Five Million American Jews:
Progress in Demography
DURING the past decade our knowledge of the demographic structure of the Jewish population in America has considerably expanded. First, and most important of all, we now know as a fact that there are at the present time five million Jews in the United States. Of almost equal importance is our knowledge that the surveys conducted in the past twenty years gave a highly accurate picture of the demographic situation.
These surveys were sponsored by private local and national communal agencies, and carried out by a small group of demographers who had developed rather ingenious techniques for obtaining the desired information in a most economical manner. It is only in the past decade that increasing use has been made of modern sampling techniques. The five million figure for the Jewish population-4,975,000, to be precise-is the result of a sample survey of the total U.S. population which was undertaken by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The same survey found that there were about 110 million Protestants and some 43 million Roman Catholics in the civilian population of the United States as of March 1957.
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