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January, 1971Back to Top
Taking Issue
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Not only has Norman Podhoretz become “mildly conservative” [“Laws, Kings, and Cures,” October 1970] but, like the conservatives, largely negative; and like William Buckley, who might as well be on COMMENTARY's staff now, so snide—here I am thinking of the ladies Decter and Rabinowitz.

The Urban Crisis (Cont'd)
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In my critique [“Is the Urban Crisis Real?,” Controversy, Novvember 1970] of Irving Kristol's essay, “Urban Civilization & Its Discontents” [July 1970], I raised the question whether the propensity of intellectuals to conceive of crisis in contemporary American society derives from empirical fact—reality as it is perceived by people and the demonstrable workings of institutions—or from something else.

Radicals: Right, Left, & Center
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I liked “On Being Deradicalized” [October 1970] very much but I think it's wrong for either Nathan Glazer or Norman Podhoretz to assume that they have moved to the Right or become any less “radical” than they were before.

The Black Panthers
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Tom Milstein, in his perceptive article on the Panthers [“A Perspective on the Panthers,” September 1970], gives us a searching and persuasive analysis of the Black Panther party, but in doing so makes assumptions that will not stand the test of objective analysis.

Author's Puzzlement
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Herbert N. Schneidau's review of my book, The New Reformation [November 1970], was not unfriendly, and I raise the following point in sincere puzzlement: By actual (generous) count, about 60 pages of the book have a direct or indirect connection with the Youth Movement.

Criticism & Identity
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Robert Alter's “Eliot, Lawrence, and the Jews” [October 1970] is one of the most penetrating and thoughtful essays in criticism that I have read in a long time.

Redemption Through Politics
by Norman Podhoretz
For me—though I would imagine that much the same would be true for anyone who has been living with at least some degree of intellectual alertness through the polemical agitations of this highly politicized era in which we all unhappily find ourselves—the experience of reading Gershom Scholem's “The Holiness of Sin” (p.

Judging the Chicago Trial
by Alexander Bickel
Julius Hoffman, Thomas Foran, William Kunstler, Tom Hayden, David Dellinger, Rennie Davis, Bobby Seale, Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin—these are, like Spiro Agnew, household names we owe to the benighted summer of 1968, though we have acquired them gradually since.

The Holiness of Sin
by Gershom Scholem
Since its original appearance in Hebrew in the mid-30's under the title “Mitzvah ha-ba'ah ba-Averah,” Gershom Scholem's study of those Jews of the 18th and 19th centuries who clung to their belief in the Messiahship of Sabbatai Zevi even after his conversion to Islam, has been widely regarded as one of the classics of modern Jewish scholarship and one of the great works of the historical imagination in our time.

Crime & the Liberal Audience
by James Wilson
A frenzied and often acrimonious campaign seems to have produced election results that on the whole are moderate, conventional, and reasonable.

Land Without Jews
by Herbert Gold
The Republic of Haiti was a land without Jews except in myth and memory. There was no congregation and no cemetery, but there were a few visitors.

The Aristocrat in Local Politics
by Roger Starr
Most of us were told long ago that the old-time city politician, his status built on jobs for election captains and Thanksgiving baskets for the needy, had slipped, mastodon-like, into extinction.

Three Easy Pieces
by William Pechter
Robert Dupea, the alienated hero of Five Easy Pieces, was a concert pianist, and has become an oil rigger. Among the various questions which may occur to you while watching the film are: Why has he dropped out? From what is he alienated? Was there any period of transition between his having been a pianist and having become a laborer? Did music ever really mean anything in his life? And is it music or something else that he means when he says to his father, late in the film, “Anyway, we both know I was never that good at it”? Among the questions which occurred to me was: How did this modest film of modest virtues, the equivalent in films of what is usually thought of as a good “first novel,” ever manage to elicit such extravagant press notices as are being quoted in the ads for it?—and this question provoked in me a good deal more real curiosity than did any of the others. I have no certain answer to the last question, and Five Easy Pieces provides none to the others.

The Rape of Tamar, by Dan Jacobson
by Herbert Schneidau
Desire & Gratification The Rape of Tamar. by Dan Jacobson. Macmillan. 224 pp. $5.95. One danger is that Dan Jacobson's new novel will be taken by those who do not know his earlier books as a costume drama or a laboriously researched period piece.

You Might As Well Live, by John Keats
by Joseph Epstein
No Joking Matter You Might As Well Live: The Life and Times of Dorothy Parker. by John Keats. Simon and Schuster. 319 pp.

The Wineskin and the Wizard, by Michael Selzer; Zionism Reconsidered, edited by Michael Selzer
by Hillel Halkin
“Normalizing” the Jews The Wineskin and the Wizard: The Problem of Jewish Power in the Context of East European Jewish History. by Michael Selzer. Macmillan.

Words for a Deaf Daughter, by Paul West
by Johanna Kaplan
Beyond Words Words for a Deaf Daughter. by Paul West. Harper and Row. 188 pp. $5.95. What can you say of a man who writes a book celebrating the deafness of his own child? Or of a culture that accepts and applauds such a book on its own terms? This book and its reception assume the kind of inversion of values we slide over from familiarity and from the fear of being thought unsophisticated: deaf is better, though it's obviously worse; we are all handicapped—most especially those, the “so-called competent,” who are so graceless that they don't even know it.

Reader Letters January 1971
by Paul Goodman
Criticism & Identity TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Robert Alter's "Eliot, Lawrence, and the Jews" [October 1970] is one of the most penetrating and thoughtful essays in criticism that I have read in a long time.

February, 1971Back to Top
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In the December 1970 COMMENTARY there appears a letter I wrote in response to a piece by Dorothy Rabinowitz in the September 1970 COMMENTARY.

Women's Lib & the Liberated Woman
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Although I am tempted to reply to the catty tone of Midge Decter's article [“The Liberated Woman,” October 1970], I shall try to take her seriously.

The Tribe of the Wicked Son
by Norman Podhoretz
No one knows how many Jews either belong to or actively support or lazily acquiesce in the attitudes of “the party of revolution,” as Walter Laqueur (p.

Revolutionism & the Jews:1 - New York and Jerusalem
by Walter Laqueur
Concerning the participation of Jews, or lapsed Jews, in left-wing politics during the last century, two basic facts stand out: the prominent role they have played at one time or another, and their subsequent disappearance from positions of influence and command.

Revolutionism & the Jews:2 - Appropriating the Religious Tradition
by Robert Alter
On telegraph avenue near the Berkeley-Oakland border, an easy walk from one of the cradles of hippie culture and still closer to the national headquarters of the Black Panther party, there is a billboard on which is written in six-foot-high letters this and nothing else: MAN, MYTH, AND MAGIC.

Revolutionism & the Jews:3 - The Role of the Intellectual
by Nathan Glazer
It is notoriously difficult to frame a definition of “intellectuals” that will serve for all times and all issues, but let me suggest a working one: Intellectuals are people who make a living from ideas, and are in varying degrees directly influenced by ideas.

The Future of the University
by Robert Nisbet
No one surveying the academic scene today can conclude other than that the American university is in an exceedingly precarious position.

The Pornography Caper
by Herbert Packer
Presidential commissions, as Elizabeth B. Drew once put it in the Atlantic, are often “self-inflicted hotfoots.” The tangled story of the Commission on Obscenity and Pornography serves as a paradigmatic example of the truth of this observation.

Musical Wastes
by Jack Richardson
There was once a handy mode of argument available to those who felt the need to be positive about the achievements of the American theater.

An Aesthete at the Movies
by Andrew Sarris
I encountered Parker Tyler for the first time back in the very late 40's (either in 1948 or '49) when he came to Columbia to deliver a lecture on the artist as a movie character in both the literal and colloquial sense.

