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January, 1975Back to Top
The Work of Levi-Strauss
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As a layman interested in anthropology, I found Frank Lipsius's treatment of Lévi-Strauss's Tristes Tropiques [Books in Review, September 1974] very disappointing.

The New Ethinicity
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The reasons advanced by Nathan Glazer and Daniel P. Moynihan [“Why Ethnicity?,” October 1974] for the growing importance of ethnic identity as a base for political activity are insightful and convincing but, I think, incomplete.

Susan Sontag and Israel
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Edward Grossman is certainly right in observing [“Susan Sontag's Israel,” October 1974] that Israel's predicament has eluded the moviemaker's art, as well as that certain radicals find other national struggles more edifying and inspiring because they are (rather congenially) unencumbered by questions of personal responsibility and familiarity—the Jewish radical does indeed like only causes of his own choosing, and he prefers to take them neat (as the English say).

Self and Ego
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Congratulations on the highly perceptive article by David Gutmann [“Erik Erikson's America,” September 1974]. I'm glad somebody realizes that dissolution of the ego is not a “religious experience,” that it is an evasion of individual responsibility and is thus anti-religious. Though he might not appreciate the honor, Mr.

On "Delmore"
by Our Readers
To the Editor: William Barrett's tender memoir of his old friend Delmore Schwartz [“Delmore,” September 1974] is one for which many of us will be grateful.

Leo Strauss
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I write to express my appreciation for Milton Himmelfarb's essay, “On Leo Strauss” [August 1974]. . . It is thoughtful, gracious, and altogether fitting, composed with a mixture of attentive respect and quesioning or doubt which I believe Strauss would have wished and which it seems to me we should all try to imitate.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: In Walter Laqueur's collapsing international house of cards [“The Gathering Storm,” August 1974], India is considered the trigger card.

Oil: The Issue of American Intervention
by Robert Tucker
I The turning points in history, we are told, are commonly events whose real significance can only be understood at distant remove.

The Palestinians and the PLO
by Bernard Lewis
The name “Palestine” is first attested in the history of Herodotus, and appears in the works of later Greek and Latin writers.

Driving Toward Jerusalem
by Hillel Halkin
1. Haifa to Jenin: One hour From Samaria northward two routes of great interest and beauty lie before us. The one leads wesward through a line of valleys of extraordinary fertility, where in spite of the sparse population and the depredations of the Bedouin, large crops of wheat and barley meet the eye.

The Communard
by Midge Decter
Had his world not promised to be a rather different place from the one they themselves had grown up in, they might have been extremely worried for their son.

The "New History"
by Gertrude Himmelfarb
A sociologist friend recently complained to me of the amorphous state of his discipline. Sociology, he said, is totally undefined, both as to subject matter and methodology; no one knows what it is supposed to comprise or how it is supposed to do what it purports to do.

How Good is Alison Lurie?
by John Aldridge
There is some firm evidence in the five novels she has so far published that Alison Lurie should be a better novelist than she is.

Four Europeans
by William Pechter
Caveat emptor. Around 1960, when the Bergman bandwagon was gathering full steam, this writer made room for one more convert to climb aboard by jumping off.

Roll, Jordan, Roll, by Eugene D. Genovese
by David Donald
Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World The Slaves Made. by Eugene D. Genovese. Pantheon. 823 pp. $17.95. The subject of Negro slavery exerts a peculiar fascination over contemporary American historians.

The Yom Kippur War: Israel and the Jewish People, edited by Moshe Davis
by Marvin Feuerwerger
The Yom Kippur War: Israel and the Jewish People. by Moshe Davis. Arno Press. 362 pp. $9.00. The October 1973 war, in addition to effecting a profound change in the relations between Israel and the community of nations, also marked a watershed in relations between Israel and world Jewry.

The Nazi Movement in the United States, 1924-1941, by Sander A. Diamond
by Bernard Johnpoll
The Nazi Movement in the United States 1924-1941. by Sander A. Diamond. Cornell University Press. 380 pp. $15.00. For well over half a century, the idea of America as a “melting pot” was a virtual article of faith among the majority of American historians, sociologists, and political scientists, all of whom were certain that the various ethnic groups that came together in the United States would eventually merge to form a single nationality, Anglo-Saxon in character to accord with the dominant strand.

The Sociology of Emile Durkheim, by Robert A. Nisbet
by Abram Shulsky
The Sociology of Emile Durkheim. by Robert A. Nisbet. Oxford. 293 pp. $9.95. Robert Nisbet is an eminent sociologist and historian of sociology with a publishing career that spans more than three decades.

February, 1975Back to Top
Women and Success
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Sonya Rudikoff [“Women and Success,” October 1974] takes issue with the work of Matina Horner because “it refers primarily to extremely limited and atypical groups of women .

Torah and Talmud
by Our Readers
To the Editor: My thanks to Jeffrey Marsh for his gracious and accurate review of my book, Invitation to the Talmud [Books in Review, September 1974].

Men and Marriage
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Without stopping to cavil at some of George Gilder's subsidiary points in his article, “In Defense of Monogamy” [November 1974] (it would be difficult, for example, to document an increase in impotence, rape, and homosexuality in recent times), one must accept his major point: marriage is by far the best status for men.

Lenny Bruce
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was shocked to see that COMMENTARY . . . would print a review of the caliber of Dorothy Rabinowitz's putdown of my biography of Lenny Bruce, Ladies and Gentlemen—Lenny Bruce [Books in Review, October 1974].

Karl Marx
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I have not read David McClellan's Karl Marx: His Life and Thought, but judging from Carl Gershman's review [Books in Review, December 1974], I don't think I have to.

Jewish Studies
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Robert Alter's article [“What Jewish Studies Can Do,” October 1974] appears to me to contain a few of those “treasured stereotypes” which, as he admits in the case of historical matters, need to be probed carefully and critically. First, Mr.

The Defense Budget and Israel
by Edward Luttwak
There is a huge and increasingly notorious contradiction at the very core of mainstream American Jewish political attitudes. The vast majority of American Jews passionately support Israel's struggle for survival and are permanently concerned for its security.

A New International Order?
by Robert Tucker
I It is a matter of general agreement that traditional patterns of inequality in international society are widely challenged today. Differences may and do persist over the lengths to which this challenge can be expected to go in the years ahead and the consequences it will have if permitted to run its logical course.

The Democrats' Dilemma
by Elliott Abrams
In most elections, it is said, people do not so much choose which candidates they are for as eliminate those they are against.

