's political development.

Bombs Away
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of my book, The Transformation of American Air Power [January], Andrew J. Bacevich suggests that I stop “just short” of making the grandiose claim that “air power has conclusively demonstrated its ability to win conventional wars.” In fact, I stop considerably short of making any such claim.

What Brings a World into Being?
by David Berlinski
Since their inception in the 17th century, the modern sciences have been given over to a majestic vision: there is nothing in nature but atoms and the void.

The "Diversity" Defense
by Jason Riley
The 1990's were not especially kind to the supporters of affirmative action in higher education. Although neither Congress nor the two successive occupants of the White House saw fit to take a stand against the increased entrenchment of racial preferences in our universities, some states and courts did.

The Strange Adventures of Jacob d'Ancona
by Hillel Halkin
There are found books and there are “found” books. To which category should we assign the curious case of a book called The City of Light, recently published in a long-delayed American edition as “The Hidden Journal of the Man Who Entered China Four Years Before Marco Polo?”1 This kind of question has been around, if not for as long as books themselves, then for the better part of their existence.

Paradoxes of Painting
by David Gelernter
It is a terrible time for painting in America, but a marvelous time for painters. Compare today with (say) the 1950's.

Rights for Rodents
by Damon Linker
Not so long ago, animal-rights activists were viewed as crackpots if not thugs, the sort of people who splattered the fur coats of unsuspecting pedestrians with red paint or vandalized university research laboratories.

"Traffic," and the War on Drugs
by Gary Rosen
Since the late 1960's, when Hollywood began turning them out with some regularity, movies about drugs have tended to follow one of two basic formulas.

Whatever Happened to Bing Crosby
by Terry Teachout
For virtually any American over the age of sixty, Bing Crosby's name is likely to evoke a wide range of memories.

Constantine's Sword by James Carroll
by Robert Wistrich
Constantine's Sword: The Church and the Jews by James Carroll Houghton Mifflin. 756 pp. $28.00 The troubled 2,000-year history of relations between the Roman Catholic Church and the Jews has been the subject of numerous treatments in the past four decades.

Supergenius by B. Bruce-Briggs
by Dan Seligman
Supergenius: The Mega Worlds of Herman Kahn by B. Bruce-Briggs North American Policy Press. 490 pp. $40.00 Arguably violating several canons of the reviewing code, I called up the author of this book and asked how come it had not found a major publisher—or, for that matter, any publisher.

The First Measured Century by Theodore Caplow, Louis Hicks, and Ben J. Wattenberg
by Noah Oppenheim
The First Measured Century: An Illustrated Guide to Trends in America, 1900-2000 by Theodore Caplow, Louis Hicks, and Ben J. Wattenberg AEI.

Looking for Mr. Nobody by Jenny Rees
by David Pryce-Jones
Looking for Mr. Nobody: The Secret Life of Goronwy Rees by Jenny Rees Transaction. 295 pp. $24.95 Goronwy Rees was a casualty of the ideological struggles of the 1930's.

The End of Days by Gershom Gorenberg
by Daniel Pipes
The End of Days: Fundamentalism and the Struggle for the Temple Mount by Gershom Gorenberg Free Press. 288 pp. $25.00 The Temple Mount in the old city of Jerusalem is once again in the news.

May, 2001Back to Top
Old England
by Our Readers
To the Editor: For an American like me who has spent the whole of his adult life in the United Kingdom, Norman Podhoretz's article, “The Last Time I Saw London” [January], was of interest.

Bioethics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Sally Satel and Christine Stolba are doubtful about the work of medical ethicists [“Who Needs Medical Ethics?,” February], and count me among these characters, quoting an article I wrote some 30 years ago when I began working in the field.

Missile Defense
by And Critics
James Clay Moltz: Frank J. Gaffney, Jr. would be well advised to listen to some sensible old Republicans regarding missile defense [“Bush, Missile Defense, and the Critics,” February].

The Palestinians and the "Right of Return"
by Efraim Karsh
By the early 1990's, most Israelis, on both sides of the political spectrum, had come to embrace a two-state solution to their decades-long conflict with the Palestinian Arabs, a solution based on the idea of trading “land for peace.” For these Israelis, and especially for the doves among them, the twilight hours of Ehud Barak's short-lived government came as a terrible shock. During a span of six months, from the Camp David summit of July 2000 to the Taba talks a few days before his crushing electoral defeat in February 2001, Barak crossed every single territorial “red line” upheld by previous Israeli governments in his frenzied quest for an agreement with the Palestinians based on the formula of land for peace.

Among the Gentlemen-Publishers
by Joseph Epstein
Is publishing a business, or is it a gentleman's profession? For anyone who has ever had anything to do with the production of serious books, the answer to this perennial question is simple.