Nixon Agonistes, by Garry Wills
by Marcus Cunliffe
An End to Liberalism? Nixon Agonistes: The Crisis of the Self-Made Man. by Garry Wills. Houghton-Mifflin. 617 pp. $10.00. Attacks on “liberalism” are nothing new in contemporary America.

The Voice that is Great Within Us, edited by Hayden Carruth
by David Bromwich
Poetry Collecting The Voice That Is Great Within Us: American Poetry of the Twentieth Century. by Hayden Carruth. Bantam Books. 722 pp. $1.95. Anthologizing is a luckless game, and one to be avoided by all men blessed with sanity and precarious good taste.

Jews and Freemasons in Europe: 1723-1939, by Jacob Katz
by Norman Cohn
Conspiracy Myth Jews and Freemasons in Europe, 1723-1939. by Jacob Katz. Harvard. 293 pp. $11.00 This book suffers from a highly inappropriate title. Viewed as a study of Jews and Freemasons in Europe, it would be inadequate and indeed misleading; but substitute “Germany” for “Europe” and many of its faults drop away.

The Wartime Journals of Charles A. Lindbergh
by Louis Berg
The Lone Eagle The Wartime Journals of Charles A. Lindbergh. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 1038 pp. $12,95. This book runs to over a thousand pages and weighs slightly over three-and-a-half pounds.

Reader Letters February 1971
by Midge Decter
Women's Lib & the Liberated Woman To THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Although I am tempted to reply to the catty tone of Midge Decter's article ["The Liberated Woman," October 1970], I shall try to take her seriously.

March, 1971Back to Top
The German Left
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “With a few major exceptions, the German intellectual Left was solidly Jewish”—such a statement could be read every day in the Nazi press, but it is amazing to find it in the pages of COMMENTARY [in Lewis D.

Albert Speer: Two Views
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I have just finished reading both Albert Speer's Inside the Third Reich and Lucy Dawidowicz's article [“In Hitler's Service,” November 1970].

by Our Readers
To the Editor: Norman Podhoretz's major thesis [“The Idea of Crisis” November 1970] is that the “crisis-mongering” that characterizes much social criticism of late, although often masquerading as something else, is actually a means (whether conscious or unconscious) of manipulating us emotionally toward some form of police-state.

The Case of the “New York Review”
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his dissection of the New York Review [“The Case of the ‘New York Review,’” November 1970], Dennis Wrong rhetorically asks if my recent criticism of Steven Kelman's Push Comes to Shove “is not tantamount” to urging that the truth about the wrong-doings of the Left should be suppressed.

Adversaries or Critics?
by Norman Podhoretz
Daniel P. Moynihan (p. 41) is right, of course: the attitudes of the adversary culture have more and more come to influence the way in which the daily press, the news weeklies, and the television networks report on public affairs.

The Presidency & the Press
by Daniel Moynihan
As his years in Washington came to an end, Harry S. Truman wrote a friend: I really look with commiseration over the great body of my fellow citizens, who, reading newspapers, live and die in the belief that they have known something of what has been passing in the world in their time. A familiar Presidential plaint, sounded often in the early years of the Republic and rarely unheard thereafter.

“Worthy Editor . . .” Selections from the Bintel Brief
by Our Readers
The “Bintel Brief” [“A Bundle of Letters”] has been in existence since 1906, when the editors of the Jewish Daily Forward—the largest and most influential Yiddish daily in America—first opened its pages to inquiries from its readers.

Sexism in the Head
by Arlene Croce
There is a point in life when every woman is a feminist. Generally it's in the college years when ideas have more glamor and excitement than they ever will have again, or in the first years out on a job, which teach the truth of feminist books and pamphlets.

The Advocate
by Dorothy Rabinowitz
Affability is native to his spirit, as clear skin and good health habits to his person. His dress, his grooming, and the stylish deployment of his features reflect the harmony of a young man on excellent terms with his resources.

Beyond Particularism: On Ethical Culture & the Reconstructionists
by Michael Meyer
The intellectual history of modern Jewry is singularly repetitive. As early as the 18th century, West European Jewish intellectuals defined the basic problem of retaining Jewish identity in a world both attractive and at the same time manifesting varying degrees of hostility.

Bunuel's Art
by William Pechter
I've now had occasion in two of my last three appearances in COMMENTARY to mention the work of Luis Buñuel as a mark by which to measure the shortcomings of those films under discussion.

Crime in America, by Ramsey Clark
by James Wilson
The Moralist Crime in America. by Ramsey Clark. Simon and Schuster. 436 pp. $6.95.One of the major political and intellectual problems of the 1960's was to find and defend a constructive, responsible position on the issue of predatory crime, a position that recognized the gravity of the problem without feeding the hysteria about it and that offered approaches which avoided either the shrill demands of the far Right for the impeachment of Supreme Court justices or the blind self-destructiveness of the far Left in its opposition to any anti-crime measure because it would be “anti-black” or “anti-young.”Ramsey Clark, one might have supposed, was ideally suited for that difficult task.

Crisis in the Classroom, by Charles Silberman
by Samuel McCracken
The School Problem   Crisis in the Classroom: The Remaking of American Education. by Charles E. Silberman. Random House. 553 pp. $10.00. Charles E. Silberman's big book has been received with pretty general cries of hosanna.

Mark Twain: An American Prophet, by Maxwell Geismar
by Peter Shaw
Partisan View   Mark Twain: An American Prophet. by Maxwell Geismar. Houghton Mifflin. 574 pp. $10.00. The Mark Twain controversy is a dispute about America.

God's First Love, by Friedrich Heer
by A. Eckardt
Christian Anti-Semitism God's first love: Christians and Jews over two thousand years. by Friedrich Heer. Translated by Geoffrey Skelton. Weybright and Talley. 530 pp.

Radical Chic and Mau-Mauing the Flak Catchers, by Tom Wolfe
by Joseph Epstein
The Party's Over . . . Radical Chic and Mau-Mauing the Flak Catchers. by Tom Wolfe. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 153 pp. $5.95. The Leonard Bernsteins' evening with the Black Panthers was not an event parallel to the draining away of moral authority in the French monarchy under Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette during the last days of the ancien régime.

Reader Letters March 1971
by Dennis Wrong
TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: In his dissection of the New York Review ["The Case of the 'New York Review,'" November 1970], Dennis Wrong rhetorically asks if my recent criticism of Steven Kelman's Push Comes to Shove "is not tantamount" to urging that the truth about the wrong-doings of the Left should be suppressed. Answering his own question in the affirmative, he goes on to equate my views with those of apologists for Stalinism and various other un- worthy causes. I intended no such implication. Mr.

April, 1971Back to Top
The Scranton Report
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Whether the Report of the Commission on Campus Unrest is beneficent, harmful, or merely innocuous (I adopt Robert Nisbet's formulation [“An Epistle to the Americans,” December 1970]) depends largely on how the contents are reported.

Ethical Culture
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . When I turned to Milton Himmelfarb's “The Topless Tower of Babylon” [December 1970], I suppose I expected something on sex and/or Armageddon, both of which were available in another article.

The Free Speech Movement
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The view of the Free Speech Movement which Nathan Glazer propounds in his article [“On Being Deradicalized,” October 1970] is one widely divergent from my own observations as a member of both the Central Staff and the Executive Committee of the FSM.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: Although reading Stanley Rothman's review of my book, The Coming Crisis in Western Sociology [Books in Review, December 1970], leaves no doubt that we differ on many issues, I take comfort in the fact that we do share one human quality, namely, a capacity for confusion.

French Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Renee Winegarten's article [“Jews in the Mind of France,” November 1970] perfectly describes those subterranean currents in the spiritual tradition of France.

American Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Earl Raab's jeremiad [“The Deadly Innocences of American Jews,” December 1970], or at least that portion of it wherein he posits the notion that America's political environment is generally becoming more hostile to Jews, seems unwarranted by the present reality.

