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January, 1963Back to Top
Literary Criticism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The novel may be in poor shape these days, as Alfred Chester indicates in his ramble around Vladimir Nabokov's Pale Fire [Nov.

Social Criticism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Edgar Z. Friedenberg, in an incredibly muddv article [“Neo-Freudianism and Erich Fromm,” Oct. '62] . . . states: “Since the world is even now rational enough that people have a great deal of anything which is difficult to get and hold on to usually must want it badly .

Reik's Jokes
To the Editor: May I suggest three kisses for Marion Magid for her lovely review of Jewish Wit, [“Jewish Wit Psychoanalyzed,” Sept.

Bar Hiya
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of my book Judaism as a Philosophy [Aug. '62], Jerome Eckstein attempted to present a critical appraisal by inflating a relatively minor notion of medieval Jewish philosophy into a major doctrinal affirmation with which he then takes issue.

The School Prayer Decision
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Cheers for Leonard W. Levy's straightening the record on the thoughts of the founding fathers with regard to church and state [“School Prayers and The Founding Fathers,” September 1962] .

Analyzing Fagin
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The introduction of the psychoanalytic approach into literary discussion is generally pettifogging and corrosive. Steven Marcus's article [“Who Is Fagin?” July '62] is a happy, brilliant exception. I should, however, like to offer one minor criticism—which, I believe, strengthens Mr.

Sources of Nazism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: George L. Mosse's review [“The Splendid Failure,” Aug. '62] of Walter Laqueur's work on Young Germany 1900—1960. .

by Our Readers
To the Editor: I feel impelled to write you that I think Daniel M. Friedenberg's article [“Can the Alliance for Progress Work?” Aug.

American Radicalism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of The Reconstruction of American History [Sept. '62], Staughton Lynd develops the important point that much postwar American “consensus” revisionist historiography is far from being a denial of the economic interpretation of history.

“Playboy” and its Readers
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It would be a pleasurable challenge to answer Professor Benjamin DeMott's critique of Playboy [“The Anatomy of Playboy,” Aug.

Post-Bourgeois Europe
by George Lichtheim
Insofar as Western Europe is beginning to resemble the United States—in respect to income levels, social fluidity, and the breakdown of inherited class and caste structures—its society begins to reproduce some of the patterns of a modern industrial democracy with which Americans are familiar.

The Housing Order & Its Limits
by Charles Abrams
On November 20, 1962—as the entire nation listened to hear the outcome of two events, either of which might have touched off a world war—President Kennedy read a prepared statement announcing that he had signed an Executive Order banning discrimination in federally aided housing.

Jewish & Other Nationalisms
by H. Trevor-Roper
In his famous Auto-Emancipation, published in 1882, Leo Pinsker urged his fellow Jews to make a great moral and practical effort and thereby re-embody the long disembodied ghost of their nationality.

Growing Old in America
by Midge Decter
In every park in every city in the United States on almost every day of the year small children and aging adults meet to take the air.

After the Cuban Crisis
by Dennis Wrong
From the very beginning of the crisis over the Soviet missiles in Cuba, the Kennedy administration drew a sharp line between its attitude toward the Castro regime on the one hand, and Khrushchev's effort to extend the military front lines of the cold war into the Western Hemisphere on the other.

The Innocence of Tennessee Williams
by Marion Magid
A European whose knowledge of America was gained entirely from the collected works of Tennessee Williams might garner a composite image of the U.S.: it is a tropical country whose vegetation is largely man-eating; it has an excessive annual rainfall and frequent storms which coincide with its mating periods; it has not yet been converted to Christianity, but continues to observe the myth of the annual death and resurrection of the sun-god, for which purpose it keeps on hand a constant supply of young men to sacrifice.

So I'm Not Lady Chatterley, So Better I Should Know It Now A Story
by Sara
That was the summer her mother kept badgering, “Be a little modern. Smoke a little.” Which really meant, in her mother's back-hand fashion, it was high time she got married and got out of there.

Israel's Three Cities
by David Pryce-Jones
The meeting point of Haifa is the observation platform in the middle of Panorama Road. It is always crowded. People come casually to stare at the most spectacular sweep of the Mediterranean in Israel, and go away surfeited.

The New Secretary-General
by Hans Morgenthau
The United Nations Charter describes the Secretary-General as “the chief administrative officer of the organization.” It limits his political initiative to “bring[ing] to the attention of the Security Council any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security.” In the performance of other non-administrative functions, he is instructed to act upon the initiative, and as the agent, of the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, and the Trusteeship Council.

Festivals and Judges
by Milton Himmelfarb
The Twelve Weeks of Christmas The last decorations will surely have been taken down from the lampposts by Lincoln's birthday, so the end of the Christmas season is in sight.

The Warfare State, by Fred J. Cook
by David Bazelon
History, Moralism, Distortion The Warfare State. by Fred J. Cook. With a Foreword by Bertrand Russell. Macmillan. 376 pp. $4.95. This fellow really believes the cold war was begun, and still continues, because of a conspiracy of the American military-industrial complex: such is the entire impression the reader will take away with him from this devious potpourri of a book.

The Ghetto Game, by Dennis Clark; and A Tale of Ten Cities, edited by Eugene J. Lipman and Albert Vorspan
by Staughton Lynd
Pluralism & Brotherhood The Ghetto Game: Racial Conflicts in the City. by Dennis Clark. Sheed & Ward. 245 pp. $4.00. A Tale of Ten Cities: the Triple Ghetto in American Religious Life. by Eugene J.

The Soviet Revolution, 1917-1939, by Raphael R. Abramovich
by Robert Daniels
A Social Democratic Witness The Soviet Revolution, 1917—1939. by Raphael R. Abramovich. With an Introduction by Sidney Hook. International Universities Press. 473 pp.

The Story of Jewish Philosophy, by Joseph Blau; and The Jewish Mind, by Gerald Abrahams
by Marvin Fox
Exploring the Jewish Mind The Story of Jewish Philosophy. by Joseph L. Blau. Random House. 322 pp. $5.00. The Jewish Mind. by Gerald Abrahams. Beacon Press.

Naked Lunch, by William Burroughs
by Alfred Chester
Burroughs in Wonderland Naked Lunch. by William Burroughs. Grove Press. 255 pp. $6.00. Living, as I do, almost exclusively among bohemians and intellectuals who, like myself, possess hardly anything, not even one another, the only people I know really well who would rather be dead than red are my relatives in Brooklyn, and they possess a great deal, including each other.

Reader Letters January 1963
by Our Readers
"Playboy" and Its Readers To THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: It would be a pleasurable challenge to answer Professor Benjamin DeMott's critique of Playboy ["The Anatomy of Play- boy," Aug.

February, 1963Back to Top
Pierce Reconsidered
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article on Peirce [“American Pragmatism Reconsidered,” Aug. '62] Professor Aiken interprets Peirce's “scholastic realism” to connote a belief in the existence of “real generals” apart from things.

Covenant Theology
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Though Rabbi Borowitz may deplore it [“The Jewish Need for Theology,” August 1962], it is only natural that the “folk-oriented” Jew, not committed to a personal God, should be flocking to the synagogue and, by dint of his activism and intense concern, is even taking it over.

Opus Dei
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was surprised to read . . . the misleading statements about Opus Dei made by a man of such obvious competence as Mr.

On “Letting Go”
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Irving Feldman, in his review of Philip Roth's Letting Go [September 1962] . . .

My Negro Problem-And Ours
by Norman Podhoretz
If we—and . . . I mean the relatively conscious whites and the relatively conscious blacks, who must, like lovers, insist on, or create, the consciousness of the others—do not falter in our duty now, we may be able, handful that we are, to end the racial nightmare, and achieve our country, and change the history of the world. —James Baldwin Two ideas puzzled me deeply as a child growing up in Brooklyn during the 1930's in what today would be called an integrated neighborhood.

The Predicament of the Jewish Musician
by Albert Goldman
In the last hundred and fifty years—that is, beginning with the emancipation of the Jew in Western Europe—Jews have risen to a remarkable prominence in the world of music; today one might say they virtually dominate it.