Air-Crash Cover-Up?
by Didier Fontaine
On the evening of July 17, 1996, TWA flight 800, a Boeing 747-100 bound for Paris, took off from JFK international airport in New York.

Why Doctors Are Down
by Ronald Dworkin
In a recent issue of a national anesthesiology journal, a physician wrote in to complain about the poor dress of his colleagues.

A Jerusalem Diary
by Yaacov Lozowick
October 4, 2000 Meir, our firstborn, is sixteen, an adolescent in every sense of the term: outlandish dress, behavior to go with it.

Fun with Paint
by Steven Munson
The exhibition Wayne Thiebaud: A Paintings Retrospective, which will open in New York at the Whitney Museum of American Art on June 28 and run through September 23, is significant for several reasons.1 First, it provides a fairly comprehensive overview of this eighty-year-old artist's work over the past half-century.

What Killed Classical Recording?
by
In 1996, I surveyed the state of the classical-recording industry for COMMENTARY.1 Then, as now, there were six major labels controlled by four corporate entities: BMG (formerly RCA), EMI, Sony (formerly Columbia), and Polygram, a European-based conglomerate that owned Decca/London, Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft (DGG), and Philips. At the time, I reported, all six labels were experiencing “a severe crisis of artistic confidence,” arising from their continuing inability to sign new artists capable of recording performances that would sell in large quantities.

Moral Freedom by Alan Wolfe
by Midge Decter
Moral Freedom: The Search for Virtue in a World of Choice by Alan Wolfe Norton. 214 pp. $24.95 Alan Wolfe, director of the Boisi Center for Religion and Public Life at Boston College, wanted to know what his fellow Americans think and feel about a number of moral issues in a society that offers them a wide new variety of personal choices.

Troublemaker by Kathleen Burk
by Richard Pipes
Troublemaker: The Life and History of A.J.P. Taylor by Kathleen Burk Yale. 491 pp. $35.00 At the height of his productive life, from the 1940's through the 1960's, Allan John Percivale (A.J.P.) Taylor was the best known as well as the most controversial of English historians.

Paradise Park by Allegra Goodman
by John Podhoretz
Paradise Park: A Novel by Allegra Goodman Dell. 432 pp. $24.95 The characters populating Allegra Goodman's fiction have been, almost exclusively, hyper-articulate academics or hyper-serious Jews—weighed down, confused, and made rather grand by the knowledge they possess.

Newton's Gift by David Berlinski
by Adam Schulman
Newton's Gift: How Sir Isaac Newton Unlocked the System of the World by David Berlinski Free Press. 217 pp. $24.00 Isaac Newton (1642-1727) belongs without question among the truly great geniuses the human race has yet produced.

Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser
by Steven Shaw
Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser Houghton Mifflin. 356 pp. $25.00 The airwaves, editorial pages, and Internet chat groups—not to mention the “Dining In, Dining Out” section of the New York Times—are awash in indignation over the revelations contained in Fast Food Nation.

June, 2001Back to Top
The GOP
by
To the Editor: In his article, “Bush and the Republican Future” [March], Daniel Casse argues that “there is no denying that the GOP has indeed become a party in decline” and that the Reagan coalition has “fallen apart.” The Republican party and the conservative movement have heard similar predictions of pending division and collapse since 1980, when outsiders first noticed that Ronald Reagan was nominated and elected by a modern Republican party leading a new Center-Right coalition.

Partisans
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Though I largely agree with Jay Lefkowitz's view that “Jewish voters seem as frozen as ever in their twin predilections for liberal positions and Democratic candidates” [“Does the Jewish Vote Count?,” March], I would like to sound an optimistic note. Despite the fact that the Democratic party offered a Jew as a national nominee for the first time, the Gore-Lieberman ticket garnered just 1 percent more of the Jewish vote than the Clinton-Gore ticket in 1996.

Identity Crisis
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Surrendering to Intermarriage” [March], Jack Wertheimer raises important issues that Reform Judaism has been wrestling with for more than twenty years.

A Small Shelf
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Terry Teachout's writings on music are of such high quality that it is all too easy to take for granted his skillful effort to introduce a note of professionalism into the examination of jazz music and history [“Jazz & Its Explainers,” February].

Intermarriage; Republicans; the Jewish vote; etc.
by Our Readers
Identity Crisis TO THE EDITOR: In "Surrendering to In- termarriage" [March], Jack Wertheimer raises impor- tant issues that Reform Ju- daism has been wrestling with for more than twenty years.