The Uses of Pain
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Johanna Kaplan is eloquent in her distaste for noxious inversions of sickness and health, misery and joy, that flourish under the lay celebration of pronouncements like those of R.

Speak of the Devil
by Norman Podhoretz
In the playful spirit of Milton Himmelfarb's piece on the movement to limit population growth (p. 37), let us imagine for a moment that the Devil really exists.

A Plague of Children
by Milton Himmelfarb
I We must turn to a course of reducing the size of the human population overt the next few centuries .

Rediscovering American Labor
by Penn Kemble
It has been almost two decades since the labor movement went out of fashion among liberal and radical intellectuals. Today it is apparent that something of a change is taking place.

Notes of a Substitute Teacher
by Peter Berlinrut
The pickings in my more wonted fields (the arts) had gotten slimmer and slimmer. One day when they seemed to have reached a final hard zero I came to a decision: I would offer myself as a substitute high-school teacher.

Telling “Truth” to Power
by Edmund Stillman
It is more than twenty-five years now since the United States, emerging from what many then still hoped would prove a short-term military intervention in European and Asian affairs, confronted the wreckage of the pre-war international system behind which the Republic had been sheltered from its infancy.

The Figure of the Dybbuk
by Harold Fisch
Raymond, Raymond, thou art     mine! Raymond, Raymond, I am thine. In thy veins while blood shall     roll,             I am thine!             Thou art mine. Mine thy body, mine thy soul! The figure of the revenant—in the form of a ghost or in some other shape—stalks through Romantic literature.

Four-Party Race?
by Herbert Margulies
In a recent syndicated column, Roscoe Drummond—articulating in public what many have been saying in private—suggests the possibility of a four-party race in 1972, similar to that of 1948.

Shakespeare and Beckett
by Jack Richardson
A Midsummer Night's Dream is one of the few plays by Shakespeare that appear to have no definite source. No known Roman text, Italian narrative, native chronicle, or earlier play provides the basis for this mixture of English rusticity and Greek myth.

Equal Time
by William Pechter
Alex in Wonderland is about a crisis in the life and art of a young film director in Hollywood, searching for a new project and life style with the success of his first film just behind him.

Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom, by James MacGregor Burns
by R.H.S. Crossman
Wartime Leader Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom. by James MacGregor Burns. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 722 pp. $10.00. Is there really such a thing as contemporary history? Or does journalism stop and history begin when the concepts and emotions of the participants are no longer shared by those who write and read about them? It is tempting to contrast the historian's imagination brooding over the evidence with the immediacy of the journalist busily chronicling contemporary events.

Cocteau, by Francis Steegmuller; Professional Secrets: An Autobiography of Jean Cocteau, writings selected by Robert Phelps
by Renee Winegarten
La Vie du Poète Cocteau. A Biography. by Francis Steegmuller. Atlantic-Little Brown. 583 pp. $12.50. Professional secrets: An autobiography of Jean Cocteau. Writings selected by Robert Phelps; translated by Richard Howard.

New York Jews and the Quest for Community, by Arthur A. Goren
by Ronald Sanders
Highmindedness New York Jews and the Quest for Community: The Kehillah Experiment, 1908-1922. by Arthur A. Goren, Columbia University Press. 361 pp. $10.00. Earlier in the century, spanning the years 1908 to 1922, a curious and rather highminded experiment in local community organization was carried out in New York under the initiative of some of the city's most prominent Jewish residents.

The Rebirth of Europe, by Walter Laqueur
by Anthony Hartley
Comeback The Rebirth of Europe: A History of the Years since the Fall of Hitler. by Walter Laqueur. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 434 pp.

Good-bye Union Square, by Albert Halper
by Louis Berg
Personal Memoir Good-bye, Union Square. by Albert Halper. Quadrangle Press. 275 pp. $6.95. Albert Halper's cool account of his experiences in the literary and radical milieu of the 1930's should not be judged as a picture of the times.

Reader Letters April 1971
by Nathan Glazer
The Uses of Pain TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Johanna Kaplan is eloquent in her distaste for noxious inversions of sickness and health, misery and joy, that flourish under the lay celebration of pronouncements like those of R.

May, 1971Back to Top
Law Enforcement, Crime, & Public Policy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: James Q. Wilson [“Crime & the Liberal Audience,” January] chides the liberals for having allowed the political Center and Right to preempt the battle against crime.

Meeting Jews
by Our Readers
Meeting Jews   To the Editor: “Land Without Jews” by Herbert Gold [January] was written with admirable sensitivity. Mr. Gold had the rather rare opportunity to meet Jews in a situation where they were living their religion and/or heritage entirely from within.

Judaism & Politics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Hillel Halkin's review of The Wineskin and the Wizard and Zionism Reconsidered [Books in Review, January] was compounded of a joyously vicious and propagandistic mixture of distortion, innuendo, half-truth, and plain name-calling which placed it securely in the tradition of Jewish reaction that many of us now associate with COMMENTARY magazine.

Relevance & Sin
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . I learned much from reading Gershom Scholem's “The Holiness of Sin” [January]. . . .

by Our Readers
To the Editor: The “strange little production” which David Bromwich does not deign to mention by name in his review of another anthology, The Voice That Is Great Within Us, edited by Hayden Carruth [Books in Review, February], is, I presume, Quest for Reality: An Anthology of Short Poems in English, selected by Yvor Winters and Kenneth Fields (Chicago, Swallow Press, 1969). Mr.

The Councilman
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Roger Starr's characterization of Councilman Carter Burden [“The Aristocrat in Local Politics,” January] as an aristocrat who speaks with an inflammatory tongue is most unfair and unjust. The proof offered for this assertion is the strident voice in which Mr.

Film Buffs & Critics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “Historicity”? Could Andrew Sarris [“An Aesthete at the Movies,” February] be kidding? No, he could not. Kidding is too subtle for him.

Judging the Chicago Trial
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Alexander M. Bickel's article on the Chicago trial [“Judging the Chicago Trial,” January] suffers from the same faults he attributes to Jason Epstein's book, including pretentiousness, lack of candor, and argument by insinuation and sleight of pen. First, a relatively small point, but one made large by Mr.

A Note on Vietnamization
by Norman Podhoretz
Nathan Glazer (p. 33) tells us that he is embarrassed to add to the millions upon millions of words which have already been written on Vietnam.

Vietnam: The Case for Immediate Withdrawal
by Nathan Glazer
One is embarrassed to add new words on Vietnam. Already there have been millions, and despite the good sense so many of them have shown, they have as yet, after all these years, been unable to sway the American government, through three successive administrations, to desist from a disastrous policy which can only be carried out, whatever the intentions of those at the top, by cruel and inhuman methods.

A Look at Israel
by Midge Decter
It is impossible, of course, to experience Israel as one might, or even might not, experience any other place on earth.

Inventing the Young
by Joseph Adelson
I was recently told the following story: A nationally known authority on the young was asked to speak to an adult audience in his community.

Covenant A Story
by Kelly Cherry
I met Felix—that's Seligman, I called him in our conversation—on the twenty-third of December, 1966. I remember the date because it was the date of my wedding.

The City in Literature
by Irving Howe
Simplicity, at least in literature, is a complex idea. Pastoral poetry, which has been written for more than two thousand years and may therefore be supposed to have some permanent appeal, takes as its aim to make simplicity complex.

Scenes from a “Special” Classroom
by Johanna Kaplan
The first time I saw the classroom that was later to become mine, none of the children was in it, and so it was empty of what made it unusual.

Founders & Fur Traders
by Louis Berg
On September 30, 1847, when the founding father of Montgomery, Alabama, cradle city of the Southern Confederacy, had reached his ninetieth year, he was visited by a reporter for the Montgomery Flag and Advertiser, Albert James Pickett, who was later to write the official history of the State of Alabama.

