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Toynbee and the Culture Cycle

- Abstract

The last four volumes of Arnold Toynbee’s A Study of History (vii, viii, ix, x), despite their enormous mass of new detail, add nothing to the basic ideas already stated in the first six. But as the chief interest of Toynbee’s work lies in these ideas and assumptions, it is worth dealing with them again as they are revealed in the later volumes, leaving aside a treatment of their particular content, which in any case would defy the limits of this essay.

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