Nationalities and National Minorities, by Oscar Janowsky, and The League of Nations and National Minorities, by Pablo de Azcarat
The relations of the state both to the individuals who compose it, and to the sub-groups into which its component individuals form themselves, has always been a fertile source of conflict. As recent history abundantly testifies, this conflict has not always taken purely intellectual forms.
There are three possible approaches to a formula for minimizing this conflict—on the basis of the needs and rights of the state, of those of men as individuals, or of those of the various groups, not coincidental with the state, into which men tend to unite. These approaches are not, of course, mutually exclusive; if hey were, human society would be impossible. Nevertheless there is a conflict of emphasis.
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