Christianity and the Jewish People
by Frank Talmage
Rome. The 13th century. In his disputational work, The Testimony of the Lord Is Faithful, Solomon ben Moses cautions his readers: I have advised my friends .

Visiting the Hirshhorn
by Sonya Rudikoff
Modern art is now officially in residence in the nation's capital: the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden has opened at last, in Gordon Bunshaft's round structure on the Mall in Washington.

Shtetl and Revolution
by Robert Alter
Paris in 1923 hardly seems a likely place for the gestation of a novel written in Hebrew that would offer a searching panoramic vision of the shtetl's disintegration in the historical maelstrom of the Russian Revolution.

The English Invasion
by Jack Richardson
Each year the American theater season becomes less and less a result of native effort and more and more indebted to English ingenuity.

Peace in the Middle East?, by Noam Chomsky
by Edward Grossman
Peace in the Middle East? Reflections on Justice and Nationhood. by Noam Chomsky. Pantheon. 200 pp. $7.95. The grievance of the Arabs and others against the Jews organized into a nation-state in Israel has replaced the war in Vietnam as the foreign trouble agitating ordinary Americans.

Washington: The Indispensable Man, by James Thomas Flexner
by James Adams
Washington: The Indispensable Man. by James Thomas Flexner. Little, Brown. 423 pp. $12.50. This admirable biography is condensed from James Thomas Flexner's earlier four-volume work, which began to appear in 1965 and was finished two years ago.

W-3, by Bette Howland
by Johanna Kaplan
W-3. by Bette Howland. Viking. 206 pp. $7.95. There have been so many books about suicide attempts and nervous breakdowns—either novels, usually thinly fictionalized, or direct autobiographical accounts—that they could be said to comprise a sort of morbid literary sub-genre.

Black Mafia, by Francis A.J. Ianni
by B. Bruce-Briggs
Black Mafia: Ethnic Succession in Organized Crime. by Francis A. J. Ianni. Simon & Schuster. 831 pp. $8.95. Professor Ianni's thesis is that control of organized crime is slipping from the increasingly bourgeois and respectable Italian-Americans and is being taken over by Cuban, Puerto Rican, and black gangsters.

Jews and American Politics, by Stephen D. Isaacs; American Jews: Community in Crisis, by Gerald S. Strober
by David Singer
Jews and American Politics. by Stephen D. Isaacs. Doubleday. 302 pp. $8.95. American Jews: Community in Crisis. by Gerald S. Strober. Doubleday. 297 pp. $7.95. The general thesis of Stephen Isaacs's Jews and American Politics, which is based on interviews with politically active Jews in government, the media, and Jewish organizations, is easily stated: Jews play a “unique role” in American political life in that they “command influence far out of scale to their tiny proportion of the population.” This influence extends to virtually all aspects of the political process, and is a result of Jewish “hyperactivity” in the political arena.

March, 1975Back to Top
"The Agunah"
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I have just re-read The Agunah, wondering if perhaps in my translation of Chaim Grade's text I missed something that David Stern [Books in Review, November 1974] thought he saw.

Social Science and Scholarship
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his thoughtful essay, “The Problem of Kenneth Clark” [November 1974], Hadley Arkes reviews Clark's record as a social scientist and finds it wanting.

On "The Jewish Catalog"
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In the course of Marshall Sklare's critical article on The Jewish Catalog [The Greening of Judaism,” December 1974], he juxtaposes two quotations from my own and my wife Blu's writing.

Marx and Marxism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am perplexed by Werner J. Dannhauser's review of Steven Marcus's Engels, Manchester, and the Working Class [Books in Review, November 1974].

"Duddy Kravitz"
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The “importance” William S. Pechter attributes to The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz [Movies, November 1974] cannot be what he saw in the film, but what he saw with his mind, not his heart, and certainly not with his eyes. Duddy Kravitz tells the tale of a community of Canadian Jews all of whom, with the singular exception of an ephemeral old-world caricature, are engaged in finagling, cheating, lying, thieving, pimping, and dope-pushing.

The United States in Opposition
by Daniel Moynihan
“We are far from living in a single world community,” writes Edward Shils, “but the rudiments of a world society do exist.” Among those rudiments, perhaps the most conspicuous, if least remarked, are the emerging views as to what kind of society it is.

Further Reflections on Oil & Force
by Robert Tucker
I have always thought it a sound practice to allow a considered expression of one's view to speak for itself.

by Harold Bloom
1. “Kabbalah” has been, since about the year 1200, the popularly accepted word for Jewish esoteric teachings concerning God and everything God created.

The People vs. the Interests
by James Nuechterlein
At its mini-convention in Kansas City in December, the Democratic party focused its attentions on economic issues, or it did so to the extent, at least, that the media and certain minority factions within the party allowed it to get beyond the sensitive problem of representation for racial minorities, women, and young people in party affairs.

On Teaching Politics Today
by Werner Dannhauser
My relatives and other worthy people who still maintain a certain awe, tempered with skepticism, about higher education, are given to asking me what one can do with an advanced degree in political science.

Godfather II
by William Pechter
I had some substantial reservations about Francis Ford Coppola's The Godfather, though they were outweighed by my admiration for it.

Political Woman, by Jeane J. Kirkpatrick
by Suzanne Weaver
Political Woman. by Jeane J. Kirkpatrick. Basic Books. 274 pp. $10.00. The study of women and politics poses a dilemma for anyone who wants to see more women in positions of political power.

Prisoner #7: Rudolf Hess, by Eugene K. Bird
by Joshua Rubenstein
Prisoner #7: Rudolf Hess: The Thirty Years in Jail Of Hitler's Deputy Führer. by Eugene K. Bird. Viking. 270 pp. $10.00. As a young student in Munich in 1920, Rudolf Hess joined the fledgling Nazi party, attracted by its strident policy of anti-Semitism and the charismatic personality of its leader, Adolf Hitler.

Anya, by Susan Fromberg Schaeffer
by Alan Mintz
Anya. by Susan Fromberg Schaeffer. Macmillan. 489 pp. $8.95. It would be fair to say that until recently the audience for works about the Nazi murder of the Jews has itself been almost exclusively Jewish.

Three Mobs: Labor, Church, and Mafia, by Wilfrid Sheed
by Michael Novak
Three Mobs: Labor, Church, and Mafia. by Wilfrid Sheed. Sheed & Ward. 157 pp. $6.95. For many years American Catholics, painfully aware of living in an immigrant ghetto, rough in manners and low in aspiration, awaited the coming of a generation of intellectuals who would be urbane, cosmopolitan, and witty—the sons and daughters, some hoped, of the generation that founded The Commonweal, Cross Currents, Jubilee, and Sheed & Ward. Wilfrid Sheed is such a son.

