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January, 1988Back to Top
“Unsung Hero”
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In the July 1987 issue of COMMENTARY, at page 62, in the context of a book review, Joshua Muravchik refers to the undersigned as the “self-proclaimed ‘unsung hero’ of the Camp David accords.” Said reference is snide, vitriolic, erroneous, and untrue!

South Africa
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Peter L. Berger and Bobby God-sell are to be congratulated on their realistic analysis and assessment of the current situation in South Africa [“Fantasies About South Africa,” July 1987].

Theodore Herzl
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As always, Paul Johnson has presented an incisive observation on Jewish history in his remarks on the paradoxical nature of the founding fathers of the state of Israel [“Israel's Providential Men,” October 1987].

The Law & Iran Contra
by Our Readers
To the Editor: When I was in law school, I recall that one of the jokes floating around was that the A students become professors, the B students become judges, the C students become lawyers and make all the money, and the D students become legislators who enact the vague laws which create the need for all the practitioners, judges, and law professors.

SDI & the Scientists
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Angelo M. Codevilla's article, “How Eminent Physicists Have Lent Their Names to a Politicized Report on Strategic Defense” [September 1987], has been brought to my attention.

The War Against Robert H. Bork
by Suzanne Garment
It ended about as well as it had begun. On Thursday, October 22, the White House decided that it was time to terminate the two-day-old Senate floor debate over the nomination of Judge Robert H.

Responding to the Bible
by Fernanda Eberstadt
The Hebrew Bible, that thunderous, juicy compendium of sacred law, poetry, history, and novella, is supremely a reader's book, a book for reading and even a book about reading.

McCarthyism: The Last Refuge of the Left
by David Horowitz
In the 1950's Senator Joseph R. McCarthy made a career of finding Reds under every bed. Today, the culture which so despises him finds traces of McCarthy himself under every bed.

On Being Black and Middle Class
by Shelby Steele
Not long ago a friend of mine, black like myself, said to me that the term “black middle class” was actually a contradiction in terms.

Hollywood Goes to Vietnam
by George Szamuely
As soon as Platoon, Oliver Stone's movie about the Vietnam war, was released a year ago, it was showered with praise.

My Hungary and Theirs
by Paul Hollander
Hungary under the long reign of János Kádár has often been seen in the West as a wave of the future, a model of evolutionary transformation within the Soviet bloc and its only success story.

Righting Wrongs
by David Stove
p>In his autobiography Bertrand Russell mentions many brilliant people he had known at Cambridge early in the century. But one of these, John Maynard Keynes, left on him a unique impression of intellectual force.

The Long Peace, by John Lewis Gaddis
by Donald Kagan
Beyond Revisionism The Long Peace: Inquiries into the History of the Cold War. by John Lewis Gaddis Oxford University Press. 332 pp. $24.95. In the spectrum of historians writing about the cold war, John Lewis Gaddis belongs in the category of post-revisionists.

The Italians and the Holocaust, by Susan Zuccotti
by Furio Colombo
Fascist Italy & the Jews The Italians and the Holocaust: Persecution, Rescue, and Survival. by Susan Zuccotti. Basic Books. 334 pp. $19.95. When I went back to school in Turin after World War II, I learned that most of my teachers had been members of the resistance, participants in the anti-fascist network which suffered many losses and supplied heroes and legends to my generation of young Italians.

Enterprising Elite, by Robert F. Dalzell, Jr.
by Carter Cooper
The Cotton Lords Enterprising Elite: The Boston Associates and the World They Made. by Robert F. Dalzell, Jr. Harvard University Press. 320 pp.

Looking Forward, by George Bush with Victor Gold
by Richard Brookhiser
Organization Man Looking Forward. by George Bush with Victor Gold. Double-day. 270 pp. $18.95. The jacket copy of Looking Forward promises “the first autobiography written by a Vice President while still in office.” That is not a reason to read it, of course; a better reason is the fact that, despite a gift for the maladroit remark and the presence of a host of rivals, George Bush is still—as he has been for seven years—the oddson choice to win the first post-Reagan Republican presidential nomination.

Miami: The City of the Future, by T.D. Allman; Miami, by Joan Didion; Going to Miami, by David Rieff
by George Russell
Mooning Over Miami Miami: The City of the Future. by T.D. Allman. Atlantic Monthly Press. 394 pp. $22.50. Miami. by Joan Didion. Simon & Schuster. 238 pp.

Reader Letters January 1988
by Joshua Muravchik
SDI & the Scientists TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Angelo M. Codevilla's article, "How Eminent Physicists Have Lent Their Names to a Politicized Report on Strategic Defense" [Sep- tember 1987], has been brought to my attention.

February, 1988Back to Top
The Constitution
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . Robert A. Goldwin, in his reply to my letter in the October 1987 issue commenting on his article, “Why Blacks, Women & Jews Are Not Mentioned in the Constitution” [May 1987], .

Atonal Music
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Thank you for publishing Neil M. Ribe's article, “Atonal Music and Its Limits” [November 1987]. It is a little ironic that I had to turn to COMMENTARY to see in print some of the arguments against and doubts about atonal music that I and many other academic and professional musicians have hitherto been able to express only behind closed doors to trusted loved ones and faithful students. We musicians are indeed, as Mr.

Heterosexuals & AIDS
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In a land teetering on the brink of hysteria over the present AIDS epidemic, Michael A. Fumento's article, “AIDS: Are Heterosexuals at Risk?” [November 1987], stands as a cool voice of reason and probity amid the din of the generally bleak and apocalyptic AIDS stories with which we are almost daily bombarded.

American Jews and Israel A Symposium
by Symposium
Never, perhaps, has criticism of the state of Israel by American Jews been so open, so widespread, and so bitter as it is today.Some of this criticism clearly represents a return of the various traditions of opposition to Zionism that in the pre-state period enjoyed such a lively existence.

The Bonfire of the Vanities, by Tom Wolfe
by Kenneth Lynn
The Fire This Time The Bonfire of the Vanities. by Tom Wolfe. Farrar Straus & Giroux. 659 pp. $19.95. What happens when one of the kings of the New Journalism, who throughout his career has employed fictional techniques in his reportage, decides to write a novel? In Tom Wolfe's The Bonfire of the Vanities we have an answer to that question.

The Life of the Party, by Robert Kuttner
by David Brooks
The Democrats' Dilemma The Life of the Party: Democratic Prospects in 1988 and Beyond. by Robert Kuttner. Viking/Elisabeth Sifton Books. 265 pp. $18.95. Robert Kuttner, who is among the more prominent of the Democratic party's younger intellectuals, has the soul of a Tammany ward boss.

Answered Prayers, by Truman Capote
by George Johnston
Fragments of Fragments Answered Prayers. by Truman Capote. Random House. 180 pp. $16.95. Almost thirty years ago, Norman Mailer wrote of Truman Capote: . .

The Velvet Prison, by Miklos Haraszti
by Arch Puddington
Beyond Socialist Realism The Velvet Prison: Artists under State Socialism. by Miklós Haraszti. Translated by Katalin and Stephen Landesmann with the help of Steve Wasserman.