Of a Fire on the Moon, by Norman Mailer
by John Sisk
Aquarius Rising Of a Fire on the Moon. by Norman Mailer. Little, Brown. 472 pp. $7.95. In a sense, this book was the inevitable next move for a writer who, having pitted himself against the likes of the late Sonny Liston, the Pentagon, Lyndon Johnson, and the mayor of Chicago, found himself running out of sufficiently testing opposition.

Paganism-Christianity-Judaism, by Max Brod
by Arthur Cohen
Return to Judaism Paganism-Christianity-Judaism: A Confession of Faith. by Max Brod. Translated from the German by William Wolf. University of Alabama Press. 274 pp.

Families Against the City; The Uses of Disorder, by Richard Sennett
by Melvyn Dubofsky
Magical Mystery Tour Families Against the City: Middle-Class Homes of Industrial Chicago, 1872-1890. by Richard Sennett. Harvard University Press. 258 pp. $8.50. The Uses of Disorder: Personal Identity and City Life. by Richard Sennett. Knopf.

The Beautiful People's Beauty Book, by Luciana Pignatelli
by Anne Hollander
Skin Deep The Beautiful People's Beauty Book. by Princess Luciana Pignatelli, as told to Jeanne Molli. McCall. 122 pp. $5.95. Beauty manuals have existed in Western culture for centuries, ever since Ovid's Ars Amatoria and probably before.

A Percentage of the Take, by Walter Goodman
by Roger Starr
Morality Play A Percentage of the Take. by Walter Goodman. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 222 pp. $6.95. The Marcus case broke in December 1967, with headlines announcing that James Marcus, Mayor Lindsay's Commissioner of Water Supply, Gas, and Electricity, had resigned under fire.

Reader Letters May 1971
by Alexander Bickel
Chicago, Chicago TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Alexander M. Bickel's article on the Chicago trial ["Judging the Chicago Trial," January] suffers from the same faults he attributes to Jason Epstein's book, including pretentiousness, lack of candor, and argument by insinuation and sleight of pen.

June, 1971Back to Top
To Be Sure
by Our Readers
To the Editor: How about a moratorium on “to be sure”? I counted nine in the February issue. . . .

Preventive Detention in Israel
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was astonished to read in Alan M. Dershowitz's article, “Terrorism and Preventive Detention: The Case of Israel” [December 1970], facts and views imputed to me which are untrue. Let me first of all declare that I never was Fawzi El-Asmar's lawyer, as Mr.

Jewish Radicalism in America
by Our Readers
The following letters refer mainly to the articles which appeared under the overall heading “Revolutionism and the Jews” in our February 1971 issue: “New York and Jerusalem” by Walter Laqueur, “Appropriating the Religious Tradition” by Robert Alter, and “The Tribe of the Wicked Son” by Norman Podhoretz.—Ed. _____________ To the Editor: Most everyone of the “religious type” smiles wryly when he hears the quip, “Converts are the worst kind.” They either know from experience, or have heard, that those born to a religious tradition frequently do not match the zeal with which a convert approaches his new religious identity.

Seducer of the Innocent
by Norman Podhoretz
The distinction Samuel McCracken (p. 43) draws between the drugs of habit (tobacco, alcohol, heroin) and the drugs of belief (marijuana, mescaline, LSD) is useful and illuminating but I wonder whether the drugs of belief, and especially marijuana, are quite so free of habit-forming properties as is often supposed.

The Drugs of Habit & the Drugs of Belief
by Samuel McCracken
If any man doubt the question of drugs1 to be increasingly confused, even bizarre, let him recall that between January 9 and January 13, 1971 the Algiers pad of the Reverend Dr.

Doing History
by J.H. Hexter
Some years ago, Ved Mehta wrote for the New Yorker magazine a series of articles on the practice of history.

Sensibility in the 60's
by Daniel Bell
Each decade—we think now of decades or generations as the units of social time—has its hallmarks. That of the 1960's was a political and cultural radicalism.

Agnon's Last Word
by Robert Alter
The novelist of today . . . cannot quite believe in . . . his finite world. That is, the existence of Highbury or the Province of O—is rendered improbable, unveracious, by Buchenwald and Auschwitz, the population curve of China, and the hydrogen bomb. —Mary McCarthy, The Humanist in the Bathtub Anyone for whom novels have mattered must surely at times be troubled by the sort of doubt Mary McCarthy raised some years ago in one of her most intelligent, and disquieting, essays, “The Fact in Fiction.” In a century of scarcely imaginable historical outrages, what, after all, is one to do with a literary form so sturdily commonsensical, concerned as it traditionally has been with the realistic rendering of ordinary experience, the potential of revelation in trivia, the gossipy side of human intercourse, the petty frustrations, sordidness, or sheer banality of local scenes and personal relations? Mary McCarthy states this dilemma of the contemporary novelist with painful sharpness: “If he writes about his province, he feels its inverisimilitude; if he tries, on the other hand, to write about people who make lampshades of human skin, like the infamous Use Koch, he feels still more the inverisimilitude of what he is asserting.” The work of S.Y.

The Young Weizmann
by Chaim Raphael
What kind of book tells us most about history—the straight “objective” story from A to Z, or the book with fragmentary but living echoes of the past, where the historian keeps in the background and we are free to build up our own response to the voices we hear? Something of this direct personal contact with history is offered us in the first two volumes now issued of what is to be a massive venture—the publication in twenty-six volumes of all the letters and papers of Chaim Weizmann, first President of Israel.1 It is a great conception, not merely to put everything “on the record” but to open the door in a most imaginative way to a uniquely creative period of Jewish history.

Rio Lobotomy
by William Pechter
Andre Hodeir, the French music critic, once wrote an essay entitled “Why Do They Age So Badly?” on the all but universal artistic decline of good and even great veteran jazzmen.

Military Justice Is to Justice as Military Music Is to Music, by Robert Sherrill
by Joseph Bishop
Against the Evidence Military Justice is to Justice as Military Music is to Music. by Robert Sherrill. Harper & Row. 234 pp. $6.95.

Khrushchev Remembers, translated and edited by Strobe Talbot
by Theodore Frankel
Proletarian Ruler Khrushchev Remembers. by Strobe Talbott with Introduction, Commentary, and Notes by Edward Crankshaw. Little, Brown. 639 pp. $10.00. When the young Karl Marx first extolled the dictatorship of the proletariat in the heady days of the pre-revolutionary 1840's, he doubtless had in mind a state of affairs much different from the rule of Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev a hundred and twenty years later.

The Goy, by Mark Harris
by Cynthia Ozick
Jews & Gentiles The Goy. by Mark Harris. Dial Press. 272 pp. $5.95. When a book by a writer with a large following drops into the void, one wonders why.

A White House Diary, by Lady Bird Johnson
by Dorothy Rabinowitz
Portrait of a Lady A White House Diary. by Lady Bird Johnson. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 791 pp. $10.95. No longer, if ever it was, a presence in our public life, the voice of a lady is, evidently, still marked by certain authenticating notes: it is still just perceptibly chilly to one's enemies, gracious to one's inferiors, loyal to one's clan.

Civilisation, by Kenneth Clark
by Theodore Rabb
The Scenic Tour Civilisation. by Kenneth Clark. Harper & Row. 378 pp. $15.00. The word “civilization” seems to have made its first appearance almost two hundred years ago, in 1772 to be precise, when Boswell suggested to Dr.

Reader Letters June 1971
by Earl Raab
Jewish Radicalism in America The following letters refer mainly to the articles which appeared under the overall heading "Rev- olutionism and the Jews" in our February 1971 issue: "New York and Jerusalem" by Walter Laqueur, "Appropriating the Religious Tra- dition" by Robert Alter, and "The Tribe of the Wicked Son" by Nor- man Podhoretz.-E. TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Most everyone of the "religious type" smiles wryly when he hears the quip, "Converts are the worst kind." They either know from ex- perience, or have heard, that those born to a religious tradition fre- quently do not match the zeal with which a convert approaches his new religious identity.