“Good Bunnies Always Obey”: Books for American Children
by Jason Epstein
The boy should enclose and keep, as his life, the child at the heart of him, and never let it go .

On Being a Candidate
by H. Hughes
I find it difficult to believe that only three months ago I was a candidate for major office. Hardly a week after the election the experience had begun to transmute itself into a curious chapter of existence, isolated by its very strangeness, and acquiring an aura of sentiment and legend rather like military service in wartime.

Taibele and Hurmizah A Story
by Isaac Singer
In the town of Lashnik, not far from Lublin, there lived a man and his wife. His name was Chaim Nossen, hers—Taibele.

Little England
by John Mander
A generation ago, not even the most rabid of Briton-baiters would have called the British an introspective people. Egotistical we were, no doubt, but in the smug, comfortable way of folk who have money in the bank and an unshaken confidence in the police.

Responses and Reactions II
by Norman Mailer
This is the second in a bi-monthly series of personal commentaries by Norman Mailer on selections from Martin Buber's two-volume collection, Tales of the Hasidim. On p.

The Idealism of Milovan Djilas
by Bogdan Raditsa
In the period shortly before the outbreak of World War II, the Communist underground in Yugoslavia was shaken by a fierce literary and intellectual conflict.

The Modern Rabbi
by Jakob Petuchowski
“The family of Benjamin the Physician used to say: 'Of what use are the Rabbis to us? They never permitted us the raven, nor have they forbidden us the dove.'” Thus the Babylonian Talmud (Sanhedrin 99b, 100a) reports an early instance of the contemporary American Jewish parlor game of “rabbi baiting.” Benjamin the Physician meant, evidently, that the sources of rabbinic decisions were as available to the layman as they are to the rabbis: for the Bible itself forbade eating ravens, while permitting the eating of doves.

Raymond Chandler, Private Eye
by Richard Schickel
In reading Raymond Chandler Speaking,1 a collection of the late mystery writer's letters and literary fragments, one gets a sense of the peculiar loneliness of the writer of integrity who works in a popular genre that attracts few writers like himself and that the American literary culture tends to dismiss with easy, contemptuous generalizations.

Rationalism in Politics, by Michael Oakeshott
by George Lichtheim
“A Settled Habit of Behavior”1 Neo-conservatism is not as influential in the present decade as it was in the 1950's, when the postwar reaction against all forms of radicalism was in full swing.

Abraham Geiger and Liberal Judaism, edited by Max Wiener
by Arthur Hertzberg
Modern Jewish Dilemmas Abraham Geiger and Liberal Judaism. by Max Wiener. Jewish Publication Society. 305 pp. $4.50. Jewish modernity as a continuous tradition is more than two hundred years old.

World Without Want, by Paul G. Hoffman; and Economic Development in Perspective, by John Kenneth Galbraith
by Robert Heilbroner
Innocence Abroad World Without Want. by Paul G. Hoffman. Harper & Row. 144 pp. $3.50. Economic Development in Perspective. by John Kenneth Galbraith. Harvard University Press.

The Politics of Urban Renewal: The Chicago Findings, by Peter H. Rossi and Robert A. Dentler
by Herbert Gans
Planning and Power The Politics of Urban Renewal: The Chicago Findings. by Peter H. Rossi and Robert A. Dentler. Free Press. 308 pp.

People and Life 1891-1921, by Ilya Ehrenburg
by Theodore Frankel
A Soviet Autobiography People and Life 1891—1921. by Ilya Ehrenburg. Translated from the Russian by Anna Bostock and Yvonne Kapp. Knopf. 434 pp.

Reader Letters February 1963
by Our Readers
On "Letting Go" TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: . . . Irving Feldman, in his review of Philip Roth's Letting Go [September 1962] ...

March, 1963Back to Top
Talscott Parsons, Calvinist
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Mr. Bennett M. Berger's article “On Talcott Parsons” [December 1962] was interesting but it failed to get to the root of the Parsonian dilemma.

Bay State Politics
by Our Readers
Bay State Politics To the Editor: Massachusetts, with some degree of justice, has become fair game as a target for the intellectual and the political analyst—which, when the two are combined, becomes pseudo-analysis.

China & the U.S.
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Permit me to congratulate you most heartily and warmly on your publication of the featured article by Oscar Gass [“China and the United States,” November 1962].

Jewish Resistance
by Our Readers
To the Editor: While I largely agree with Professor Handlin's considerations, and generous intentions [“Jewish Resistance to the Nazis,” November 1962], I think that his vindication of European Jews leads him to statements which need correction and further analysis: (1) He writes: “.

Bazelon, Pro and Con
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Congratulations on your publication of the series of articles [“The Paper Economy,” September 1962; “The Scarcity Makers,” October 1962; “The Politics of the Paper Economy,” November 1962] by David T.

On “Ship of Fools”
by Our Readers
To the Editor: A little sense on Katherine Anne Porter's Ship of Fools! [“‘Ship of Fools’ & the Critics,” October 1962] I don't see why Mr.

The Crisis in the Western Alliance
by Hans Morgenthau
Hans J. Morgenthau: Europe has a set of primary interests, which to us have none or a very remote relation. Hence she must be engaged in frequent controversies, the causes of which are essentially foreign to our concerns.

My Father's Son
by Mark Harris
Nine times a week, at specified hours, I button my collar, gather books and papers, lay down my cigar to smoke out, and walk with a certain sense of excitement not unmingled with a sense of inadequacy (paradoxically mingled with a sense of all too much adequacy) toward one or another of the brightly fluorescent classrooms boxed row upon row in a box designated Humanities Languages And Literature in a compound of boxes called San Francisco State College, one mile the dry side of the Pacific Ocean. This campus is a long way, even jetting, from the Lower East Side of Manhattan, where my father was born, and farther yet from a village somewhere in Poland, whose name I never knew, where his father was born.

The Polish Miracle
by R. S.
It was a Sunday evening in the middle of last August. Two Warsaw journalists were plying me with excellent French brandy and even better Polish stories, in the Hotel Bristol where I had just returned from a lengthy and exhausting tour of the Polish countryside.

Faigele the Idiotke A Story
by Jerome Charyn
The Nazis were marching all over Europe and I could already see them crossing the Atlantic and capturing the Empire State Building or holding maneuvers in Central Park.

Epistles from the Eisenhower Age
by Murray Kempton
The Eisenhower administration on the whole was not a bad administration so far as its policies and achievements were concerned: very little that was undertaken by the government of the United States might have been better—or even different—had we in 1952 placed our destinies in anyone else's hands.

New Left Marxism
by George Lichtheim
Some time ago a speaker on the BBC expressed the hope that Jean-Paul Sartre would in future devote more of his time to drama and less to philosophy.

People Get Hooked
by R. Baker
But after we got down to the Key that's when I really started digging it, what was happening. We walked into that place and everything was a hundred miles away.

The Paradoxes of Freedom, by Sidney Hook
by Lewis Coser
Democratic Processes The Paradoxes of Freedom. by Sidney Hook. University of California Press. 152pp. $4.95. The three interrelated chapters of this book elaborate a series of lectures which the author delivered at the University of California.

Coat upon a Stick, by Norman Fruchter
by Robert Alter
A Few Old Jews Coat upon a Stick. by Norman Fruchter. Simon & Schuster. 254 pp. $3.95. At a point in time when the East Side ghetto has faded in the consciousness of most younger American Jews to a blurred recollection from their parents' childhood, it seems just a little improbable that an American Jewish writer should take as the subject for his first novel the aged sexton of a dying synagogue on the East Side.

Report of the Committee on Broadcasting, by Sir Harry Pilkington & others
by Paul Breslow
TV and the Public Interest Report of the Committee on Broadcasting. by Sir Harry Pilkington and others. Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 342 pp.