Duke Ellington, by James Lincoln Collier
by William Youngren
Musician and Composer Duke Ellington. by James Lincoln Collier. Oxford University Press. 340 pp. $19.95. In recent years James Lincoln Collier, formerly known as the author of several highly praised children's books, has emerged as one of our most prominent writers on jazz.

Sight Lines, by Arlene Croce
by Jacqueline Coleman
After Balanchine Sight Lines. by Arlene Croce. Knopf. 364 pp. $19.95. Arlene Croce is generally thought A to be our most eminent dance critic, but on the evidence of this book, mostly drawn from her reviews over the last five years in the New Yorker, she is no longer responding critically to the current American dance scene.

Freedom, by William Safire
by James Tuttleton
Preserving the Union Freedom. by William Safire. Doubleday. 1125 pp. $24.95. William Safire's new historical novel makes an imposing space for itself on the shelf of contemporary Civil War fiction.

Reader Letters February 1988
by Ernest den
Heterosexuals & AIDS TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: In a land teetering on the brink of hysteria over the present AIDS epidemic, Michael A.

March, 1988Back to Top
Lincoln & Emancipation
by Our Readers
To the Editor: George Szamuely [“The Imperial Congress,” September 1987] states that Lincoln “. . . freed the slaves without bothering to consult anyone.” What a twistory of history!

Pagan, Christians, Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I would like to commend Chaim Raphael for his sensitive, insightful article, “Pagans, Christians, Jews” [October 1987]. As a Catholic, I found his schoolboy concern over possible Christian identification with “pagan Greeks” in the story of the Maccabees particularly poignant. Mr.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: Peter Brimelow's mean-minded and inaccurate article, “A Cautionary Case of Bilingualism” [November 1987], warrants a reply. It would take too much space to expose all of Mr.

Ludwig Lewisohn
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “The New York (Jewish) Intellectuals” [November 1987], Ruth R. Wisse properly disposes of Alfred Kazin's putdown of the “dreary middle-class chauvinism he encountered in Zionist clubs” for the jealous and empty statement it was.

American Foreign Policy
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am not sure that “feminization” is the most felicitous term to apply to what James Nuechterlein [“The Feminization of the American Left,” November 1987] says has happened to the political Left—sentimentalization might perhaps be closer—but he does present a meaningful analysis, and does it admirably.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: Marjorie Rosenberg is, in the main, to be commended for her article, “Inventing the Homosexual” [December 1987]. She convincingly describes the process whereby the homosexual community proclaimed itself a politically oppressed minority and proceeded, amid the feverish, intimidating atmosphere of the late 1960's, with the help of some pseudo-scientific research, to induce the moral and scientific collapse of the American Psychiatric Association.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: It was with great shock and even outrage that I read Roger Owen's description of his Orthodox conversion [“On Becoming a Jew,” November 1987].

Reagan's Rush to Disarm
by Patrick Glynn
Whether to his most passionate traditional supporters or to his bitterest long-time critics, President Reagan's unreserved embrace of arms control in the final months of his administration has come as a considerable surprise.

As I See Gorbachev
by Natan Sharansky
Three days before the Reagan-Gorbachev summit last December, I was invited to a briefing at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C.

Inventing Hebrew Prose
by Robert Alter
Most readers of fiction these days, in Israel and elsewhere, take for granted the viability of the Hebrew language as a vehicle of modern literary expression.

The New Welfare Debate
by Lawrence Mead
Welfare reform, one of the hardy perennials of American politics, has been revived in Washington. Since President Reagan announced his intention to reform welfare two years ago, proposals have come from all sides, and bills are now pending in Congress.

Do Spies Matter?
by Eric Breindel
It is often said that spies are largely irrelevant to the overall course of international politics. Epidemics of treason may be disturbing for what they imply about the societies that spawn traitors, but espionage itself—or so it is claimed—has had a relatively minor impact on world affairs. With respect to contemporary events, the validity of this argument is difficult to assess.

No Pulitzer for Pinsker A Story
by Joseph Epstein
Character is fate, as someone once said, but so is the alphabet, as Melvin A. Rosen has reason to know.

Why Johnny Is Ignorant
by Terry Teachout
Does the enormous popular success of books like Allan Bloom's The Closing of the American Mind and E.D. Hirsch, Jr.'s Cultural Literacy prove, as some conservatives claim, that a long-suffering majority is finally venting its disapproval of the way in which America's children are being taught? That this remains an open question is shown by the comparatively lukewarm reception of a more recent book by Diane Ravitch and Chester E.

The Trial of Socrates, by I.F. Stone
by Donald Kagan
Death in Athens The Trial of Socrates. by I.F. Stone. Little, Brown. 282 pp. $18.95. There is something charming in seeing someone begin the study of ancient languages and literature late in life after a very different career devoted to practical and current worldly business.

A Godless Jew: Freud, Atheism, and the Making of Psychoanalysis, by Peter Gay
by Wilfred McClay
Hymn to Freud A Godless Jew: Freud, Atheism, and the Making of Psychoanalysis. by Peter Gay. Yale University Press, in association with Hebrew Union College Press.

The Fords, by Peter Collier and David Horowitz
by Carter Cooper
Dynasty The Fords: An American Epic. by Peter Collier and David Horowitz. Summit Books. 496 pp. $22.95. Chronicles of great 20th-century American families tend to fall into two divided camps: on the one side, foot-stomping denunciations of the depredations and corruptions of the powerful; on the other, and these days far less common, side, saccharine, flowery treatments that are often the work of kept biographers.

Korea at the Crossroads, Report of the Korea Study Group
by Nicholas Eberstadt
The Hermit Kingdom Korea at the Crossroads: Implications for American Policy. Report of the Korea Study Group. Council on Foreign Relations/Asia Society.

Timebends, by Arthur Miller
by James Tuttleton
In the Crucible Timebends: A Life. by Arthur Miller. Grove Press. 614 pp. $24.95. Arthur Miller's new autobiography, Timebends: A Life, is so chronologically scrambled an account of his family, friendships, marriages, and theatrical and political activities that to sort out the temporal sequence of events is likely to give the reader a bad case of “the rapture of the deep.” Far from a conventional memoir that narrates events as they occurred, Timebends reads like a psychoanalyst's case notes of a prolonged free association. Born in New York City in 1915, Arthur Miller grew up in a wealthy family in what was then Jewish Harlem.

Reader Letters March 1988
by Roger Owen
Conversion TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: It was with great shock and even outrage that I read Roger Owen's description of his Orthodox con- version ["On Becoming a Jew," No- vember 1987].

April, 1988Back to Top
AIDS and Needles
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In my letter in the February issue commenting on Michael A. Fumento's “AIDS: Are Heterosexuals at Risk?” [November 1987], I omitted one point that warrants stressing: we should immediately make it possible for fertile women with AIDS to be sterilized.

Poles and Jews
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Milwaukee's Polish-Jewish Forum, which includes members of the Polish-American Congress and the American Jewish Committee, has, over the past year, been discussing issues of common concern.