July, 1971Back to Top
The Good Old Days
by Our Readers
To the Editor: How wonderful—the selections from the Bintel Brief [“Worthy Editor,” March]. What glimpses they give us of a bygone age: bosses mistreating workers, men mistreating women, revolutionaries fighting oppression, Jews being persecuted and murdered, Jews losing their identity, Jewish girls looking for husbands, husbands deserting their families, policemen being brutal, etc., etc.

Research and a Report
by Our Readers
p>To the Editor: Herbert L. Packer's fair and judicious description of the astonishingly shoddy work of the Presidential Commission on Obscenity and Pornography [“The Pornography Caper,” February] leaves me distressed, and at a loss to explain why competent and honorable scientists allowed their names to be associated with parodying “science.” I also wish to add two points to those illuminated by Mr.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: I have but one fault to find with the excellent review by Louis Berg of The Wartime Journals of Charles A.

The Press and the President
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Daniel P. Moynihan was most kind and generous in his reference to me in “The Presidency & the Press” [March].

Repentance and a Stand
by Norman Podhoretz
Thinking about the situation in response to which men like Paul Goodman (p. 39) and Erich Heller (p. 47) have been driven—once again!—to make the case for literature; thinking about the hostility on all sides to literary values and the indifference to them where so recently there was respect, I found myself wryly remembering that once, as a practicing literary critic, I wrote the following sentences: “A literary critic ought—or so they tell me—to regard literature as an end in itself; otherwise he has no business being a literary critic.

An Apology for Literature
by Paul Goodman
1. Statements in literary works are taken seriously and men of letters are invited to confer with experts as if they had something useful to contribute.

Literature & Political Responsibility Apropos the “Letters of Thomas Mann”
by Erich Heller
1. Literature and Political Responsibility—a couple that have acquired some notoriety in the history of thought both by their mutual attraction and their ceaseless quarrels.

The Azhdanov Tailors A Story
by Christina Stead
Jan Kalojan organized some eight thousand Yiddish-speaking tailors in Poland. Before that, they had belonged to the Bund, an old-fashioned organization.

Memoirs of a Fraternity Man
by Joseph Epstein
I recently learned that my college fraternity, Phi Epsilon Pi, has become defunct, its chapters all over America having closed their doors and locked them for good, and I found myself unexpectedly sad at the news.

East Is West?
by Kathleen Nott
There will soon be no earthly reason why travel should not be done on a simulator. And space travel, it appears, might quite possibly be better done by unmanned craft, until, paradoxically, when we have transported enough of the earth's environmental conditions, the package-tourist may became persuaded that the planets are worth a visit. As things are, instant visual and auditory participation in the horrors of a war in Vietnam or a flood in Pakistan have gone a long way toward killing both imagination and sympathy, as well as the itch to go and see for oneself.

A Modern Master
by Norman Birnbaum
What characterizes masters of social thought? Surely it is not alone, or even primarily, the quality of justness in their perceptions, the capacity to be right.

Ibsen's Nora & Ours
by Jack Richardson
Occasionally life provides complementary moments of experience, making it seem as though existence were not after all simply a collection of random events upon which only an unsettled mind would think of imposing order.

Why Can't They Be Like Us? America's White Ethnic Groups, by Andrew Greeley
by Peter Berger
Inventing the Ethnics Why Can't they be Like Us? America's white Ethnic Groups. by Andrew Greeley. Dutton. 223 pp. $6.95. Andrew Greeley is one of the few sociologists who, for several years, has emphasized the continuing importance of white ethnicity in American society.

The Star of Redemption, by Franz Rosenzweig
by Michael Meyer
God, Man, World The Star of Redemption. by Franz Rosenzweig. Translated from the second edition of 1930 by William H. Hallo. Foreword by N.

The Imperial Self, by Quentin Anderson
by Harold Bloom
Starting from Emerson The Imperial Self: An Essay in American Literary and Cultural History. by Quentin Anderson. Knopf. 274 pp. $7.95. Quentin Anderson's “essay in American literary and cultural history,” a superb and outrageous book, sees our current counter-cultural rabblement as having started from Emerson.

Anti-Semitism Without Jews, by Paul Lendvai
by Maurice Friedberg
Wastelands Anti-Semitism without Jews: Communist Eastern Europe. by Paul Lendvai. Doubleday. 393 pp. $7.95. In a recent review of Paul Lendvai's new book, Vladimir Dedijer, the author of an idealized official biography of Tito and a true “internationalist,” informs us that the real anti-Semites in the world today are the “court Jews from Vienna, Moscow, Harvard, and Washington who despise their brothers who preach and fight for social equality and justice.” Coming in response to a book about anti-Semitism in Communist East Europe, Dedijer's remark is reminiscent of the old “What about lynchings in the South?” gambit with which any mention of Stalin's purges used to be greeted in certain circles in the 1930's.

Robert Frost: The Years of Triumph, 1915-1938, by Lawrance Thompson
by Dan Jacobson
Acquainted with the Night Robert Frost: The Years of Triumph, 1915-1938. by Lawrance Thompson. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 744 pp. $15.00. Imagine a famous poet, revered by the public for his wisdom and humanity, who attracts to him a young academic disciple; imagine that the disciple learns that behind his serene façade the poet is a vain, vindictive old hypocrite; that the disciple hides his shock and anger at the discovery, and as a result is rewarded with the task of composing the official biography; that for twenty years he follows the poet around, zealously gathering the material which he knows is going to destroy the other's public reputation after his death; that at last the old man dies, and two decades of accumulated bitterness can be given expression .

Reader Letters July 1971
by Louis Berg
The Press and the President TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Daniel P. Moynihan was most kind and generous in his reference to me in "The Presidency &8 the Press" [March].

August, 1971Back to Top
Two Movements
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Michael A. Meyer coupled two movements, Ethical Culture and Reconstructionism, in his article “Beyond Particularism” [March], which have only superficial similarities but profound differences.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is unfortunate that in his perceptive review of James MacGregor Burns's Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom [Books in Review, April] R.

Mark Twain & The Crtics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Peter Shaw's review of Mark Twain, An American Prophet by Maxwell Geismar [Books in Review, March] is both mean and petty.

Trade Unions
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I must correct a singularly unfortunate error which crept into Penn Kemble's article, “Rediscovering American Labor” [April]. Mr.

Christianity and Anti-Semitism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: We must be grateful to A. Roy Eckardt . . . for pointing out in his review [Books in Review, March] some of the severe flaws in Fried-rich Heer's recent book, God's First Love .

The Use of Statistics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Whatever other faults Ramsey Clark's Crime in America may have, misrepresentation of statistics is not one of them, despite James Q.

Public & Private Morality
by Our Readers
To the Editor: One reason thinkers hesitate to admit publicly to their changes of mind is that they know their opponents will take unfair advantage.

A Certain Anxiety
by Norman Podhoretz
In the last few years some of us—often to our own surprise and usually against our own will but at the ultimately irresistible command of instinct and judgment—have begun to feel a certain anxiety about the Jewish position in America.

What's Left?
by Roger Starr
Unless one experiences a sudden conversion, one of those emotional thunderclaps after which the world changes color before one's eyes, the process of shifting one's attitudes toward familiar institutions and policies hardly strikes one's attention more noticeably than the gradual process by which, we are told, the cells of the body replace themselves.

by Amos Oz
I It all began with outbreaks of discontent in the villages. Day by day bad omens began to appear in the poorer areas.

Stars and Celebrities
by Richard Schickel
Long before anyone saw it on film, it was a famous scene: the actor Rip Torn, without obvious provocation, attacking Norman Mailer with a hammer, taking him by surprise and, in the subsequent wrestle, getting his ear bitten by the startled writer, who was fighting back with whatever weapons the memory of former street brawls suggested. The encounter came when Mailer thought he had finished principal photography on Maidstone, his latest home movie (it cost over a quarter of a million dollars), but it was recorded by D.

