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January, 1967Back to Top
The Jewish Faith
by Our Readers
The Jewish Faith To the Editor: . . . I found the symposium on “The State of Jewish Belief” [August 1966] intensely interesting in its variety of points of view, emphasis, and personal styles. Nahum N.

Remembering T. S. Eliot
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is one thing to point out that T. S. Eliot was best as a literary influence, another to say, as Joseph Frank does in his review of To Criticize the Critic [September 1966], that “his relation to other [than literary] aspects of modern culture has always been purely and totally negative.” I was reminded of three moments in my own experience.

Hess as Socialist
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I have just read Jonathan Frankel's article in which he mentions my volume, Moses Hess: Prophet of Zionism [“Moses Hess: the Communist Rabbi,” June 1966].

Forum for Dissent
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I much enjoyed Maurice Gold-bloom's “The Fulbright Revolt” [September 1966] and thought it most interesting and well done. (Sen.) Claiborne Pell United States Senate Washington, D.C. _____________   To the Editor: Mr.

Canadian Writer
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Earl Berger's article on Canadian Jews brings to my mind the name of that enormously gifted Canadian-Jewish writer, .

"Black Power"
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . In David Danzig's understandable zeal to adduce all possible evidence in support of the assertion that almost all Negro organizations endorse group solidarity, he has helped perpetuate a totally false account of an incident in connection with our 1966 convention [“In Defense of ‘Black Power,’” September 1966].

Barth Defended
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I think it would be unfortunate if Robert Garis's thin-blooded “observations” on John Barth prevented anyone from reading The Sot-Weed Factor [“What Happened to John Barth?” October 1966].

The American Crisis: Vietnam, Cuba & the Dominican Republic
by Theodore Draper
In the past six years the United States has resorted to some form of military force in three major crises—in Cuba, in the Dominican Republic, and in Vietnam.

The Enigma of Circumcision
by Erich Isaac
In our time, ritual observance of all kinds has become problematical not only for non-believers, but for the thinking adherents of the various faiths as well.

Death of a Slogan-The Great Society 1967
by Robert Lekachman
A viable political consensus rests upon an expectation of benefits by all members of the coalition. Any actual payoff, of course, gives rather more reward to some than to others, but in spite of their inevitable inequities, consensual arrangements often persist, since those whose share is scantiest either assent to the larger share of others, feel powerless to improve their relative situation, or sense that any alternative feasible political commitment would be still less advantageous.

Public Affairs: Race Wars in the Making
by George Lichtheim
London: Now that the race wars of the coming decade are beginning to cast their premonitory shadow, it may be useful to look at some of the factors underlying the current disintegration of one of the few hopeful inventions in the field of race relations: the British Commonwealth.

In the Community: Exhibiting the Lower East Side
by Robert Alter
The Jewish museum did such a thorough job conjuring up group memories in its ambitious exhibition devoted to the Lower East Side that I was moved to wonder just what purposes such memories ought to serve.

Observations: Leslie Fiedler's Fictions
by Robert Davis
Part of the scandal of Leslie Fiedler's fiction is the fact that there is so much of it. We could take, many years ago, the indignities of “Nude Croquet,” even though we doubted if what we saw naked there was Truth itself.

Observations: A Farewell to TV
by Neil Compton
To be the “regular television critic” even of a magazine like COMMENTARY is surely to occupy an excessively modest position in the vast hierarchy of American criticism.

The Education of American Catholics, by Andrew M. Greeley and Peter H. Rossi; Catholic Schools in Action. Edited by Reginald A.
by Daniel Callahan
Parochial Education The Education of American Catholics. by Andrew M. Greeley and Peter H. Rossi. Aldine Publishing Co. 368 pp. $8.95. Catholic Schools in Action. by Reginald A.

The Truman Presidency, by Cabell Phillips; The Truman Administration: A Documentary History. Edited by Barton J. Bernstein and A
by James Burns
The Man from Missouri The Truman Presidency. by Cabell Phillips. Macmillan. 463 pp. $7.95. The Truman Administration: A Documentary History. by Barton J. Bernstein and Allen J.

And the Crooked Shall Be Made Straight, by Jacob Robinson; Justice in Jerusalem, by Gideon Hausner
by Leon Poliakov
The Eichmann Trial And the Crooked shall be made straight. by Jacob Robinson. Macmillan. 406 pp. $6.95. Justice in Jerusalem. by Gideon Hausner. Harper & Row.

The Unique and the Universal, by J. L. Talmon
by Walter Laqueur
Historical Essays The Unique and the Universal. by J. L. Talmon. Braziller. 320 pp. $6.50. Publishers do not like collections of essays because they do not sell well; critics are not fond of them because they are awkward to review.

The Limits of American Capitalism, by Robert L. Heilbroner
by Edward Mason
Coming Events The Limits of American Capitalism. by Robert L. Heilbroner. Harper and Row. 134 pp. $4.95. The theme of this interesting and provocative little book is the present role and future prospects of that large-scale corporate sector of the economy that now dominates what may be called American capitalism.

Reader Letters January 1967
by Our Readers
"Black Power" TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: ... In David Danzig's understand- able zeal to adduce all possible evi- dence in support of the assertion that almost all Negro organizations endorse group solidarity, he has helped perpetuate a totally false account of an incident in connection with our 1966 convention ["In De- fense of 'Black Power,' " September 1966].

February, 1967Back to Top
The Inscrutable East
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Peter Schmid . . . writes with the peculiar naivete of so many . . . political observers whose guiding premise is the absolute moral correctness of U.S.

Playing Ball
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am but one of approximately two-to-three dozen Jewish baseball writers—writers from big city newspapers—who cover major league baseball teams from the beginning of spring training through the World Series—and as such should inform your readers that Mordecai Richler was off base quite a few times in his “Koufax the Incomparable” [November 1966]. Richler indicates that Hank Greenberg was “tragically inhibited by his Jewish heritage” and thus held back and hit 58 home runs instead of breaking Babe Ruth's record of 60 because the breaking of such a record “.

The President & The Negro: The Moment Lost
by Daniel Moynihan
For anyone with even a moderate concern for the sources of stability in American government, the results of the 1966 elections will appear on balance a good thing.

Will Soviet Jewry Survive?
by Elie Wiesel
In September 1965, Elie Wiesel, the well-known novelist, spent a number of weeks visiting the Jewish community in the Soviet Union.

Upheaval in China
by Benjamin Schwartz
What lies behind the “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” of 1966? The news out of China seems nothing less than fantasic: vast hordes of the young and very young have suddenly been mobilized to carry out the spiritual transformation of Chinese society; a wholesale assault has been made upon the entire Chinese cultural heritage, as well as upon the “bourgeois” culture of the West, including everything from Bach to recent Soviet literature and modish hair-styles.

The People Who Walked:
A Story

by Tadeusz Borowski
We started by building a soccer field in the empty meadow behind the hospital barracks. The meadow was nicely situated.