Veterans Memorial
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Where does George Szamuely [“Hollywood Goes to Vietnam,” January] get off denigrating the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in the course of his diatribe against the current crop of Vietnam war movies? The memorial does not, as he states, “record the demise of some 58,000 individual Americans, thereby rendering their dying .

by Our Readers
To the Editor: George Russell's review of the books on Miami by T.D. Allman, Joan Didion, and David Rieff [“Mooning Over Miami,” Books in Review, January] was especially welcome in its insightfulness about the city.

John R. Tunis
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As I read Joseph Epstein's “A Boy's Own Author” [December 1987], I had a disquieting reaction. Could it be that Mr.

Black and Middle Class
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Shelby Steele has written one of the finest essays on black American identity I have read in a long while [“On Being Black and Middle Class,” January].

by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Remembering Vietnam” [December 1987], H. J. Kaplan writes that the Indochina war “disrupted and almost destroyed civil society .

Harry Dexter White
by Our Readers
To the Editor: McCarthyism as I understand it had (and still has) partly to do with playing fast and loose with the truth about a person's life for political purposes.

John Stuart Mill
by Our Readers
To the Editor: David Stove's “The Columbus Argument” [December 1987] is for several reasons a misreading of John Stuart Mill's philosophy.

The Bible & Its Readers
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Responding to the Bible” [January], . . . Fernanda Eberstadt has a very special bone to pick with contemporary maulers of Scripture.

The Return of Eugenics
by Richard Neuhaus
Eugenics—that is, the movement to improve and even perfect the human species by technological means—arose in the late 19th century and flourished in this country and in Europe until the 1930's.

Can Israel Withdraw?
by David Bar-Illan
In the months since the riots first broke out in Gaza and on the West Bank, we have heard and seen a great deal about the practical, political, and moral problems that have been created for Israel by the occupation.

Arms Control & Its Casualties
by Mary Eberstadt
With the conclusion this past December of the INF accord and the prospect of other agreements to come, an American administration has once again placed arms control at the center of our foreign policy. Many among the administration's supporters and detractors alike have found this to be an unexpected turn of events.

Gorbachev Without Illusions
by Alain Besançon
I The Crisis In its first three years under Mikhail Gorbachev the Soviet Union has passed through a period of crisis which began well before his advent to power and which shows no sign of ending.

Bashing Toscanini
by William Youngren
Arturo Toscanini (1867-1957) was the most highly acclaimed conductor of his time, both in Europe and in this country. But there was always a grudging undercurrent of objection to him.

Varieties of Yiddish Verse-In English
by Maurice Friedberg
Un vu bizt du geven . . .?—“And where were you when we needed you?”—asks a plaintive old Yiddish song.

Calculated Risks, by Bruce Berkowitz; The Arms Control Delusion, by Malcolm Wallop and Angelo M. Codevilla
by Whittle Johnston
The Magic Kingdom Calculated Risks: A Century of Arms Control, Why It Has Failed, and How It Can Be Made to Work. by Bruce Berkowitz. Simon & Schuster.

Trump: The Art of the Deal, by Donald J. Trump with Tony Schwartz
by Roger Starr
The Boy Wonder Trump: The Art of the Deal. by Donald J. Trump with Tony Schwartz. Random House. 246 pp. $19.95. In an accelerated world, it seems hardly extraordinary that a very rich New Yorker named Donald J.

Women and Love, by Shere Hite
by Charlotte Low
Women Without Love Women and Love: A Cultural Revolution in Process. by Shere Hite. Knopf. 922 pp. $24.95. The noise over Shere Hite's latest book, Women and Love: A Cultural Revolution, has come and gone, and so has the book itself.

Holy Terror: Inside the World of Islamic Terrorism, by Amir Taheri
by Daniel Pipes
Khomeini's Revolution Holy Terror: Inside the World of Islamic Terrorism. by Amir Taheri. Adler & Adler. 332 pp. $19.95. Holy Terror represents a major effort by an Iranian Muslim to take stock of a decade of Islamic revolution.

Oscar Wilde, by Richard Ellmann
by George Johnston
The Aesthete Oscar Wilde. by Richard Ellmann. Knopf. 632 pp. $24.95. In recent decades Oscar Wilde has enjoyed a run on the intellectual exchange like no other Victorian.

Reader Letters April 1988
by David Horowitz
The Bible & Its Readers TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: In "Responding to the Bible" [January], . . . Fernanda Eberstadt has a very special bone to pick with contemporary maulers of Scripture. She notes the fact that the "histor- ical-critical" approach to the study of the Bible ...

May, 1988Back to Top
Bork & His Enemies
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I agree with what Suzanne Garment writes in her article, “The War Against Robert H. Bork” [January], about the scurrility and ruthlessness of the campaign against Judge Bork, and I too supported his nomination to the Supreme Court.

The START Treaty
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Patrick Glynn's article, “Reagan's Rush to Disarm” [March], deserves serious comment. Let me begin with the title. It correctly describes the thrust of the article, but the article, in important respects, deviates from the facts and comes to what I consider to be unwise conclusions. The article assumes with regret that the INF treaty will be ratified.

Israel & the Intellectuals: A Failure of Nerve?
by Ruth Wisse
I deeply sympathize with you and with the numerous other Jewish dissenters who have raised their voice with courage and dedication to save the adherents of the Jewish faith from the pitfalls and dangers of Zionism.

What We Know About the Homeless
by Thomas Main
In April 1986, Joyce Brown, a former New Jersey secretary (who also calls herself Billie Boggs), had a fight with her sisters with whom she was then living—and hopped on a bus to New York City.

The Rise of American Decline
by Owen Harries
Over the last twenty years, American intellectuals have accused the United States of being imperialistic, arrogant, bellicose, exploitative, brutal, and worse.

“Jews, Jews Everywhere”
by Vladimir Morozov
1. Trouble With Point 5 I remember the time, about ten years ago, that Boris Sonkin and I met with minister Fedorov.

The First Revisionist Historian
by Donald Kagan
The title of this essay refers to the Greek historian Thucydides, and it raises several questions. The first is who was Thucydides, and why should we be interested in his work almost two and a half millennia after it was written? Next, what is a revisionist historian, and how can we think of Thucydides as a revisionist when he seems to have been the first man to write a history of the war that was his subject? What, therefore, did he revise? Finally, by what right can he be called the greatest of revisionists, in competition with all the others who have borne that title? Thucydides was an Athenian aristocrat who came of age at the height of the greatness of Periclean Athens.

Art, Kitsch & Politics
by John Sisk
Some American lovers of the Parisian music-hall world may have been happy to see Paul Chutkow referring with nostalgic affection in the New York Times to the “high-kitsch candelabra” in the grand lobby of the Folies-Bergère.

Conservative Splits
by Dan Himmelfarb
In his contribution to a symposium on “The State of Conservatism” in the Spring 1986 issue of the Intercollegiate Review, the Old Right historian and editor Paul Gottfried noted that neoconservatives “have always been open in expressing their contempt for the Old Right.” Whether or not this claim is valid—and there is reason to question its validity, inasmuch as a central theme of neoconservative thought is that the enemies are now on the Left—the converse seems to be true: criticism of neoconservatism has come to be an increasingly conspicuous feature of Old Right writings. The general complaint is that neoconservatives exert disproportionate influence within the “conservative intellectual movement,” that neoconservatism is now regarded as roughly equivalent to—rather than merely a species of—“American conservatism.” Thus Clyde Wilson, in the Intercollegiate Review symposium, wrote (of the Old Right) that “we have simply been crowded out by overwhelming numbers.