The National Wealth of the United States in the Postwar Period, by Raymond W. Goldsmith
by David Bazelon
Financial Parochialism The National Wealth of the United States in the Postwar Period. by Raymond W. Goldsmith. Princeton University Press. 434 pp. $12.50. Society and statistics grow together, the one in size and the other in importance.

The Early Goebbels Diaries 1925-1926, edited by Helmut Heiber
by Werner Dannhauser
Coebbels's Nature The Early Goebbels Diaries 1925—1926. by Helmut Heiber. With Preface by Alan Bullock. Translated by Oliver Watson. Praeger. 156 pp. $5.50. To readers of history, these diaries of Goebbels will prove disappointing.

Reader Letters March 1963
by Our Readers
On "Ship of Fools" TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: A little sense on Katherine Anne Porter's Ship of Fools! [" 'Ship of Fools' & the Critics," October 1962] I don't see why Mr. Solotaroff's journalistic case for the prosecu- tion was boxed off in white and featured on the cover of COMMENTARY.

April, 1963Back to Top
Hatred and Germany
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The anti-German bias of Elie Wiesel's article [“An Appointment With Hate,” December, 1962] is easily justified and need not be repudiated.

“My Negro Problem”—I
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “My Negro Problem—And Ours” [Feb.] is important, at times profound, and above all, honest. The level of dialogue on the racial and other important social and political issues cannot, at this particular time in American history, be determined by the anticipation of angry protests or intense disagreements.

Church, State, and the Jews
by Arthur Hertzberg
“The time has come,” editorialized the Jesuit magazine America in the wake of the Supreme Court decision in the Regents' Prayer case, “for [Jews] to decide among themselves precisely what they conceive to be the final objective of the Jewish community in the United States—in a word, what bargain they are willing to strike as one of the minorities in a pluralistic society.” Many Jews were offended by the question, and indeed the rhetoric of the editorial was in some ways offensive, but the question is nevertheless a fair one and deserves an honest answer. The answer, however, must at once be both simple and complicated.

The Tax Trimmers
by Robert Lekachman
Like last year's Trade Expansion Act, President Kennedy's only consequential legislative proposal for 1962, the new tax bill, is a long, intricately detailed affair which—as is usually the case with tax measures—promises to be a lawyer's delight and a layman's labyrinth.

Edward Albee: Red Herrings & White Whales
by Alfred Chester
It is a truth universally acknowledged that no self-respecting piece of writing, if it wishes to be taken seriously, dare appear in public nowadays without three or four levels of meaning.

Reilly and I
by Boris Weiss
Like most American Jews of my generation, I haven't had much experience with anti-Semitism. Nor, as I look back, have I ever been very clear in my feelings about it.

Scientists in the Classroom
by Martin Mayer
Scientists in the Classroom1 Ten years ago, people concerned about education in the United States were particularly worried by the quality and tone of math and science instruction.

In Acknowledgment of a Chief Rabbi
by Deirdre Levinson
“When she smiles at me,” Ralph said, “I get a pain here.” He pressed his palm tenderly against his blue woollen chest. “Jewish girl?” his mother asked, but as both an interrogation offering no choice of answer, or a purely social formula to which there could be only one reply. “What a question,” said Ralph, “you know everyone at our school's Jewish.” “You said Mrs.

India's Crisis: A Diary
by John Mander
New Delhi, November 8, 1962. “Krishna Menon dismissed,” ran the London headlines as we were leaving England, “India on the move.” That was a week ago.

Responses and Reactions III
by Norman Mailer
This is the third in a bi-monthly series of personal commentaries by the distinguished novelist Norman Mailer on selections from Martin Buber's two-volume collection, Tales of the Hasidim (Vol.

Against the American Grain, by Dwight Macdonald
by Steven Marcus
The Politics of Taste Against The American Grain. by Dwight Macdonald. Random House. 427 pp. For years now Dwight Macdonald has been firing off his gay and spirited salvos against the barbarians in our midst, and it would be ungrateful not to acknowledge a cumulative sense of indebtedness to him.

The Natural and the Supernatural Jew, by Arthur A. Cohen
by Marvin Fox
Jews, Temporal & Timeless The Natural and the Supernatural Jew. by Arthur A. Cohen. Pantheon Books. 326 pp. $6.00. In this book, Arthur Cohen asks that Judaism and the Jewish people be restored to their historic role as God's witnesses on earth.

Main Currents in Modern Economics, by Ben B. Seligman
by C. Ayres
Economic Thinking Main Currents in Modern Economics: Economic Thought since 1870. by Ben B. Seligman. Free Press. 887 pp. $11.75. Of all the social sciences, economics has suffered most from the incompatibility of 18th-century conceptions and 20th-century mathematical techniques.

Here to Stay: Studies in Human Tenacity, by John Hersey
by Renata Adler
News and History Here to Stay: Studies in Human Tenacity. by John Hersey. Knopf. 336 pp. $5.00. When, in his introduction, John Hersey calls this a collection of “journalistic pieces,” he is claiming both too little and too much.

Reader Letters April 1963
by Our Readers
"MY NEGRO PROBLEM"-I TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: "My Negro Problem-And Ours" [Feb.] is important, at times profound, and above all, honest. The level of dialogue on the racial and other important social and politi- cal issues cannot, at this particular time in American history, be determined by the anticipation of angry protests or intense disagreements.

Some Recent Jewish Books
by Milton Himmelfarb
Some Recent Jewish Books Meridian-Jewish Publication Society Paperbacks Some of these were first published sixty or seventy years ago, and some only a few years ago.

May, 1963Back to Top
Growing Old
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Midge Decter has reached the heart of the problem [“Growing Old in America,” January]. It is essential that an elderly man or woman have a decent income in order to enjoy life.

Cold War Thinking
To the Editor: I hope that David T. Bazelon's perceptive review of Fred J. Cook's The Warfare State [January, 1963] gets a wider reading than the book he so rightly calls a “silly black-and-white history of the cold war.” Mr.

TV, Pro and Anti
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Richard Schickel's position [“The Television Problem,” December 1962] . . . seems inconsistent. He admits that the TV medium is giving the public pap; yet he psychoanalyzes and berates the critics for trying to get better program material.

Cuba and Peace
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Nathan Glazer's article, “Cuba and the Peace Movement” [December, 1962] rests on the assertion (repeated, I think, four times) that Russia was upsetting the nuclear balance of power by stationing missiles in Cuba.

“My Negro Problem”—II
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Here is where I am: I found Norman Podhoretz's unfortunate contribution on the stance of one liberal an ugly item.

Disarmament & the Economy
by Ben Seligman
We must release the human imagination in order to open up a new exploration of the alternatives now possible for the human community; we must set forth general and detailed plans, ideas, visions; in brief, programs .

Our Last Days in the Warsaw Ghetto
by Alexander Donat
In commemoration of the twentieth anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, which has just been celebrated throughout the world, we here present a memoir of the uprising written by a participant who survived the liquidation of the Ghetto. January, 1943.

Coming of Age on the Carob Plantation
by George Elliott
The first time I tried to come of age, my sinews turned to butter and my father threw me. Another try, the girl was a fundamental Baptist and swerved in time.

The Demise of NATO
by Ronald Steel
Today NATO is floundering in a permanent state of crisis, for the two conditions on which it was built—American invulnerability and European weakness—have virtually disappeared.

Herbert H. Lehman of New York
by Nathan Glazer
To anyone growing up in New York City in the 1930's, the trinity of LaGuardia, Lehman, and Roosevelt seemed as fixed and permanent as the city streets.

A Commentary Report: The First Electrocution
by Arnold Beichman
The controversy over capital punishment that has developed in recent years generally takes place within a framework of moral principles and statistics.

On Trying to be Just
by Hans Morgenthau
To do justice and to receive it is an elemental aspiration of man. It is as elemental as the aspiration to live on after death, to be free from the power of other men, to exert power over man and nature, to love and to be loved.

Some Attitudes Toward Jews
by Milton Himmelfarb
Formalist in the Kremlin The Jews are a nuisance to Mr. Khrushchev, and he must wish that he could wake one morning and find that they had disappeared—though not by emigration, of course.