Love Mystified: A Critique of Norman O. Brown
by Herbert Marcuse
Love Mystified: A Critique of Norman O. Brown1 by Herbert Marcuse . . . sie hätte singen nicht reden sollen diese neue Seele —Stefan George, “Nietzsche” For here is the “new soul,” prophet of the new man—radical break with the past and with the present which is still the rule of the past.

Writing American
by Louis Kronenberger
Of the many books published in this century as guides to a sound use of the English language, only one has become a classic: Fowler's Modern English Usage.

Observations: Athletic Jews
by Meyer Liben
I read this book1 (think of it! to read an encyclopedia) because I am interested in sports, interested in the Jews, and interested in the Jews in sports.

La Vida: A Puerto Rican Family in the Culture of Poverty-San Juan and New York, by Oscar Lewis
by Nathan Glazer
One Kind of Life La Vida: A Puerto Rican Family in the Culture of Poverty—San Juan and New York. by Oscar Lewis. Random House.

Love Respelt. New Poems by Robert Graves
by David Schiller
The White Goddess Alone Love Respelt. by Robert Graves. Doubleday. 48 pp. $2.95. Robert Graves not only writes poems; he has a theory of poetry which involves the creation of a new mythology that is to provide poetry with patterns and a rationale.

Israel: The View from Masada, by Ronald Sanders
by Edward Grossman
The Jewish State Israel: The View from Masada. by Ronald Sanders. Harper & Row. 310 pp. $6.95. Can Israel be explained? More specifically, can it be explained to the curious but non-scholarly reader? One can usually teach something about a nation by recounting its history from the moment someone began agitating for its sovereignty, but in the case of Israel—though it shares some of the essence, and too many of the trappings of a hundred other nations—such a treatment is always unsatisfactory.

On Aggression, by Konrad Lorenz
by Werner Dannhauser
Of Geese and Men On Aggression. by Konrad Lorenz. Translated by Marjorie Kerr Wilson. Harcourt, Brace & World. 306 pp. $5.75. Konrad Lorenz is a student of the world of living nature, its infinite variety and its astounding regularities, its grandeur and its harshness.

The Lord of the Rings Trilogy: The Fellowship of the Ring; The Two Towers; The Return of the King, by J. R. R. Tolkien
by Robert Kiely
Middle Earth The Lord of the Rings Trilogy. by J. R. R. Tolkien. The Fellowship of the Ring. 528 pp. $.95. The Two Towers.

Reader Letters February 1967
by Our Readers
Playing Ball TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I am but one of approximately two-to-three dozen Jewish baseball writers-writers from big city news- papers-who cover major league baseball teams from the beginning of spring training through the World Series-and as such should inform your readers that Mordecai Richler was off base quite a few times in his "Koufax the Incompar- able" [November 1966]. Richler indicates that Hank Greenberg was "tragically inhibit- ed by his Jewish heritage" and thus held back and hit 58 home runs in- stead of breaking Babe Ruth's rec- ord of 60 because the breaking of such a record ".

March, 1967Back to Top
Theater & Politics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It can hardly be a coincidence that the same issue of COMMENTARY (December 1966) features both Mr. Bentley's interesting if rather lengthy essay on the modern theater [“The Theater of Commitment”] and Mr.

The Liberal Arts
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Eric Larrabee's article is splendid [“Saving the Humanities,” December 1966]. Taking his final paragraph with tongue out-of-cheek, however, one might conclude that a Humanities Endowment, as much.

The Human Condition
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Whether or not our society is essentially an empty one, as Paul Goodman maintains [“The Empty Society,” November 1966], the fact remains that each individual within society bears ultimate responsibility for whatever emptiness or alienation exists within himself.

Pro & Con
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The lack of impact of The Investigation as a theater piece, in spite of the staggering emotional content of its subject was clearly described in Jack Richardson's review [“Auschwitz On Stage,” December 1966].

Athens & Jerusalem
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In John Thompson's charming and diverting letter from a Greek Island [“The Vacancies of August, November 1966”], he states that there, in the 5th century, under the aegis of Athena, “law and reason were invented, for the first time something beyond the despotic passions of murderous fathers and murderous sons, and .

After the Holocaust
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Gershom Scholem's . . . erudite diatribe . . . leaves one sad and sorely puzzled [“Jews and Germans,” November 1966].

"Bonn Is Not Weimar" Reflections on the Radical Right in Germany
by Walter Laqueur
Christmas Eve in a West German city. The rain has been falling steadily for days; soon it will turn into snow.

On Albert Einstein
by C. Snow
One day at Fenner's (the university cricket ground at Cambridge), just before the last war, G. H. Hardy and I were talking about Einstein.

Ball of Fire:
A Story.

by Meyer Liben
Eleven years ago—I remember the date because of an occurrence which is not pertinent to this account—an old friend, that is, someone who used to be an old friend (“he used to be a very good ex-friend of mine”) mentioned the name Oblomov.

China, Russia & the U.S.
by Oscar Gass
For without friends no one would wish to live, though he had all other goods. . . . Friendship seems also to hold states together, and lawgivers care more for it than for justice; for unanimity seems to be something like friendship, and this they aim at most of all.

The Question of Survival
by Robert Alter
Although four generations of Zionist and Yiddishist thinkers, Hebrew essayists, novelists, and poets, have struggled with the definition of Jewish peoplehood and its bearing on a revived Jewish state, the question has never had much urgency in the intellectual life of American Jews.

A Reply to Herbert Marcuse
by Norman Brown
My friend Marcuse1 and I: Romulus and Remus quarreling; which of them is the real “revolutionary.” He will not see the recurrence in revolution.

Caveat Emptor Judaeus
by Cecil Roth
The antique market is booming: and as one who purchased his collection long since, and in any case is in no position to purchase anything more now, I cannot but rejoice at the fact.

by Jack Richardson
An interesting phenomenon of the past few years has been the gradual adaptation of the Roman Church to practical moral attitudes which are sympathetic and recognizable to those outside Catholic dogma.

The Jews of Silence, by Elie Wiesel
by Max Hayward
Russian Anti-Semitism The Jews of Silence. by Elie Wiesel. Translated from the Hebrew with an Historical After-word by Neal Kozodoy. Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

The Intellectual History of Europe, by Friedrich Heer
by H. Hughes
Historical Ambivalence The Intellectual History of Europe. by Friedrich Heer. Translated by Jonathan Steinberg. World. 558 pp. $12.95. Professor Heer—who teaches at the University of Vienna—has been kind enough to provide us with a guide to an inordinately compact and perplexing book.

I.E.: the Autobiography of Mickey Rooney, by Mickey Rooney
by Joseph Epstein
After Andy Hardy I. E.: The Autobiography of Mickey Rooney. by Mickey Rooney. Putnam. 256 pp. $4.95. For a great many Americans now in their thirties and early forties, the notion of what being a teenager was all about derived from the Andy Hardy movies.

The Time of the Angels, by Iris Murdoch
by Robert Garis
Playing Games The Time of the Angels. by Iris Murdoch. Viking. 245 pp. $5.00. Iris murdoch, who writes her own special brand of allegorical fiction, has recently been having troubles with this tricky form, partly because she writes so much—The Time of the Angels is her tenth novel since 1954.