Afghanistan: The Great Game Revisited, edited by Rosanne Klass; Among the Afghans, by Arthur Bonner; The Wind Blows Away Our Wor
by Daniel Pipes
Resisting the Elephant Afghanistan: The Great Game Revisited. by Rosanne Klass. Freedom House. 519 pp. $29.95. Among the Afghans. by Arthur Bonner. Duke University Press. 366 pp.

Abortion and Divorce in Western Law, by Mary Ann Glendon
by Daniel Casse
The Law as Teacher Abortion and Divorce in Western Law. by Mary Ann Glendon. Harvard University Press. 224 pp. $25.00. Nearly twenty years ago, a movement was undertaken to modernize two major areas of family law, abortion and divorce.

Midrash, Mishnah, and Gemara, by David Weiss Halivni
by David Singer
In Praise of Pilpul Midrash, Mishnah, and Gemara: The Jewish Predilection for Justified Law. by David Weiss Halivni. Harvard University Press. 164 pp.

Showdown, by Jorge Amado
by George Russell
Mythmaker Showdown. by Jorge Amado. Translated from the Portuguese by Gregory Rabassa. Bantam. 422 pp. $18.95. Brazil is a marvel, a continent-country that exists simultaneously in the late 20th century and the mid-19th.

The Failure of Feminism, by Nicholas Davidson; Feminism and Freedom, by Michael Levin
by Charlotte Low
Feminist Fallout The Failure of Feminism. by Nicholas Davidson. Prometheus Books. 392 pp. $24.95. Feminism and Freedom. by Michael Levin. Transaction Books. 336 pp. $39.95. During the mid-1970's I was briefly a low-rung associate attorney for a corporate law firm.

Reader Letters May 1988
by Samuel Rabinove
The START Treaty TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Patrick Glynn's article, "Reagan's Rush to Disarm" [March], deserves serious comment. Let me begin with the title.

June, 1988Back to Top
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The citation of Balzac in Carter Cooper's review of The Fords by Peter Collier and David Horowitz [Books in Review, March] seems to be incorrect.

Dance Criticism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: There is a variety of methods by which a writer's decline can be shown, and we expect to see at least one of them in action when we are told that an important writer has not lived up to the expectations engendered by his previous work.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: I would like to comment on Wilfred M. McClay's review of Peter Gay's A Godless Jew: Freud, Atheism, and the Making of Psychoanalysis [Books in Review, March].

Education in America
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Terry Teachout's excellent article [“Why Johnny Is Ignorant,” March] helps us to understand the problem. . . .

Tom Wolfe
by Our Readers
To the Editor: It is saddening that Kenneth S. Lynn and COMMENTARY saw fit to give Tom Wolfe's The Bonfire of the Vanities a review devoted chiefly to a discussion of the novel's failure to live up to its admittedly enormous ambitions and not of the book's rather considerable achievements [Books in Review, February]. To criticize a novel for failing to succeed to the mantle of Honoré de Balzac is, I think, both niggling and ungenerous.

Population Control
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article, “Population Scares” [November 1987], P. T. Bauer does a superb job of debunking myths about the virtues of population control.

American Jews & Israel
by Our Readers
To the Editor: With its timely February symposium, “American Jews and Israel,” COMMENTARY provided the American Jewish community with an invaluable service.

Making Central America Safe for Communism
by Mark Falcoff
The decision of the U.S. Congress on February 3, 1988 to suspend military aid to the Nicaraguan resistance closes an entire episode in the history of American foreign policy.

Who Is a Jew
by Elie Kedourie
Forty years—the length of time which the biblical children of Israel spent in the wilderness—is a long period; for the state of Israel, now celebrating its fortieth birthday, this is therefore rightly an occasion for celebration and thanksgiving.

William F. Buckley, Jr. and American Conservatism
by James Nuechterlein
In 1955, when William F. Buckley, Jr. published the first issue of National Review, the conservatism that he and his journal represented stood, isolated and forlorn, at the very outer margins of intellectual and political respectability.

Three Books
by Daniel Fuchs
What I would like to do here is write on three books which stay with me after sixty years and sometimes turn up in my dreams: Walls of Fire, a novel by Marc Worth (a pseudonym), privately printed in 1925 or 1926; Silberstein, a French novel, its author's name not remembered by me; and W.N.P.

“Glasnost,” the KGB, and the “Nation”
by Joshua Muravchik
Sergei Grigoryants, who has spent ten of his forty-six years in Soviet prisons and labor camps, was among some 150 political prisoners released in 1987 by order of the Politburo, in the first dramatic demonstration of Mikhail Gorbachev's policy of openness or glasnost.

Did the U.S. Recruit Nazi War Criminals?
by George Szamuely
The “revisionist” interpretation of the origins of the cold war appears to be making a comeback. Only, this time around it is thinner, cruder, and meaner than before.

A Failed Musical Genius
by Samuel Lipman
Alles ist nach seiner Art—everything goes after its own fashion; or, one's fate is to live up to whatever one is.

The Yellow Wind, by David Grossman
by Edward Alexander
Arabs As Jews The Yellow Wind. by David Grossman. Translated by Haim Watzman. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 216 pp. $17.95. The Yellow Wind is David Grossman's account, written for the Israeli weekly Koteret Rashit, of his “seven-week journey through the West Bank” in 1987.

Right from the Beginning, by Patrick J. Buchanan
by David Brock
Street-Corner Conservative Right from the Beginning. by Patrick J. Buchanan. Little, Brown. 392 pp. $18.95. These memoirs by Patrick J. Buchanan—the pertinacious political commentator, syndicated columnist, and former resident controversialist in the administrations of Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan—are a near-approximation in the pantheon of conservative political manifestoes to Barry Gold-water's Conscience of a Conservative.

Whose Justice? Which Rationality?, by Alasdair MacIntyre
by Richard Neuhaus
Traditions of Inquiry Whose Justice? Which Rationality? by Alasdair MacIntyre. University of Notre Dame Press. 410 pp. $22.95. Since its publication in 1981, Alasdair MacIntyre's earlier book, After Virtue, has attracted a level of general attention seldom accorded to serious works in moral philosophy.

The Suicidal Corporation, by Paul H. Weaver
by George Russell
From Ford to Adam Smith The Suicidal Corporation: How Big Business Fails America. by Paul H. Weaver. Simon & Schuster. 270 pp. $18.95. The Suicidal Corporation is a provocative, often incoherent work that records the conversion of an avowedly neoconservative academic and business journalist into a strenuous critic of Big Government and Big Business alike.

While Others Build: The Common-Sense Approach to the Strategic Defense Initiative, by Angelo Codevilla
by Stephen Rosen
Anti-Missile Defense While Others Build: The Common-sense Approach to the Strategic Defense Initiative. by Angelo Codevilla. The Free Press. 256 pp. $22.50. An emphasis on strategic weapons that defend territory and people rather than destroying them is the one substantive legacy that the Reagan administration might have left to American national-security policy.