The New Europe, by George Lichtheim
by Oscar Gass
Europe Renewed and Transformed1 The Europe they had come from lay out there beyond the Irish Sea, Europe of strange tongues and volleyed and woodbegirt and citadelled and of entrenched and marshalled races. —James Joyce, 1914 It would be a measureless disaster if Russian barbarism overlaid the culture and independence of the ancient States of Europe.

The Community of Scholars, by Paul Goodman
by Harold Taylor
Higher Education and the System1 Most of the writing about colleges in the United States is done either by novelists or by educators, with the novelists reporting the details of the spiritual sterility which exists in the colleges, and the educators explaining how to increase the incidence of sterility by new forms of academic organization.

Faith and Prejudice, by Bernhard E. Olson
by Martin Marty
Learning About the Other Faiths1 In the forms our particular society has taken, sophisticated as it is by the many kinds of opinions which counter and check each other in the world of mass publication, we have come to learn to concentrate concern about prejudice and positive inter-group relations not in the hate literature that circulates beyond the fringe of respectable Christian groups, but precisely in the subtle, often unselfconscious domain of the respectables.

Reader Letters May 1963
by Our Readers
"MY NEGRO PROBLEM"-II TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Here is where I am: I found Norman Podhoretz's unfortunate contribution on the stance of one liberal an ugly item.

June, 1963Back to Top
The Jewish Musician—I
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article “The Predicament of the Jewish Musician” [February], Albert Goldman is guilty of specious reasoning. His attempt to resurrect Wagner's hoary old fraud Das Judentum in der Musik, might better have been entitled “The Predicament of Albert Goldman.” Mendelssohn, Meyerbeer, and Offenbach are singled out for not composing like some of the great masters who preceded them, and Mr.

Economic Currents
by Our Readers
To the Editor: May I be allowed a footnote to Professor C. E. Ayres's review of my Main Currents in Modern Economics [April]? The fortuitous juxaposition in the book of Veblen and the Austrian marginal utility economists impelled him to suggest that in my view the latter was a response to the Institutionalist critique of received doctrine.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Permit me a few words in commentary on the exchange between Messrs. Levin and Lynd [“Letters from Readers,” January]. As for my Marxism, I would suggest that the real issue is a bit different than Mr.

Cuba & the U.S.
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The article by Dennis H. Wrong [“After the Cuban Crisis,” January] makes one yearn for the days of the forthright imperialists Henry Cabot Lodge and Captain A.

Tennessee Williams
by Our Readers
To the Editor: If Miss Magid rates Tennessee Williams as our “only American playwright since O'Neill” [“The Innocence of Tennessee Williams,” January], her comments on the others must be unprintable.

U Thant Reexamined
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Professor Morgenthau based his rather sharp and not undeserved criticisms of U Thant [“The New Secretary-General,” January] on a speech delivered at Johns Hopkins December 2, 1962.

“My Negro Problem”—III
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Whatever my disagreement with Norman Podhoretz's article “My Negro Problem—and Ours,” I believe that COMMENTARY is to be commended for publishing it and thereby helping to open up areas for discussion that have been closed too long. Like Mr.

At the Brink of a Test Ban
by John Maddox
It is now eighteen years since the first atomic bomb was exploded in the desert of New Mexico, and for nearly a third of that time three nations—the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union—have been negotiating at Geneva on a treaty to ban the testing of nuclear weapons.

Salinger: How to Love Without Love
by Alfred Chester
Since I lived in outermost Paris during practically the whole of the 1950's, I was very late in learning of what seems to have been one of the chief American diversions during that decade: J.

France's Algerian Jews
by Arnold Mandel
It has been estimated that after the Liberation there were between 150,000 and 165,000 persons of Jewish origin living in France; at present, there are between 450,000 and half a million Jews.

Reapportionment & Liberal Myths
by Alexander Bickel
In the decade since Earl Warren became Chief Justice of the United States, the Court over which he presides has embarked on three major enterprises of social reform—a number higher than the historical average for comparable periods, to say the least.

An Ideology of School Withdrawal
by Edgar Friedenberg
Compulsory school attendance in the United States has been justified from the beginning as essential to democratic polity. Everyone knows Madison's statement to the effect that popular government without popular education is the prelude to a tragedy, or a farce, or both.

The Survivor A Story
by Dan Jacobson
I met my cousin, Yitzchak, in Tel Aviv for the first time, about a year after the State of Israel had come into existence.

The Politics of Conservative Realism
by George Lichtheim
When a writer of Hans J. Morgenthau's standing assembles three stout volumes of essays,1 published over the past quarter century, he places the reviewer before a dilemma: a summary judgment would be almost an impertinence, yet some attempt must be made to come to terms with the author's central thesis.

Responses and Reactions IV
by Norman Mailer
This is the fourth in a series of commentaries by the distinguished novelist Norman Mailer on selections from Martin Buber's1 Tales of the Hasidim.   Once Rabbi Mikhal visited a city where he had never been before.

Doctors, Lawyers & Other TV Heroes
by Harris Dienstfrey
Television drama lately has developed a new kind of hero, the professional man. He appears several times a week in a variety of forms: as a member of the medical profession (Ben Casey, Dr.

The Prophets, by Abraham J. Heschel
by David Daiches
Doom and Love The Prophets. by Abraham J. Heschel. Harper & Row. 518 pp. $6.00. Between the 9th and the 6th centuries b.c.e. two little kingdoms in the Middle East struggled desperately to maintain their integrity against the increasing pressure of large and powerful neighboring empires.

The Deadlock of Democracy, by James MacGregor Burns
by C. Woodward
Checks and Imbalances The Deadlock of Democracy: Four Party Politics in America. by James MacGregor Burns. Prentice-Hall. 388 pp. $5.95. James MacGregor Burns, the genial professor of political science at Williams College, has a deceptively bland way of advancing revolutionary readings of the past and revolutionary proposals for the future.

Puzzles and Epiphanies, by Frank Kermode
by Angus Wilson
Taste and Sympathy Puzzles and Epiphanies. by Frank Kermode. Chilmark Press. 234 pp. $4.95. Back in the early 20's, when I was a small boy on holiday from boarding school, my parents took me to the London Coliseum, the English theater that had made music halls respectable for the middle-class family.

The Urban Villagers, by Herbert J. Gans
by Michael Parenti
The Old Neighborhood The Urban Villagers. by Herbert J. Gans. Free Press. 367 pp. $7.00. In these times of suburban growth and urban planing, it is worth being reminded that cities, besides being centers of commerce and culture, axe places where people like to live.

Reason and Conduct, by Henry David Aiken
by Richard Bernstein
Post-Wittgenstein Dilemmas Reason and Conduct: New Bearings in Moral Philosophy. by Henry David Aiken. Knopf. 375 pp. $6.75. Anglo-American philosophers in the 20th century—despite the fact that to many people outside the field of philosophy their work has seemed to center on preoccupations very far away from what could be traditionally recognized as genuine moral problems—have invested an enormous amount of their energy and intelligence in the field called “ethics.” Those working inside analytic philosophy, furthermore, are quite willing to assert that its “hard and sober thinking” has “quietly made our age one of the few periods of genuine creative advance in philosophy.” This collection of essays, written by Henry David Aiken over the past fifteen years, provides a unique opportunity to assess that claim.

The Ordeal of Power, by Emmet J. Hughes
by Jason Epstein
Crusading with Eisenhower The Ordeal of Power. by Emmet J. Hughes. Atheneum. 372 pp. $5.95. This little book is of no interest for what it says about Eisenhower and his administration or for what it adds to the common knowledge of recent American politics.

Reader Letters June 1963
by Our Readers
"MY NEGRO PROBLEM"-III TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Whatever my disagreement with Norman Podhoretz's article "My Negro Problem- and Ours," I believe that COMMENTARY is to be commended for publishing it and thereby helping to open up areas for discussion that have been closed too long. Like Mr.