Emancipation and Counter-Emancipation, edited by Abraham G. Duker and Meir Ben-Horin
by Theodore Rabb
Emancipation and Counter-Emancipation. by Abraham G. Duker and Meir Ben-Horin. Introduction by Salo W. Baron. Ktav. 413 pp. $15.00. The recent flowering of interest in Jewish studies at colleges throughout America has been met, not merely by surprised pleasure, but also by stirring laments about failures in meeting students' needs.

April, 1975Back to Top
Stalin and the Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his very interesting and scholarly essay, “Notes on American Innocence” [August 1974], Lev Navrozov relates as a fact my having handed over to Stalin, upon his request, a list of Jews who presumably were prepared to participate in the Israeli War of Independence in 1948-49.

Politics and Planning
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of Robert Caro's biography of Robert Moses, The Power Broker [Books in Review, December 1974], B.

Oil and Force
by Our Readers
To the Editor: A few years ago, Robert W. Tucker marshaled his formidable logical talents to produce a powerful plea for a “new American isolationism.” In mid-1973, in discussing his position, I wrote that “it is true that the stability of deterrence insures the physical security of the U.S.; that this security would not be threatened even if a repudiation of U.S.

The United States & Israel
by Theodore Draper
To my Mother—1887-1975 The United States has become the main front in the Arab-Israeli conflict. This is not to say that the United States has for the past three decades been far from the center of the struggle in the Middle East.

The Return of Heroin
by James Wilson
On September 11, 1973, President Richard Nixon announced to a White House conference on the heroin problem that “we have turned the corner on drug addiction in the United States.” At the time, some evidence suggested that he was correct.

Golden Age
by Bette Howland
Old Mrs. Alonzo, in a voice that scared the daylights out of you, called and asked me to come and see her in the Home.

The Muse of Ocean Parkway
by Jacob Lampart
We met one Thursday night in an Ocean Parkway living room at the monthly gathering of a literary circle devoted to the 19th-century Russians.

In Memory of Richard Tucker
by Jacob Cohen
In our house, during the war, we listened to the radio on Saturday nights, and at ten o'clock, nine o'clock Central Time, on Mutual, there was the Chicago Theater of the Air offering condensations of the great operas and operettas in English.

Burying the Hatchet
by Paul Seabury
Having grown up in the depression, I share certain poignant experiences with many who were young in that American decade.

Our Actors and Theirs
by Jack Richardson
At the Actors' Studio some years ago I listened to a discussion that had as its subject national styles of acting.

Global Reach, by Richard J. Barnet and Ronald E. Muller
by Martin Mayer
Global Reach. by Richard J. Barnet and Ronald E. Muller. Simon & Schuster. 507 pp. $11.95. The subtitle of this book is “The Power of the Multinational Corporations,” and its authors present their work as a serious and significant report on the broad and startlingly rapid growth of companies that operate as producers or sellers or both in a number of different countries.

Aftermath: Martin Bormann and the Fourth Reich, by Ladislas Farago
by Benno Varon
Aftermath: Martin Bormann and the Fourth Reich. by Ladislas Farago. Simon & Schuster. 479 pp. $10.95. Aftermath deals with the thousands of Nazi war criminals who have found asylum—or at least a refuge—in South America since the end of World War II.

Freud: Living and Dying, by Max Schur
by Stephen Rittenberg
Freud: Living and Dying. by Max Schur. International Universities Press. 587 pp. $20.00. In a remarkably prescient essay, “Freud and the Crisis of our Culture”—first delivered as a Freud Anniversary Lecture at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute in 1955—Lionel Trilling warned of a growing encroachment by the culture upon the individual's separate sense of self.

Ideas of Jewish History, edited by Michael A. Meyer
by Erich Isaac
Ideas of Jewish History. Edited. with introductions and notes. by Michael A. Meyer. Behrman House. 360 pp. $12.50. The aim of this volume is an excellent one—to assemble a selection of writings reflecting diverse conceptions of Jewish history (and, incidentally, of history in general), beginning with the biblical period and ending with Jewish historians of our own time.

Taking Sides, by Richard J. Whalen
by Jeane Kirkpatrick
Taking Sides. by Richard J. Whalen. Houghton-Mifflin. 320 pp. $8.95. That American political parties are pragmatic rather than ideological is not only a truism, it is also the premise of most standard interpretations of American politics.

May, 1975Back to Top
U.S. Defense Policy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is always a pleasure to encounter Edward N. Luttwak [“The Defense Budget and Israel,” February] in the pages of COMMENTARY.

The Palestinians
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In most public discussions during recent years, the word “Palestinian” has been applied solely to the inhabitants of the refugee camps, the guerrillas, and the PLO, with its associated organizations.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “The New History” [January] Gertrude Himmelfarb, echoing Jacques Barzun, swings her polemical ax in such wide arcs that very little in contemporary historical scholarship is left untouched by it.

Fear of Fiction
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As a writer and a woman and not a radical feminist, I take violent exception to Jane Larkin Crain's “Feminist Fiction” [December 1974].

Vietnam: The Final Reckoning
by Robert Tucker
At last, the final reckoning in Vietnam is at hand. Barring some unforeseen and unexpected reversal, the last act in what has seemed a never-ending drama has begun.

The Revenge of the Philistines
by Hilton Kramer
Midway through the 1970's, it looks more and more as if the present decade is destined to become the graveyard of all those illusions and chimeras spawned in the radical culture of the 1960's.

Was the Holocaust Predictable?
by Jacob Katz
Almost anyone who lived through the period of the Holocaust, observing it from either near or far, will readily testify that information concerning the Nazi murder of the Jews, when it first came out, seemed absolutely unbelievable—impossible.

Tom Wicker's Attica
by Michael Novak
It is not widely recognized that there is more than one kind of racial attitude among whites in America. Some whites have since birth had extensive dealings with blacks, in a wide variety of situations.

In Search of Moderate Egyptians
by Joan Peters
The recent breakdown of Secretary of State Kissinger's step-by-step negotiations in the Middle East was immediately followed by what seems to have been a carefully planned if private effort on the part of American officials to blame the failure of the mission on Israeli “intransigence” and lack of “flexibility.” Implied in this view, which was attributed to both President Ford and Secretary Kissinger, and quickly made its way into newspapers and radio and television reporting, is the notion that on the Egyptian side, a new willingness has been shown to deal with Israel as an established fact and to take steps that might eventually lead to normal relations between the two countries—a process now allegedly jeopardized by Israel's “stubbornness.” The Egyptians, in other words, according to this scenario, have changed; they no longer demand the destruction or disappearance of Israel; they have become moderate, while Israel has become inflexible and belligerent. Even before the fighting ended in the 1973 war, reports had begun to circulate in the West about the new “reasonableness” in Egypt.