Reader Letters June 1988
by Arthur Hertzberg
American Jews & Israel TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: With its timely February sym- posium, "American Jews and Is- rael," COMMENTARY provided the American Jewish community with an invaluable service.

July, 1988Back to Top
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his review of I. F. Stone's book, The Trial of Socrates [Books in Review, March], Donald Kagan states: “The notion that he [Socrates] wanted to die in order to spite the democracy and make himself a martyr to the anti-democratic cause is ludicrous.

Church and State
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The articles on Mikhail Gorbachev by Alain Besançon [“Gorbachev Without Illusions,” April] and Natan Sharansky [“As I See Gorbachev,” March] again remind us of the sophisticated international diplomacy practiced by the USSR since Lenin.

Welfare Reform
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I am in the process of writing a book tentatively entitled Charles Murray and His Critics, in which the critics come out decidedly on the short end.

Arms Control
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Patrick Glynn, in his excellent article, “Reagan's Rush to Disarm” [March], mentions the Soviet Union's rejection of President Carter's deep-cuts proposal of Intermediate Nuclear Force (INF) weapons in March 1977, but neglects to mention the origin of President Carter's proposal.

Can Israel Withdraw?
by Our Readers
To the Editor: The articles by Mitchell Bard and David Bar-Illan debating a unilateral withdrawal by Israel [“Can Israel Withdraw?,” April] are very instructive.

Glasnost & Its Limits
by Walter Laqueur
Glasnost, both the term and the concept, has a long and honorable history. It was one of the main demands put forward by 19th-century Russian radicals, figuring prominently in the early issues of Kolokol (“The Bell”), the only free Russian periodical published at the time.

Munich at Fifty
by Williamson Murray
It is now fifty years since Adolf Hitler, Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier, and Benito Mussolini met at Munich in September 1938 to strip Czechoslovakia of its territory and its defenses.

The ANC in Its Own Words
by David Jr.
According to its partisans in Congress and the media, the African National Congress (ANC)—which represents the principal source of armed opposition to the apartheid regime in South Africa—is fundamentally a pro-Western movement.

Will Herberg in Retrospect
by David Dalin
Very few people today remember who Will Herberg was. If his name is recognized at all, it is probably as the author of Protestant-Catholic-Jew (1955), a popular evocation of America's “triple melting pot” whose thesis has become a part of the sociological language of our time.

School Days A Story
by Rachel Abrams
Mandy listened to Billie Holiday and Duke Ellington, and liked to read Herman Hesse. She also loved narcotics. Any kind would do, but she specialized in the hallucinogens.

Feminism vs. Literature
by Carol Iannone
Scarcely a single scholarly discipline now stands without its corrective feminist insurgency, and the profession of English literature is no exception.

Remembering Sam Spiegel
by Daniel Fuchs
Sam Spiegel died just a few years ago and a biography of him, already out, deals with the big parties he gave in the 40's at his house in Beverly Hills.

At a Tender Age, by Rita Kramer
by James Wilson
Into the AbyssAt a Tender Age: Violent Youth and Juvenile Justice. by Rita Kramer. Holt. 309 pp. $18.95.Rita Kramer takes you to the edge of the abyss and lets you have a long, terrifying look.

The Power Game, by Hedrick Smith; Washington Goes to War, by David Brinkley
by Herbert Stein
D.C. Follies The Power Game: How Washington works. by Hedrick Smith. Random House. 793 pp. $22.50. Washington Goes to War. by David Brinkley. Knopf. 304 pp.

Judah P. Benjamin: The Jewish Confederate, by Eli N. Evans
by Carter Cooper
The Outsider as Insider Judah P. Benjamin: The Jewish Confederate. by Eli N. Evans. The Free Press. 469 pp. $24.95. Praised to the skies in his lifetime as a brilliant counsel to the powerful, and just as violently condemned as a sly manipulator, Judah Benjamin, the first acknowledged Jew to be a United States Senator, right-hand man to Confederate President Jefferson Davis, secretary of state for the rebel government, celebrated lawyer, and author of the classic Benjamin on Sales, received, after his death, a rather icy treatment.

Schoenberg and the New Music, by Carl Dalhaus
by William Youngren
Music of our Century Schoenberg and the New Music. By Carl Dahlhaus. Translated by Derrick Puffett and Alfred Clayton. Cambridge University Press. 305 pp.

The Catholic Moment, by Richard John Neuhaus
by Wilfred McClay
Christian Unity The Catholic Moment: The Paradox of the Church in the Postmodern World. by Richard John Neuhaus. Harper & Row. 292 pp.

Reader Letters July 1988
by Ruth King
Can Israel Withdraw? TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: The articles by Mitchell Bard and David Bar-Illan debating a unilat- eral withdrawal by Israel ["Can Is- rael Withdraw?," April] are very in- structive.

August, 1988Back to Top
by Our Readers
To the Editor: As one who was born too late to hear Toscanini in person but who never ceases to marvel at and learn from his recorded performances, I wish to express my gratitude to William H.

The Homeless
To the Editor: I would like to take issue, in a friendly way, with two points Charlotte Low makes in her generally favorable dual review of my book, The Failure of Feminism, and Michael Levin's Feminism and Freedom [Books in Review, May]. The first point concerns Miss Low's statement that both books rely “not so much on common sense—which would suffice—as on an odd collection of pseudo-scientific theories of a sociological stripe.” With due respect, common sense never suffices.

Men and Women
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I would like to take issue, in a friendly way, with two points Charlotte Low makes in her generally favorable dual review of my book, The Failure of Feminism, and Michael Levin's Feminism and Freedom [Books in Review, May]. The first point concerns Miss Low's statement that both books rely “not so much on common sense—which would suffice—as on an odd collection of pseudo-scientific theories of a sociological stripe.” With due respect, common sense never suffices.

America in Decline?
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Given our different perspectives, it would be silly of me to carp at Owen Harries's lengthy discussion of my book, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, in his article, “The Rise of American Decline” [May], even where I think he has misunderstood what I wrote.

The New Eugenics
by Our Readers
To the Editor: While I generally agree with the thrust of Richard John Neuhaus's excellent article, “The Return of Eugenics” [April], I am compelled to quibble with an inference he draws from a statement made by the moral philosopher Dame Mary Warnock, the chairman of a British commission on medical ethics.

Who Killed Poetry?
by Joseph Epstein
There are certain things in which mediocrity is intolerable: poetry, music, painting, public eloquence. —La Bruyère I am not about to say of poetry, as Marianne Moore once did, that “I, too, dislike it,” for not only has reading poetry brought me instruction and delight but I was taught to exalt it.

What the Kiss-and-Tell Books Tell
by David Brock
The hullabaloo over the recent spate of memoirs by former members of the Reagan administration has been so entirely off the mark that little is known about what these supposedly tell-all accounts actually reveal.

Communism, Anti-Semitism & the Jews
by Jerry Muller
Jews and Communism: in the 1980's, this is a pairing with diminishing resonance, yet one that does continue to quicken images, however disparate, in the collective memory.

Living With Women's Lib
by Ruth Wisse
When the women's movement began to show some muscle in the late 60's and early 70's, I decided it was a passing fad, like the hula hoop.