Funding the Faithful: Why Bush Is Right
by Leslie Lenkowsky
On the campaign trail last year, George W. Bush staked a large part of his claim to “compassionate conservatism” on the belief that a range of social services now run by secular agencies could be more effectively administered by religious groups—groups that had shown the ability, as he declared on the stump, “to save and change lives.” So it was no surprise that one of Bush's first major initiatives as President was to open a new White House office devoted to lending support to “faith-based” organizations whose services include things like family counseling, operating homeless shelters, and the rehabilitation of criminals. As a practical matter, the plan outlined by the President in January did indeed hold out the promise of significant new resources for such organizations.

Too Darn Hot?
by Kevin Shapiro
Natives of Hawaii, inured by more than a thousand years of island life to the vagaries of the weather and the seas, have a somewhat elliptical saying: “the mists are those that know of a storm upon the water.” It can be taken to mean that those nearest to something are the first to become aware of what is happening to it.

Growing Up Anglo-Jewish
by John Gross
In my youth—I was born in 1935—every self-respecting Jewish family in England had at least one Uncle Morrie. My own family was no exception, but then it would have been very surprising if it had been.

An End to Counting by Race?
by Tamar Jacoby
The decennial census required by the U.S. Constitution has always been entangled with questions of race. The constitutional provision that, until passage of the Fourteenth Amendment, counted a black man as only three-fifths of a person raised problems from the beginning.

Howie's Gift
by Joseph Epstein
Driving up the Edens Expressway, looking for the eastbound exit to Dundee Road, I wondered whether accepting this invitation had been such a hot idea.

When Presidents Speak
by Michael J. Lewis
Not very long ago it seemed that George W. Bush—he of the mangled syntax, chronic malapropisms, and conspicuously laissez-faire attitude toward the relationship between nouns and verbs—was simply too inarticulate to be President.

The Riddle of Yehudi Menuhin
by Terry Teachout
For much of the 20th century, Yehudi Menuhin embodied the world's idea of the child prodigy. Born in 1916, he began studying the violin at five; by the age of thirteen, he had appeared in Berlin, London, New York, and Paris, performing with such celebrated conductors as Fritz Busch, Georges Enesco, and Bruno Walter.

Saddam's Bombmaker by Khidhir Hamza with Jeff Stein
by Daniel Pipes
Saddam's Bombmaker: The Terrifying Inside Story of the Iraqi Nuclear and Biological Weapons Agenda by Khidhir Hamza with Jeff Stein Scribner. 352 pp.

Manifesta by Jennifer Baumgardner and Amy Richards
by Christine Stolba
Manifesta: Young Women, Feminism, and the Future by Jennifer Baumgardner and Amy Richards Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 416 pp. $15.00 In the lore of modern feminism, the key advances for the cause of women's rights have come during two great periods of agitation and reform.

It Ain't Necessarily So by David Murray, Joel Schwartz, and S. Robert Lichter
by Dan Seligman
It Ain't Necessarily So: How Media Make and Unmake the Scientific Picture of Reality by David Murray, Joel Schwartz, and S.

Unfree Speech by Bradley A. Smith
by Terry Eastland
Unfree Speech: The Folly of Campaign Finance Reform by Bradley A. Smith Princeton. 286 pp. $26.95 In April, the Senate approved the most comprehensive overhaul of federal campaign-finance law in the past quarter-century.

The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay by Michael Chabon
by John Podhoretz
The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay by Michael Chabon Random House. 659 pp. $26.95 One of the delicious ironies of 20th-century popular culture is the extent to which the images and sounds that defined the American Century sprang from the fertile imaginings of Jews only recently resident amid the amber waves of grain.

July, 2001Back to Top
"Traffic"
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Gary Rosen's review of Traffic surprised me, mostly because I found myself in basic agreement with his analysis of the movie—as a movie [“Traffic and the War on Drugs,” April].

Oil and Gas
by Our Readers
To the Editor: There is almost nothing in Irwin M. Stelzer's lucid discussion of “What to Do about the Energy Crunch” [March] with which I disagree, but a few comments do come to mind. Mr.

Jacob of Ancona
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In February 1999 I visited Quanzhou in China's Fujian province, the site of medieval Zaitun, reached by the Jewish merchant of Ancona in 1271 and vividly described by him in my translation of The City of Light (London 1997, Shanghai 1999, Paris 2000, New York 2000).

Animals and Us
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Rights for Rodents” [April], Damon Linker correctly says that Western legal systems uniformly regard the million species of nonhuman animals as things, like my computer keyboard and monitor.

Shopping with Saddam Hussein
by Gary Milhollin
Whether or not the world is ready, Saddam Hussein is back. With oil income now reaching the levels he enjoyed before the Gulf war, Iraq's president is beginning to buy his way out of the “box” in which former Secretary of State Madeleine K.