Notes on Ravel
by Ned Rorem
Of those composers I most love, Ravel is the single one through whose sound I feel the man himself. The feeling can rise straight from a harmony hit in passing, evoking within a split second the vastly non-abstract realm of Paris before I was born: my heart beats in a salon faubourien during conversation with an artist I never met in a time that is not, and real tears well up for the unknown which is hyperfamiliar.

Heroines & Their Hairdresser
by William Pechter
It seems I waited too long to write my obligatory piece on “The Vanishing Heroine in American Movies,” and events have now passed me by.

Before the Fall, by William Safire
by Suzanne Weaver
Before the Fall. by William Safire. Doubleday. 704 pp. $12.50. William Safire, a former Nixon speechwriter and now a columnist for the New York Times, has published a memoir of his White House years that is personal, anecdotal, and episodic, as political memoirs tend to be.

Into that Darkness, by Gitta Sereny
by Dorothy Rabinowitz
Into that Darkness: From Mercy Killing to Mass Murder. by Gitta Sereny. McGraw-Hill. 308 pp. $9.95. In 1970, the Düsseldorf court sentenced Franz Stangl to life imprisonment for his role as commandant of Treblinka where, it was estimated, a total of 900,000 Jews had been murdered in World War II, virtually half of them during Stangl's tenure.

Discriminations, by Dwight Macdonald
by Louis Berg
Discriminations: Essays and Afterthoughts—1938-1974. by Dwight Macdonald. Grossman. 480 pp. $15.00. Discriminations is a ragtag collection of Dwight Macdonald's past feuilletons, essays, book reviews, and polemical writings dating from 1938—fugitive pieces that have eluded previous and better collections.

The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages; The European Discovery of America: The Southern Voyages, by Samuel Elio
by B. Bruce-Briggs
The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages. by Samuel Eliot Morison. Oxford. 712 pp. $17.50. The European Discovery of America: The Southern Voyages. by Samuel Eliot Morison. Oxford.

Popular Culture and High Culture, by Herbert J. Gans
by David Thorburn
Popular Culture and High Culture: An Analysis and Evaluation of Taste. by Herbert J. Gans. Basic Books. 179 pp. $10.00. There are residual virtues in this slender, imperfect book that even the most critical reader cannot fairly ignore.

Weimar: A Cultural History, 1918-1933, by Walter Laqueur
by Gordon Craig
Weimar: A Cultural History, 1918-1933. by Walter Laqueur. Putnam. 308 pp. $8.95. In a rare moment of brutal candor, Adolf Hitler told representatives of the press in November 1938 that his patience was exhausted by the way German intellectuals tended to divide into quarrelling sects.

June, 1975Back to Top
The Future of Israel
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In reviewing my book, Peace in the Middle East? [Books in Review, February], Edward Grossman was dealing with material that he finds offensive and objectionable.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of my book, Black Mafia: Ethnic Succession in Organized Crime [Books in Review, February], B.

McGovern and the Democrats
by Our Readers
To the Editor: “The Democrats' Dilemma” by Elliott Abrams [February] surely must consist of more than an indictment of George McGovern and the New Politics forces in the 1968 and 1972 campaigns.

Leonard Schroeter
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Maurice Friedberg in his review of Leonard Schroeter's The Last Exodus [Books in Review, December 1974] describes Mr.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: While I found the last part of Frank Talmage's “Christianity and the Jewish People” [February] persuasive and moving, the first section makes several points that require considerable clarification. After a quotation from Solomon de Rossi which expresses a reluctance to engage in religious disputations with Christians, Mr.

Anti-Semitism in Film
by Our Readers
To the Editor: William S. Pechter's review of The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz [November 1974] has just come to my attention here in Hamburg, Germany.

The Exposed American Jew
by Nathan Glazer
Until four or five years ago, it could be argued—and I myself did so argue—that the concern of some Jewish community leaders for the position of Jews in the United States was exaggerated.

The New Despotism
by Robert Nisbet
When the modern political community was being shaped at the end of the 18th century, it was thought by its founders that the consequences of republican or representative institutions in government would be the reduction of political power in individual lives.

Translating the Ancients
by David Stern
In a letter to Gershom Scholem, Franz Rosenzweig once remarked, “Only one who is profoundly convinced of the impossibility of translation can really undertake it.” Rosenzweig's paradoxical statement hit upon a deep truth about translation—that it is the art of failure.

Mahler for Moderns
by Eva Hoffman
Changes of fashion and public taste are often ephemeral and resistant to analysis, but they are among the more sensitive gauges of our collective internal weather.

Ivanov's "The Adventures of a Fakir"
by Daniel Fuchs
One of the nicer things that happened to me when we moved was meeting Mr. Michael Pim, the extremely competent but reticent reference librarian at the Fairfax library on Gardner Street here in Los Angeles. “Pim, Pim,” I said to him one day, to acknowledge his unvarying cheerfulness and quiet good manners.

Liberals & Libertarians
by Milton Himmelfarb
Today we know we must not interfere with consenting adults. We have pretty well established the principle of G. B.

The War Against the Jews 1933-1945, by Lucy S. Dawidowicz
by Robert Alter
The War Against The Jews 1933-1945. by Lucy S. Dawidowicz. Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 460 pp. $15.00. Lucy Dawidowicz's meticulous historical study is an indispensable book for understanding both the peculiar nature of Nazism and the behavior of European Jewry under Nazi domination.

Social Policy, by Richard Titmuss
by Roger Starr
Social Policy. by Richard Titmuss. Pantheon. 160 pp. $8.95. This brief book consists of a group of introductory lectures which the late Richard Titmuss gave in similar form each year to incoming students at the London School of Economics.

The Twenties, by Edmund Wilson
by James Atlas
The Twenties: From Notebooks and Diaries of the Period. by Edmund Wilson. Edited with an introduction by Leon Edel. Farrar, Straus & Giroux.

The Bankers, by Martin Mayer
by A.J. Sherman
The Bankers. by Martin Mayer. Weybright and Talley. 566 pp. $15.00. If, as we are still on occasion told, war is too serious to leave to generals, banking, Mr.