Berkeley: A Tale of One City
by Paul Seabury
Berke-le-ian or Berke-ley-an . . . adj: of or relating to Bishop Berkeley or his system of philosophical idealism. .

“Never Again!”
by Milton Himmelfarb
Do not be like your fathers. . . . —Zechariah 1:4 Judaism is a tradition. The Jews are a community of memory, which is to say, of tradition.

Reading Robert Lowell
by David Bromwich
I Writing in 1944, from his perch atop the indomitable sway of the New Criticism and with a view of all its shining academic minions receding into the distance, Mr.

The Reputation of Eric Rohmer
by William Pechter
With Claire's Knee, one begins to see more clearly precisely what Eric Rohmer was up to in My Night at Maud's, and what the morality consists of in his “Six Moral Tales.” The setting is different, and the climate, and, to some considerable extent, the cast of characters, but the scheme of the two films is sufficiently the same to enable one to describe the latter film as a variation on the themes of the former.

The Many Americas Shall Be One, by Harrison E. Salisbury; Out of Place in America, by Peter Schrag; U.S. Journal, by Calvin Tril
by Walter Goodman
The Search For America The Many Americas Shall be One. by Harrison E. Salisbury. Norton. 204 pp. $6.50. Out of Place in America. by Peter Schrag. Random House.

The German Dictatorship, by Karl Dietrich Bracher; The Foreign Policy of Hitler's Germany, by Gerhard L. Weinberg
by Lucy Dawidowicz
Ideology and Policy The German Dictatorship: the Origins, Structure, and Effects of National Socialism. by Karl Dietrich Bracher. Translated by Jean Steinberg. Introduction by Peter Gay.

The Unknown Mayhew, by Eileen Yeo and E.P. Thompson
by Gertrude Himmelfarb
Poverty à La Mode The unknown mayhew. by Eileen Yeo and E. P. Thompson. Pantheon. 489 pp. $12.95. The historian who does not subscribe to the creed of “relevance,” who believes, indeed, that the best history is written without thought of contemporary relevance, is embarrassed by the occasions when history seems to be all too relevant.

Reader Letters August 1971
by Abraham Heschel
Public & Private Morality TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: One reason thinkers hesitate to admit publicly to their changes of mind is that they know their opponents will take unfair advan- tage.

September, 1971Back to Top
On Choosing Life
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As a Jew, as a member of that large and skeptical generation of postwar babies, and as an employee of Zero Population Growth, Inc., an organization of forty thousand people concerned with achieving population stability, I feel I must refute the “playful” arguments made by Milton Himmelfarb [“A Plague of Children,” April] and Norman Podhoretz [“Speak of the Devil,” Issues, April] about the ZPG movement, and more specifically, the implications of ZPG for the Jewish people. Both articles refuse to come to grips with one fact: there is only so much of this country.

The Workings of Military Justice
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I found Joseph W. Bishop, Jr.'s review of Robert Sherrill's Military Justice Is to Justice as Military Music Is to Music [Books in Review, June] extremely interesting, especially since I am the psychiatrist he mentions, the one who had the exchange with Captain Carlotti.

Jules and Jack
by William Pechter
By now, just about everyone has heard of the folkloric salesman whose reaction to Death of a Salesman is reported to have been, “Well, that New England territory never was any good.” From as valid, if off-center, a point of view, the film of Jules Feiffer's Little Murders might be taken as one long, belated (or premature, in the case of the play) Procaccino-for-mayor commercial.

Authenticity and the Modern Unconscious
by Lionel Trilling
One of the most salient characteristics of the culture of our time is the intense, we might say obsessive, concern with authenticity as a quality of the personal life and as a criterion of art.

The Limits of Social Policy
by Nathan Glazer
p>There is a general sense that we face a crisis in social policy, and in almost all its branches. Whether this crisis derives from the backwardness of the United States in social policy generally, the revolt of the blacks, the fiscal plight of the cities, the failure of national leadership, the inherent complexity of the problems, or the weakening of the national fiber, and what weight we may ascribe to these and other causes, are no easy questions to settle.

Building Jerusalem
by Hillel Halkin
When the will of the Creator turned to the building of Jerusalem, the mountains came and said: Build Thy city in the mountains with mountains all around it, so that it may be a sign to its inhabitants that they ascend ever upward. The sea came too and said: A city that is heaven's gate deserves to dwell by the sea, for as the waters of the sea are pure, so shall Jerusalem be pure.

How Jewish Quotas Began
by Stephen Steinberg
American Jews have an important stake in the nation's system of higher education. For second and third-generation Jews college was the major channel of upward mobility, and among young Jews today college attendance is practically universal.

On Ford Madox Ford
by Peter Shaw
Modern biography began as an attempt to look past the discreet veil thrown over public lives by official Victorian biographers.

The Israelis: Founders and Sons, by Amos Elon
by Robert Alter
Portrait of a Nation The Israelis: Founders and Sons. by Amos Elon. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 359 pp. $10.00. In the flood of recent works on Zionism, Israel, and the Middle East, Amos Elon's The Israelis stands out as a uniquely valuable book—valuable for its searching portrait of the classical Zionist character and the temper of Israel today, valuable also as an impressive document of the unflinching critical self-consciousness one sees more and more among younger Israeli intellectuals.

Boss: Richard J. Daley of Chicago, by Mike Royko
by Joseph Epstein
The Politician Boss: Richard J. Daley of Chicago. by Mike Royko. Dutton. 215 pp. $5.95. Until not too long ago, the general view of Chicago's longtime mayor, Richard J.

The Obituary Book, by Alden Whitman
by Werner Dannhauser
De Mortuis The Obituary Book. by Alden Whitman. Stein and Day. 284 pp. $7.95. Progress always dazzles, especially when we suddenly realize that something has improved without having previously been aware of its need for improvement. This thought has been prompted by Alden Whitman's selection of his thirty-seven favorite obituaries from the many he has written since 1964 in his capacity as Chief Obituary Writer of the New York Times.

Jesus and Israel, by Jules Isaac
by Arthur Cohen
Doctrine of Contempt Jesus and Israel. by Jules Isaac. Edited and with a Foreword by Claire Huchet Bishop. Translated by Sally Gran. Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

The Underground Man, by Ross Macdonald
by Richard Schickel
Detective Story The Underground Man. by Ross Macdonald. Knopf. 273 pp. $5.95. Not since W. S. Gilbert brought to jolly culmination the Victorian obsession with children who somehow mislay—or are mislaid by—their parents, has a writer been as successful with entertainments revolving around what might loosely be termed the Oedipal theme as Ross Macdonald.

Reader Letters September 1971
by Milton Himmelfarb
The Workings of Military Justice TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I found Joseph W. Bishop, Jr.'s review of Robert Sherrill's Military Justice Is to Justice as Military Mu- sic Is to Music [Books in Review, June] extremely interesting, espe- cially since I am the psychiatrist he mentions, the one who had the exchange with Captain Carlotti. Mr.

October, 1971Back to Top
An Absolute Pacifist
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The advantage in being an, absolute pacifist, I suppose, is that I can be what responsible people would call “irresponsible.” I don't have to consider what I would do if I were in Nixon's shoes, or how I can balance “realistically” my anti-authoritarianism (i.e., against opposing existing Communist structures) with my anti-militarism and non-violence.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Theodore K. Rabb's review of Kenneth Clark's Civilisation [Books in Review, June] seems to me to be an example of an instance where the critic insisted on comparing apples with oranges.

The Dubbuk-Archetype
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “The Figure of the Dybbuk” [April] Harold Fisch erroneously states that a Dybbuk obsessed Gemulah, the heroine of S.

The New Journalism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “The Presidency & the Press” [March] Daniel P. Moynihan inveighed against the press because it makes being President awkward.