Who Is Winning the Intifada?
by Gal Luft
A few weeks into the intifada that broke out at the end of last September, pundits were already debating the nature of the still-emerging military conflict. Some, impressed by the heavy volume of fire exchanged by both sides, the mounting casualty rate, and the overwhelming, frenzied response of the Arab world at large, concluded that Israel and the Palestinians were already in, or at least on the brink of, war; pessimists among them predicted that further escalation might draw in Arab military forces from Syria, Iraq, Iran, and perhaps even Jordan and Egypt.

How Race Is Written in America
by Dan Seligman
Widely judged the world's greatest newspaper, the New York Times endlessly enriches the lives of educated New Yorkers. And not only of us locals.

Bob Kerrey, War Criminal?
by Gabriel Schoenfeld
“Bob Kerrey a baby-killer? Laughing, literate Bob Kerrey?” So wondered Mary McGrory in the pages of the Washington Post. And so have many others wondered as, for the first time in years, the war in Vietnam has erupted once again in newspapers and opinion journals. The last significant skirmish came in 1995, when former Secretary of Defense Robert S.

The Critics' Club
by Joseph Epstein
A popular television program of the 1950's, The Gary Moore Show, used to close with a regular feature called “That Wonderful Year,” in which members of the cast—Moore, Carol Burnett, and others—would sing popular songs from 1926, or 1948, or some other year in the past.

That These Dead Shall Not Have Died in Vain
by Midge Decter
We were late getting to Emek Hamatzleva, the Valley of the Cross in Jerusalem where a number of the city's scouting groups meet, and the ceremony for Israel's Memorial Day was already in full swing.

Bruno Walter's Way
by Terry Teachout
For classical musicians, few things are so uncertain as the prospect of posthumous fame. Some celebrated performers of the comparatively recent past, like the conductor Arturo Toscanini, are still remembered widely and vividly, while others, like the violinist Mischa Elman, are largely forgotten save by connoisseurs.

Fuzzy Math by Paul Krugman
by Tod Lindberg
Fuzzy Math: The Essential Guide to the Bush Tax Plan by Paul Krugman Norton. 128 pp. $17.00 Paul Krugman is an economist at Princeton University and a twice-weekly op-ed columnist for the New York Times.

Commies by Ronald Radosh
by Ruth Wisse
Commies: A Journey Through the Old Left, the New Left, and the Leftover Left by Ronald Radosh Encounter. 216 pp. $24.95 In the early 1970's, when support groups were being formed for children of Holocaust survivors, it occurred to me—based on what I knew of my contemporaries—that the needier candidates for collective counseling were the children of Communists.

Stay the Hand of Vengeance by Gary Jonathan Bass
by Nicholas Rostow
Stay the Hand of Vengeance: The Politics of War Crimes Tribunals by Gary Jonathan Bass Princeton. 402 pp. $29.95 Over the last two centuries, the international community has developed a body of law governing armed conflict.

The Illusion of Order by Bertrand C. Harcourt
by Brian Anderson
The Illusion of Order: The False Promise of Broken Windows Policing by Bernard E. Harcourt Harvard. 287 pp. $35.00 Less than a decade ago, New York was the most dangerous city in America, averaging more than 2,000 murders and 400,000 serious felonies a year.

Hollywood and Anti-Semitism by Steven Alan Carr
by Rhoda Rabkin
Hollywood and Anti-Semitism: A Cultural History Up to World War II by Steven Alan Carr Cambridge. 342 pp. $69.95 One day in the early 20th century, a young man named Adolph Zukor looked around at the “moving pictures” in his Manhattan penny arcade and said to himself: “A Jew could make a lot of money at this.” Other aspiring entrepreneurs, with names like Goldwyn, Fox, Loew, Mayer, and Warner, had the same idea.

September, 2001Back to Top
Refugees
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article “The Palestinians and the ‘Right of Return’ ” [May], Efraim Karsh writes that “neither Arab propagandists nor Israeli ‘new historians’ have ever produced any evidence of a Zionist master plan to expel the Palestinians during the 1948 war.

First Causes
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Were he a veiled dancer, David Berlinski could not have beckoned more seductively in trying to deliver a resolution to the question he poses [“What Brings a World Into Being?,” April].

Catholics and Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I leave historical refutations to the professional historians, but I question COMMENTARY's providing a forum for the sweeping attack on Catholicism mounted by Robert S.

Bitter Medicine
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As a primary-care physician of 30 years who has recently retired, I read with some interest Ronald W.

Affirmative Action
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Jason L. Riley's good article, “The ‘Diversity’ Defense” [April], is incorrect in stating that in the Bakke case (1978) four Justices of the Supreme Court ruled that the race-preference program at the medical school of the University of California at Davis was unconstitutional.