July, 1963Back to Top
Faith and Marriage
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of The Ghetto Game [January], Staughton Lynd misconceives the nature of prejudice, or of marriage, or both, in the illogical statement: “Brotherhood .

Defense of A Lady
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . I enjoyed H. Stuart Hughes's article “On Being A Candidate” [February], but much as I appreciated his candid expressions of post-campaign feelings and thoughts, I must protest his description of Mrs.

Norman Mailer's Hasidism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Norman Mailer's commentaries on the Tales of the Hasidim [December 1962; February 1963] brought to my mind a rabbinic story.

Private Eyes
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Richard Schickel's article [“Raymond Chandler, Private Eye,” February] provided a rare breath of fresh air in a dusty and neglected area of contemporary fiction.

De Gaulle and Humanity
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Hans J. Morgenthau [“The Crisis in the Western Alliance,” March] describes but one side of the coin in stating that de Gaulle plans an independent nuclear force to defend France if we should falter at nuclear suicide.

The Jewish Musician—II
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As a non-Jewish musician who has had close contact with the creative aspects of Jewish music—I was Schoenberg's pupil for three years—I was deeply disappointed in Albert Goldman's article [“The Predicament of the Jewish Musician,” February]. In discussing Mendelssohn, Mr.

A Commentary Report: The Puerto Ricans
by Nathan Glazer
If someone twenty-five years ago had looked around at the potential sources of new immigration to New York City, his eye might well have fallen on Puerto Rico, but he would probably also have concluded that the Puerto Ricans, if they came to New York, would have a very hard time adapting.

A Dissent on Brother Daniel
by Marc Galanter
In December, 1962, the Supreme Court of Israel rejected the claim of Brother Daniel, a Polish Jew who had become a Carmelite monk, that he was entitled to be admitted to Israel under the Law of Return.

The Obsolescent Unions
by A. Raskin
American Unionism, thirty years after the New Deal, is in the grip of two contradictory developments. One of these is a new surge of social and economic inventiveness in adapting collective bargaining to the dizzying requirements of rapid technological change.

On Second Avenue A Story
by Jerome Charyn
You should have a son like I have a son! And then you would know. “Irving,” I say to him, “Irving, you're a lawyer, a big shot.

Catholic Novels & American Culture
by Thomas Curley
Some fifteen years ago Harry Sylvester, writing in the Atlantic Monthly on the problems of the Catholic writer, began with the assertion that there were no living American Catholics who were major writers.

Nuclear Abolitionism
by Paul Kecskemeti
By now all discussion about the problem of how to avert a nuclear catastrophe has been pretty clearly polarized into two opposite positions—usually known as deterrence and disarmament, but more fairly and accurately characterized, I think, by the terms “stabilization” and “abolition.” Those whom I call “stabilizers” stress the positive role that the nuclear armaments themselves have played in preserving peace in spite of the prevailing high political tension: which is to say, governments refrain from going to war because the destructiveness of weapons renders the image of war too abhorrent.

The Study of Man: Future-mindedness
by Kathleen Nott
The English philosopher R. G. Collingwood's autobiographical account of his development provides a convincing demonstration of how good it would be if every professional thinker wrote his intellectual autobiography as a normal part of his life's work: especially if he is English or American.

The Fading Movie Star
by Manny Farber
The strange evolution of movies in the last ten years—with the remaining studios ever more desperate, ever more coordinated—has brought about the disappearance of something that reviewers and film theorists have never seemed to miss: those tiny, mysterious interactions between the actor and the scene that make up the memorable moments in any good film.

A Thousand Pages of Research
by Anzia Yezierska
Every time I walked along Upper Broadway, I saw them. Old men and old women, in their seventies, like me, seated side by side on the park benches set up by a benevolent city on the traffic islands dissecting the main roadway.

The “Return” of Europe's Jews
by Edouard Roditi
One of the most puzzling recent developments on the European literary scene has been the growing popularity, in Central and Western Europe, of books on specifically Jewish themes.

The Politics of Hope, by Arthur Schlesinger Jr.
by Lewis Coser
New Frontiers The Politics of Hope. by Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. Houghton Mifflin. 298 pp. $5.00. This collection of essays, written in the 1950's and early 1960's for a variety of magazines, reflects the amazing catholicity of Mr.

In Search of France, by Stanley Hoffman & others
by J. Weightman
The Tides of Chance In Search of France. by Stanley Hoffmann, Charles P. Kindelberger, Laurence Wylie, Jesse R. Pitts, Jean-Baptiste Duroselle, François Goguel. Harvard University Press.

The Making of Economic Society, by Robert L. Heilbroner; and The Great Ascent, by Robert L. Heilbroner
by E. Schumacher
Economism The Making of Economic Society. by Robert L. Heilbroner. Prentice-Hall. 241 pp. $4.95. The Great Ascent. by Robert L. Heilbroner. Harper & Row. 189 pp.

The USSR & the Future, edited by Leonard Schapiro; and Polycentrism, edited by Walter Z. Laqueur and Leopold Labedz
by Robert Daniels
The Future of Communism The USSR and the Future: Analysis of the New Program of the CPSU. by Leonard Schapiro. Praeger. 324 pp.

The Colonial Reckoning, by Margery Perham; and Africa for Beginners, by Melvin J. Lasky
by Roger Owen
The Dark Continent The Colonial Reckoning. by Margery Perham. Knopf. 204 pp. $3.95. Africa for Beginners: A Traveller's Notebook. by Melvin J. Lasky. Lippincott. 171 pp.

The Deed, by Gerold Frank
by Werner Dannhauser
Terrorism The Deed. by Gerold Frank. Simon and Schuster. 317 pp. $4.95. On November 6, 1944, in Cairo, Lord Moyne, British Minister of State in the Middle East, was assassinated by two members of the Stern Gang; the youths, aged twenty-two and seventeen, were subsequently hanged for the deed by the British.

Reader Letters July 1963
by Our Readers
The Jewish Musician-II TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: As a non-Jewish musician who has had close contact with the creative aspects of Jewish music-I was Schoenberg's pupil for three years-I was deeply disappointed in Albert Goldman's article ["The Predicament of the Jewish Musician," February]. In discussing Mendelssohn, Mr.

August, 1963Back to Top
The Podhoretz Papers
by Our Readers
The Podhoretz Papers To the Editor: Norman Podhoretz's original article [“My Negro Problem—And Ours,” February; “Letters from Readers,” March, April, May] has produced comment that is perhaps twice as significant as anything he said.

Presidential Faith
by Our Readers
Presidential Faith To the Editor: Murray Kempton [“Epistles from the Eisenhower Age,” March] critically examines the high moral “tone” of former President Eisenhower's administration and the president's dedication to religious faith.

Today's Rabbis
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his observations on “The Modern Rabbi,” [February] Rabbi Petuchowski puts his finger on the dilemma of “rabbis” who are not rabbis, i.e., scholars in the field of Jewish learning.

Portrait of an Addict
by Our Readers
Portrait of an Addict To the Editor: R. S. Baker is himself guilty of stereotyping the addict [“People Get Hooked,” March] or at least of grievous underestimation of the psychopathology that leads to narcotics addiction.

Books for Children
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I don't know whether I qualify as one of the “experts” that Jason Epstein writes about in his article [“Books for American Children,” February].

Suburban Anti-Semitisim
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Boris Weiss's “Reilly and I” [April] interested me keenly because our experience as the lone Jewish couple in a quiet neighborhood in southwest Philadelphia was so completely opposite.

A Commentary Report: The Irish of New York
by Daniel Moynihan
It is now well over a century since any of the various groups living in New York has been able to claim so much as a bare majority of the populace; only the Jews today can claim even a quarter.

A Mission to Israel
by Herbert Weiner
Jerusalem, July 1962. I'm about to be unmasked. It started last night at the house of Reb David Cohen, “the Nazarite” as he is called here, because of the vows he has taken to refrain from cutting his hair, drinking wine, or speaking on the Sabbath.

