Are We Israelis Still Jews?
The Search for Judaism in the New Society
THE late Jan Huizinga, famous Dutch cultural historian, characterized the latter part of the Middle Ages in this way: “Life was so infused with religion that, at any given moment, the separation between sacred and profane could have ceased to be meaningful.” This kind of religious situation may be called “Catholic,” where religion seeks to sanctify and control the life of the individual and the community on every level-eating, drinking, work, rest, the principles of community and state; love and war. History has shown us many such “Catholic” religions. But it has also shown us that they are likely to produce from within themselves the seeds of their own destruction. For the time comes when various spheres of life throw off the yoke of religion, assert themselves as autonomous forces, and absorb religion as they previously had been absorbed in it. In such critical periods, a new kind of religion emerges, the “Protestant” type.
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