The Rebbe, the Jews, and the Messiah
by David Berger
In the course of the last seven years, a revolutionary development has quietly overtaken the Jewish religion. Unless it is somehow rolled back, Jews will soon have to confront the fact that one of the key pillars of their faith has been thoroughly undermined, and even the most elementary primer on the differences between Judaism and Christianity will have to be rewritten.

Race Preference and the Universities-A Final Reckoning?
by Carl Cohen
Preference by race in university admissions is a widespread practice in the United States. Although the Supreme Court has condemned racial preferences in other contexts, it has addressed university admissions only once, in the 1978 case of Regents of the University of California v.

From Bauhaus to Bilbao
by Michael J. Lewis
For a museum, nothing is more difficult to exhibit than architecture. Unless you can haul in the buildings themselves, you have to make do with surrogates—photographs, drawings, and models—none of which possesses the scale or tangible presence of the genuine article, let alone the spatial quality that most distinguishes architecture from all other arts.

Wronging Microsoft
by Edward Rothstein
Imagine a corporation whose ambitions are unbounded and whose main product seems indispensable. Imagine that it has threatened to withhold this product in order to impose its will on competitors and manufacturers who require it.

How Suicide Bombers Are Made
by Fiamma Nirenstein
During his historic visit to Syria last May, Pope John Paul II was unexpectedly upstaged by the country's young new president, Bashar al-Assad.

Lessons of Kosovo
by Gabriel Schoenfeld
A decade after the disappearance of the USSR, we seem to be inching toward a debate over the fundamental tenets of U.S.

On "The New Groove II"
by Terry Teachout
For musicians who take ideas seriously, the publication of the long-awaited second edition of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians will likely be remembered as the biggest story of 2001. The New Grove II (as its publishers have styled it) has been the subject of numerous feature articles in major newspapers and magazines, among them the New York Times, the New Yorker, and the New York Review of Books.

An Old Wife's Tale by Midge Decter
by David Gelernter
An Old Wife's Tale by Midge Decter Regan Books. 234 pp. $26.00 Midge Decter is someone you want to read no matter what topic she is writing about.

Does America Need a Foreign Policy? by Henry Kissinger
by David Pryce-Jones
Does America Need a Foreign Policy? Toward a Diplomacy for the 21st Century by Henry Kissinger Simon & Schuster. 318 pp. $30.00 America bestrides the world like a colossus.

A New Religious America by Diana L. Eck
by Naomi Schaefer
A New Religious America: How a “Christian Country” Has Now Become the World's Most Religiously Diverse Nation by Diana L. Eck Harper San Francisco.

John Adams by David McCullough
by Richard Samuelson
John Adams by David McCullough Simon & Schuster. 151 pp. $35.00 On July 2, 1776, John Adams watched with satisfaction as the Continental Congress, moved in large part by his own eloquence and force of will, voted to declare American independence from Great Britain.

Schools, Vouchers, and the American Public by Terry M. Moe
by James Wilson
Schools, Vouchers, and the American Public by Terry M. Moe Brookings. 350 pp. $29.95 Wherever vouchers for school children have been put to a vote, they have been defeated.

October, 2001Back to Top
The Census
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Tamar Jacoby's writing on race is always interesting and, what is rare in the field, well-intentioned [“An End to Counting by Race?” June].

Sanctions
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In their much-publicized article, “Shopping with Saddam Hussein” [July-August], Gary Milhollin and Kelly Motz display a remarkably simplistic and somewhat disingenuous approach to the ongoing efforts to circumvent UN economic sanctions.

Lost Flights
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Didier de Fontaine's article, “Air-Crash Cover-Up?” [May], provides an extremely useful counterweight to Elaine Scarry's scary scenario of electromagnetic interference (EMI) as a heretofore unrecognized threat to air safety.

Israel
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “A Jerusalem Diary” [May], Yaacov Lozowick tells the sad story of an Israeli Jew who was shot while walking his dog.

Charitable Choice
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Exactly what part of “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion” does Leslie Lenkowsky not understand [“Funding the Faithful: Why Bush is Right,” June]? The First Amendment does not grant exceptions for funding really good causes.

Bookmen
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Joseph Epstein may trace the transformation of book publishing to the decision by Bennett Cerf and Donald Klopfer to take Random House public in 1959 [“Among the Gentlemen-Publishers,” May], but it really began when Random House was sold to RCA in 1966. As long as Cerf and Klopfer were at the helm, Random House (including its subsidiaries, Knopf and Pantheon) remained a proud home for writers and a place for editors to have fun while earning a living.