Fortress America
by Ronald Steel
Challenged by European demands for nuclear equality, the United States has replied indignantly that a European deterrent would be economically wasteful and strategically dangerous.

To Be A God
by Allen Wheelis
Among the first to arrive, we climb to a bench beneath a tree. Beside us over a low stone wall the vineyard falls away across the hillside.

Bernard Berenson of Butremanz
by Michael Fixler
In 1888 the Harvard Monthly published a short story by Bernard Berenson, a recent graduate of the University. The story concerns the terrible fate of a young shtetl prodigy who, having enjoyed the culture of the gentile world, is overtaken by the revenge of the kahal.

John Bull and John Profumo
by John Gross
With Mr. Macmillan still in office and the case of Dr. Ward still sub judice, the Profumo crisis has yet to run its course.

Nasser's Decade
by Alfred Sherman
Gamal Abdul Nasser has now held absolute power in Egypt for over a decade. During that time his regime has settled into a regular and recognizable—if not altogether stable—pattern.

On Paul Goodman
by George Steiner
I have only once had the privilege of meeting Paul Goodman. I stress “privilege.” There is no one whose encounter flatters in a more exacting way.

Responses and Reactions V
by Norman Mailer
This is the fifth in a series of commentaries by the distinguished novelist Norman Mailer on selections from Martin Buber's Tales of the Hasidim (Schocken Books). _____________   The Fear of God Once Zusya prayed to God: “Lord, I love you so much, but I do not fear you enough!

Ben Emunah li-Khefirah [“Between Faith and Heresy”], by Ephraim Shemuell
by Marvin Fox
The Rabbi and the Heretic Ben Emunah Li-Khefirah [“Between Faith and Heresy”]. by Ephraim Shemueli. Masada. 240 pp. Mr. Shemueli's account of the 17th-century controversy between Leon da Modena and Uriel da Costa constitutes the major part of what is a fascinating and important study in faith and heresy—a subject that has gone quite out of fashion in our era of “dogma-less” Judaism.

Past Eve and Adam's, by Thomas F. Curley; and An Answer from Limbo, by Brian Moore
by Richard Gilman
Two Novels Past Eve and Adam's. by Thomas F. Curley. Atheneum 365 pp. $5.95. An Answer from Limbo. by Brian Moore. Atlantic-Little, Brown. 322 pp. $5.00. The novel, which was once concerned with a diagnosis of society, has more and more come to be a cure the physician prescribes for himself.

The Conservative Enemy, by C. A. R. Crosland
by Lewis Coser
Visions and Revisions The Conservative Enemy: A Program for Radical Reform in the Sixties. by C. A. R. Crosland. Schocken Books. 251 pp.

Stand Up, Friend, with Me, by Edward Field; and Final Solutions, by Frederick Seidel
by Robert Flint
Two Young Poets Stand Up, Friend, with Me. by Edward Field. Grove Press. 77 pp. $2.50. Final Solutions. by Frederick Seidel. Random House. 50 pp. $3.75. Edward Field's first book, the Lamont Poetry Selection for 1963, appears when the author is thirty-nine; it is a thoroughly achieved job of work, offering forty-three poems genially poised, most of them, at the center of a restless, cocky, hard-bitten Manhattan existence.

In the Fiery Continent, by Tom Hopkinson; and Into Exile, by Ronald Segal
by John Thompson
Reports from South Africa In the Fiery Continent. by Tom Hopkinson. Doubleday. 348 pp. $4.95. Into Exile. by Ronald Segal. McGraw-Hill. 319 pp. $5.95. For fifteen years the Nationalist government of South Africa has been stamping heavily and clumsily down the road to hell.

Reader Letters August 1963
by Our Readers
TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Boris Weiss's "Reilly and I" [April] in- terested me keenly because our experience as the lone Jewish couple in a quiet neigh- borhood in southwest Philadelphia was so completely opposite.

September, 1963Back to Top
Test-Ban Inspections
by Our Readers
[The following letter was written before the partial test-ban treaty was concluded, but as Mr. Maddox points out in his reply below, the history of the negotiations is still relevant, for it contains lessons for future negotiations in the field of arms control.—Ed] _____________   To the Editor: Having observed and been somewhat involved on the United States side in both the nuclear test ban negotiations and the disarmament conference in Geneva, I can't let several of John Maddox's points [“At the Brink of a Test Ban,” June] go without comment. For example, he says the East-West experts who, in 1958, laid the technical foundation for the test ban negotiations, included on-site inspection of unidentified underground events in their report “almost as an afterthought.” It is true their report recognized that the majority of earth tremors could be identified as such by a global network of internationally operated control posts, but it also noted that there would be a residue of unidentified underground events—presently estimated at thirty to forty annually—and it called for “timely inspection” of these events to make sure they were not sneak nuclear weapons tests.

Jews, Church & State
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Rabbi Arthur Hertzberg's response [“Church, State, and the Jews,” April], to the challenge put to American citizens of Jewish origin and faith by the editors of America is one in which liberals of all persuasions can happily concur.

Faith & Prejudice
To the Editor: Martin E. Marty's discussion of my book, Faith and Prejudice [May] testifies to the fact that the reviewer has mastered the content of the book, has sifted it through his own thought, and has expressed its message in a way that is not merely a parroting of the author's words and phrases. I wish nevertheless to take issue with Dr.

Dewey vs. Science
To the Editor: In his reference to “Dewey's division of educational efforts as either ‘logical’ or ‘psychological,’” Martin Mayer [“Scientists in the Classroom,” April] implies that Dewey supported such a division.

Cost of Disarmament
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article, “Disarmament and the Economy” [May], Ben B. Seligman includes the Peace Research Institute among those who have done no more than “look at the economics of disarmament before turning away, either in bemusement or horror,” and quotes Ambassador James Wads-worth as saying that the Institute “just hasn't gotten around to it yet.” The fact is that the original studies done by Kenneth Boulding with Emile Benoit, Phillips Foster, Bert T.

Hannah Arendt on Eichmann:
A Study in the Perversity of Brilliance

by Norman Podhoretz
One of the many ironies surrounding Hannah Arendt's book on the Eichmann trial1 is involved in the fact that it should have been serialized in the New Yorker so short a time after the appearance in the same magazine of James Baldwin's essay on the Black Muslims.

In Hazard
by Dan Wakefield
I would just as soon forget about Hazard, Kentucky, a desire I share with a number of its unemployed residents, the large U.S.

Interpreting Hasidism
by Martin Buber
In the October 1961 issue of COMMENTARY, Gershom Scholem, commonly regarded as the leading authority on Jewish mysticism, criticized Martin Buber's interpretation of Hasidism for failing to pay sufficient attention to the actual history and philosophy of the movement and for reading into its texts a number of Buber's personal speculations.

The Good Society
by Nathan Glazer
It used to be—it seems to have been so even yesterday—that people with a reforming bent of mind knew, or thought they knew, what they meant by the “good society,” and they knew, or thought they knew, what forms of social action ought to be taken in order to achieve it.

A Choice of Profession
by Bernard Malamud
Cronin, after discovering that his wife, Marge, had been two-timing him with a friend, suffered months of crisis. He had loved Marge and jealousy lingered unbearably.

The Children of Birmingham
by Paul Goodman
In the almost excessive reporting and other coverage of the recent events in the South, there has been amazingly little mention of the momentous success of non-violence as a political means.

Justice Black and the Absolute
by James Grossman
“Due Process, to use the vernacular,” Justice Douglas has said in a formal lecture on the Bill of Rights, “is the wild card that can be put to such use as the judges choose.” A little more than a quarter of a century ago they chose, in the name of the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment,1 to strike down statutes that were intended to help us out of the Depression.

In The Community: The Vanishing Jews
by Milton Himmelfarb
Seed as the Sand of the Sea? Some years ago a book called The Vanishing Irish worried about the future of Ireland, but since then the Irish have stopped vanishing.