Europe's Inner Demons, by Norman Cohn
by Gerald Strauss
Europe's Inner Demons: An Enquiry Inspired by the Great Witch Hunt. by Norman Cohn. Basic Books, 302 pp. $12.50. To be against Norman Cohn is to speak up for sin.

Pragmatism and the Tragic Sense of Life, by Sidney Hook
by Michael Novak
Pragmatism and the Tragic Sense of Life. by Sidney Hook. Basic Books. 224 pp. $12.50. For as long as I can remember I have read Sidney Hook's books and articles fairly systematically.

July, 1975Back to Top
Women in Politics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Because Suzanne R. Weaver's review of my book on women in politics, Political Woman [Books in Review, March], attributes to me a position with which I firmly disagree, I should like to set the record straight. Mrs.

The U.S. and the UN
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I think “The United States in Opposition” by Daniel P. Moynihan [March] is one of the most important articles COMMENTARY has ever printed.

Post-Literary Theater
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Jack Richardson in “The English Invasion” [February] refuses to come to terms with contemporary theater and yearns instead for the literary theater of the past.

America Now: A Failure of Nerve?
by William Barrett
In recent months, a number of developments have occurred which seem enormously significant in their implications for the future of the United States in particular and of Western civilization in general. Fifteen years ago, John F.

Mediacracy, by Kevin P. Phillips
by Michael Malbin
Mediacracy: American Parties and Politics in the Communications Age. by Kevin P. Phillips. Doubleday. 246 pp. $8.95. After Kevin Phillips wrote The Emerging Republican Majority in 1968, he went to work for Attorney General John Mitchell for two years to do what he could to help make his predictions come true.

The Jew in American Society, edited by Marshall Sklare; The Jewish Community in America, edited by Marshall Sklare
by David Singer
The Jew in American Society. Edited, with introductions and notes, by Marshall Sklare. Behrman House. 404 pp. $12.50. The Jewish Community in America.

The Life of Emily Dickinson, by Richard B. Sewall
by Martin Green
The Life of Emily Dickinson. by Richard B. Sewall. Farrar, Strauss & Giroux. 2 vols. 821 pp. $30.00. This work, which recently won a National Book Award, is biography on the grand scale—two volumes and over 800 pages.

Mercier and Camier, by Samuel Beckett
by Paul Auster
Mercier and Gamier. by Samuel Beckett. Translated from the Original French by the Author. Grove Press. 123 pp. $6.95. Mercier and Camier was the first of Samuel Beckett's novels to be written in French.

The Ascent of Man, by Jacob Bronowski
by Theodore Rabb
In Defense of Science The Ascent of Man. by Jacob Bronowski. Little, Brown. 448 pp. $15.00. The public image of science is in one of its periodic declines.

August, 1975Back to Top
The Third World
To the Editor: Daniel P. Moynihan's distinction and stature and the major insights of his article, “The United States In Opposition” [March], insure that its considerable impact will be more than ephemeral.

On Richard Tucker
To the Editor: I was delighted to read Jacob Cohen's “In Memory of Richard Tucker” [April], for he expresses some of my own views of Tucker's qualities and achievements. My knowledge of Richard Tucker began when, going to speak at a remote village church hall in South Wales, .

Oil and the West
by Our Readers
To the Editor: To someone removed from the American scene, perhaps the most disquieting feature of Robert W. Tucker's articles [“Oil: The Issue of American Intervention,” January, and “Further Reflections on Oil and Force,” March] is the insight they offer into the attitude prevailing in what, for the want of a more elegant term, might be called “opinion-making circles” in the United States toward the defense of Western interests in the Middle East.

"Global Reach"
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was interested in Martin Mayer's quite devastating review of Global Reach by Richard J. Bar-net and Ronald E.

Defense Spending
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “The Defense Budget and Israel” [February] Edward N. Luttwak makes two basic arguments. First, he argues that there is a direct relationship between Israel's security and the level of American military spending and that any reduction in the American defense budget will weaken deterrence and will also make it increasingly difficult for the U.S.

Business and the People
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Since the mid-60's, we have been witnessing the third wave of relative public hostility to business during the 20th century.

Was Alger Hiss Guilty?
by Irving Younger
It is time to think again about Alger Hiss. The cold war is over, and its casualties petition for rehabilitation.

Israel's Rights and Arab Propaganda
by Rose Lewis
It is one of the ironies of the Arab-Israeli conflict that the popular slogan, “the right of all peoples to self-determination,” has become a battle cry raised, precisely, against the right of the Jewish people to self-determination.

The West in Retreat
by Walter Laqueur
Intellectual confusion, Auguste Comte once wrote, is at the bottom of every historical crisis; the crisis of American foreign policy is no exception.

Notes on the Constitution
by Alexander Bickel
I Two diverging traditions in the main-stream of Western political thought—one “liberal,” the other “conservative”—have competed, and still compete, for control of the democratic process and of the American constitutional system; both have determined the direction of our judicial policy at one time or another. One of these, the contractarian tradition, began with the moderate common sense of John Locke.

Manners & the Jewish Intellectual
by Robert Alter
Jewish historical experience involves such an abundance of anomalies that when it has not elicited resentment or suspicion it has repeatedly teased observers into thought, or at least conjecture.

Looking Back at "The Waste Land"
by Jack Richardson
In his preface to the publication of a facsimile and transcript of the original drafts of The Waste Land,1 Ezra Pound described the manuscript's history of disappearance and secret acquisition as “pure Henry James.” To those who thought of T.

Antonioni '75
by William Pechter
Ambiguous clues point to a murder having taken place, and a photographer sets out to establish if it has. A young man, sought by the police for his involvement in a campus protest which has erupted into violence, steals an airplane to make his getaway.

The Great Detente Disaster, by Edward Friedland, Paul Seabury, Aaron Wildavsky
by Edward Luttwak
The Great Détente Disaster: Oil and the Decline of American Foreign Policy. by Edward Friedland, Paul Seabury, Aaron Wildavsky. Basic Books. 210 pp.

Samuel Johnson, by John Wain
by Martin Green
Samuel Johnson by John Wain. Viking. 388 pp. $12.50. “There is no research in this book,” John Wain tells us frankly in his Note on Sources, and he positively avoided reading modern studies of Johnson while writing it.

Japan: The Fragile Superpower, by Frank Gibney
by Edward Seidensticker
Japan: The Fragile Superpower. by Frank Gibney. Norton. 347 pp. $10.00. Many more people should read this book than will. Mr. Gibney has set out to tell us everything about the modern Japanese, and to a very considerable degree he has succeeded.