Iraq sanctions; charitable choice; Israel; multiracial America; etc.
by Our Readers
Sanctions TO THE EDITOR: In their much-publicized article, "Shopping with Sad- dam Hussein" [July-Au- gust], Gary Milhollin and Kelly Motz display a re- markably simplistic and somewhat disingenuous ap- proach to the ongoing ef- forts to circumvent UN economic sanctions.

Oslo: The Peacemongers Return
by Norman Podhoretz
The counterattack came—or so it seemed—out of the blue. Almost a year earlier, negotiations at Camp David between the then prime minister of Israel, Ehud Barak, and the chairman of the Palestinian Authority (PA), Yasir Arafat, with the active participation of the then President of the United States, Bill Clinton, had broken down.

Is Europe a Threat?
by Irwin Stelzer
Battles over budgets, education, stem cells, and other domestic issues may be taking up most of George W. Bush's time, but, try as he might, no President can long avoid foreign policy, which comes at him not only in the guise of great headline-making crises but in quieter if no less unsettling forms.

What the Vatican Knew About the Holocaust, and When
by Kevin Madigan
In the early months of 1942, the newly formed state of Slovakia entered into negotiations with the government of Germany, and in particular with Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi official in charge of the “Final Solution of the Jewish Problem.” The negotiations centered on the deportation to Galicia and Poland of the roughly 90,000 Jewish citizens of Slovakia.

The Cost of College Sports
by Chester Finn,
The year 1929, the year of the great stock-market collapse, also witnessed the first loud warnings of an incipient crash in higher education—caused by, of all things, college sports.

A Loss for Words
by Joseph Epstein
Two days after my father's eighty-third birth-day, it began: what Dr. Myron Spiegelman, the neurologist at Northwestern University Hospital, called “failure-of-word-retrieval syndrome.” My father would be talking away in his confident manner when suddenly he would be stopped cold, the words “stock market” or “groceries” gone, unavailable, disappeared.

Civilization Meets the Durants
by Nancy Yos
For anyone who loves history, surely one definition of heaven would be to possess a massive, single-shelf summation of everything that has happened in the West since the Sumerians, complete with most of the stories “every schoolboy knows” but sufficiently up-to-date to be etched here and there with a reassuringly modern acidity.

Noah Greenberg's Revolution
by Terry Teachout
Of the many ways in which the culture of classical music has changed in the past 50 years, perhaps the most dramatic is the sharply increased frequency with which one can hear music written before the mid-18th century.

Misconceptions by Naomi Wolf
by Noemie Emery
Misconceptions: Truth, Lies, and the Unexpected on the Journey to Motherhood by Naomi Wolf Doubleday. 326 pp. $24.95 Early in the presidential year 2000, the feminist writer Naomi Wolf (Promiscuities, The Beauty Myth) enjoyed a brief notoriety as the woman hired by Al Gore to advise him on his personal style, at a cool $15,000 a month.

Neighbors by Jan T. Gross
by Robert Wistrich
Neighbors: The Destruction of the Jewish Community of Jedwabne, Poland by Jan T. Gross Princeton. 218 pp. $19.95 On July 10 of this year, Aleksander Kwasniewski, the president of Poland, officially apologized for a massacre of Jews that took place during World War II in a small town in northeastern Poland.

The New Americans by Michael Barone
by Dan Seligman
The New Americans: How the Melting Pot Can Work Again by Michael Barone Regnery. 338 pp. $27.95 In the opening words of this book, Michael Barone positions himself squarely against an Al Gore gushing over the wonderfulness of multiculturalism and demanding a “collective civic space large enough for all our separate identities.” To Barone, separate identities and multiculturalism are precisely what America does not need. Barone is, of course, not alone in delivering backtalk to our country's diversity celebrators.

Going Up the River by Joseph T. Hallinan
by Barton Aronson
Going Up the River: Travels in a Prison Nation by Joseph T. Hallinan Random House. 262 pp. $24.95 In the 1990's, America's prison population swelled at an unprecedented rate, from just over 1 million to just under 2 million.

The Sabra by Oz Almog
by Dov Waxman
The Sabra: The Creation of the New Jew by Oz Almog University of California. 352 pp. $28.00 Israelis today are facing a challenge as severe and as dangerous as any since the founding of the state.

The Radical Center by Ted Halstead and Michael Lind
by Daniel Casse
The Radical Center: The Politics of the Alienated Majority by Ted Halstead and Michael Lind Doubleday. 272 pp. $24.95 One unmistakable result of last year's deadlocked election, in which the third-party candidacy of Ralph Nader appears to have determined the outcome, has been to enshrine the notion that American politics is desperately in need of reform.

November, 2001Back to Top
War and Remembrance
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In her essay, “That These Dead Shall Not Have Died in Vain” [July-August], Midge Decter writes of today's Israelis: [O]nly recently they had to step back, or rather were pushed back, from the brink of a truly dangerous delusion: that an understanding could be reached with their enemy by taking upon themselves the full weight of guilt for the conflict between them.