Strength to Love, by Martin Luther King Jr.; The Negro Leadership Class, by Daniel C. Thompson; The New World of Negro Americans
by Staughton Lynd
The New Negro Radicalism1 by Staughton Lynd Alongside the mass marches, the Freedom Walks, the continuing heroism of voter registration in the rural Deep South, a new radicalism is taking form among the young second-level leadership of the integration movement.

Jews, God, and History, by Max I. Dimont
by Arthur Hertzberg
Writing Jewish History Jews, God, and History. by Max I. Dimont. Simon and Schuster. 463 pp. $7.50. Charles Beard often warned that historians see what is behind their own eyes.

Anti-Intellectualism in American Life, by Richard Hofstadter
by Henry Parkes
Professors and Plowmen Anti-Intellectualism in American Life. by Richard Hofstadter. Knopf. 432 pp. $6.95. Written with all the learning, wit, and sophistication that one has learnt to expect from Professor Hofstadter, this book brings together a mass of illuminating information about an aspect of American development which historians have not hitherto examined in any detail.

V., by Thomas Pynchon
by Irving Feldman
Keeping Cool V. by Thomas Pynchon. Lippincott. 492 pp. $5.95. V. is a first novel by an obviously talented young writer. It is an ambitious work and asks to be taken seriously, so it would be well to get to its claims to seriousness at once. The subject of the novel is nothing less than the 20th century and its essential spirit, which is identified, every twenty pages or so, as the Inanimate.

The Miseducation of American Teachers, by James D. Koerner
by Edgar Friedenberg
The Educationists The Miseducation of American Teachers. by James D. Koerner. Houghton Mifflin. 360 pp. $4.95. Dr. Koerner's book is the latest, and quite possibly the best, in a long series of attacks on us educationists and our imputed control of the apparatus of American public education that began with—to make a somewhat arbitrary choice—Canon Bernard Iddings Bell's Crisis in Education in 1949.

Reader Letters September 1963
by Our Readers
Test-Ban Inspections [The following letter was written be- fore the partial test-ban treaty was concluded, but as Mr. Maddox points out in his reply below, the history of the negotiations is still relevant, for it contains lessons for future negotia- tions in the field of arms control. -ED] To THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Having observed and been some- what involved on the United States side in both the nuclear test ban negotiations and the disarmament conference in Geneva, I can't let several of John Maddox's points ["At the Brink of a Test Ban," June] go without comment.

October, 1963Back to Top
Warsaw Ghetto
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Alexander Donat purports to discuss the Warsaw Ghetto uprising . . . [“Our Last Days in the Warsaw Ghetto,” May].

The Dropouts
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “An Ideology of School Withdrawal” [June], Edgar Z. Friedenberg has written a remarkable and unorthodox essay. Many will object to his analysis of the dropout, but they will be mainly individuals who have never grasped the problem. Mr.

Jews & Unitarians
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In Milton Himmelfarb's article [“Some Attitudes Toward Jews,” May], he concludes: “the liberals offer me [the Jews] friendship because I am a man but slight my tradition and memories.

Goldman Defended
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am stunned at the intensity of the reaction [“Letters from Readers,” June, July] to Albert Goldman's article, “The Predicament of the Jewish Musician” [February]. The reader, of course, is justified in questioning several of the details of Mr.

Algerian Exodus
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The awkwardness of the Algerian Jewish policeman in a French synagogue, described by Arnold Mandel in “France's Algerian Jews” [June], is poignant testimony to what may be one of the greatest failures of Zionism and Israel to date.

Albee vs. Chester
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Thanks to Alfred Chester for the truth [“Edward Albee: Red Herrings & White Whales,” April]—non-capitalized, non-symbolic, uni-level and precise.—about Edward Albee and the school of American drama he represents.

America & the World Revolution
by Lewis Coser
Last spring, COMMENTARY invited Lewis A. Coser, Oscar Gass, Hans J. Morgenthau, and Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., to participate in a three-hour round-table discussion of America's role in the underdeveloped world.

Race-The Dream and the Nightmare
by Leslie Fiedler
Deep in the mind of America, if not actually below, at least at the lowest level of consciousness, there exist side by side a dream and a nightmare of race relations; and the two together constitute a legend of the American frontier, of the West (when the second race is the Indian), or of the South (when the second race is the Negro).

Translating the Bible
by Theodor Gaster
For the past fifty years there has been a growing feeling among scholars and ministers of religion that the time is ripe for a new English translation of the Bible.

The Comedy of Lenny Bruce
by Albert Goldman
Since the shaman functions as a safety valve, and as a regulator of the psychic life of the clan, he lives under the permanent feeling of bearing a great responsibility.

The New Yorker and Hannah Arendt
by Irving Howe
Some months ago, shortly after James Baldwin published in the New Yorker his now famous article about the Negroes, there appeared a mildly satiric comment upon it in the New Republic.

Responses and Reactions VI
by Norman Mailer
I thought this month to depart from the regular form of the column and quote no particular passages out of the Tales of the Hasidim.

The Bombing of Germany, by Hans Rumpf
by Marcus Cunliffe
Modern War The Bombing of Germany. by Hans Rumpf. Translated from the German by Edward Fitzgerald. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 256 pp. $4.50. A bothersome book: I have scribbled all over its margins.

Metatheatre, by Lionel Abel
by Richard Gilman
Embattled Criticism Metatheatre. by Lionel Abel. Hill and Wang. 146 pp. $3.95. “I have tried in this book,” Lionel Abel writes, “to do two things: one, to explain why tragedy is so difficult, if not altogether impossible for the modern dramatist, and two, to suggest the nature of a comparably philosophic form of drama.” One is impressed even before the attempt gets under way.

Basic Reader Series, published by Scott, Foresman & Co.
by Tung Orans
Modeled Children Basic Readers “Fifties” Edition and new Basic Readers “Sixties” Edition, (including Think-and-Do Books and Teacher's Editions). by William S. Gray, Marion Monroe, A.

Free Men and Free Markets, by Robert Theobald
by Robert Heilbroner
Free Thought Free Men and Free Markets. by Robert Theobald. Clarkson N. Potter. 203 pp. $5.00. From its title, one might suspect that this was a tract in defense of laissez-faire economics, but titles can be misleading.

Before the Bible, by Cyrus H. Gordon
by H. Ginsberg
Hebrews & Hellenes Before the Bible: The Common Background of Greek and Hebrew Civilizations. by Cyrus H. Gordon. Harper & Row. 319 pp.

Reader Letters October 1963
by Our Readers
The Dropouts TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: In "An Ideology of School With- drawal" [June], Edgar Z. Frieden- berg has written a remarkable and unorthodox essay.

November, 1963Back to Top
TV's Professionals
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Harris Dienstfrey's comments [“Doctors, Lawyers, and Other TV Heroes,” June] suggest that our TV professionals, white Protestants though they be, represent our desire for a “good” community .

Seymour: A Postscript
by Our Readers
To the Editor: What J. D. Salinger has done to merit the sustained abuse of literary critics is beyond me. .

by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Too much space is given in Alexander M. Bickel's article [“Reapportionment & Liberal Myths,” June] to elaboration of the theory of judicial logic.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: I very much enjoyed reading Nathan Glazer's article, “The Puerto Ricans” [July] and feel that the author is to be complimented on his observations. A.

Hughes as Historian
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Jason Epstein's review of Emmet Hughes's The Ordeal of Power [June] was astoundingly irresponsible. His preoccupation with what he terms Hughes's “inadequacies of heart and mind” caused him to assess the political career of Emmet Hughes rather than that of the Eisenhower administration, which is, after all, what the book is about.

Field Work in Boston
by Our Readers
To the Editor:I was flattered by Michael Parenti's review of my book, The Urban Villagers, [June] and his comparison of it with William F.

Czech-Jewish Writing
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I enjoyed reading Edouard Roditi's “The ‘Return’ of Europe's Jews” [July] but wish he would have included some mention of Czech literature as well, where Jewish writers and topics have also recently regained a prominent place.

