The "Yellow Peril" Revisited
For two decades following the end of the Second World War, American foreign policy was dominated by the effort to contain the Soviet Union. The struggle with Russia consumed our energies and became the focal point around which much of American life revolved. The Marshall Plan, NATO, the Korean war, foreign aid, the Cuban crisis, the Alliance for Progress—all these were conceived and executed in terms of the contest with Russia for the leadership of the world.
By now the postwar period has passed, the struggle with Russia has sharply diminished, and the cold war is virtually over. Yet there is no peace. Having finally been able to establish ground-rules of peaceful coexistence with the Russians, we now find ourselves on a collision course with China. Where the protection of Europe and the ambitions of Russia once dominated our thoughts, now the security of Asia and the intentions of China have become an overriding American preoccupation.
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