Action Painting
by Our Readers
To the Editor: This is just to correct a few errors of fact and terminology in the references to me in Daniel Bell's “Sensibility in the 60's” [June].

Radicalism among the Young
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was pained and puzzled by Joseph Adelson's “Inventing the Young” [May]—pained because I have long thought of him as a friend whose work I respect, puzzled because I have no way of understanding the roots of his angry ad hominem comments like, “No doubt if [radicals] told [Keniston] they could walk on water he would believe that too.” In his querulous essay, Mr.

The Question of Drugs
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The puritanism of Samuel McCracken in “The Drugs of Habit and the Drugs of Belief” [June] goes much deeper than he seems to realize, though he does make the coy admission: “Yes, Virginia, the opposition to drugs contains a measure of puritanism.” Far more than a measure, I fear, in his opposition at least, and it does matter in assessing what Mr.

Doomsday Fears & Modern Life
by Norman Podhoretz
The kind of apocalyptic thinking to which Samuel McCracken (p. 61) directs his acerbic attention is, as apocalyptic thinking goes, a relatively mild and optimistic variety.

America after Vietnam
by Edmund Stillman
The redeeming feature of war is that it puts a nation to the test. As exposure to the atmosphere reduces mummies to instant dissolution, so war passes extreme judgment on social systems that have outlived their vitality. —Karl Marx, The Eastern Question The President of the United States, though he is not a man known for a reflective turn of mind, has lately been directing his thoughts—as his namesake Richard II was represented by Shakespeare to have done—to “sad stories of the death of kings” and indeed, in Mr.

From an Israeli Diary
by Walter Laqueur
When I returned to London the other day, it was with a sense of anti-climax, for throughout a long stay in Israel, I had felt more than usually elated.

Apocalyptic Thinking
by Samuel McCracken
For an observer with a moderately developed sense of history, and the most moderate standard of excellence, it can be an unbearable suspicion that his time and space may turn out to have been absolutely undistinguished.

Custom and Costume A Story
by Alan Goldfein
I am a professor of Jewish Studies at a very respectable American university. So it is not unusual that I found myself at a certain stage in my life becoming more and more intrigued (obsessed, I might say; compelled is, perhaps, too strong; yet it is a correct description for the feelings that swayed me some of the time) with an interesting possibility.

Literature and Crisis
by Robert Alter
The unity of any event and the integrity of the world are guaranteed merely by enigmatic, although visible, symbols, which are necessary because without them the visible world would fall asunder into unnameable, bodiless, dry layers of cold and transparent ash. —Hermann Broch, The Sleepwalkers Children of a dark century, we tend to look into our literature as in a glass darkly.

Family Fever Chart
by Sonya Rudikoff
The family was a social invention of our ancestors in the dim and shadowy past. They had been through the baboon troupe, and the primal herd, and apparently their new settled circumstances required a new kind of grouping.

The Real Grandees
by Edouard Roditi
An aura of special glamor—all those exotic-sounding names perhaps, Rodriguez, Carvalho, Lopes, Pereira Mendes—seems to attach itself to the Sephardic Jews, that segment of Jewry which traces its origins to medieval Spain and Portugal and among whose ancestors, it is often claimed, can be found advisers to royalty, distinguished scholars, scientists, statesmen, and adventurers who flourished in the Iberian peninsula prior to the late-15th-century expulsions.

Kent State, by James A. Michener
by Stanley Elkins
Lessons & Judgments Kent State: What Happened and Why. by James A. Michener. Random House. 599 pp. $10.00. Based on exhaustive local interviews and minutest scrutiny of all available evidence, Kent State was intended to be—and in a way perhaps is—the definitive account of those events which led directly to the deaths by shooting of four students on Monday, May 4, 1970, The reporting is scrupulous, comprehensive, and in many respects exemplary.

MF, by Anthony Burgess; West of the Rockies, by Daniel Fuchs; A Cry of Absence, by Madison Jones; Losing Battles, by Eudora Welt
by John Thompson
Words   MF. by Anthony Burgess. Knopf. 242 pp. $5.95. West of the Rockies. by Daniel Fuchs. Knopf. 166 pp. $5.95. A Cry of Absence. by Madison Jones. Crown. 280 pp.

Jews and Blacks, by Ben Halpern
by Irving Howe
Groups in Conflict Jews and Blacks: The Classic American Minorities. by Ben Halpern. Herder and Herder. 191 pp. $6.95. Ben Halpern, a gifted intellectual spokesman in this country for Labor Zionism, has written a book that reads with difficulty, sometimes irritation, but is nevertheless important.

The Nightmare Decade, by Fred J. Cook
by David Oshinsky
Joe McCarthy (Revisited) The Nightmare Decade. by Fred J. Cook. Random House. 614 pp. $10.00. “There is a new generation of young Americans, many of whom have only the vaguest ideas about Joseph R.

Reader Letters October 1971
by Harold Rosenberg
The Question of Drugs TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: The puritanism of Samuel Mc- Cracken in "The Drugs of Habit and the Drugs of Belief" [June] goes much deeper than he seems to realize, though he does make the coy admission: "Yes, Virginia, the opposition to drugs contains a measure of puritanism." Far more than a measure, I fear, in his op- position at least, and it does matter in assessing what Mr.

November, 1971Back to Top
In Appreciation
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I recall, some eight or nine years ago, reading an article concerning that strange breed of animal, the promising young playwright.

Travel Writing
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Kathleen Nott must have suffered a long, hot summer in 1970, judging by her comments on Hong Kong [“East Is West?” July].

“A Certain Anxiety”
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “A Certain Anxiety” [Issues, August] Norman Podhoretz remarks that “. . . in America we find publications of the ideological Right like Alternative warning against and deploring the growth of anti-Semitism, while publications of the Left like the Village Voice blithely go on expressing or apologizing for anti-Semitic sentiments and ideas.” At one time, it might have been fair to characterize The Alternative as one of the “publications of the ideological Right,” but as the Age of Aquarius continues to reveal its mysteries .

Intellectuals & Ethnics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is clearly churlish of me to find fault with Peter Berger's gracious review of my book, Why Can't They Be Like Us? [Books in Review, July], but then, Mr.

College Days
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . As a Phi Ep I enjoyed reading Joseph Epstein's “Memoirs of a Fraternity Man” [July].

History & Historians
by Our Readers
To the Editor: One can certainly not accuse J. H. Hexter of backing away from a good fight. “Doing History” [June]—like all Mr.

Liberty & the Intellectuals
by Norman Podhoretz
There can be no question that Norman Gall (p. 45) is right in saying that the “literary reputation” of the Cuban Revolution has been very seriously damaged in the past year or two and that this in itself constitutes an important political event, quite apart from whatever changes in the actual policies of the Castro regime may or may not have provoked it.

Block That Cult!
by William Pechter
Wild Rovers. William Holden. The waning of the old style cowboy cum bank-robber. The heroes bathing together, and affectionately dallying with Mexican whores.

How Castro Failed
by Norman Gall
You call yourself, if I am not mistaken, a revolutionist. But you err in holding that future revolutions will issue in freedom.

Confessions of a Visiting Professor
by Dan Jacobson
Of course, we are all anti-Americans nowadays. So what is there to confess? What is there to say that hasn't already been said ad nauseam? Well, let me begin with a brief chapter of literary autobiography.

Walking Distance A Story
by Norma Rosen
“Do you know the joke about Jews in foreign places?” Haskell says to his wife. “Tell me.” “One of the first things the Jew does is to find the local synagogue.

Malraux's Fate
by Renee Winegarten
If only Chateaubriand had visited Napoleon in exile on St. Helena, what a book would have resulted! Unlike General de Gaulle, the Emperor was unlucky in not having his free and intimate table talk conveyed to posterity by a great artist.