Anger, and Beyond: the Negro Writer in the United States. Edited by Herbert Hill
by Jervis Anderson
Polarities Anger, and Beyond: The Negro Writer in the United States. by Herbert Hill. Harper & Row. 226 pp. $5.95. It wasn't until a while ago, while reading a review of Claude Brown's Manchild in the Promised Land, that I became acquainted with the term, “Negro genre writing.” I wondered why I hadn't come across it before, for I sensed in the expression a certain smoothness of texture which suggested it had been in use for a long time.

Reader Letters March 1967
by Our Readers
Theater & Politics TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: It can hardly be a coincidence that the same issue of COMMENTARY (December 1966) features both Mr.

April, 1967Back to Top
The Warren Report
by Our Readers
To the Editor: One must rejoice that a man so eminent and authoritative as Professor Alexander M. Bickel of Yale has now spoken out .

Counterrevolutionary America
by Robert Heilbroner
Is the United States fundamentally opposed to economic development? The question is outrageous. Did we not coin the phrase, “the revolution of rising expectations”? Have we not supported the cause of development more generously than any nation on earth, spent our intellectual energy on the problems of development, offered our expertise freely to the backward nations of the word? How can it possibly be suggested that the United States might be opposed to economic development? The answer is that we are not at all opposed to what we conceive economic development to be.

China, Russia & the U.S.: II
by Oscar Gass
Make trouble, fail, make trouble again, fail again till their doom; that is the logic of the imperialists and all reactionaries the world over in dealing with the people's cause, and they will never go against this logic.

British Alternatives
by George Lichtheim
London: The prime lesson for statesmen and political scientists, ever repeated and seldom understood, is that events rarely shape themselves in an orderly pattern.

The Religion of Paul Tillich
by Michael Novak
I want to know you, Unknown One, You who are reaching deep into my soul And ravaging my life, a savage gale. I want to know you—even serve. —Friedrich Nietzsche Paul Tillich (1886-1965) was a human being of immense wisdom.

Are Jews Still Liberals?
by Milton Himmelfarb
For the attention of the linguistic philosophers, a problem having to do with the ethics of words: There is an organization—a department of the civil service, the army, a school, a corporation—in which supervisors periodically submit reports on the people under them.

John Peale Bishop & the Other Thirties
by Leslie Fiedler
The revival of the literature of the 30's through which we have recently been living—the republication of novels long out of print, the redemption of reputations long lapsed, the compilation of anthologies long overdue—has been oddly one-sided, a revival of one half only of the literary record of that dark decade: the urban, Marxist, predominantly Jewish half, whose leading, journal was the New Masses and whose monster-in-chief was Joseph Stalin.

An Only Kid
by Cecil Roth
The traditional Jewish Seder service on Passover eve begins on a note of expectancy and exhilaration. All kinds of exciting things happen to keep childish attention alive.

Watching Antonioni
by Robert Garis
The wildly mixed reception of Antonioni's splendid new Blow-up—witness Pauline Kael's personal blow-up against it in The New Republic as against the “best movie of the year” award from the critics' group to which she belongs—proves again that following an important artist's career while it's actually going on is rarely that peacefully exciting cycle of anticipation and gratification we would like it to be.

Friendship and Fratricide: An Analysis of Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss, by Meyer A. Zeligs
by Walter Goodman
Ulterior Motives Friendship and Fratricide: An Analysis of Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss. by Meyer A. Zeligs, M.D. Viking, 476 pp. $8.95 Meyer A.

The Carpenter Years, by Arthur A. Cohen
by David Daiches
Symbolic Dimensions The Carpenter Years. by Arthur A. Cohen. New American Library. 151 pp. $4.50. Edgar Morrison is director of the YMCA in Langham, Pennsylvania, a WASP among WASPs.

The American Jury, by Harry Kalven, Jr.and Hans Zeisel
by Abraham Goldstein
Preliminary Verdict The American Jury. by Harry Kalven, Jr. and Hans Zeisel, with the collaboration of Thomas Callahan and Philip Ennis. Little, Brown.

A Basic Jewish Encyclopedia, by Harry A. Cohen; The Encyclopedia of the Jewish Religion, edited by R. J. Zwi Werblowsky and Geof
by Erich Isaac
Jewish Knowledge A Basic Jewish Encyclopedia. by Harry A. Cohen. Hartmore House. 205 pp. $4.95. The Encyclopedia of the Jewish Religion. by R. J. Zwi Werblowsky and Geoffrey Wigoder. Holt, Rinehart ir Winston.

The Impact of the Social Sciences, by Kenneth E. Boulding
by Werner Dannhauser
Studying Society The Impact Of The Social Sciences. by Kenneth E. Boulding. Rutgers University Press. 114 pp. $3.75. Kenneth Boulding is a well-known economist who has now transcended that calling to become a spokesman and missionary for all the social sciences.

Reader Letters April 1967
by Our Readers
The Warren Report TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: One must rejoice that a man so eminent and authoritative as Pro- fessor Alexander M. Bickel of Yale has now spoken out ...

May, 1967Back to Top
U.S. Policy in Vietnam
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Theodore Draper's “The American Crisis” [January] is the most trenchant criticism of America's Vietnam policy yet; but in so comprehensive a piece, it is too bad he did not suggest how—if we were to pull out—we might protect the South Vietnamese who had collaborated with us.

The Economy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Professor Lekachman can certainly make a good and even an honest case for what he wishes to show in his “Death of a Slogan—The Great Society 1967” [January]: things are not as good as they ought to be.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: Erich Isaac's essay [“The Enigma of Circumcision,” January] is excellent, except for the idea contained in his last two paragraphs: that the anthropological “function” of a mysterious rite is to be “at variance,” to remind us that morality is not part of a rational order.

A Guide to Reagan Country: The Political Culture of Southern California
by James Wilson
A person like myself, who grew up in Southern California, finds it increasingly difficult to understand people who say they understand California.

Exodus as Autobiography
by Arthur Gold
The fundamental assumption of virtually all serious modern students of the Jewish Bible is that it ought to be treated as a historical document, valuable for the light it casts on the development of Israel as a nation and as a religion.

Vietnam-A Doctor's Journal
by Joseph Weiss
War is like a whore. If you pay the price, you can indulge in your whims and perversities. —Colonel D., ARVN/Camau An Xuyen It is September, the middle of the rainy season, and the land of An Xuyen is half submerged and completely green.

Dr. McGrath-A Play
by Edmund Wilson
Dr. Charles McGrath's study. At stage right is the Doctor's desk, which looks like that of a business executive. An easy chair for visitors faces it at an angle to the audience, so that anybody sitting in it can be seen three-quarters face.

Russell and Wittgenstein
by Michael Frayn
As a sweeping particularization, you might say that the history of philosophy in this century is the history of Russell and his pupil Wittgenstein.