Society and Political Structure in the Arab World, edited by Menahem Milson; The Emergence of the Palestinian-Arab National Move
by Ben Halpern
Society and Political Structure in the Arab World. by Menahem Milson. Humanities Press. 338 pp. $12.50. The Emergence of the Palestinian-Arab National Movement 1918-1929. by Yehoshua Porath. Frank Cass.

Pyramids of Sacrifice, by Peter L. Berger
by Jeane Kirkpatrick
Pyramids of Sacrifice: Political Ethics and Social Change. by Peter L. Berger. Basic Books. 242 pp. $10.00. Social scientists have frequently been criticized for their preoccupation with the present, and their fondness for static models and static analyses, but in fact a principal concern of sociologists, economists, and political scientists throughout this century has been the process of transition from “traditional” to “modern” society—hardly a static model at all.

September, 1975Back to Top
Southern Liberalism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was both impressed and intrigued by Michael Novak's article, “Tom Wicker's Attica” [May]. I have not yet read A Time To Die, and can neither endorse nor question the severity of his judgment upon it.

October 1973
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his otherwise nicely reasoned article, “The United States and Israel” [April], one of Theodore Draper's major premises is entirely wrong.

Moderate Egyptians
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Joan Peters's “In Search of Moderate Egyptians” [May] conveys impressions so contrary to those of my COMMENTARY article, “Conversations in Cairo” [December 1974], that I feel I owe your readers a “reaction.” Miss Peters speaks about Egyptian “sentiments”; I spoke mainly about the reasoning of Egyptians.

Culture and Policy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: David Thorburn's review of Popular Culture and High Culture by Herbert J. Gans [Books in Review, May] failed to make a point it came close to making.

Egalitarianism & International Politics
by Robert Tucker
I That the attitudes of Western liberal intellectual elites toward international inequalities have altered, and—on the surface at least—quite markedly so, is by now a commonplace.

Growing Up Crowded
by Martin Mayer
Before the late 1940's, the annual number of live births in the United States was one of our most stable statistics.

The Dagger of Ali Ibn Masrur
by David Shahar
After the death of her husband, Yehuda Prosper Luria, known by both Jews and Muslims throughout the old Yishuv as Yehuda Prosper Luria Bey—a title conferred on him many years before by the Turkish Sultan—our landlady, Mrs.

Japan After Vietnam
by Edward Seidensticker
Back in the years when we spent all our time arguing about Vietnam, there were the arguments with the moralists and the arguments with the realists.

Hannah Arendt's America
by Nathan Glazer
Hannah Arendt is our teacher. First, in The Origins of Totalitarianism, she taught us about the great horror of our time; then, in The Human Condition, she taught us about how the Greeks understood the political life, and how different their understanding was from that of modern man, and how we had descended in our politics from seeking virtue and fame to seeking security and the good things of ordinary life.

Herzl's Fate
by Dan Jacobson
In its general outline the story or legend of Theodor Herzl is well-known. Once upon a time there was a Viennese-Jewish dandy and littérateur who had established a reputation as a gifted but rather frivolous playwright and journalist.

by William Pechter
Why make a film about—and full of—country music, if you don't like it? I ask this not as any devotee of country music myself, well over nine-tenths of what I've heard of it striking me as a pile of lachrymose slop.

Anarchy, State, and Utopia, by Robert Nozick
by Josiah Auspitz
Anarchy, State, and Utopia. by Robert Nozick. Basic Books. 367 pp. $12.95. For better or worse, academic philosophers are intent on deepening our discussion of political and moral issues.

Black Fiction, by Roger Rosenblatt
by Eva Hoffman
Black Fiction. by Roger Rosenblatt. Harvard. 211 pp. $8.50. Roger Rosenblatt's study of black fiction is a valuable addition to the existing criticism of black writing, especially since, in attempting to apply literary rather than sociopolitical criteria to the subject, it represents a successful modification of the approach taken by most previous studies.

Arabic Political Memoirs and Other Studies, by Elie Kedourie
by Gil AlRoy
Arabic Political Memoirs and Other Studies. by Elie Kedourie. Frank Cass. 327 pp. $18.50. Elie Kedourie is a political scientist who believes that one must first get to know the Middle East and its history before writing about it—a species rarer than one might suppose, and a precious resource amid the large company of instant experts on the Middle East whose views now fill our news magazines and foreign-policy journals.

Roots of Art, by Andreas Feininger
by James Trilling
Roots of Art. by Andreas Feininger. Viking. 176 pp. $18.95. Best known for his work as a Life magazine staff photographer between 1943 and 1962 Andreas Feininger has also published a number of technical manuals and collections of his own photographs.

The Rise and Fall of American Communism, by Philip J. Jaffe
by Paul Feldman
Introduction by Bertram D. Wolfe. Horizon Press. 236 pp. $10.00. Earl Browder, the most successful and powerful leader the American Communist party ever had, once confessed that “while I was in Moscow I was like a child.” Browder only began to grow up after Stalin, whom he idolized, kicked him out of the Communist family in 1945 and Browder could find no way back.

Vision and Resonance: Two Senses of Poetic Form; Tales Told of the Fathers, by John Hollander
by Robert Alter
Vision and Resonance: Two Senses of Poetic Form. by John Hollander. Oxford University Press. 313 pp. $12.50. Tales Told of the Fathers. by John Hollander. Atheneum.

October, 1975Back to Top
Toward Equality
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In Robert Nisbet's thought-provoking critique of the New Equalitarians [“The New Despotism,” June], whose aspirations to equality of condition or result overshadow mere equality of opportunity, there is so much that rings true (or at least partly true) that it becomes all the more important to fault him where fault is apparent. Among other emerging aspects of our society which Mr.

The Holocaust
by Our Readers
To the Editor: While Jacob Katz [“Was the Holocaust Predictable?,” May] does not try to give a definitive answer to his title question (and rightly so), he uncharacteristically skirts two other important questions that he raises: what has been and will be the effect of the Holocaust on the Gentile and on the Jew? A cursory review of “modern” Jewish history might provide some interesting clues. Instead of harking back five hundred years to the Spanish Expulsion, Mr.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Heroines and Their Hairdresser” [Movies, May] William S. Pechter says: “But if one sees some of the pathos of the classic Don Juan in Shampoo, its twist is that finally George seems less the deceiver being meted out his punishment than the used and discarded plaything of the women he's supposedly been deceiving.

by Our Readers

In Translation
by Our Readers
To the Editor: David Stern [“Translating the Ancients,” June] speaks of a translation by Cardinal Newman of the Iliad, which was excoriated by Matthew Arnold.

American Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Most of Nathan Glazer's article, “The Exposed American Jew” [June], struck me as exactly right in tone and substance.

Conspiracy Fever
by Jacob Cohen
How can one explain the extraordinary degree of political distrust and, beyond that, the pervasive taste for mystery and conspiracy which is everywhere so conspicuous in America today? Old conspiracy theories (concerning Alger Hiss, the Rosenbergs, and the assassination of President Kennedy) are out of the dustbin and enjoying new life; there seem to be more than enough readers for five different treatments of that laughable non-mystery, the Bermuda Triangle; the flying-saucer faithful are riding high; and a new species of high-class monster movie (The Conversation, Chinatown, Night Moves, The Parallax View) ends with the monster alive and still menacing.

The Palestinian Myth
by David Gutmann
Stateless people, marginal to every society, carry with them the aura, the mystery, of the stranger. Seeming not quite human, they are regarded by “proper” humans with a mixture of repugnance and awe.

Liberals & the Presidency
by Paul Weaver
Among the many reversals of ideological role that have taken place in American politics in recent years, perhaps the most spectacular has been the abandonment by American liberals of their longstanding commitment to the strong Presidency.

The New Laureates
by John Romano
They are the two poets most closely attended to by poetry's present audience, the poets of their generation most often singled out for praise.

How to Increase Poverty
by Stanley Lebergott
I am as poor as Job, my lord, but not so patient. —Sir John Falstaff There exist at least eight reliable ways to increase poverty.

Pictures of the Jewish Past
by Lucy Dawidowicz
Though words have always counted for more than pictures in the Jewish tradition, when photography came to Eastern Europe—a bit late, like everything else—the Jews, like everyone else, began to have their pictures taken.

Watching the Sit-Coms
by Dorothy Rabinowitz
Amos n' Andy are long gone, but changing tastes, increased sophistication, and the jading plenitude that television has provided over the years seem in no way to have altered the capacity of American audiences to be held in thrall, week after week, by “shows.” The shows Americans have liked the most recently have been staples of CBS television, the Saturday-night “situation comedies,” as irrelevant a term for these programs as can have been invented.

Christian Theology and the Holocaust
by Frank Talmage
Within a year of the liberation of France from the Nazis, a book appeared in Paris by a prominent Catholic theologian expressing his abhorrence of anti-Semitism.

Ragtime, by E. L. Doctorow
by Hilton Kramer
Ragtime. by E. L. Doctorow. Random House. 270 pp. $8.95. The Hosannas that have greeted E. L. Doctorow's Ragtime, elevating the book to instant commercial success and its author to literary stardom, have already prompted one early celebrant—Raymond Sokolov, writing in the Washington Post—to caution readers against the extravagant claims (his own included) being made on its behalf.1 This excellent advice is unlikely to be heeded, however.

The Letters and Papers of Chaim Weizmann, Vols. III-VII, General Editor, Meyer W. Weisgal
by Chaim Raphael
The Letters and Papers of Chaim Weizmann. Vols. III-VII. by Meyer W. Weisgal. Vol. III, Oxford-Keter, Inc. 414 pp. $12.50. Vols. IV-VII, Keter, Inc.

The Divided Academy: Professors and Politics, by Everett Carll Ladd, Jr., and Seymour Martin Lipset; Education and Politics at H
by Chester Finn
The Divided Academy: Professors and Politics. by Everett Carll Ladd, Jr., and Seymour Martin Lipset. McGraw-Hill. 407 pp. $17.50. Education and Politics at Harvard. by Seymour Martin Lipset and David Riesman. McGraw-Hill.

The Intelligent Radical's Guide to Economic Policy, by James E. Meade
by Oscar Gass
The Intelligent Radical's Guide to Economic Policy: The Mixed Economy. by James E. Meade. Allen & Unwin (London). 160 pp. James Meade, a former president of the Royal Economic Society, has published (in England) one of those rare economics books that one can recommend to every thoughtful person who takes an interest in the fundamental problems of contemporary societies.

Toscanini, by George R. Marek
by Edward Rothstein
Toscanini. by George R. Marek. Atheneum. 321 pp. $12.95. In 1886, a nineteen-year-old cellist in a touring Italian orchestra was unexpectedly called to the podium before a performance of Aida to substitute for an absent conductor.

Race and Economics, by Thomas Sowell
by Elliott Abrams
Racial and ethnic relations in the United States have long been seen as a great morality play in which injustice is caused by, and will be ended by attacking prejudice.

November, 1975Back to Top
The Third World--Cont'd
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Daniel P. Moynihan's short response to P. T. Bauer's letter [Letters from Readers, August] asks for additional comment on Mr.

Socialist Myth
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Any author would be pleased to receive a review as judicious and fair as Jeane Kirkpatrick gave my book, Pyramids of Sacrifice [Books in Review, August], and quibbling with details could be considered graceless.

Critics and Comforts
To the Editor: Nowhere does Jack Richardson [“Looking Back at ‘The Waste Land,’” August] prove that his “fashionable” liking of Eliot in the 50's is in any way different from his fashionable disliking of Eliot now.

Arab Propaganda
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As Rose G. Lewis [“Israel's Rights and Arab Propaganda,” August] observes, Israel's apologists rarely rest their case on the slogan of “Jewish national self-determination.” But this is no oversight.

"America Now: A Failure of Nerve?"
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I would like to challenge some of the interesting assertions—statements of fact, statements of faith—in the symposium, “America Now: A Failure of Nerve?” [July].

A Question of Civility
by Our Readers
To the Editor: My response to Robert Alter's . . . “Manners and the Jewish Intellectual” [August] is a mixture of agreement and disappointment with his treatment of John Murray Cuddihy's .

Israel and the United States: From Dependence to Nuclear Weapons?
by Robert Tucker
I It is altogether likely that future historians will find in the Yom Kippur war, as most contemporary observers have already found, the great turning point in the Arab-Israeli conflict.

The New American Novel
by Robert Alter
You may quote me. . . . Man is vile, and makes nothing worth making, knows nothing worth knowing. —Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., Cat's Cradle. Anathematization Of the world is not an adequate response to the world. —Donald Barthelme, Snow White Something decidedly peculiar has been happening to the American novel over the past fifteen years.

Therefore Choose Life
by Joseph Levenson
I Almost everybody who is interested in Jews at all sometimes asks the question, “Are Jews a people or a sect?” Is Judaism an identity masquerading as a religion—a national identity (“the Hebrews”) or a cultural identity (“Jewishness”)? Valid Judaism invalidates the question.

