China and the United States
When you shall these unlucky deeds relate, . . . Nothing extenuate, Nor set down aught in malice.-Othello
I. War and Revolution, 1941-49
Chiang Kai-shek and his Kuomintang regime were swept from the mainland of Asia in 1949 because of their failure in all that relates to the building of an army. In the China of 1941-49, the customary foundations of consent and obedience were in dissolution. Clubs were trumps. But the Kuomintang was not capable of creating a steady, efficient organization of wielders of clubs.
At no time, from Pearl Harbor to the Japanese surrender, was there serious warfare against the Japanese in China.* Chiang simply waited for his allies to defeat Japan. While waiting, he supported General Chennault’s aerial strategy-and, in this, was abetted, for some years, by Roosevelt and Hopkins. If only Chennault were given a comparative handful of planes, his brave airmen would defeat Japan without further burdening a sorely tired China!
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