Counting Jews
by Ruth Gay
In the summer of 1828, Richard Lander, an English manservant turned explorer, returned to London from Africa bringing back the first definitive report on the course of the Niger.

The (Freudian) Congress of Vienna
by Edith Kurzweil
In July of 1971, the psychoanalysts returned to Vienna—thirty-three years after Freud had left his native city. They came for the 27th International Psychoanalytical Congress.

American Education, by Lawrence A. Cremin
by Beatrice Hofstadter
Schooling in Democracy American Education: The Colonial Experience 1607-1783. by Lawrence A. Cremin. Harper & Row. 688 pp. $15.00. Whether or not the crisis of our time can properly be called a revolution, most people agree that its nature is cultural.

Jewish Ceremonial Art and Religious Observance, by Abram Kanof; The Horned Moses in Medieval Thought, by Ruth Mellinkoff
by Edouard Roditi
The Great Commoner Bryan: A Political Biography of William Jennings Bryan. by Louis W. Koenig. Putnam. 736 pp. $14.95. Louis Koenig's biography of William Jennings Bryan is more than the effort to rehabilitate a man; it is a struggle to restore the integrity of our political history.

Bryan by Louis W. Koenig
by Wilson McWilliams
The Great Commoner Bryan: A Political Biography of William Jennings Bryan. by Louis W. Koenig. Putnam. 736 pp. $14.95. Louis Koenig's biography of William Jennings Bryan is more than the effort to rehabilitate a man; it is a struggle to restore the integrity of our political history.

Los Angeles, by Reyner Banham
by Richard Schickel
Sun & “Surfurbia” Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies. by Reyner Banham. Harper & Row. 256 pp. Illustrated. $6.95. The problem has always been rationalizing one's basic, and essentially visceral, liking for the place.

On Being Told That Her Second Husband Has Taken His First Lover and Other Stories, by Tess Slesinger
by David Bromwich
Character Revealed On Being Told That Her Second Husband Has Taken His First Lover and Other Stories. by Tess Slesinger. Quadrangle. 396 pp.

Reader Letters November 1971
by Kathleen Nott
History & Historians To THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: One can certainly not accuse J. H. Hexter of backing away from a good fight. "Doing History" [June]-like all Mr.

December, 1971Back to Top
Philosopher's Argument
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Professor Herbert Heidelberger, of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, needs no defense from me or anybody else.

Social Policy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I would like to comment on Nathan Glazer's proposal [“The Limits of Social Policy,” September] that the incentive to work can be increased for the poor by attaching fringe benefits to low-income jobs. This proposal, reasonable as it seems on first encounter, carries overtones of a “let-them-eat-cake” philosophy and conceals several important policy issues.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his condemnation of the Jewish Defense League Milton Himmelfarb [“Never Again!,” August] has overlooked one basic concept: namely, that turning the other cheek is a Christian concept, not a Jewish one.

Viewing “Little Murders”
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I saw Little Murders, first in New York City the day after it opened, and more recently in Darien, Connecticut, along with some friends.

The Light Touch
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In these parlous times full of grim foreboding it is indeed an unexpected pleasure to find a piece of writing that makes one laugh uproariously.

The Gospel Jesus
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Arthur A. Cohen's review of Jesus and Israel by Jules Isaac [Books in Review, September] unwittingly reveals that like Isaac he, too, appears to have (and here I quote from Mr.

Of Cities & Suits
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Isn't it possible that in his book, Boss, Mike Royko (in the illogical, unscrupulous way of satirists) used Richard Daley as a symbol, and Chicago itself as a reductio ad absurdum of a way of life? And couldn't Studs Terkel's shockingly sentimental statement, which Joseph Epstein cites in his review [Books in Review, September], be rephrased to read, “The money keeps flowing, the construction workers are always busy, but it's a wretched place for a human being to live in”? For decades now loyal American social scientists have been saying, “It's not a very pretty system, but it works,” until finally the point of view is taken for granted.

The Unconscious
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Lionel Trilling's perceptive and elegant essay, “Authenticity and the Modern Unconscious” [September], made me wonder: has Mr. Trilling changed his mind? I think he has, for the representation in that essay of the tragedy of civilized life as inevitable, even ennobling, and the employment of Freudian theory in praise of suffering, together with the skillful depreciation of anti-civilizing modes of expression, suggest a shift of direction in Mr.

Liberty & the Liberals
by Norman Podhoretz
At first sight the change Joseph W. Bishop, Jr. (p. 50) tells us has been taking place in the American Civil Liberties Union looks like the same process of politicization which so many other organizations have undergone during the past few years.

Jesus on Broadway
by Jack Richardson
It seems that Jesus Christ Superstar is not destined to be a landmark in the struggle of Christian revivalism. Critics have found it overblown and conventional; religionists have called it crude and historically objectionable; and even Time, committed as it was to cover-story enthusiasm, nevertheless picked out traces of Spenglerian Untergang in the rock opera's religiosity.

The Specter of Weimar
by Theodore Draper
Weimar Germany haunts democracies in trouble. The United States is in trouble today and, as a result, the question has arisen whether we are destined to suffer the fate of Weimar Germany.

Politics & ACLU
by Joseph Bishop
Within the community of liberals the American Civil Liberties Union—now celebrating its fiftieth anniversary—has long occupied a place comparable to that of Dwight D.

The Saga of Great Men A Story
by E. Broner
To look great, to act great, is to be great. —H. Fussiner, painter A. The Primitives Among the fur cutters was one cutter who possessed a leonine head, sported a large snout, expanded a bull chest.

Jews Under Communism
by Paul Lendvai
Since 1967, an “anti-Zionist” campaign of almost unprecedented dimensions has been waged by the Communist propaganda apparatus in the Soviet Union and in several countries of Eastern Europe.

Of Fish and People
by Milton Himmelfarb
. . . Justice William O. Douglas of the Supreme Court . . . address[ed] himself to one of his favorite topics, conservation.

Forster as Homosexual
by Cynthia Ozick
Possibly the most famous sentence in Forster's fiction is the one that comes out of the blue at the start of Chapter Five of The Longest Journey: “Gerald died that afternoon.” The sentence is there with no preparation whatever—no novelistic “plant,” no hidden tracks laid out in advance.

Towards a Rational Power Policy, by Neil Fabricant and Robert M. Hallman; Power Generation and Environmental Change, edited by D
by Roger Starr
Power Politics Towards a Rational Power Policy: Energy, Politics & Pollution. by Neil Fabricant and Robert M. Hallman. Braziller. 292 pp. $8.95. Power Generation and Environmental Change. by David A.

The Unfashionable Human Body, by Bernard Rudofsky
by Anne Hollander
Covering Up   The Unfashionable Human Body. by Bernard Rudofsky. Double-day. 281 pp. Illustrated. $12.95. The subject of clothing is hardly ever discussed seriously by serious writers except for certain Frenchmen, some of whom have thereby helped to promote and maintain the French reputation for frivolity rather than the subject's reputation for weight.

James Madison, by Ralph Ketcham
by James Adams
American Enigma James Madison. A Biography. by Ralph Ketcham. Macmillan. 753 pp. $17.50. James Madison, framer and interpreter of the Constitution, is universally, and rightly, regarded as the primary theoretician of American pluralist democracy.

In Praise of Yiddish, by Maurice Samuel
by Lucy Dawidowicz
Language of Exile In Praise of Yiddish. by Maurice Samuel. Cowles. 238 pp. $7.95. Jews, it may be said, are cultural universalists par excellence; even when residing within their own linguistic jurisdictions—Yiddish in pre-Holocaust Eastern Europe, Hebrew in present-day Israel—they have always been, and remain, avid consumers of the published products of Western civilization.

Reader Letters December 1971
by Nathan Glazer
The Unconscious TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Lionel Trilling's perceptive and elegant essay, "Authenticity and the Modern Unconscious" [Sep- tember], made me wonder: has Mr.

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