Intellectuals, Japanese-Style
by Edward Seidensticker
Over Japan in the last years of the American occupation there hung an air of breathless expectancy. People had kept quiet for a few years during the war, when it had been unwise to speak, and they had kept politely quiet during the years of the occupation too, while the Americans were teaching them to be democratic.

Mann in His Letters
by Arthur Cohen
Following the publication of Buddenbrooks in 1901, it became Thomas Mann's daily custom, when his ritual hours at the writing desk had ended shortly after noon, to attend to the obligations which fame had brought him.

Out at Shea
by Edward Grossman
Ex-Football star Gerald Ford is said to think that Americans are sick of change and that they want to get back to the old virtues.

Man Bites Shark (& Other Curiosities)
by William Pechter
If the fact that Jaws has now surpassed the U.S. earnings (it's not yet been released abroad) of any film before tempts one to consider the social significance of its phenomenal success, a little contact with the film itself should put a brake on all such cogitation.

Humboldt's Gift, by Saul Bellow
by Jack Richardson
Humboldt's Gift. by Saul Bellow. Viking. 487 pp. $10.00. Free style and fixed categories, will and idea, mental geography and urban reality, odi et amo, the heart's reasons and the mind's imperatives, carnal compulsion and theoretical need, member virilis versus mens cogitans—these are only a few of the antitheses, some the author's, some my own distillations, that come to mind when one thinks back upon the books that Saul Bellow has written during the last three decades.

The Imperial Achievement, by John Bowle; An Indian Summer, by James Cameron; Who Killed the British Empire?, by George Woodcock
by Martin Green
The Imperial Achievement: The Rise and Transformation of the British Empire. by John Bowle. Little, Brown. 484 pp. $15.00. An Indian Summer. by James Cameron. McGraw-Hill.

Zion in America, by Henry Feingold; Fraud, Corruption, and Holiness, by Harold Gastwirt; American Zionism from Herzl to the Holo
by David Singer
Zion in America. by Henry Fein-Gold. Twayne. 357 pp. $12.95. Fraud, Corruption, and Holiness. by Harold Gastwirt. Kennikat Press. 227pp. $12.50. American Zionism from Herzl to the Holocaust. by Melvin Urofsky. Anchor Press.

After Babel, by George Steiner
by David Stern
After Babel: Aspects of Language and Translation. by George Steiner. Oxford University Press 507 pp. $17.50. Through seven books and countless essays (most notably in the New Yorker), George Steiner has attempted to follow the vocation of the man of letters, to apply a literary sensibility to every aspect of culture.

Breach of Faith, by Theodore H. White
by Jeane Kirkpatrick
Breach of Faith: The Fall of Richard Nixon. by Theodore H. White. Atheneum-Readers' Digest Press. 373 pp. $10.95. With his account of the decline and fall of Richard Nixon, Theodore White, that indefatigable chronicler of national political life, has not only succeeded once more in transforming presidential politics into best-selling nonfiction, but has also demonstrated that the loss of power can be made as fascinating and satisfying a story as its acquisition. On the face of it, Watergate as a subject would seem to have posed special problems, even to someone of such acknowledged skills as a raconteur as White.

December, 1975Back to Top
"Was Alger Hiss Guilty?"
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The article concerning Alger Hiss written by my good friend and former colleague, Irving Younger [“Was Alger Hiss Guilty?,” August], reveals that Mr.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia [Books in Review, September] Josiah Lee Auspitz purports to find a fundamental inconsistency between, on the one hand, Nozick's expressed preference for invisible-hand explanations and his presentation of such an explanation for the (possible) appearance of a minimal state and, on the other hand, Nozick's historical theory of entitlement.

Anti-Americanism at Home and Abroad
by Henry Fairlie
If there used to be nothing more ludicrous than the English people in one of its periodic fits of morality, as Macaulay put it, these have been replaced in this century by the spectacle of the American people—at least a vocal section of it—in one of its periodic fits of self-mortification.

The Slavery Debate
by Stanley Elkins
Beneath the debate that has been going on among English scholars over the state of the working classes during the Industrial Revolution lies a painful dilemma.

Our Contemporary, William James
by William Barrett
What strikes us in reading William James now is at once how distant and yet how close to us he is.

From the Warsaw Ghetto
by Yitzhak Zuckerman
Introduction Resistance in the ghettos of Eastern Europe during World War II was born out of the desperate knowledge that the Germans had embarked on the destruction of all the Jews.

A Literary Approach to the Bible
by Robert Alter
It is a little astonishing that at this late date there exists virtually no serious literary analysis of the Hebrew Bible.

Lonely Rituals
by Hilton Kramer
Arnold Bennett, reviewing Dodsworth, observed that the novels of Sinclair Lewis “have always one admirable quality: they are about something.” What living novelist, intending praise, would make a remark like that about a distinguished fellow writer today? To do so would be an act of the gravest intellectual gaucherie.

Money, by John Kenneth Galbraith
by Thomas Sowell
Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went. by John Kenneth Galbraith. Houghton-Mifflin. 312 pp. $10.00. For all his sophisticated wit and parade of scholarly erudition—enlivened by lovingly detailed anecdotes—John Kenneth Galbraith is fundamentally as anti-intellectual as any ungrammatical Archie Bunker.

Journey to the Trenches, by Joseph Cohen
by David Stern
Journey to the Trenches: The Life of Isaac Rosenberg 1890-1918. by Joseph Cohen. Basic Books. 224 pp. $12.50. This biography of Isaac Rosenberg comes in the midst of a sudden revival of interest in the young English poet who died in World War I at the age of twenty-seven.

Political Money, by David W. Adamany and George E. Agree; ABA Symposium on Campaign Financing Regulation
by Michael Malbin
Political Money: A Strategy for Campaign Financing in America. by David W. Adamany and George E. Agree. Johns Hopkins. 242 pp. $11.95. Symposium on Campaign Financing Regulation. American Bar Association.

The Israeli Army, by Edward Luttwak and Dan Horowitz
by Joseph Shattan
The Israeli Army. by Edward Luttwak and Dan Horowitz. Harper & Row. 461 pp. $15.00. One of the most widely held myths about the Arab-Israeli conflict has it that the Israeli army owes its superiority to its technological expertise which, in turn, is a function of Israel's Western orientation.

Stockhausen Serves Imperialism, by Cornelius Cardew
by Samuel Lipman
Stockhausen Serves Imperialism. by Cornelius Cardew. Latimer New Dimensions (London). 126 pp. £3.00. The subject of this book—the penetration of music by politics—is not new.

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