The Last Marranos
by Anita Novinsky
We arrived in the small village of Belmonte, Portugal, on a freezing morning in early November 1965. The village stands facing the Serra da Estrela, in the province of Beira Baixa, to the south of the city of Guarda; it has a population of about four thousand, and approximately fourteen-hundred dwellings.

The Monkey Trial
by Joseph Krutch
The monkey trial at Dayton, Tennessee took place more than forty years ago. Few of us who were actually present survive and by now the events are more a part of the folklore of liberalism than of history.

What Can the UN Do?
by Ronald Steel
A pile of new books on the United Nations1 is usually enough to drive even the most public-spirited man to his Ian Fleming.

Justice Hunger, by Meyer Liben
by Theodore Solotaroff
An Authentic Voice Justice Hunger. by Meyer Liben. Dial. 272 pp. $4.50. Meyer Liben is one of those writers who come, as it were, out of the blue.

Virgil Thomson, by Virgil Thomson
by Michael Steinberg
The Musician as Writer Virgil Thomson. by Virgil Thomson. Knopf. 424 pp. $7.95. It makes a delightful book for the most part, and at times a superb one, Virgil Thomson remembering Virgil Thomson and friends—also, at the beginning, some relatives, and now and again a non-friend—in Kansas City, at Harvard, in Paris, New York, and then Paris again. To Thomson, Thomson is a distinguished and important composer, and there are works that support the claim strongly, notably the two operas with Gertrude Stein texts, and some instrumental pieces as well, like the Symphony on a Hymn Tune.

You Shall Be As Gods, by Erich Fromm
by Erich Isaac
Mystical Humanism You shall be as Gods: a Radical Interpretation of the Old Testament and its Tradition. by Erich Fromm. Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

The Crystal Spirit: A Study of George Orwell, by George Woodcock
by Joseph Epstein
Hero for our time The Crystal Spirit. A Study of George Orwell. by George Woodcock. Little, Brown. 366 pp. $6.95. With 1984 only seventeen years away, it would appear that George Orwell's reputation has at least as much chance of surviving as we do.

On Iniquity, by Pamela Hansford Johnson
by Mary Ellmann
Motive for Murder On Iniquity: Some Personal Reflections Arising out of the Moors Murder Trial. by Pamela Hansford Johnson. Scribners. 142 pp. $3.95. In the spring of 1966, Pamela Hansford Johnson was sent to Chester to report for the London Sunday Telegraph on the Moors murder trial.

Reader Letters May 1967
by Our Readers
U.S. Policy in Vietnam TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Theodore Draper's "The Ameri- can Crisis" January] is the most trenchant criticism of America's Vietnam policy yet; but in so com- prehensive a piece, it is too bad he did not suggest how-if we were to pull out-we might protect the South Vietnamese who had col- laborated with us.

June, 1967Back to Top
The Moynihan Report
by Our Readers
To the Editor: This is . . . to congratulate you on publishing Daniel P. Moynihan's piece [“The President and the Negro: the Moment Lost,” February].

The Shape of American Politics
by Richard Goodwin
Over the past several decades much of the world has been experiencing the growing power and dominion of centralized national leadership.

On Cowardice
by Paul Theroux
In the old days, fat young boys with nothing to do used to stand around drugstores talking excitedly of picking up girls.

Jerusalem and Athens: Some Introductory Reflections
by Leo Strauss
I. The Beginning of the Bible and Its Greek Counterparts All the hopes that we entertain in the midst of the confusion and dangers of the present are founded, positively or negatively, directly or indirectly, on the experiences of the past.

The "Yellow Peril" Revisited
by Ronald Steel
Once Japan is destroyed as an aggressive force, we know of no other challenging power that can appear in the Pacific.

Sabbatai Zevi and the Jewish Imagination
by Robert Alter
The Patriarchs came to the world in order to restore the primal integrity of the senses, and accomplished this with four of them.

English Imports on Broadway
by Jack Richardson
I have been made weary and humble by my last visit to the theater. My mind, which I had always considered fairly well-tuned to the vagaries of dramatic literature, has finally been blanked after encountering a work of too profound a consequence for it to handle.

by Robert Zimmerman
Perhaps nothing so well characterizes the problematic career of depth psychology over the past fifty years as the seemingly endless chain of contradictory theories—all claiming to point to the one psychological “truth”—which have been put forward by its devotees and practitioners.

The Golden Tradition, edited by Lucy S. Dawidowicz
by Dan Jacobson
A Lost World? The Golden Tradition. by Lucy S. Dawidowicz. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 502 pp. $8.95. The Golden Tradition is an anthology of autobiographical writings and biographical sketches of Eastern European Jews, covering the period from the middle of the 18th century to just before the outbreak of World War II.

Ironies of History: Essays on Contemporary Communism, by Isaac Deutscher
by Myron Rush
Hindsight Ironies of History: Essays on Contemporary Communism. by Isaac Deutscher. Oxford. 278 pp. $5.75. The Forecasts of prophets, politicians, and social scientists have been dealt harsh blows by events of the last decade.

The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell, by Bertrand Russell
by George Lichtheim
Birth of a Philosopher The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell. by Bertrand Russell. Atlantic-Little Brown. 356 pp. $7.95. In an installment of his autobiography preceding the volume under review, Bertrand Russell had this to say about the Whig aristocrats who headed the Russell clan during most of the Victorian era: My grandfather, whom I remember vividly, was born on the 18th of August 1792, a fortnight after the poet Shelley.

The Labor Revolution, by Gus Tyler
by Lewis Coser
Labor Pains The Labor Revolution. by Gus Tyler. Viking. 279 pp. $6.50. In this book, Gus Tyler—the assistant president of the International Ladies Garment Workers' Union and the director of its Department of Politics, Education, and Training—replies to the critical attacks on the complacency, stodginess, and decline of vision of the labor movement which have in recent years been launched by such men as Paul Jacobs, Harvey Swados, and Solomon Barkin.

New Directions 19, edited by J. Laughlin
by George Elliott
Literary Vanguard New Directions 19. by J. Laughlin. New Directions. 313 pp. $6.00. In 1936, James Laughlin published the first New Directions in Prose and Poetry, half magazine, half anthology of avant-garde literary and intellectual trends.

Reader Letters June 1967
by Our Readers
The Moynihan Report TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: This is . . . to congratulate you on publishing Daniel P. Moyni- han's piece ["The President and the Negro: the Moment Lost," February].

July, 1967Back to Top
The U.S. & the World
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I can think of no more significant act by an American magazine editor since the beginning of the cold war than your publication of Robert L.

The Language
by Our Readers
To the Editor: May an Englishman who is a regular reader of COMMENTARY and always enjoys it, say how much he appreciated “Writing American” by Louis Kronenberger [February]. The English tend to think that American writers, and still more American orators, never use one word if they can possibly use two, and it is good to find Mr.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . I wish I could believe what Walter Laqueur says about the situation in Germany, but unfortunately I fear the case is not as he describes it [“Bonn Is Not Weimar,” March]. Let us begin with the NPD itself.

