Europe's "Terrible Transformation"
The old balance of power between the United States and the Soviet Union is no more, and tensions hitherto latent but contained have rushed into the global political vacuum. Muslims in particular, especially in the Middle East, experienced a freedom from foreign interference that they had not enjoyed for centuries. But freedom is one thing, consensus another. The relationship that Muslims will eventually reach among themselves—as Sunnis or Shiites, Islamists or nationalists, or anything else—is as indeterminate as ever. At the same time, the world of Islam has been in the process of deciding whether to accept Western modernity in whole, in part, or not at all.
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