Why We Separate Church and State

The struggle to explain the motivations of statecraft through history often gets mired in the difficulty of differentiating between economic self-interest and cultural prime movers. As with the kerfuffle over Mitt Romney’s comments about Palestinian culture last year, the debate can easily devolve into a chicken-or-egg spiral: even if you believe institutions matter more than culture, isn’t culture a determining factor in when and where those institutions get built in the first place?