Hiss & Chambers
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was astonished to read Walter Goodman's poison-pen review of Meyer A. Zeligs's Friendship & Fratricide [April]. Mr.

Manchester Unexpurgated
by Edward Epstein
Throughout the protracted controversy surrounding the publication of William Manchester's The Death of a President,1 the press seemed preoccupied with a single issue: the suppression of history.

Expo 67
by Neil Compton
Are world's fairs obsolete? This is the eight-hundred-million-dollar question posed by Expo 67, the “universal and international exhibition” being held in Montreal from April 28 to October 27.

Nina of Ashkelon
by Yehuda Amichai
Once I had a summer girl who left me at summer's end. At first I thought when she left and autumn came that if she hadn't gone there would have been no autumn, that her leaving had caused the coming of autumn.

The High Cost of Eating
by Ben Seligman
Not too long ago, housewives rebelled all over America. Protesting rising food prices, they picketed supermarkets across the country, and as clerks were furloughed for lack of work and the Retail Clerks Union pleaded with homemakers that the high cost of living was not the fault of employees, prices continued their upward march.

Varieties of Jewish Experience
by Milton Himmelfarb
We are modern, of course, but what does that mean? How long have we been modern? When did modern begin? In the schools modern history is generally understood to date from the years between 1450 and 1525—though Bury, of The Idea of Progress, a professor of modern history, did his specifically historical work on the later Roman Empire.

Nineteen Seventy-Five
by George Lichtheim
London: Every now and then there takes place one of those mysterious shifts in public opinion which in retrospect can be seen as a response to subterranean changes in the domain of political and military planning.

Eastern Europe & the Death of God
by Norman Birnbaum
In his book on the German Peasants' War, Friedrich Engels observed that in a religious epoch, even revolutionary ideas have to be expressed in a religious rhetoric: the very thoughts which anticipate the future assume old forms.

Musical Hebraism
by Lucy Dawidowicz
Last December, more than fifteen years after the composer's death, Arnold Schoenberg's unfinished opera Moses and Aaron was given a belated American premiere by the Opera Company of Boston.

William Troy: Selected Essays, edited by Stanley Edgar Hyman
by Francis Fergusson
A Major Critic William Troy: Selected Essays. by Stanley Edgar Hyman. Rutgers. 314 pp. $9.00. In this book the major critical essays of the late William Troy are available at last.

Warrant for Genocide, by Norman Cohn
by Walter Laqueur
Anti-Semitism Warrant for Genocide. by Norman Cohn. Harper & Row. 296 pp. $6.95. The myth of the Jewish world conspiracy is not an exhilarating topic of research; prolonged exposure to the kind of literature that has grown up around it can engender bad dreams and mild hallucinations.

Winston S. Churchill: Volume I, Youth 1874-1900, by Randolph S. Churchill
by Lawrence Malkin
Looking Backward Winston S. Churchill: Volume I. Youth 1874-1900. by Randolph S. Churchill. Houghton Mifflin. 656 pp. $10.00. “The time for debunking Winston Churchill is not yet, and when it comes it will not succeed as easily as with other great personages.” So said his old enemy Kingsley Martin late in 1964 from his accustomed pulpit, The New Statesman.

Five Years, by Paul Goodman
by Paul Cowan
Public & Private Five Years. by Paul Goodman. Brussel & Brussel. 288 pp. $5.00. Paul Goodman has gotten around a good deal during the past decade.

Power in America: The Politics of the New Class, by David T. Bazelon
by C. Woodward
New Politics Power in America: the Politics of the New Class. by David T. Bazelon. New American Library. 407 pp. $7.50. It seems reasonably certain that Mr.

Reader Letters July 1967
by Our Readers
The U.S. & the World TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I can think of no more significant act by an American magazine editor since the beginning of the cold war than your publication of Robert L.

August, 1967Back to Top
Illusion & Reality
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am just as eager as Robert Garis was in his review [April] to avoid reducing Blow-up to a banal moralism: by so reducing it, one simply blinds oneself to its newness and violates it completely.

Human Aggression
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of Konrad Lorenz's On Aggression [February], Werner J. Dannhauser has done yeoman service in spotlighting the book's most important issues.

Social Equality
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . George Lichtheim referred to “the oddities of Doctor Nkrumah” and “tribal bloodletting in Nigeria” [“Race Wars in the Making,” January].

Israel and World Politics
by Theodore Draper
A peculiar combination of internal and external forces was necessary to set off the third Arab-Israeli war in June 1967.

Israel, the Arabs, and World Opinion
by Walter Laqueur
For Eighteen Years, a state of almost permanent crisis, involving countless coups d'état and a war, left the political map of the Middle East virtually unchanged.

Letter from the Sinai Front
by Amos Elon
For us, it all began on Independence Day, May 15. It was a late spring day in Jerusalem. At the Municipal Stadium, the sun shone brightly on a festive, select crowd—chosen by electric computer, for equity's sake, from a list of Jerusalem taxpayers.

Israel and American Jewry
by Arthur Hertzberg
As soon as the Arab armies began to mass on the borders of Israel during the third week in May, the mood of the American Jewish community underwent an abrupt, radical, and possibly permanent change.

Two Issues in Planning
by Paul Goodman
In principle, technology, the use of instruments, is a branch of moral philosophy, subject to the criteria of prudence, efficiency, simplicity, and so forth.

Art-Movie Style
by Robert Garis
Everybody knows that the smallish “art-movie” houses are the dependable moneymakers these days, and everybody knows too that “art-movie” deserves the quotation-marks around it.

An Interview with Ho Chi Minh-1923
by Osip Mandelstam
A critic writing in the Times Literary Supplement (May 11, 1967) declared that the name of Osip Mandelstam “has ceased to be the esoteric password of cognoscenti and is probably known to most people in the West who .

The Reactionaries: A Study of the Anti-Democratic Intelligentsia, by John Harrison
by Denis Donoghue
Literary Fascism The Reactionaries: A Study of the Anti-Democratic Intelligentsia. by John Harrison. Schocken. 224 pp. $6.00. In Book v of A Vision, which is dated February, 1925, Yeats wrote: A civilization is a struggle to keep self-control, and in this it is like some great tragic person, some Niobe who must display an almost superhuman will or the cry will not touch our sympathy.

Most Notorious Victory, by Ben B. Seligman
by Robert Lekachman
Sounding the Alarm Most Notorious Victory. by Ben B. Seligman. Free Press. 441 pp. $7.95. Automation, that vague and portentous word, has come to signify two major processes.

Contemporary Synagogue Art, by Avram Kampf
by Cecil Roth
Union of American Hebrew Congregations. 276 pp. $10.00.   The most important thing is that people are now beginning to think in terms of synagogue art.

A Roman Marriage, by Brian Glanville; Against Entropy, by Michael Frayn; Casualties of Peace, by Edna O'Brien
by Robert Kiely
Messiness A Roman Marriage. by Brian Glanville. Coward-McCann. 192 pp. $4.50. Against Entropy. by Michael Frayn. Viking. 256 pp. $4.95. Casualties of Peace. by Edna O'Brien. Simon and Shuster.