Political Pilgrims
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In her review of Ronald Radosh's Commies [Books in Review, July-August], Ruth Wisse makes a good case for establishing support groups for disappointed Marxists.

Israel's Dilemma
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Contrary to Gal Luft's suggestion in “Who is Winning the Intifada?” [July-August], this struggle is not about “winning” or “losing” but about creating a durable peace.

International Law
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his comments on Gary Jonathan Bass's book on war-crimes tribunals, Stay the Hand of Vengeance [Books in Review, July-August], Nicholas Rostow suggests that the recent removal of the United States from the UN Commission on Human Rights bodes ill for the prospects of due process before the new International Criminal Court (ICC).

Global Warming
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article “Too Darn Hot?” [June], Kevin A. Shapiro, a researcher in neuroscience, assures us that the majority opinion among climatologists with regard to the greenhouse effect is, at the least, overly alarmist.

Book Business
by Our Readers
To the Editor: My long-term admiration of Joseph Epstein's writings increased after reading his essay on the Readers' Subscription, later known as the Mid-Century Book Society [“The Critics' Club,” July-August].

Atrocities?
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Gabriel Schoenfeld's article, “Bob Kerrey, War Criminal?” [July-August], provides a meticulous, thorough, and even-handed analysis of the allegations against a distinguished Vietnam veteran in connection with the shooting of a group of unarmed villagers during the course of a Navy SEAL operation in early 1969. But I remain more skeptical of former Senator Kerrey's account of the incident than is Mr.

The Danger Within: Militant Islam in America
by Daniel Pipes
In the aftermath of the violence on September 11, American politicians from George W. Bush on down have tripped over themselves to affirm that the vast majority of Muslims living in the United States are just ordinary people.

What Israel Must Now Do to Survive
by Mark Helprin
With the attack of September 11, the calculus of events in the Middle East has been sharply altered, but the fundamentals remain the same.

The Wages of Durban
by Arch Puddington
In the wake of the horrific attacks on New York and Washington by fanatical Islamic terrorists, the world has all but forgotten the conference on racism sponsored by the United Nations in Durban, South Africa.

Reconsidering "Bush v. Gore"
by Gary Rosen


My Little Marjie
by Joseph Epstein
When my brother was born my mother, phoning from her room at Michael Reese Hospital, asked what name I would like to give him.

War Comes to Williams
by Michael J. Lewis
There was an odd comfort in watching the unfolding of a national disaster in the presence of video artists and photographers: one did not stand in paralyzed impotence.

Prime-Time Patriotism
by Terry Teachout
How did artists and entertainers respond to the destruction of the World Trade Center? One early response came from the German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen, a founding figure of the postwar musical avant-garde, who blithely informed horrified reporters at a press conference in Hamburg that the September 11 attack was “the greatest work of art imaginable for the whole cosmos.” As Stockhausen went on to explain: Minds achieving something in an act that we couldn't even dream of in music, people rehearsing like mad for ten years, preparing fanatically for a concert, and then dying.

At the Entrance to the Garden of Eden by Yossi Klein Halevi
by Hillel Halkin
At the Entrance to the Garden of Eden: A Jew's Search for God with Christians and Muslims in the Holy Land by Yossi Klein Halevi William Morrow.

The Skeptical Environmentalist by Bjorn Lomborg
by Kevin Shapiro
The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the Real State of the World by Bjørn Lomborg Cambridge. 496 pp. $21.95 (paper) On Church Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts, a large and colorful mural, sponsored by the Women's Community Cancer Project (WCCP), encourages environmental awareness and activism.

Savage Beauty by Nancy Milford; What Lips My Lips Have Kissed by Daniel Mark Epstein
by Noemie Emery
Savage Beauty: The Life of Edna St. Vincent Millay by Nancy Milford Random Home. 550 pp. $29.95 What Lips My Lips Have Kissed: The Loves and Love Poems of Edna St.

Smiling Through the Cultural Catastrophe by Jeffrey Hart
by Carol Iannone
Smiling Through the Cultural Catastrophe: Toward the Revival of Higher Education by Jeffrey Hart Yale. 261 pp. $26.95 Several months ago, the New York Times cultural correspondent Emily Eakin wrote a piece for her newspaper's education supplement describing her own fairly recent college career.

Memoirs by Edward Teller
by Dan Seligman
Memoirs: A Twentieth-Century Journey in Science and Politics by Edward Teller with Judith Shoolery Perseus. 602 pp. $35.00 Edward Teller, one of the 20th century's preeminent physicists, is now ninety-three, and plainly has numerous excuses for recording the events of his life.