A “New Racism” on Campus?
by Thomas Short
Campus racism is receiving national attention, but questions of fact and of interpretation make its reality problematic and also ensure that discussion of the subject will invariably become heated.

Eyewitness in Gaza
by Louis Rapoport
This past May, I rode in the back of a small open jeep as Roni, the captain of our Company A, roared down a sandy side street in pestilential Jebaliya, pursuing a mob of stone-throwers.

Robert Nisbet's America
by Mary Eberstadt
When a conservative thinker of Robert Nisbet's stature surveys the American scene only to find “a deeply flawed giant; not yet moribund but ill-gaited, shambling, and spastic of limb, often aberrant of mind,” his claims to our attention are several.

America Invulnerable, by James Chace and Caleb Carr
by George Russell
Policy vs. Pathology America Invulnerable: The Quest for Absolute Security from 1812 to Star Wars. by James Chace and Caleb Carr. Summit Books.

Zionism: The Crucial Phase, By David Vital
by Gerald Steinberg
Weizmann & the British Zionism: The Crucial Phase. by David Vital. Oxford University Press. 392 pp. $65.00. Seventy years ago, three decades before the Holocaust, the Jews of Eastern Europe were already a broken people, and their survival, both as individuals and as a community, was very uncertain.

Passage to a Human World, by Max Singer
by Nicholas Eberstadt
Creating the Future Passage to a Human World: The Dynamics of Creating Global Wealth. by Max Singer. Foreword by Irving Kristol. Transaction Books.

George Balanchine, Ballet Master, by Richard Buckle in collaboration with John Taras
by Terry Teachout
The Last Modernist George Balanchine, Ballet Master. by Richard Buckle in collaboration with John Taras. Random House. 403 pp. $29.95. On the surface, the English dance critic Richard Buckle would seem eminently qualified to write a biography of George Balanchine, the greatest choreographer of the 20th century.

Money and Class in America, By Lewis H. Lapham; America's Upper Class, by Nelson W. Aldrich, Jr.
by Roger Starr
Among the Rich Money and Class in America. by Lewis H. Lapham. Weidenfeld & Nicholson. 243 pp. $18.95. “Old Money”: The Making of America's Upper Class. by Nelson W.

Reader Letters August 1988
by Ruth Dalin
The New Eugenics TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: While I generally agree with the thrust of Richard John Neuhaus's excellent article, "The Return of Eugenics" [April], I am compelled to quibble with an inference he draws from a statement made by the moral philosopher Dame Mary Warnock, the chairman of a British commission on medical ethics.

September, 1988Back to Top
Dorris Lessing
by Our Readers
To the Editor: . . . I would like to point out a few mistakes in Daniel Pipes's review of Doris Lessing's book on Afghanistan, The Wind Blows Away Our Words [Books in Review, May]. Mr.

The Grand March
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In “Art, Kitsch & Politics” [May], John P. Sisk raises the question of whether Milan Kundera is an incarnation of the devil.

Arms Control
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Mary Tedeschi Eberstadt argues in “Arms Control and Its Casualties” [April] that the administration could not coherently proceed with arms-control negotiations with the Soviet Union and actively try to replace the Marxist government of Nicaragua at the same time.

One Book
by Our Readers
To the Editor: My profoundest thanks to you, and to Daniel Fuchs, for “Three Books” [June]. Two of the books were completely new to me, and I shall try and find out more about them.

American Conservatism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his thoughtful, if mostly negative, discussion of the book I wrote with Paul Gottfried, The Conservative Movement, Dan Himmelfarb offered a number of useful insights into the differences between the neoconservatives and the Old Right, whom he calls paleoconservatives [“Conservative Splits,” May].

Israel & the Intellectuals
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I very much appreciated Ruth R. Wisse's “Israel & the Intellectuals: A Failure of Nerve?” [May]. . .

The Coming of Custodial Democracy
by Charles Murray
It is by now taken for granted that the nation is about to turn to the Left in domestic policy.

How Ronald Reagan Weakened the Presidency
by L. Crovitz
There is a general impression that Ronald Reagan has been a strong President, perhaps the strongest since Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Judaism According to Emil Fackenheim
by Robert Seltzer
In the course of overlapping careers as rabbi, professor of philosophy, and theologian, Emil Fackenheim has produced a shelf of books that must be considered among the most important works of serious Jewish religious thought in the second half of this century. Some of those books are technical in nature, devoted to specific issues in Jewish theology.

En Route to the Gulag
by Irina Ratushinskaya
For seven months now, ever since my arrest and trial, I have been living like a queen here in prison: doors are flung open before me wherever I go—into cells, interrogation rooms, the courtroom.

The River Temz
by Flossie Lewis
The switchboard is Lily's responsibility, one of them. Lily Leung is also secretary to Linda Garcia-Hernandez, the Dean of Girls and Curriculum.

Where Is Zion?
by Edward Alexander
To anyone resident in Israel during the months since the Arab uprising (intifada) began in December 1987, or who has followed newspaper accounts of the effects it has had on Israel's “image” abroad, it will come as no surprise that among those effects has been a conspicuous drop in the numbers of American Jews visiting the country.

Virgil Thomson & Musical Taste
by Samuel Lipman
Long life can be a burden; it can also be a delectation, for oneself and others. In the case of the American composer and critic Virgil Thomson, the immense pleasure both taken and given over the course of a lifespan that exceeds the bounds of our century has always been evident, in his jaunty and touching musical compositions no less than in his writings.1 A newly released collection of Thomson's letters2 allows us to taste some of that pleasure for ourselves. Thomson was born in 1896 in Kansas City, Missouri.

Fear No Evil, by Natan Sharansky
by Fernanda Eberstadt
Celebrating to the Limit Fear No Evil. by Natan Sharansky. Translated by Stefani Hoffman. Random House. 437 pp. $19.95. Of gadflies born to make an alien tyrant's life hell, few have been as high-spirited, or as resilient, as Anatoly (now Natan) Sharansky, the Soviet Jewish human-rights activist who in 1986, by dint of a nine-year international campaign conducted by his wife Avital, was released from the gulag to liberty in Jerusalem.

A Brief History of Time, by Stephen W. Hawking
by Jeffrey Marsh
Explaining the Universe A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes. by Stephen W. Hawking. Bantam Books. 198 pp.

Peace and Revolution, by Guenter Lewy
by Rael Isaac
The Violent Pacifists Peace and Revolution: The Moral Crisis of American Pacifism. by Guenter Lewy. Eerdmans. 282 pp. $19.95. A better subtitle for this valuable book would be “The Moral Collapse of American Pacifism.” The moral crisis is long past.

The Letters of Edith Wharton, edited by R.W.B. Lewis and Nancy Lewis
by James Tuttleton
Life-Lover The Letters of Edith Wharton. by R.W.B. Lewis and Nancy Lewis. Scribners. 576 pp. $29.95. When one reflects on the popularity of Edith Wharton's work in her lifetime, the vast body of serious literary criticism her work generated and still generates, and her enduring and fully justified reputation as a major American novelist—moreover, our best woman novelist—the fact that her correspondence has been so long delayed in publication is something of a mystery. When she died in 1937, Mrs.