The Poorhouse State, by Richard M. Elman; Ombudsmen and Others, by Walter Gellhorn; When Americans Complain, by Walter Gellhorn
by Leonard Chazen
Protecting the Poor The Poorhouse State. by Richard M. Elman. Pantheon. 305 pp. $5.95. Ombudsmen and Others: Citizens' Protectors in Nine Countries. by Walter Gellhorn. Harvard.

Reader Letters August 1967
by Our Readers
Social Equality TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: ... George Lichtheim referred to "the oddities of Doctor Nkrumah" and "tribal bloodletting in Nigeria" ["Race Wars in the Making," Jan- uary].

September, 1967Back to Top
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Oscar Gass's defense of American intervention in Vietnam demonstrates the messianic beliefs and moral insensitivity of those “pragmatists” who find their little scale-model, games-theory concepts adequate to cope with the issues raised by the war [“China, Russia & the U.S.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: Possibly the most interesting note in James Q. Wilson's “A Guide to Reagan Country” [May] is the one on which he concludes.

The Review Board
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I have little quarrel with Milton Himmelfarb's contention [“Are Jews Still Liberals?” April] that the vote against the civilian review board in New York City's 1966 referendum was a vote against New Left demonstrations at Berkeley and Cambridge, occasionally excessive and unwarranted cries of police brutality at racial demonstrations in New York City and Philadelphia, and a variety of other symptoms of civic disorder.

Liberal Anti-Communism Revisited
by Our Readers
Introduction: Although some of the participants in this symposium would disagree, at least as to the consistency of their own political views over the past two decades, Richard H.

The Old Austria & The New Nazis
by Paul Lendvai
On one of the busy streets of downtown Vienna about two years ago, a young student walked up and down, collection box in hand, parading two placards: “Please spare something for Franz Novak!

Moving the Mikveh
by Sanford Ungar
Wilkes-Barre is a city of some 60,000 inhabitants in an economically depressed area of northeastern Pennsylvania. Earlier in this century, the region's rich deposits of anthracite (hard) coal supported a prosperous mining industry, but by 1961 employment in the mines had been reduced from a high of 67,000 (1926) to a mere 5,500 men.

Washington, D.C., by Gore Vidal
by Wilfrid Sheed
Affairs of State Washington, D.C. by Gore Vidal. Little, Brown. 377 pp. $6.95. Any panoramic novel, like any technicolor epic, is likely to seem trashy these days.

The Reconstruction of the Nation, by Rembert W. Patrick
by David Donald
Historical Synthesis The Reconstruction of the Nation. by Rembert W. Patrick. Oxford. 324 pp. $7.50. We know more about how quarrels among historians begin than about how they end.

Eustace Chisholm and the Works, by James Purdy
by Warren Coffey
The Incompleat Novelist Eustace Chisholm and the Works. by James Purdy. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 241 pp. $5.95. James Purdy was born in Ohio in 1923.

The Supreme Court Review, 1966, edited by Philip B. Kurland
by Abraham Goldstein
Advising the Court The Supreme Court Review, 1966. by Philip B. Kurland, University of Chicago. 400 pp. $8.95. The Supreme Court Review was launched in 1960 by Professor Philip Kurland of the University of Chicago Law School in an attempt to satisfy three objectives: to fill the need for “sustained, disinterested, and competent criticism of the professional qualities of the Court's opinions”; to serve as a bridge between law and political science in studying the Supreme Court as an institution; and to provide a forum to which educated laymen could turn for guidance on the work of the Court.

The Chosen, by Chaim Potok; The 28th Day of Elul, by Richard M. Elman; Thou Worm Jacob, by Mark Mirsky
by Baruch Hochman
The Jewish Vogue The Chosen. by Chaim Potok. Simon and Shuster. 284 pp. $4.95. The 28th Day of Elul. by Richard M. Elman. Scribners. 279 pp.

Reader Letters September 1967
by Our Readers
TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I have little quarrel with Milton Himmelfarb's contention ["Are Jews Still Liberals?" April] that the vote against the civilian review board in New York City's 1966 re- ferendum was a vote against New Left demonstrations at Berkeley and Cambridge, occasionally exces- sive and unwarranted cries of pol- ice brutality at racial demonstra- tions in New York City and Phila- delphia, and a variety of other symptoms of civic disorder.

October, 1967Back to Top
Israel & History
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Reading Professor J. L. Talmon's brilliant and fascinating article, “Israel Among the Nations” [June], is an experience which demands of the reader a re-examination of many a commonly held conception and of many a widespread belief. As a historian I have frequently pondered the real task of historiography: is it to chart an unknown historical ocean, to give shape to the mass of the historical past, to describe and analyze past upheavals; or is it to learn a lesson from history and to sense the upheavals to come? I recently came upon the following instructive passage by the historian, Simon Dubnow, written in 1898: .

On the Couch
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is reassuring to discover through Mr. Zimmerman's review of Dr. Wyss's book that Freud was completely mistaken (if not fraudulent) in his views.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: I read “The Last Marranos,” by Anita Novinsky and Amilcar Paulo [May], with great interest. Having served a congregation of Portuguese descent in Curacao for several years, I am acquainted with variations in some of the curious customs of the Belmonte Neo-Christians, some of which, it must be admitted, are Christian syncretisms, but others of which are obviously variations of authentic Sephardi Jewish customs dating back to the Golden Age of Iberian Jewry.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: In her review of Pamela Hansford Johnson's On Iniquity [May] Mary Ellmann did not even bother to drag out the standard “liberal” clichés on tolerance and free speech to rebut the book's argument.

Going to Market
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Ben B. Seligman's article [“The High Cost of Eating,” July] was of great interest to me as editor of a national trade publication serving the grocery-supermarket industry. Mr.

The Lessons of the Long Hot Summer
by Bayard Rustin
Toward the end of the long hot summer of 1967—a summer which saw riots in more than thirty-two cities and the death of nearly one hundred Negroes—Vice-President Humphrey was asked to comment on the assertion that the United States had spent $904 billion (or 57 per cent of the nation's budget) on military power since 1946, while spending only $96 billion (or six per cent) on social programs in the same period.

Israel & the Intellectuals
by Robert Alter
Even our “friends” are not likely to forgive that we were victorious—we have suddenly stripped them of the chance to pity us or even help us. —Elie Wiesel Three months after the war in the Middle East, it is becoming increasingly apparent that Israel's stunning victory, whatever its final effect in altering political maps, has knocked askew a whole row of stereotypes of the Jew in his relation to history, his location in existence.

In the Light of Israel's Victory
by Milton Himmelfarb
It's easy to forget. Here we are, some months later, and the news from Israel is of headache and annoyance, trouble and difficulty.

Is Communism Dead?
by George Lichtheim
London: Anniversaries notoriously bring out the historian in us all, and this year the pull is virtually irresistible. The half century from 1917 to 1967, it is true, has seen some upheavals which complicate the pattern: room must, after all, be found for the wars of 1914 and 1939.