Russia: Khrushchev & After
by Oscar Gass
The test-ban treaty and the Sino-Soviet rift have given rise to much speculation on the degree to which the Soviet Union has actually changed under the rule of Nikita Khrushchev and on the further transformations which may reasonably be anticipated in the next years.

An Interview
by Isaac Singer
    This interview with Mr. Singer was conducted by Joel Blocker and Richard Elman.   _____________   Interviewers: Perhaps we could begin by asking you some questions about what has happened to Yiddish literature.

The Modern High School: A Profile
by Edgar Friedenberg
Not far from Los Angeles, though rather nearer to Boston, may be located the town of Milgrim, in which Milgrim High School is clearly the most costly and impressive structure.

Death in America
by Robert Hellman
Death has been in my family for generations. My mother—she is eighty-six years old now with a cataract on one eye and she has made friends with the Salvation Army, they have an academy right across the street from her apartment in the West Bronx—my mother knows all about it, all the stories how death came in Russia to my grandfathers and my great-uncles and my great-grandfathers and my great-greats.

Public Affairs: The Impotence of American Power
by Hans Morgenthau
The United States has at its disposal the greatest concentration of material power existing in the world today; in view of its productive capacity and military strength, it is the most powerful nation on earth.

Observations: The Jewish Chronicle & Others
by John Gross
A Well-Organized exhibition devoted to the Anglo-Jewish press has just closed in London. In some ways it was a melancholy affair: dead newspapers lay in their display cases thick as autumnal leaves.

Hunger and Ideology
by Steven Marcus
As every schoolboy knows, the Irish famine is one of the capital disasters of history. It broke upon a people who had been dominated by a foreign power for seven hundred years, and who lived in almost bestial servitude, poverty, misery, ignorance, and helplessness.

Controversy: Could Disarmament Be Policed?
by Paul Kecskemeti
The following exchange between Arthur I. Waskow and Paul Kecskemeti grows out of Mr. Kecskemeti's piece “Nuclear Abolitionism” (July), which raised several questions about the soundness of the idea that an international police force with a monopoly of nuclear weapons could preserve peace, law, and order in a disarmed world.

The Survivors, by Norbert Muhlen
by Theodore Frankel
German Whitewash The Survivors. by Norbert MuhLen. Thomas Y. Crowell. 288 pp. $3.95. In the December 1962 issue of Der Monat (West Berlin) Norbert Muhlen published a plaintive article on the German image in contemporary American letters.

The World Is a Wedding, by Bernard Kops
by Jonathan Miller
So it isn't a Wedding The World is a Wedding. by Bernard Kops. Coward-McCann. 264 pp. $5.00. This is a daft, rather sad book and the fact that it made its way into print at all says something about the sentiment of the English Left since Suez.

The Abolitionists, by Louis Ruchames
by Harvey Swados
Freedom Now The Abolitionists. by Louis Ruchames. Putnam. 259 pp. $5.00. This Anthology of the early writings and exhortations of the abolitionists, principally from 1830 to 1848, inevitably takes on special significance in 1963.

Writers at Work, edited by George Plimpton
by Erik Wensberg
The Horse's Mouth Writers at Work: The Paris Review Interviews (Second Series) Edited by George Plimpton. Viking 368 pp. $6.50. If the purpose served in giving these literary interviews their present title is nothing so homely as exactitude, the choice does suggest that the publisher knows where we itch.

Outsiders, by Howard S. Becker
by Harris Dienstfrey
Tea and Sympathy Outsiders. Studies in the Sociology of Deviance. by Howard S. Becker. Free Press. 179 pp. $5.00. Outsiders, Howard S. Becker's study of deviance, is mostly an insider's view.

On Tyranny, by Leo Strauss
by George Lichtheim
Xenophon Versus Hegel On Tyranny. by Leo Strauss. Free Press. 228 pp., $5.50. The reappearance in print of Professor Strauss's study On Tyranny derives its special interest from circumstances only indirectly connected with the original publication.

Reader Letters November 1963
by Our Readers
Reapportionment TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: . . . Too much space is given in Alexander M. Bickel's article ["Reap- portionment & Liberal Myths," June] to elaboration of the theory of judi- cial logic.

December, 1963Back to Top
The Good Society
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his stimulating article “The Good Society” [September], Nathan Glazer quotes from Kenneth Boulding's article “A Look at Post-Civilization: Where Are We Going, If Anywhere.” This article was published in the April 1962 issue of Liberation. For those readers who are interested in the full text of Kenneth Boulding's article, a limited number of copies of that issue are still available at forty cents each from Liberation, 5 Beekman Street, New York 38, New York. Dave Dellinger Liberation New York City _____________   To the Editor: Nathan Glazer paints a bleak picture of the “good society” and in doing so exhibits a striking lack of imagination.

An Exchange
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Professor H. L. Ginsberg in reviewing my book, Before the Bible [October], has misrepresented what I have written.

Russian Art & Anti-Semitism: Yevtushenko vs. Khrushchev; A Speech by Mikhail Romm
by Nikita Khrushchev
Russian Art & Anti-Semitism Two Documents Yevtushenko vs. Khrushchev A Speech by Mikhail Romm Exactly one year ago, on December 1, 1962, Nikita S.

Non-Rule in America
by David Bazelon
The first great issue in American history was whether we were to have a federal government at all; its final resolution took about a hundred years.

Writing About Jews
by Philip Roth
Ever Since some of my first stories were published in 1959 in a volume called Goodbye, Columbus, my work has been attacked from certain pulpits and in certain periodicals as dangerous, dishonest, and irresponsible.

West African Diary
by John Mander
Lagos, Nigeria: June 17. First night in Lagos: an infernal hotel—it shall be nameless—with a room like a wind tunnel, thanks to “air-conditioning.” Turn it off—and you roll and toss in the sweltering night air of Lagos.

Kant and Judaism
by Emil Fackenheim
Philosophy has always questioned revelation in general and revealed morality in particular. But no philosopher prior to Kant found it necessary to inquire whether all revealed morality might be less than truly moral simply by virtue of being revealed: that is to say, whether all revealed morality might be a contradiction in terms. The most radical objection to revealed morality made by pre-Kantian philosophy was against the claim of some theologians that revelation is the sole source of our knowledge of moral law.

The Tory Succession: A London Letter
by George Lichtheim
London Caligula made his horse a Consul; Mr. Macmillan has made Lord Home—or Sir Alexander Douglas-Home, as he is henceforth to be known—Prime Minister.

by Sydor Rey
I told all my friends that I would certainly marry now. When they asked me, “What's happened?” I replied: “My first love has appeared in New York.” Stella had not been my first love; and though I had been in love with her once, that was not why I decided to marry her.

Anti-Communism and the Corporations
by Alan Westin
Throughout the United States today, hundreds of corporations are energetically engaged in programs to “educate” Americans about the nature and threat of Communism.

The Group, by Mary McCarthy
by Thomas Rogers
A Survey of Recent Fiction The Group. by Mary Mccarthy. Harcourt, Brace & World. 378 pp. $5.95. The chief opinion about Mary McCarthy is that she is brilliant.

The Benefactor, by Susan Sontag; and Nickel Miseries, by Ivan Gold
by Robert Flint
A Survey of Recent Fiction The Benefactor. by Susan Sontag. Farrar, Straus & Company. 274 pp. $430. Nickel Miseries. by Ivan Gold Viking. 224 pp. $3.95. _____________   Susan Sontag and Ivan Gold have in common their birth in New York within a year of each other and their very considerable gifts as writers.

Confusions, by Jack Ludwig; The War of Camp Omongo, by Burt Blechman; and Stick Your Neck Out, by Mordecai Richler
by Stanley Kauffmann
A Survey of Recent Fiction Confusions. by Jack Ludwig. New York Graphic Society. 276 pp. $4.95. The War Of Camp Omongo. by Burt Blechman. Random House.

Reader Letters December 1963
by Our Readers
An Exchange TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Professor H. L. Ginsberg in re- viewing my book, Before the Bible [October], has misrepresented what I have written.

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