Beyond Malice, by Richard M. Clurman; The Coming Battle for the Media, by William A. Rusher
by David Brock
The Fourth Estate Beyond Malice: The Media's Years of Reckoning. by Richard M. Clurman. Transaction Books. 306 pp. $24.95. The Coming Battle for the Media. by William A.

Reader Letters September 1988
by Daniel Fuchs
Israel & the Intellectuals TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: I very much appreciated Ruth R. Wisse's "Israel & the Intellectuals: A Failure of Nerve?" [May]....

October, 1988Back to Top
Anti-Missile Defense
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Stephen Peter Rosen, in his review of While Others Build [Books in Review, June], criticizes both me as the author of the book and my role in public affairs.

World War I
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Donald Kagan, in his article, “The First Revisionist Historian” [May], as well as in earlier pieces, especially “World War I, World War II, World War III” [March 1987], hammers home his thesis that the World War I revisionists were wrong, and that Germany and Austria were in fact the prime culprits in 1914.

Nazi War Criminals
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I seem to have struck a raw nerve. In “Did the U.S. Recruit Nazi War Criminals?” [June], George Szamuely says that my book Blowback is a “paranoid fantasy, .

Who Is a Jew
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Elie Kedourie's article, “Who is a Jew” [June], confronts the issue of what it means to be a Jew in the context of a secular, open Western civilization.

Liberalism & American Jews
by Irving Kristol
American Jews, in their overwhelming majority, are politically rooted in a liberal tradition. That is presumably why, as Milton Himmelfarb has noted, Jews in this country have the economic status of white Anglo-Saxon Episcopalians but vote more like low-income Hispanics.

Before and After Glasnost
by Yuri Orlov
Gorbachev's reforms have created a new and critical situation in the Soviet Union. What is new is that the Soviet system has entered a transition phase that makes it more susceptible to the influence of internal and external pressures than it was earlier—or will be afterward, in all likelihood.

Is Jordan Palestine?
by Daniel Pipes
King Hussein's recent declaration that “there should be the separation of the West Bank from the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan” presents all parties to the Arab-Israeli conflict with opportunities and dangers.

Religion in Politics; Politics in Religion
by Wilfred McClay
Not too many months ago, it seemed that 1988 would be the year that religion-in-politics came into its own. To be sure, the 1980 and 1984 presidential campaigns had featured religion-in-politics galore, to an extent perhaps unrivaled since the days of William Jennings Bryan.

In Praise of Richard Nixon
by Paul Johnson
Richard Nixon remains the most enigmatic of American Presidents. He has been around longer than any other public man in the West, apart from François Mitterrand.

Clean Dancing
by Peter Shaw
Among the many targets of the revolutionary cultural spirit of the 1960's, the original and arguably most important were sexual roles and the relationship between the sexes.

Adultery, from Hawthorne to Updike
by Carol Iannone
Surely ours is an age in which a work like Nathaniel Hawthorne's 19th-century masterpiece, The Scarlet Letter, could no longer be written.

Covert Cadre: Inside the Institute for Policy Studies, by S. Steven Powell
by Joshua Muravchik
IPS Covert Cadre: Inside the Institute for Policy Studies. by S. Steven Powell. Green Hill Publishers. 469 pp. $29.95. The chief issues adviser to Reverend Jesse Jackson's presidential campaign this year was Robert Borosage, for the past decade the executive director of the Institute for Policy Studies (IPS).

The Sisterhood, by Marcia Cohen
by Thomas Main
Oracles of Feminism The Sisterhood: The True Story of the Women Who Changed the World. by Marcia Cohen. Simon & Schuster. 445 pp.

Chekisty: A History of the KGB, by John J. Dziak; On the Wrong Side: My Life in the KGB, by Stanislav Levchenko; Secret Servant:
by Michael Ledeen
The KGB Chekisty: A History of the KGB. by John J. Dziak. Lexington Books. 169 pp. $17.95. On the Wrong Side: My Life in the KGB. by Stanislav Levchenko. Pergamon-Brassey.

A Life, by Elia Kazan
by Herb Greer
Theatrics A Life. by Elia Kazan. Knopf. 864 pp. $24.95. Elia Kazan's claim to attention is based mostly on his part in a few decades of American entertainment.

A Little Love in Big Manhattan, by Ruth R. Wisse
by Donna Rifkind
Baudelaires of East Broadway A Little Love in Big Mahattan: Two Yiddish Poets. by Ruth R. Wisse. Harvard University Press. 279 pp. $25.00. The story Ruth R.

Reader Letters October 1988
by Elie Kedourie
Who Is a Jew TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Elie Kedourie's article, "Who Is a Jew" [June], confronts the issue of what it means to be a Jew in the context of a secular, open West- ern civilization.

November, 1988Back to Top
Music in Our Time
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In the concluding passages of his article on Nicolas Slonimsky, “A Failed Musical Genius” [June], Samuel Lipman says: Almost everywhere we look in contemporary composition—and this has been a sad fact at least since World War II—both style and content are perceived as matters of choice, as if artistic creation were no more than a matter of selecting a meal in a cafeteria, and the temple of harmony had given way to the Tower of Babel.

Soviet Dissidents
by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article, “‘Glasnost,’ the KGB, and the Nation” [June], Joshua Muravchik misrepresents circumstances, argues through innuendo, and libels the Nation and ourselves.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: Joseph Epstein [“Who Killed Poetry?,” August] was precisely right about the current poetry “scene” (the readings, the academic appointments, etc.).

by Our Readers
To the Editor: Walter Laqueur, in “Glasnost & Its Limits” [July], takes issue with some remarks in my own earlier article in COMMENTARY, “Gorbachev Without Illusions” [April].

Is There Still a Soviet Threat?
by Angelo Codevilla
On the campaign trail this fall, George Bush observed that as the result of policies pursued by the Reagan administration, “Peace is breaking out all over.” He is not alone in this assessment, which is hardly limited to Republicans.

Evolution and the Bible
by Leon Kass
Western civilization would not be Western civilization were it not for biblical religion, which reveres and trusts in the one God, Who has made known what He wants of human beings through what is called His revelation, i.e., through Scripture.

The Psychology of Altruism
by Joseph Adelson
There is a vast literature on moral psychology—literally thousands of articles, most of them reports of research, all attempting to probe the nature of virtuous behavior: how to produce it in the child, how to encourage it among the rest of us.

Losing in Latin America
by Robert Kagan
Critics of Ronald Reagan argue that American influence is now on the wane in Latin America—as indeed it is—because the Reagan administration was too interventionist, too eager to apply American power unilaterally and to meddle in Latin American affairs, particularly in Nicaragua and Panama.

The Train A Story
by Kelly Cherry
I tell her we'd better hurry if she doesn't want to miss the train. It's late in the day. I want her to take something with her, I want her to care enough about us to take something with her, some souvenir of her time with us, but the small suitcase I retrieved from the hall closet this morning and placed by her bedside is still empty.

Alger Hiss: A Glimpse Behind the Mask
by Eric Breindel
Devotees of the Hiss case have long hoped—and thought it conceivable—that Alger Hiss would one day share his version of that historic episode with the American people.

