CHALLENGED BY European demands for nuclear equality, the United States has replied indignantly that a European deterrent would be economically wasteful and strategically dangerous. While Congress grumbles about European “ingratitude,” the administration has been busily assembling ingenious gimmicks such as “multilateralism” to appease the Europeans without giving up the American nuclear monopoly. But even as it pledges eternal allegiance to NATO, the U.S. has been responding to European aggressiveness with a radical change in military strategy-one leading toward a gradual disengagement of American nuclear forces from Europe and an exclusive reliance on an American-based defense. This development is bound to have momentous consequences, not only in speeding up the disintegration of the Atlantic alliance, but in giving a very different structure to the cold war.
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