Norman Mailer Today
by James Toback
In the late 50's, Norman Mailer's reputation still stood on The Naked and the Dead (1948), neither of his subsequent efforts, Barbary Shore (1951) and The Deer Park (1955), having quite convinced Mailer or anyone else that he was the major novelist he insisted he could become.

Liberalism According to Galbraith
by Michael Harrington
Liberalism, as it was known for a generation, died in November 1964. Whether it will be reborn remains to be seen. The occasion of the demise was, of course, the famous victory of Lyndon B.

The Voices of Newark
by Jervis Anderson
In newark, as in many other cities, the heart of the black ghetto—the Central Ward, or “the Hill,” as some of its residents call it—is uptown.

Asian Diary
by John Mander
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: “The West,” the Israeli diplomat was saying, “has a secret weapon it doesn't yet know about. More explosive then nuclear warheads where Southeast Asia is concerned, and at least as immoral.

Test of a Democracy: the Rescue of Danish Jewry in World War II, by Leni Yahil
by Eliezer Livneh
Saving the Jews Test of A Democracy: The Rescue of Danish Jewry in World War II (Hebrew). by Leni Yahil. The Magnes Press of the Hebrew University.

A Comprehensible World, by Jeremy Bernstein
by Martin Gardner
Explaining the World A Comprehensible World: On Modern Science and its Origins. by Jeremy Bernstein. Random House. 269 pp. $5.95. It is hard to tell, looking through mass circulation magazines, whether the two-culture gap in the United States is widening or narrowing.

Socrates and Aristophanes, by Leo Strauss
by Arnaldo Momigliano
Philosophy & Poetry Socrates and Aristophanes. by Leo Strauss. Basic Books. 326 pp. $8.50. Leo Strauss is right in reminding us that we must not assume too easily that the philosophers started the war against poetry.

The Essays of A. J. Muste, edited by Nat Hentoff
by George Woodcock
A Moral Man The Essays of A. J. Muste. by A. J. Muste. Edited by Nat Hentoff. Bobbs-Merrill. 513 pp. $10.00. What was intended by the editor and the publishers of The Essays of A.

A World Elsewhere, by Richard Poirier
by Warner Berthoff
Ambitious Scheme A World Elsewhere. by Richard Poirier. Oxford. 257 pp. $5.75. Richard Poirier's ambitious essay is another in the sequence of interpretive schematizations of American literary and cultural history appearing over the past fifteen years.

Paper Lion, by George Plimpton
by Brian Glanville
The Brutal Sport Paper Lion. by George Plimpton. Harper & Row. 362 pp. $5.95. There are worse ways of getting to know about a country than through its sports, and since America's two major national sports have been rejected by almost the whole of the rest of the world, they serve as an especially intriguing paradigm.

Reader Letters October 1967
by Our Readers
Going to Market TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Ben B. Seligman's article ["The High Cost of Eating," July] was of great interest to me as editor of a national trade publication serving the grocery-supermarket industry.

November, 1967Back to Top
Going to the Mikveh
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I enjoyed Sanford Ungar's “Moving the Mikveh” [September] and am somewhat apologetic about registering the following quibble. Ungar quotes me on the significance of the mikveh as a measure for determining who is a committed Orthodox Jew.

Author Defended
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . I was quite disappointed in the shabby, careless treatment Chaim Potok's novel, The Chosen, received from your reviewer, Baruch Hochman [September]. In the same issue your reviews of the secular books were handled seriously and at length, but this delicate, respectful, uniquely Jewish work was dismissed .

Whither Austria?
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As an ex-Austrian who has repeatedly visited his native country in the postwar period, I must testify, with a sorrowful heart, that Paul Lendvai's research [“The New Austria and The Old Nazis,” September] is above criticism.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: I tend to agree with Mr. Steel's thoughts in his “The ‘Yellow Peril’ Revisited” [June], hoping that opinions such as these will bring about a more flexible policy on the part of the present administration. I must ask, though, how far we are expected to go in encouraging nationalism among Asian countries? Must we put aside our opposing ideologies entirely? Mr.

Author Replies
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his long and thoughtful review of my book, Warrant for Genocide [July], Walter Laqueur has overlooked or misapprehended three points which are absolutely central to my argument and, in my view, absolutely indispensable to a full understanding of the exterminatory kind of anti-Semitism: In Christendom—and only in Christendom—Jews as a collectivity easily attract the projections associated with the image of the bad parent, both because Judaism stands in a parental relation to Christianity and because the God of the Jews has the attributes of a father but not of a son, while the God of the Christians has both.

Art & Politics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . I agree with your reviewer, Denis Donoghue, that John Harrison's book, The Reactionaries, is in many ways unsatisfactory [August].

The Six-Day War
by Our Readers
To the Editor: COMMENTARY has again performed a unique service with its four articles on the various aspects of the recent war in the Middle East [“Israel and World Politics,” by Theodore Draper; “Israel and the Arabs,” by Walter Laqueur; Israel and American Jewry,” by Arthur Hertzberg; “Letter from Sinai,” by Amos Elon; August].

The American Left & Israel
by Martin Peretz
It is hard to imagine what would happen to the intellectual and moral style of the Left if radicalism ever became the dominant force in American politics.

Henry Luce & His Time
by Joseph Epstein
Henry Luce died on February 28, 1967, but the mention of his name still manages to ignite passions all over the United States—and the world.

The Culture of Modernism
by Irving Howe
In the past hundred years we have had a special kind of literature. We call it modern and distinguish it from the merely contemporary; for where the contemporary refers to time, the modern refers to sensibility and style, and where the contemporary is a term of neutral reference, the modern is a term of critical placement and judgment.

Judaism, Christianity & the Western Tradition
by Hans Jonas
If one wishes to assess the respective roles of Jewish and Christian elements in the Western philosophical tradition, one is immediately confronted by two questions.

The Sound of Bob Dylan
by Ellen Willis
A year ago August, Bob Dylan had a motorcycle accident. Reports of his condition were vague, and he dropped out of sight.

Rise and Slay!
by John Thompson
Once only in all the years of American Negro slavery did slaves organize a revolt. This was in 1831, in Southampton County, Virginia, a half-century after the Declaration of Independence, a third of a century before the Civil War.

When He Is Bad
by Robert Alter
The kindest thing one can say about Philip Roth's new novel is that it is a brave mistake. It is easy enough to imagine how exasperated a writer of serious ambition must feel to find himself trapped, as Roth has been, by his own initial success, securely tucked away by the public into a special pigeonhole of genre writing.

Death in Life
by Theodore Solotaroff
It gets harder and harder to see Susan Sontag through the smoke of opinion that smolders away now on all sides of her work.

Children of Crisis, by Robert Coles
by Mary Ellmann
Psychiatry & Prejudice Children of Crisis: A Study of Fear. by Robert Coles. Atlantic-Little, Brown. 401 pp. $8.50. Some of these “children” are little, the rest look grown-up.