Remembering America, by Richard N. Goodwin
by Midge Decter
Out of It Remembering America. by Richard N. Goodwin. Little, Brown. 543 pp. $19.95. For many people—indeed, probably for most of us—the 1960's in retrospect seem not so much an actual series of years as a drama of rapidly changing consciousness.

The Year After the Riots: American Responses to the Palestine Crisis of 1929-30, by Naomi W. Cohen
by Michael J. Lewis
Riot and Response The Year After the Riots: American Responses to the Palestine Crisis of 1929-30. by Naomi W. Cohen. Wayne State University Press.

All the Right Enemies: The Life and Murder of Carlo Tresca, by Dorothy Gallagher
by Stephen Schwartz
Political Murder All the Right Enemies: The Life and Murder of Carlo Tresca. by Dorothy Gallagher. Rutgers University Press. 324 pp. $24.95 This book presents one of the most remarkable personalities in 20th-century American history: an Italian-born labor leader of anarchist convictions, a pronounced anti-Stalinist, who was assassinated in 1943 in New York, very possibly at the instance of the Communist party.

Two Jewish Justices, by Robert A. Burt
by Paul Appelbaum
Pariah and Parvenu Two Jewish Justices: Outcasts in the Promised Land. by Robert A. Burt. University of California Press. 157 pp. $19.95. Louis D.

Goldwater, by Barry Goldwater with Jack Casserly
by James Nuechterlein
Mr. Right Goldwater. by Barry Gold-water with Jack Casserly. Doubleday. 432 pp. $21.95. In 1964 Barry Goldwater ran for President as a conservative activist and lost by the largest popular margin in history to that date.

Reader Letters November 1988
by Walter Laqueur
Glasnost TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Walter Laqueur, in "Glasnost & Its Limits" [July], takes issue with some remarks in my own earlier article in COMMENTARY, "Gorba- chev Without Illusions" [April]. For the sake of clarification, let me briefly summarize my position. 1.

December, 1988Back to Top
Feminist Criticism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: For some years now I have read Carol Iannone's contributions to COMMENTARY with increasing admiration. Her “Feminism vs.

by Our Readers
To the Editor: In his article, “The ANC in Its Own Words” [July], David Roberts, Jr. begins by attributing to me the view that “neither the deep antagonism” of the African National Congress to the United States nor the assistance it receives from the Soviet Union “results in a pro-Soviet attitude on international issues.” This may be a naive judgment, but it is not mine.

Women's Lib
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Ruth R. Wisse's article, “Living With Women's Lib” [August], is provocative and powerful. But Mrs. Wisse's argument betrays two serious flaws.

Soviet Anti-Semitism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: I was greatly impressed by Vladimir Morozov's vivid and eloquent reportage on the situation of Jews in the Soviet Union, “Jews, Jews Everywhere” [May].

Campus Racism
by Our Readers
To the Editor: Thomas Short's article, “A ‘New Racism’ on Campus?” [August], contributes much-needed clarification to the discussion of campus racism.

Capitalism: The Wave of the Future
by Jerry Muller
Almost from the moment that capitalism came to dominate modern economic life, intellectual observers pronounced its imminent demise. Karl Marx, who did so much to develop the concept and trace the history of what he called the “capitalist mode of production,” believed that the day of capitalism was already at dusk, and that the socialist dawn approached.

Racial Perversity in Chicago
by Joseph Epstein
I was five or six years old—the year was either 1942 or 1943—a first-born son, the apple, pear, and pomegranate of my parents' eye, a boy who could add up columns of figures in world-record time and sing a version of “Any Bonds Today” (“Bonds of freedom, that's what I'm selling .

Rewriting the Constitution The Mainstream According to Laurence Tribe
by Stanley Brubaker
IN THEIR response to the nomination of Robert H. Bork to the Supreme Court, the nation's major law schools gave proof, if any were needed, that constitutional jurisprudence in America has been transformed.

Agnon's Antagonisms
by Cynthia Ozick
Shmuel Yosef Agnon, the 1966 Nobel winner for literature, was born one hundred years ago, in Galicia, Poland, and died in Jerusalem in 1970.

The Forecasting Game A Story
by Felicia Ackerman
Squinting against the sun that was defying her forecast, Charlotte tiptoed into the hospital room just in time to hear the social worker, seated with her back to the door, say to Charlotte's mother, “Hospice care could keep you comfortable and give you personalized attention.” “And all I'd have to do in return is be willing to die just a trifle sooner than necessary,” Charlotte's mother said, lifting her chin in a secret greeting as Charlotte's thick fingers made donkey ears behind the social worker's head. “It's the quality of life,” said the social worker.

“Witness” Recalled
by Eric Sundquist
When it first appeared in 1952, Whit-taker Chambers's monumental spiritual autobiography Witness was hailed as a masterpiece of political writing and became an immediate best-seller.

The First Freedom
by Peter Berger
In recent discussions of the place of religious liberty in the American polity, a number of people have argued that it is the first liberty, the foundation, the fons et origo, of all the other rights and liberties.

Picasso: Creator and Destroyer, by Arianna Stassinopoulos Huffington
by Fernanda Eberstadt
The Monster as Artist Picasso: Creator and Destroyer. by Arianna Stassinopoulos Huffington. Simon & Schuster. 558 pp. $22.95. Few books in recent years have provoked so unanimous a critical drubbing as Arianna Stassinopoulos Huffington's recent biography of Pablo Picasso.

An Empire of Their Own: How the Jews Invented Hollywood, by Neal Gabler
by Anita Grossman
Hollywood's Jews An Empire of their Own: How the Jews Invented Hollywood. by Neal Gabler. Crown. 560 pp. $24.95. The overall thesis of this long, meandering book is that the immigrant Jews who started the American film industry had an outsider's yearning to become part of American society; that their films reflected an idealized version of America; and that these films, in turn, became so influential as to have defined American values.

Making History: The American Left and the American Mind, by Richard Flacks
by Harvey Klehr
Reviving the 60's Making History: The American Left and the American Mind. by Richard Flacks. Columbia University Press. 376 pp. $35.00. So far, the 1980's have not been the best of times for radicals.

Adam, Eve, and the Serpent, by Elaine Pagels
by David Klinghoffer
After the Fall Adam, Eve, and the Serpent. by Elaine Pagels. Random House. 189 pp. $17.95. Elaine Pagels has devoted much of her career as a scholar of religion to a single proposition: that formative Christianity developed the way it did not because its doctrines best represented religious truth, but because those doctrines were the most expedient to the growing institutionalization of the Church.

In Pursuit of Happiness and Good Government, by Charles Murray
by Chester Finn,
Toward the Good Life In Pursuit of Happiness and Good Government. by Charles Murray. Simon & Schuster. 301 pp. $17.95. This deeply thoughtful book by the author of Losing Ground (1984) recalls the boldness of the early 80's, a time when it seemed as if the very assumptions underlying much of domestic policy were ripe for reconsideration.

Reader Letters December 1988
by Jacob Neusner
Campus Racism TO THE EDITOR OF COMMENTARY: Thomas Short's article, "A 'New Racism' on Campus?" [August], contributes much-needed clarifica- tion to the discussion of campus racism.

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