December, 2001Back to Top
The Last War
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Gabriel Schoenfeld has hit the nail resoundingly on the head in “Lessons of Kosovo” [September], but he draws the wrong conclusion. The humanitarian wars that our media, government, and academic elites want the American public to accept are not only shunned by the military but (despite the obscure opinion poll cited by Mr.

Heresy?
by Our Readers
To the Editor: David Berger wildly exaggerates the significance of messianism among Orthodox Jews [“The Rebbe, the Jews, and the Messiah,” September].

Case Dismissed
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “This case . . . should never have been brought.” That is how Edward Rothstein captures the essence of the government's pathetic crusade against the nation's leading software maker [“Wronging Microsoft,” September].

Affirmative Action
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Race Preferences and the Universities—A Final Reckoning?” [September], Carl Cohen provides further evidence of the chicanery that continues to be practiced in the halls of academe under the rubric of affirmative action.

Could September 11 Have Been Averted?
by Gabriel Schoenfeld
How did we fall victim to a second and more terrible Pearl Harbor? At first glance, this seems an unsolvable puzzle. On the one hand, we had various kinds of warning.

How Not to Conduct Jewish-Christian Dialogue
by Jon Levenson
One of the most remarkable cultural developments of the past half-century has been the growth of interfaith dialogue. Members of religious communities that, on principle, had long avoided communication with each other are now in regular discussions characterized by mutual respect, and the discussions not infrequently involve precisely the points of theological difference that had long precluded contact. Among the many positive consequences of these exchanges has been a dramatic shift in the Christian teaching about Judaism.

Romancing Depression
by Paul McHugh
Of all the medical disciplines, psychiatry is the most closely tied to cultural attitudes. So it is hardly surprising that, along with our culture itself, American psychiatric thought and practice should have undergone radical change since the 1960's and 70's.

Bellow's Gift-A Memoir
by Ruth Wisse
Every so often my mother used to tell me the story of my birth as it occurred in the Romanian city of Czernowitz in 1936.

Teachers, Terrorists, and Tolerance
by Chester Finn,
Two Personal anecdotes from the immediate aftermath of September 11: Lunching with an old acquaintance who now occupies a position of leadership in higher education, I mentioned my concern that the curricular guidance being offered to teachers was long on pluralism and short on patriotism.

Giacometti's Truth
by Steven Munson
There is a famous story about Cézanne's effort to paint a portrait of his dealer Ambrose Vollard. He worked at the picture for many weeks, requiring what seemed like countless sittings by his subject.

The Double Life of Miklos Rozsa
by Terry Teachout
Far more people have heard the music of Miklós Rózsa than that of his countryman and fellow modernist Béla Bartók, but far fewer know his name. For more than four decades, Rózsa divided his time between writing concert music and scoring commercial films.

Germs by Judith Miller, Stephen Engelberg, and William Broad
by Frederick Kagan
Germs: Biological Weapons and America's Secret War by Judith Miller, Stephen Engelberg, and William Broad Simon & Schuster. 382 pp. $27.00 Osama Bin Laden has threatened all Americans with death.

The Broken Hearth by William J. Bennett
by Kay Hymowitz
The Broken Hearth: Reversing the Moral Collapse of the American Family by William J. Bennett Doubleday. 198 pp. $22.95 “Marriage is a great institution,” Mae West once quipped, “but I'm not ready for an institution.” In his important new book, The Broken Hearth, William J.

Henry Ford and the Jews by Neil Baldwin
by Jonathan Sarna
Henry Ford and the Jews: The Mass Production of Hate by Neil Baldwin Public Affairs. 432 pp. $27.50 Why do they hate us? This question, all too familiar from today's headlines, is not dissimilar to one asked by American Jews in the 1920's about a homegrown purveyor of hatred, the famed industrialist Henry Ford.

Special Providence by Walter Russell Mead
by Jacob Heilbrunn
Special Providence: American Foreign Policy and how it Changed the World by Walter Russell Mead Knopf. 345 pp. $30.00 Few notions have been more persistent than the idea of American innocence abroad.

Fugitive Days by Bill Ayers
by Harvey Klehr
Fugitive Days: A Memoir by Bill Ayers Beacon Press. 293 pp. $24.00 This Memoir by Bill Ayers, an active terrorist in the late 1960's and 1970's, is, he admits, “not exactly” the truth, although he adds that “it feels entirely honest to me.” Well, however it may “feel” to Ayers, it is both untrue and thoroughly dishonest. Born in 1945, reared in an affluent Chicago suburb as the son of a successful business executive, Ayers dropped out of the University of Michigan after only a few months to travel south to New Orleans, ostensibly to become involved in the burgeoning civil-rights movement of the early 1960's.




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