The New Listener's Companion and Record Guide, by B. H. Haggin; The Toscanini Musicians Knew, by B. H. Haggin
by Seymour Rudin
A Unique Critic The New Listener's Companion and Record Guide. by B. H. Haggin. Horizon. 333 pp. $7.50. The Toscanini Musicians Knew. by B. H.

Three Popes and the Jews, by Pinhas E. Lapide
by Guenter Lewy
Questions of Complicity Three Popes and the Jews. by Pinchas E. Lapide. Hawthorn. 386 pp. $6.95. Until further archival sources become available, it would seem that everything possible has been said about the silence of Pius XII in the face of the Nazis' murder of six million Jews.

John F. Kennedy and American Catholicism, by Lawrence H. Fuchs
by James O'Gara
Religion & Politics John F. Kennedy and American Catholicism. by Lawrence H. Fuchs. Meredith Press. 271 pp. $6.95. In accepting his party's nomination for the Presidency, John F.

Leon Blum: Humanist in Politics, by Joel Colton
by Annie Kriegel
The “Blum Phenomenon” Léon Blum. Humanist in Politics. by Joel Colton. Knopf. 512 pp. $10.00. At a time when Laborites and Socialists in France are celebrating the thirtieth anniversary of the Front Populaire, there has arrived from America the first biography of Léon Blum to be written by a historian.

Reader Letters November 1967
by Our Readers
The Six-Day War TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: COMMENTARY has again per- formed a unique service with its four articles on the various aspects of the recent war in the Middle East ["Israel and World Politics," by Theodore Draper; "Israel and the Arabs," by Walter Laqueur; Israel and American Jewry," by Arthur Hertzberg; "Letter from Sinai," by Amos Elon; August]. However, none of the articles men- tioned a fact which is of extreme concern to the United States: the tremendous political gains made by the Soviet Union in the after- math of the Six-Day War.

December, 1967Back to Top
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was so fascinated by Brian Glanville's review of Paper Lion [October] that I turned back to the cover of your magazine to verify it as COMMENTARY.

American Jewry
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Arthur Hertzberg's article in your August issue [“Israel and American Jewry”] suggests dismaying assumptions about secular Jews, the position today of Israel, and the same disturbing euphoria that has seized so many American Jews since the June victory. Do we really hope to become Old Testament warriors in the post-chivalric age? Do we, in fact, repudiate Hitler's victims or glibly compare their situation to that of Israel today? (If it were the same, there would be no need for Israel.) If we have not lost our brains, and if we have not lost our moral sense (surely family feeling, while natural in a crisis, is not the highest morality), we must face the fact that a military victory has not solved the problem of peace for Israel. Unless there is some objective facing of facts about Arab land and Arab refugees, Israel will find herself in the long run confronting the combined hostility not only of the Arabs, but also of Russia and probably China as well.

The Six-Day War
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Theodore Draper's penetrating survey of the third Arab-Israeli war is a perceptive recording of a complex chapter of world history.

The Mikveh, Cont'd
To the Editor: In an otherwise excellent article, [“Moving the Mikveh,” September], Sanford J. Ungar remarks that Jewish community centers in cities other than Wilkes-Barre are “usually run according to the tenets of Reform Judaism.” .

On the Left
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Reading your symposium on “Liberal Anti-Communism Revisited,” [September] I have been struck by the repeated statements about the breakup of the Soviet Empire and the growing independence of the Communist satellite countries.

The Legacy of Che Guevara
by Norman Gall
To the memory of Father John Higgins (1925-1967) of Nashville and La Paz, a servant of the Bolivian people who understood their revolution. Ernesto “Che” Guevara, who had come to be Latin America's most feared and famous professional revolutionary, died this October on the southern fringe of the Amazon basin, in a jungle area of tortured ravines where a thousand streams make their way from the Andean highlands into the wild continental heartland below.

The Origins of Human Bonds
by Selma Fraiberg
Konrad Lorenz has called it “the bond”1—the enduring ties that unite members of a species in couples, in groups, and in complex social organizations.

Reflections on S. Y. Agnon
by Gershom Scholem
In order to understand the genius of a contemporary Hebrew writer such as S. Y. Agnon it is necessary first to consider the nature of the Hebrew language before it became, once again, a normal means of communication, a language of children playing in the street.

What Happened in Greece
by Maurice Goldbloom
On March 12, 1947, President Harry S. Truman asked Congress to aid Greece to preserve a “way of life .

Stories about Terrible Things
by John Thompson
The polish writer Tadeusz Borowski was twenty-one years old and had just published his first poems when the Germans put him in a concentration camp, in 1943.

by Robert Garis
I take the Chance of writing about Bergman's Persona so long after its first showing because this seems to me a movie there's no hurry about.

Two New Plays
by Jack Richardson
For many critics, the history of Western drama is viewed as a sort of socio-aesthetic revolution, whereby tragedy's marginal personae gradually edge kings, Fausts, and aristocratic lovers from center-stage so that room may be made for smaller passions, prose and theories of a natural action style.

Disraeli Reconsidered
by Franz Oppenheimer
The Lord himself is the portion of mine inheritance. Psalms 16:6. It is doubtful whether any of the great Victorian statesmen who made England the leading power in the 19th century could have passed a modern loyalty and security check.

The Republican Establishment, by Stephen Hess and David S. Broder
by Andrew Hacker
GOP Prospects The Republican Establishment. by Stephen Hess and David S. Broder. Harper & Row. 416 pp. $7.95. It is just conceivable, come January of 1969, that the nation will have a Republican President.

The Aryanization of the Jewish State, by Michael Selzer
by Shlomo Avineri
One Man's Israel The Aryanization of the Jewish State: A Polemic. by Michael Selzer. Black Star Books. 119 pp. $5.00. Anyone who has ever perused a John Birch Society pamphlet about the Communist Conspiracy will experience a similar sensation on reading this little book about Israel and Zionism.

The Lawyers, by Martin Mayer
by David Bazelon
Legal Survey The Lawyers. by Martin Mayer. Harper & Row. 586 pp. $8.95. With this sizable book representing a six-year effort, Martin Mayer takes his dearly earned place as America's leading amateur lawyer.

Discourse on Thinking, by Martin Heidegger
by Lionel Abel
Varieties of Reason Discourse on Thinking. by Martin Heidegger. Harper & Row. 93 PP. $3.50. If Harper & Row wanted the public to read Heidegger, would they have got out his Discourse on Thinking? The tiny volume includes “Memorial Address” given by the philosopher (in Messkirch, on October 15, 1955, at the celebration of the 175th birthday of the composer Conradin Kreutzer), and also a conversation piece (one could hardly call it a dialogue) : “Conversation on a Country Path About Thinking.” The Address and the Conversation take up only fifty-five pages, so that the introduction to the book by John M.

Reader Letters December 1967
by Our Readers
On the Left TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Reading your symposium on "Liberal Anti-Communism Revisit- ed," [September] I have been struck by the repeated statements about the breakup of the Soviet Empire and the growing independ- ence of the Communist satellite countries.

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